Page 2-The Michigan Daily-Thursday, March 3, 1988
Mothers may pass AIDS virus to babies
BOSTON (AP) - A study of Massachusetts
women who gave birth found that one in 500
was infected with the AIDS virus, and researchers
projecting their findings nationwide say several
thousand AIDS-infected babies could be born in
the United States each year.
Most surveys of AIDS infection have concen-
trated on male homo-sexuals, drug addicts and
others at high risk of catching the disease. Esti-
mating the prevalence of the virus in the general
population has been difficult.
"This paper gives a more accurate way to
judge the scope of the epidemic in women," said
Dr. Rodney Hoff. "Nothing else comes close to
this in being able to measure the prevalence in
the United States."
Hoff directed the study at the Massachusetts
Department of Public Health using tiny samples
of blood routinely drawn from babies to check for
phenylketonuria, or PKU, and other diseases.
The study found that one of every 476 women
giving birth, or 2.1 for each 1,000, were infected
with the AIDS virus. However, this varied
greatly, depending on where they lived.
At three inner-city Boston hospitals, eight per
1,000 were infected. In suburban and rural hospi-
tals, just under one per 1,000 carried the virus.
Dr. George Grady, the state epidemiologist,
said the state's infection rate probably mirrors the
nation's, since the rate of AIDS cases in Mas-
sachusetts is virtually the same as throughout the
"By coincidence, Massachusetts happens to be
the average, composite state for the country,"
Grady said. "What we are seeing here is one-50th
of what's going on in the United States, because
we have about one-50th of the population."
However, Dr. Timothy Dondero, chief of
AIDS surveillance at the U.S. Centers for Dis-
ease Control, cautioned that this is not a safe as-
c~a pIce 1
Noriega rids army of rivals
PANAMA CITY (AP) - An
opposition leader said yesterday that
Gen. Manuel Noriega was purging
his army of suspected opponents,
and doctors joined businesses in a
general strike aimed at ousting the
military power figure.
Guillermo Cochez, a national
legislator and vice president of the
opposition Christian Democratic
Party, told reporters that Noriega
apparently had fired two majors and
ing disloyal. One included Col.
Marcos Justines, who as chief-of-
staff was number two in the Pana-
manian Defense Forces and next in
line to succeed Noriega.
In Washington, William Rogers,
a lawyer for a Panamanian opposi-
tion group, said the State Depart-
ment was preparing to notify U.S.
banks, where the Panamanian gov-
ernment has deposits, not to conduct
any transactions with Noriega's
i 1 4
hmO T O RSftwo senior colonels suspected of be- regime.
Quality Care ForYour Fine Imported Automobile Students lobby for raise in aid
Compiled from Associated Press reports
NATO wants Soviet cutbacks
BRUSSELS, Belgium - NATO leaders yesterday demanded huge cut-
backs in Warsaw Pact tanks and artillery, and endorsed President Reagan's
efforts to negotiate strategic arms reductions with the Soviet Union.
Defining strategy for a new set of East-West negotiations, NATO
leaders said Soviet conventional forces pose the threat of a surprise attack
and must be slashed to rectify an imbalance in military strength.
The Soviet cutbacks would entail, for example, "the elimination from
Europe of tens of thousands of Warsaw Pact weapons relevant to surprise
attack, among them tanks and artillery pieces," a NATO communique
Meeting behind closed doors at the alliance's heavily guarded headquar-
ters, the leaders of the 16 alliance countries attempted to accentuate
Mechamn hearing continues
PHOENIX - An alleged death threat against a grand jury witness was
"a political matter," not a crime, a defense lawyer suggested yesterday at
Gov. Evan Mecham's impeachment trial.
Mecham's former security chief, testifying for a second day, said he
considered the incident a potential felony and personally told Mecham a
crime could be involved.
"The criminal nature of it was primary in my mind," said Department
of Public Safety Lt. Charles "Beau" Johnson. "I did not really think of it
in the political sense."
One of the "high crimes, misdemeanors, or malfeasance in office"
charges against Mecham is that he obstructed an investigation into the
alleged death threat.
Mecham is accused of instructing the head of the security department
not to cooperate in the attorney general's probe.
Ford to withhold bonus checks
DETROIT - Ford Motor Co. will comply with a court order to
withhold more than 1,800 profit-sharing checks scheduled to go to work-
ers who are behind on child support payments, the automaker said
"We're not a stakeholder in this. It's strictly between the individuals
involved and Wayne County," Ford spokesperson Mike Moran said. "We
are going to comply with the court order."
The order was issued Tuesday by Wayne County Circuit Court Judge
Richard Kaufman. If followed attempts by Friend of the Court of Wayne
County to obtain profit-sharing money in an effort to improve child sup-
port collection. The agency filed suit Friday.
"The Friend of the Court has an obligation to insure compliance with
child support orders," said the agency's director, Gerhard Ritsema.
Task force urges wiretapping
LANSING - Michigan should beef up its anti-drug arsenal by letting
the state police conduct wiretaps and by expanding drug forfeiture laws to
include real estate, according to a task force report released yesterday.
"Wiretapping is an important tool already used by the federal govern-
ment and 34 other states. It is extremely difficult to investigate and
prosecute middle- and upper-level drug traffickers without taped evidence,"
said Rep. Frank Fitzgerald (R-Grand Ledge), who chaired the House
Republican drug task force.
"We're not trying to trample the Constitution here. We're not trying
to trample anybody's rights. It can be done constitutionally," Fitzgerald
said at a Capitol news conference.
Currently, if a drug dealer is arrested in his car, police can move
through civil action to take the car, but cannot mount the same effort if
the drug dealer is arrested in a house, Fitzgerald said.
wEOFFER Phone 663-5544
* MAIN STREET MOTORS
906 North Main Street
Ann Arbor, MI 48104
(Continued frym page 1)
"I think (student lobbyists) make
a big difference in letting Congress
know students need financial aid and
that it should be a number one
priority for this country," said Susan
Overdorf, an LSA sophomore.
Overdorf chairs of the MSA External
1- L- 11- I I I I I I I I I I 1 .7 1 1 1 1 1 ,
Relations Committee, which orga-
nized the University's delegation to
Students lobbying Congress also
addressed concerns about recruitment
and retention of minorities.
Todd Shaw, a first year graduate
student and member of the Minority
Organization of Rackham, said the
shift in budget priorities from grants
to loans is making higher education
difficult for people from low income
families, and often minorities.
Students spent the two days be-
fore the lobbying trip attending
workshops and learning the details of.
the education budget. "We learned a
lot about specific issues," Corey
Dolgan, a second year graduate stu-
dent said. "Now I have the tools to
Kennedy, D'Arms, Vice President
for Student Services Henry Johnson,
the Law School Student Senate, Law
School Dean Lee Bollinger, and
MSA also contributed funds for the
10 students to attend the lobby day.
It's good for you. It's bad for
you. It causes cancer. It prevents
cancer. It makes you more fertile. It
makes you less fertile. You should
get on it. You should get off it.
All the conflicting information
floating around about the Pill is
enough to make you contemplate
abstinence. We recommend a far
less drastic measure: educate your-
self. Gather all the information you
can from reliable sources and,
together with your doctor, make the
decision that's right for you.
Here are a few facts to start you
off. First, the Pill is actually many
women may experience a short per-
iod of readjustment after discontin-
uing the Pill. Even so, they usually
become pregnant soon.
Some women wonder if their
bodies need an occasional rest
from the Pill. The simple truth is,
they don't. And switching to a less
effective form of birth control
increases your chances for un-
planned pregnancy. So much for
giving your body a "rest"
Pachyderms, pal play possum
NEWARK, N.J. - A man who has spent nearly four years on the
lam with two three-and-a-half-ton elephants says he will surrender if the
pachyderms aren't returned to men he alleges brutalized them.
Arlan Seidon, a 58-year-old animal trainer, hasn't seen his four
children or met his only grandson since he took off in a tractor-trailer
with Tory and Duchess, two Indian elephants he raised from infancy and
The elephants' owners and the president of a national animal trainers
group denies the animals were abused.
Seidon, who is divorced, has forsaken his Fordland, Mo. farm and his
career to help the elephants, which are each about 25 years old, up to
seven feet tall, and eats 200 pounds of hay a day.
"My main concern was how they would be treated," Seidon told the
Newark Star-Ledger. "I know I sound like a crazy man, but I'm not."
If you see news happen, call 76-DAILY.
pills. Since its introduction in 1960,
it's evolved from one high dosage
product into many much lower in
dosage. From 150 mcgs. of estrogen
in 1960, down to 35 or less today.
Yet, it's still the most effective form
of birth control available to you
other than sterilization.
What about the Pill and breast
cancer? Although there are con-
flicting reports concerning this
issue, the Centers for Disease Con-
trol reported that women who took
the Pill-even for 15 years-ran no
higher risk of breast cancer than
women who didn't.
The CDC also reported that ovar-
ian and uterine cancer are substan-
tially less common among women
who use oral contraceptives. In
addition, Pill users are less likely to
develop benign breast disease, pel-
vic inflammatory disease (tubal
infections) and ovarian cysts.
One of the Pill's greatest areas of
misconception is conception. Does
You've also probably heard that
there are risks associated with tak-
ing the Pill. That is a fact. And you
should know what those risks are.
For example, if you are taking the
Pill you should not smoke.
Especially if you are over 35. When
Cigarette smoking is known
to increase the risk of serious the
and possibly life-threatening
adverse effects on the heart
and blood vessels from Pill to
use. What's more, women
with certain conditions or is
medical histories should not
use the Pill. the
Even if you're already on .l
the Pill, you should see yourP
doctor at least once a year.!
Decisions about birth con-
trol aren't easy and shouldn't
be taken lightly. Moreover,
they should be based on
information from first-rate to
sources, not secondhand
advice. If you're a Pill user, eaflm1 *fi
Vol. XCVIII- No. 102
The Michigan Daily (ISSN 0745-987) is published Monday
through Friday during the fall and winter terms by students at the
University of Michigan. Subscription rates: January through April
- $15 in Ann Arbor, $22 outside the city. 1988 spring, summer,
,and fall term rates not yet available.
The Michigan Daily is a member of The Associated Press and the
National Student News Service.
Editor in Chief.... ....REBECCA BLUMENSTEIN Timothy HuetA Juliet James, Brian Jarv a ,M, Avra
Managing Editor ...............MARTHA SEVETSON Kouffmnan, Preeti Malani. David Peltz, Mike Rubin, Mark
News Editor.......................................EVE BECKER Shaiman,
City Editor.....................................MELISSA BIRKS Todd Shanker, Lauren Shapiro, Chuck Skarsaune, Mark
Features Editor..........................ELIZABETH ATKINS Swartz, Marc S. TarasMarie Wesaw.
University Editor..........................KERY MURAKAMI Photo Editors............KAREN HANDELMAN
NEWS STAFF: Vicki Bauer, Dov Cohen, Ken Dintzer, JOHN MUNSON
Sheala Durant, Steve Knopper, Kristine LaLonde, Michael PHOTO STAFF: Alexandra Brez, Jessica Greene, Ellen
Lustig, Alyssa Luatig iman, Dayna Lym, Andrew Mills W Lav, Robin Loznak, David Lubliner, Darmy Stiebel, LisI
Peter Mooney, Lisa Pollak, Jim Poniewozik. Micah Schmit, Wax.dEios ............STPE RGR
Elizabeth Stuppler, Marina Swain, Melissa Ramsdell, Weekend Editors...... ..STEPHEN GREGOR1
Lawrence Rosenberg. David Schwartz, Ryan TutakLisa ALAN PAUl
Winer, Rose Mary Wununel. WEEKEND STAFF: Fred Zien.
Opinion Page Editors.............JEFFREY RUTHERFORD Display Sales Manager...........ANNE
CALE SOUTHWORTH KUBEK
OPINION STAFF: Muzammil Ahmed, Sarah Babb, Assistant Display Sales Manager......KAREN BROWN
Rosemary Chinnock, Molly Daggett, Brian Dobrox, Noah DIS LrmAnA L STAFF: aidyBam B es
Finkel, Jim Herron, Eric L. Holt, Joshua Ray Levin, arnBraShriBasyIa.Blok efCe
Roderick MacNeal, Jr., I. Matthew Miller, SteveSeenk, Tammy Christie, Milton Feld, Lisa George, Michelle Gill
Sandra Siingtaber, Mark Williams Mat Lane, Heather MacLachian, Jodi Manchik, Eddy Mong
Sports Editor......... ......JEFF RUSH JackieMiller, ShellyPleva, DebbieRptzky,Jim Ryan, Laun
Associate Sports Editors.........HSchlanger, Michelle Slavik, Mary Snyder, Marie Soma
ADAMSCHaER NAssi Aogel:BruceWeiss.
ADAM SCHRAGER NATIONALS: Valerie Breir'