The Michigan Daily, Thursday, September 10, 1987- Page 23'
By GRACE HILL
Even with the University's increased
attention toward rape in recent years, the
number of rapes on campus still remains
According to Police Detective Jerry
Wright, "In Ann Arbor, 25 forcible rapes
and 8 attempted rapes were reported in
1985. And in 1986, 36 forcible rapes and
6 attempted rapes were reported," he said.
"But most rapes go unreported," he
added. According to an FBI estimate,
approximately 90 percent of all rapes
ONE of the major reasons victims
hesitate to report rape is because the
person often knows the assailant - a
1986 survey found over 90 percent of
sexual assaults committed on college
campuses in the U.S. were acquaintance
rapes. Many times victims of date,
acquaintance rape don't realize they have
been criminally violated, regardless of
whether the assailant was a friend or an
"If a person forces himself upon you,
you have a right to seek prosecution,"
said Wright. Since 1975, the law is no
longer limited to forcible penetration, but
includes any form of forced sexual
The study also revealed that 57 percent
of rapes occurred on the first or second
date. "The greatest risk is in those who
you know and trust, not in a dark stranger
that lurks in the bushes," Wright said.
ACCORDING to Julie Steiner,
director of the University rape and
prevention center, guilt is another major
reason why those assaulted fail to report
the crime. "All victims experience some
type of self blame," she said. People are
hesitant to report rape in "a community
that blames the victim."
But now with the University rape and
prevention center, rape victims are more
aware and less afraid to report rape. "Since
the office opened, there's been more
Steiner attributes this increase to the
heightened rape awareness on campus.
"The more people talk about the issue,
the less threatening it is to report it,
especially if there's a safe place to report
As well as providing counseling
services, a 24-hour hotline, and
educational awareness workshops, the
center, established in February 1985, has
helped to establish and improve many
other safety features on campus like the
installation of emergency phones, the
expansion of the Nite Owl Bus Service,
and improved lighting.
In addition to taking advantage of the
facilities, Steiner and others also recom -
mend precautionary measures.
Since the majority of stranger rapes
occur when the assailant enters through
an open window or unlocked door,
keeping them locked would best prevent
Recent evidence also encourages
victims to defend themselves; this will
show the assailant that the victim refuses
to be dominated. People who resist
physically greatly reduce their chances of
getting raped, but slightly increase the
chance of injury.
Freedom School establishes
*UCAR's agenda against racism
By HAL KANE
In response to the lack of racism
workshops at this summer's first-
year student orientation, The United
Coalition Against Racism set up the
Freedom School Against Racism
which has hosted speakers from
around the nation, sponsored teach-
ins, and initiated cross-campus
dialogues about racism.
The school, organized primarily
by students, was designed to help
educate both the campus and the
public about bigotry and to help
students devise a clear agenda to deal
with racism in the fall, according to
Barbara Ransby, a UCAR steering
committee member and Rackham
Aside from discussing racism
toward Blacks, meetings also
concentrated on discrimination
toward Asian Americans and grass
Some meetings featured extensive
discussions, video tapes, and reviews
of literature on racism.
The school's July 11 teach-in
analyzed the nature of racism in
education, including elementary
schools, standardized testing, and
Support for the meetings, which
drew roughly 40 people each week,
impressed many participants.
LSA junior Briana Graham said,
"I felt (the school) made a real
impact because students were the
ones presenting and that served to
make other people feel like they
could have an effect."
Kim Smith, a Freedom School
organizer, praised the school's for
bringing together various campus
groups and organizations to meet and
get to know each other better.
Members of the school also met
the University administration, and
Smith said that talks - many of
which addressed the University's lack
of orientation racism workshops -
were very productive.
UCAR has planned extensive
activities for the fall. "We urge
people to get involved," Ransby
UCAR members have spoken to
groups at other universities about
forming a network to combat racism
across the country. Columbia,
Michigan State, and Eastern
Michigan Universities are among the
Daily Photo by SCOTT LITUCHY
Art Fair goers' attention is drawn away from art as they check out the booths along South University Street's
By CATHERINE KIM
University officials say they will
definitely hold a hearing for two
students accused of racist acts last
February, which many students and
faculty believe represents a code of
non-academic conduct as well as a
violation of First Amendment
The students are LSA junior Ted
Sevransky, formerly a WJJX radio
disc jockey who aired racist jokes
called in by LSA sophomore
"We will definitely have a
hearing, but the date has not been
get," said Law School Prof.
Sallyanne Payton, who is also one
of four hearing board members. The
date of the hearing is unknown
because Sevransky will be spending
fall term abroad.
R I C HARD Kennedy, the
University's vice president for
government relations, declined to
speculate on the punishment the
students could face after the hearing.
"I guess the maximum penalty we
could impose would be to expel
him, but I couldn't really say
anything about probable sanctions
yet," he said.
According to Jonathan Rose, the
attorney representing Sevransky,
"The University has no right to hold
a hearing. It would be a violation of
the First Amendment. The First
Amendment protects offensive
speech as well as inoffensive
we simply ran out of time," said
Kennedy, who is also a member of
the hearing committee.
MSA's chair of the Student
Rights Committee and LSA junior
Mike Phillips said, "I think that if
they ignored the First Amendment,
they could ignore other amendments
'We will definitely have a hearing, but the date has not
-Sallyanne Payton, Law School Professsor
Michigan Student Assembly
president Ken Weine said, "If the
University even decided to hold a
hearing, it would violate First
Amendment rights as well as impose
a code for non-academic conduct."
Originally, a hearing had been set
for last April but was postponed
because of pressure from both
students and faculty members as well
as time considerations.
"WE would like to hold it at the
beginning of the [fall] term. We
couldn't hold it last term, because
which ensure civil rights, such as
the Thirteenth Amendment."
Not all students or faculty,
however, oppose the hearing.
Members of the Black Action
Movement (BAM III) think the
University should hold hearings for
students who commit racist acts and
punish them with expulsion.
Harold Shapiro - who denies the
hearings would be a precedent for the
code - also thinks the students
should be punished for their actions.
Phillips stressed that less
militant groups, such as the Black
Student Union, believe that the
hearings would be a mistake because
they violate the rights of the two
"If the University wants to take
action on racism, it should through
workshops and education, not by
violating First Amendment rights,"
Weine said. "If a hearing is held,
MSA will reassert its position. The
University has no right to hold a
hearing. But first, we will wait to
see if a date is announced."
WJJX, a campus radio station,
shut down two weeks after the jokes
aired and fired Sevransky. WJJX has
since reopened and Station Manager
Jim Lamb has apologized for the
Both Sevransky and Gonzalez
have also issued public apologies for
the racist jokes, which aired on
February 4 during Sevransky's
weekly show. Another student also
called in racist jokes during the
broadcast but that student has not
come forth and admitted calling' in
The jokes were part of racial
incidents on campus last winter that
sparked concern among students that
institutional racism was on the rise.
The jokes came one week after a
student slipped a flier - in the form
of an Ohio hunting season notice -
that declared "open season" on
Blacks in a fifth floor Couzens
lounge where some Black women
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