By DAVID WEBSTER
The University's Board of Re-
tgents yesterday unanimously ap-
proved a $1.28 billion operating
budget for the Ann Arbor campus for
the 1987-88 fiscal year.
The budget, presented to the board
by University Vice President and
Chief Financial Officer James
Brinkerhoff, reflects a $180 million
increase from last year's budget.
Many University regents and ex-
ecutive officers, however, expressed
concern that the University's budget
is increasingly reliant on tuition and
State appropriations, which is the
University's next most important
source of funding, now account for a
smaller percentage of the Universi-
ty's budget than it has in the past,
University officials said.
The state appropriation has
literally declined in proportion to
total funding dollars," said Regent
Deane Baker (R-Ann Arbor).
"Student fees have made that differ-
The budget includes $446 million
this year for the University's general
fund, which pays for such costs as
teaching, research, library service,
student scholarships and fellowships,
maintenance and operation of the
In 1978, student fees comprised
20.4 percent of the general fund,
while state appropriations accounted
for 38.6 percent. Last year, students
provided 26.5 percent of the fund
while state appropriations accounted
for only, 33.2 percent.
Regent Thomas Roach (D-Saline)
attributed the decreased reliance on
state funding to an "intentional" ef-
fort by the state legislature to shift
educational costs away from the state
and toward the student.
- "I think that's bad policy," Roach
id. 1 I think the public ought to
pay a larger proportion of (the cost
The Michigan Daily-Friday, September 18, 1987- Page 3
evening vigil to
Blowin' in the Wind: As autumn nears and the leaves begin to fall,
Englander substitutes Dylan for depositions in the Law Quad.
Daily Photo by ANDI SCHREIBER
first-year law student Jonathan
By EDWARD KLEINE
A group of Ann Arbor residents
gathered at a candlelight vigil last
night - the eve of Pope John Paul
II's visit to Detroit - to welcome
the pontiff and ask that he be more
open to dissenting opinions within
The vigil, organized by a group
of Catholic women, attracted about
40 people representing several
different faiths. The group sang,
prayed, recited scripture, and listened
to a speech by Sister Susan Kelly, a
Dominican nun. Kelly criticized the
amount of money spent on the visit,
called for a greater role for women in
the church, and asked the Pope to
"listen with the same care that he
speaks" to American Catholics.
"Disproportionate amounts of
money are being spent on this
visit," said Kelly, who said the $22
million his tour will cost would be
better spent to fight poverty and
homelessness. Participants read a
prayer saying, "We... (ask) that he
bring the simplicity of a pilgrim
rather than the pagaentry of a
They also asked the pope to be
more tolerant of homosexuals and
Kelly, stressing that the vigil
"isn't a protest," said "We warmly
welcome the Pope." She said she
sees his visit as "a chance to make a
statement," and that, despite
disagreements with his teachings,
she considers him "a good man ...
and a symbol of peace."
"I think he says what he says out
of sincere honesty," she said. She
added, though, that she hopes
someday women will be able,,to
become priests and participate in the
Others at the vigil wete
discouraged about the Pop6 s
teachings about women in the
Church. "As a woman, I don't feel a
part of (the church)," said Theresa
Lisiecki of Livonia. "I feel like I've
Given the chance to speak with
the Pope, she said, "I would ask him
to listen, tell him his children need
to be listened to before they die."
The Pope has restated his stand
against women priests, abortion and
contraception throughout his 10-day
U.S. tour. He was in Los Angeles
yesterday morning and San Francisco
in the afternoon. He will arrive in
Detroit tonight at 9 p.m. at Detriot
Metropolitan Airport. His visit ends
tomorroweafter speaking at the
MONDAY, SEPT. 21
Tenants plan to mobilize for
By STEVE KNOPPER
Ann Arbor tenants officially
began their battle for rent control at
an organizational meeting last night.
And landlords promise to fight back.
About 20 students and residents
attended the meeting on rent
stabilization, an ordinance they want
placed on the city election ballot this
April. Members of the Ann Arbor
Citizens for Fair Rents recently
drafted an ordinance, which, in order
to make the April ballot, must be
signed by 5,000 registered Ann
Rent stabilization is a rent-control
method in which landlords must base
increases on the inflation rate.
Similar methods are currently being
used in Boston, Washington, D.C.,
New York City, Los Angeles, San
Francisco, and Jersey City.
The rent stabilization issue
"obviously speaks more clearly to
students than other issues in the
past," said City Councilmember Jeff
Epton (D-Third Ward), "and I think
we will see more mobilization of
students." Ann Arbor city elections
have traditionally had a low student
"I think they got their act this are forcing us to spend time and
together," said LSA junior E. Scott money to defeat it," said Fred
Adler after last night's meeting, Gruber, a local property manager,
adding that he attended because "the adding that such money would be
rent in our house was raised 20 "better invested" for "better
percent, and we live a little less than housing."
a mile off campus." Rent increases in the last few
The group's proposed rent years, Gruber said, have been sharp
stabilization ordinance was drafted in relative to the late 1970s. He said
response to 10 to 20 percent rent rent prices remained constant during
increases in recent years - those years because of fixed long-
sometimes more than five times the term financing. But, he said, the
current inflation rate. The ordinance financing terms ended and banks
is currently being checked b y raised their rates, causing landlords
attorneys, and the group will start to increase rent prices in order to
asking for signatures Sept. 29 at the catch up.
Community High School Gruber, quoting U.S. Department
Auditorium. of Labor statistics, said rent has
"The outlook for more affordable gone up by 289 percent since 1967.
housing is not good (unless the Comparatively, food prices have
ordinance is adopted)," said Larry gone up by 332 percent and fuel has
Fox, a lawyer for Student Legal increased by 448 percent.
Services at the meeting. "The Epton said that local landlords
response (to rent stabilization) has may spend up to $200,000 to lobby
been really good from the against the ordinance, but Gruber
community. I think we're going to would not comment on the figure.
win." Gruber said education would be
But local property renters are important to defeat the bill.
skeptical of the new ordinance. "It's "Anything we spend is too much,"
a shame that the people proposing he said.
The National Honors Society in Psychology
is now accepting applications
* 12 graded credits in Psychology
beyond intro level
* Major or Minor
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DEADLINE IS OCTOBER 5,1987
Pick up Applications in K-108 West Quad
Program defines social norms
(Continued from Page 1) practical applications.
norms survive while others die. Ac- "This concept might be extremely
cording to Axelrod, the most excit- useful in studying minorities, inter-
ing result was his concept of a group conflicts, and stereotyping,"
"metanorm." said Marita Rosch-Inglehart, an as-
"A metanorm is based on people sistant professor of psychology. "I
not only punishing the violation of wonder why a social psychologist
a norm, but also punishing those has never come up with this idea
who tolerate it. Getting angry at before.." she said.
someone who doesn't report a But there are some difficulties in
cheater is an example of a turning computer-generated theory
metanorm," Axelrod said. into practice.
The metanorm idea also has many
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