By DAHLIA DEAN
For religious, cultural, and political reasons, a
Nigerian couple did not want a caesarian section per-
formed, against the advice of many doctors supporting
the procedure. The dilemma: who should make this de-
New technology in reproductive medicine raises
more ethical questions like this one. Dr. Bruce Work,
chair of the University of Minnesota Obstet-
rics/Gynecology Department and former physician at
the University's Medical Center, led an audience of ap-
proximately 30 through a "historical odyssey" looking
at the increase in technology from 1900 to 1980.
In the example above, giving birth to premature
triplets threatened the woman's and infants' lives. She
was eventually ordered by the court to have the opera-
tion. New dilemmas result from rapidly changing
times, Work said, including questions like: Is it appro-
priate to place a monitor on the parent of an unborn
fetus only to detect if the situation is normal? Who
should have custody of a child born from a surrogate
mother, the contractual parents or the biological par-
Work spoke last Friday as part of the Canfield Lec-
ture. His interest in reproductive dilemmas resulted
from personal experience. At the start of his practice in
the 1950s, Work witnessed the euthanasia of an infant
born without vital parts of the brain. He still does not
know if doctors told the mother how or why the baby
"Physicians are the advocates of their patients, dedi-
cated to their welfare. This does not change and is not
an ethical dilemma," he said.
Work said "moral decisions should be made by deci-
sion makers" - meaning the patients, if they are
Soviets, Cuba air
rare public dispute
WASHINGTON (AP) - U.S.
officials say they are surprised and
intrigued by a rare public airing of
differences between Cuba and its
principal ally, the Soviet Union,
over Cuba's economic policies.
The two countries have been on
intimate terms for most of the past
two decades, and the differences gen-
erally have been subtle, discernible
only to seasoned analysts.
American experts on Soviet-
Cuban relations have long suspected
that Moscow is displeased with
Cuba's economic performance, and
that impression was borne out by an
article in late August in the Soviet
"New Times" magazine.
The article, written by staff re-
porter Vladislav Chirkov, chides
Cuba for excessive defense spending,
non-repayment of foreign debts,
continued rationing of food, inade-
quate housing, and other perceived
Although the criticism was ex-
pressed in moderate terms, several
U.S. officials, all of whom insisted
on anonymity, voiced surprise that
such an article could appear in a
publication such as the "New;
Times," which is described as "fairly
authoritative" and very influential.
Equally surprising to these ana-
lysts was the response by Cuban
Vice President Carlos Rafael Ro-
driguez, which appeared in a recent
edition of the same publication.
All bands together Doly Photo by SCOTT LTUCHY
Alumni Band members played outside the stadium before Saturday's homecoming game
against Northwestern. (left to right) Dennis Gmerek (1972-77), Rev. George Alexander
Miller (193441), and Kurt Schmerberg (1973-76) led the conglomerate of former
Michigan Marching Band members.
Buses expnGd weekend hours
"We are concerned about the busing. North weekly service is sufficient, but that daytime
Campus residents are a part of the University service on weekends is lax. "The later bus
as anyone else, and they shouldn't feel isolated would be a start, but they also need to run
from University or social activities on cam- more often on weekends. People think Sun-
pus," Kiani said. days are relaxed, but if people want to study in
Laura Aaronson, a first-year LSA student the UGLi, it can be a pain," Baron said.
who lives at Bursley, said "It's a hassle at Others suggested running the Night Owl
night, or if it's very cold out, to have to deal buses up to North Campus, running separate
with finding a bus. They're fine during the day buses to Northwood and Bursley/Baits, and
until 4, but after chat they don't run as regu- having buses come more frequently at night.
larly." "We'll wait and see what the numbers tell
The survey also found that students feel us," Cunningham said.
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