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September 24, 1987 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1987-09-24

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Page 4 Thursday, September 24, 1987 The Michigan Daily

ied mdbttigan an
Edited and managed by students at The University of Michigan

Jackson hurts


Vol. XCVIII, No. 11

420 Maynard St.
Ann Arbor, MI 48109

Unsigned editorials represent a majority of the Daily's Editorial Board. All other
cartoons, signed articles, and letters do not necessarily represent the opinion
of the Daily.

Gideon Spi
Spiro visited Ann Arbor from
Israel, where he is head of the
Committee Confronting the Iron
Fist - an organization which
protests Israeli occupation of the
West Bank and Gaza Strip. Just
recently, Israeli authorities indicted
Spiro for "libelling the court", or in
nonNewspeak terms, for writing a
letter protesting the treatment of a
Palestinian 14-year-old boy by a
military court. The indictment of
Spiro by Israel reflects intolerance
of freedom of speech and the press.
Spiro's arrest strikes close to
home. He gave a lecture at
Rackham just last September about
Israel's harsh treatment o f
Palestinians and other similar
problems in the area (Daily,
Spiro was a paratrooper in the
Israeli Army who refused to fight
for Israel during its invasion of
Lebanon in 1982. He has been
against Israel's oppression of
Palestinians in the occupied ter-
fitories and wants a peace settlement
negotiated directly with the
Palestinians. In his own words,
"You have to negotiate with the
enemy; you don't have to like him.
You don't have to love him, but
you cannot appoint [their] leaders."
This outlook on the Arab-Israeli
conflict cost him his job in April
1986 because of an Israeli law

's travail

prohibiting governmental
employees from criticizing
government policy.
Spiro has now been indicted on
charges that he libelled the court by
writing a short letter which claimed
the arrest and five year adult prison
sentence of a Palestinian boy was
"unjust" and "another stain on the
Israeli occupation." This criticism
of the military court's ruling was
enough to prompt his arrest.
As the Spiro incident indicates,
the state of freedom of expression
in Israel is questionable. Heavy
fines or shutdown orders are given
to newspapers if they publish
articles without first submitting
them to a censorship board. People
can be arrested for displaying flags
or singing songs deemed
compromising to Israel's authority
over the West Bank and Gaza Strip.
The United States' "special
relationship" with Israel - one of
economic and military aid -
requires that U.S. citizens concern
themselves with cases such as the
indictment of Spiro in Israel or
become complicit.
Gideon Spiro deserves praise for
saying what he believes while
ignoring the imminent threat of
arrest by Israel's military
authorities. In the process, he has
managed to bring more attention to
Israel's uncivil behavior, and make
people wonder what Israel is trying
to hide.

By Eduardo B. Torres
The fact that I'm a minority (Hispanic)
and a strong supporter and contributor to
the betterment of minorities I feel
compelled to write the following: being
Hispanic in America and finding yourself
playing second fiddle where minority
politics are concerned has become a way of
life. It's difficult understanding the politics
of one's institution where minority issues
are a concern, particularly when the
politics of the institution are enforced for
the advancement of one minority con-
stituent. The term minority in its true
definition includes the following
minorities - Blacks, Hispanics, Asians
and Native Americans. The definition of
UCAR as defined by its supporters at the
University of Michigan, is the coalition of
all minorities, along with supporters who
through collective efforts strive to abolish
racism at their university.
During the month of April 1987, the
Rev. Jesse Jackson was asked to represent
the United Coalition Against Racism and
the Black Action Movement at a
negotiating meeting between the Uni-
versity's President Harold Shapiro and
representatives of UCAR and BAM. When
asking if I could present Hispanic concerns
in the audience of Rev. Jackson and
President Shapiro, access was denied. "Get
your own agenda!" replied Jackson, get
your own agenda! UCAR, RACISM was
my agenda, our agenda!
To many of us, the Rev. Je s s e
Jackson's Rainbow Coalition represents
the coalition of minorities. A Coalition
that has seen him fight for the betterment
of all minorities, sympathizers, liberals,
and now today's farmers.
Eduardo B. Torres is an alumni from the
class of '82. He is also Executive Officer
for the Coalition of Hispanics for Higher
Education, founder of the University of
Michigan Hispanic Alumni Society, and
Vice-President of the College Recruitment
Association for Hispanics.

Does Rev. Jesse Jackson's Rainbow
Coalition give a false image? On the eve
of Rev. Jackson's quest for the presidency
of the United States, I wonder what his
real political intentions are. The Rainbow
Coalition he founded is supposed to be for
all races, but it appears to be a camouflage
for every politician's dream, to include all
ethnic Americans. The camouflage is more
evident because it brings together a large
number of minority constituencies, most
notably Blacks, Hispanics, women, and
Native Americans together with
sympathizers and liberals who have joined
forces to elect the first Black president of
the United States.
Allow me, through first hand experi-
ence, to give a clear picture of this man's
politics. Rev. Jackson left a painful image
in the hearts and minds of Hispanics at the
University of Michigan. He declared the
now infamous cry of "GET YOUR OWN
AGENDA" in the face of one Hispanic
leader, at a time when the University's
Hispanics needed his support the most. He
proceeded to denounce the importance of
Hispanic leadership at the University, at a
time in University history when the
coalition of all minorities could have
strengthened Black and Hispanic
constituents at Michigan. Instead, the
political posture of two organizations
(BAM) Black Action Movement and
(UCAR) United Coalition Against Racism
was strengthened. If conditions for
minorities are to change and if the fullest
intention of the term "minorities" is to be
employed by Politicians, in particular
minority politicians, then the term must
include all, not only Blacks. The time has
come to address the needs of Hispanics,
Asians, and Native Americans. Rev.
Jackson failed to unite Blacks, Hispanics,
and other minorities at a time when racism
was rampant among our nation's uni-
versities and colleges.
Why would this political figure, a
presidential candidate leave a group of
Americans helpless at a time of need?
Whom was this great leader representing?

What was his agenda? Was it BAM or the
United Coalition Against Racism?
Certainly not the latter because Hispanic
leaders at the University of Michigan made
their support for UCAR/BAM well
known. There was injustice committed
here by a national Black leader at the,,
expense of the Hispanic community at
Michigan. The endless hours Rev. Jackson
spent in closed-door negotiations with the
University's President Harold Shapiro
brought justice to only one constituent,
the Black American.
For whom and for what does the
Rainbow Coalition stand? Let's deal with
the real issues and intentions of the
Rainbow Coalition. Are RC constituents
a representation of America's minority
population or is it a politician's political
ploy to generate votes at the expense of
the helpless, needy Americans e.g.,
Blacks, Hispanics, Native Americans,
women and farmers. Political genocide of
this type is far too dangerous. Americans
cannot afford the same political inequities
rendered by previous administrations. If
Rev. Jackson is the presidential candidate
of the people, then he should speak like a
candidate for all the people, not the
candidate for Black Americans ONLY.
Why would a leader of this magnitude,
who has spent his entire life uniting the
impoverished working class of America
turn his back on those same constituents
that marched in support of his Rainbow
Coalition? A public apology should be
extended to the Hispanic population of the
University of Michigan for this injustice:
While racism continues to plague
Hispanics across America, Rev. Jackson's
insensitive attitude can only make it a
bitter and long-lasting battle to identify
racial issues in the 80's and 90's. The
Rev. Jackson must stress unity among
Blacks and Hispanics across America:
There is no room for separate agendas
when both groups are fighting RACISM:
With joined forces and the same agenda we
can jointly fight racism, but not by
separate agendas, Rev. Jackson.




Daily ignores Hispanic heritage

Dearborn loses free speech

IN THIS, THE 200th anniversary
year of our nation's Constitution,
the faculty of the University of
Michigan-Dearborn has somehow.
forgotten the first amendment to the
document that established the rights
and liberties of the people of this
The First Amendment grants
Americans freedoms: the freedom
of religious belief, the freedom to
assemble, and .the right to a free
press. In Dearborn recently, the
staff of The Michigan Journal have
had this right stripped from their
student newspaper.
Last year, The Michigan Journ-
al's editor, Kevin Evans, included
some articles in the paper which
were in poor taste and unpro-
fessional, such as an article written
by a fictitious author, Ben Dover,
and a contest that awarded ten free
gallons of gasoline to the person
who could guess the number of
fires that wouldbe set on Devil's
Night in Detroit. The contest
angered many people in Detroit and
the City Council responded with a
letter of disapproval to T h e
Journal.The whole affair caused the
Dearborn campus much embarrass-
ment, according to Joseph Wright,
Dean of Student Affairs a t
Last April, the administration of
the Dearborn campus blatantly

stration disagreed with some of the
articles that appeared in the news-
paper during Kevin Evans' tenure
as editor. That is no reason to
abandon the by-laws of the paper
and remove editorial freedom for
future generations of student journ-
In 1970, The Daily Californian,
the newspaper of the University of
California at Berkeley, came to a
mutual agreement with the uni-
versity to move off-campus after
some editorials were run that
attacked the administration. The
feeling was that since the views of
the editorial board disagreed so
severely with the those of the
administration, the only option was
to remove the University's in-
fluence on the paper.
The definition of a student news-
paper is a newspaper run by
students. The Dearborn administra-
tion is way out of line by their
actions and could start a trend that
would have other student news-
papers taken over by their re-
spective universities. A dangerous
precedent could be forming in this
case. If The Michigan Journal does
not regain its free status then the
obliteration of by-laws could be-
come acceptable University prac-
It is up to the University regents

To the Daily:
I would like to begin by
informing the Daily thatl
September 14-26, is Hispanic
Heritage Week, which is a
nationally recognized event that
is being celebrated on this
campus presently. I have
picked up The Daily each day'
for the past week and in not a
single issue was there mention
made about the event, nor were
any of the activities that have
occurred been covered o r
Daily lacks
To the Daily:
Although at this point there
is much to say about the
content of many Daily articles,
the September 21 and 22
editions clearly lacked dis-
cretion in the layout. On Sept.
21, an article celebrating the
Women's Crisis Center bucket
drive was placed adjacent to an
article on the objectification of
women: "Miss Michigan
Receives Miss America Crown
in pageant." The following
day, on the front page, an
article on the alleged sexual
assault of a woman from our
community was placed next to
an article titled: "U Bachelor
Scores on Dating Game." The
'score' mentality of women
Daily maligns
To the Daily:
Mr. Miller, you obviously
spent a lot less time preparing
your columns than t h e
hard-working students who
volunteer their time so that
Michigan will have a top-
quality marching band. The
irresponsible insinuation of

As an Hispanic student, and
Chair of The Council of His-
panics for Higher Education, I
find The Daily's failure to
recongize the Hispanic event,
and moreover the Hispanic
populous at this University
highly offensive. It is m y
opinion that this is just
another blatant example of how
Hispanics at the University of
Michigan and nationally are
being overlooked and passed
over by the larger populous.
Perhaps what is most dis-
just being numbers and not
individuals is what leads some
men to rape in the first place!
Although the Daily espouses
to be non-judgmental, in this
case, the Daily has used
sensationalistic, "National
Enquirer type" sexist articles to
negate the impact of serious
women's issues. The Daily
cannot be neutral on the
objectification and victimiza-
tion of women in our society.
However, if you insist on
publishing articles that con-
tinue the subjugation o f
women, please relegate them to
the back page, away from the
real news.

turbing about this lack o f
recognition, is the fact that the
majority of activities which are
occurring were planned with
the intent of sensitizing and
culturally enriching the entire
University community about
the Hispanic populous and
If in fact this lack of
recognition by The Daily is as
a result of an oversight, then I
must say that it is an un-

acceptable one. In addition, I
am publicly inviting the Daily,
and the entire University com-
munity to be present at any of
the remaining activities. I am
also encouraging The Daily to
learn more about hte event by
speaking with Rosa Lopez,
Hispanic Representative in The
Office of Minority Student'
-Cynthia M. Hernandez
September 23.


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Lisa Wozniak
Hannah Gilberg
September 23


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