Page 2 -The Michigan Daily-Friday, September 18, 1987
Prof. addresses Chinese reforms IN BRIEF
By JIM BRAY
-. Prof.-Liu Guoguang, vice presi-
dent of the Academy Of Social Sci-
ence in China, asserted in a paper
presented last night that China
"suffered from technological back-
wardness" and ii it did not reform its
economic system, there would be no
road out for China modernization.
Liu does not speak English and
his comments were read b y
University Economics Prof. Berry
Naughton. He was on hand last
night to answer questions through a
In an attempt to increase produc-
tivity, China has experimented in
many forms of management, accord-
ing to Liu. "The key is to find fur-
ther ways to separate ownership and
management," with "public owner-
ship as the main form in coexistence
with many other forms of owner-
WHEN QUESTIONED about
the ideological implications of
capitalism in China, Professor Liu
replied, "when public ownership is
the main form in the economy, there
is no real fear of capitalism forms
diverting the economy."
Furthermore, Professor Liu strongly
rejected "any suggestion that China
is moving towards capitalism."
Professor Liu said that China will
remain in a dual system of partially
state-run and partially market-run
economy, and "remain in a marxist
framework, but not in the rigid
fashion that is self-defeating to the
The presentation was part of the
Eckstein Lecture Series organized by
the Center for Chinese Studies. Pro-
fessor Mike Oksenberg of the Eco-
nomics Department presented Pro-
fessors Liu's first text on economic
reform in China Tuesday.
In his texts, Liu described eco-
nomic reforms undertaken by China
during the last decade. The first set
of reforms, according to Liu, referred
to the period of 1978 to 1984 where
the "primary emphasis was in rural
reform involving a retreat from the
commune system and a return to the
household as the basic unit of
orginizing agriculture production."
ACCORDING TO LIU, the
second set of reforms from 1984 to.
the present was urban reform
"moving away from tight central
controle over individual enterprises"
to expand the autonomy of the
The final set of reforms to be in-
acted by the upcoming Thirteeenth
Party Congress on Oct. 25 was
characterized by Liu as "an expan-
sion of the reforms...concentrated
primarily upon the economic realm,
and the broad policy guidlines...of
comprehensive reform expanding to
the political and cultural domain so
that the environment in which the
economic reforms will be carried out
will be conducive to those reforms."
As accomplishments that have
been achieved under the reforms, Liu
said "a large number of measures
have been undertaken...within a cer-
tain definite scope to even permit
private enterprises...joint enterprises
with foriegn concerns, and even
wholly-owned foriegn ventures in
China." China has also started to
"contract out, lease, or even sell
small enterprises to individuals," ac-
cording to Liu.
" C.P. Shades
" Big John Jeans
Compiled from Associated Press reports
Ford, UAW settle strike
DEARBORN - Ford Motor Co. and the United Auto Workers
agreed on a precedent-setting contract guaranteeing the jobs of most of
Ford's 104,000 UAW workers in return for the support of union leaders
for more flexible work rules.
The contract, which must be approved by union members, also
would boost wages, pensions and other benefits.
Under the tentative settlement, Ford would set guaranteed job
numbers for plants and could lay off workers on a temporary basis on-
ly if an economic downturn combined with a slump in Ford sales.
The job protection package would be the first of its kind in the U.S.
auto industry. Previous contracts protected incomes rather than their
FBI seize Shiite hijacker
WASHINGTON - A Lebanese man indicted for masterminding the
1985 hijacking of a Jordanian airliner with four Americans aboard was
plucked from the Mediterranean Sea by FBI agents and returned to the
United States yesterday to stand trial, the Justice Department
Fawaz Younis, a Shiite Moslem, was being arraigned before a U.S.
magistrate in Washington on charges of hostage-taking, conspiracy, and
destruction of an aircraft, which could result in a term of life
imprisonment if he is convicted, said FBI and Justice Department
Younis was intercepted Sunday morning by the FBI on a small boat
in the Mediterranean, transferred to the U.S. aircraft carrier Saratoga,
and then flown to Andrews Air Force Base outside Washington without
touching down in a foreign country, said FBI, Justice Department, and
Defense Department officials.
Sen. Biden explains errors
WASHINGTON - Sen. Joseph Biden admitted yesterday that he
committed plagiarism in law school 23 years ago but dismissed the
furor over his failure to attribute the words of others in his speeches as
"much ado about nothing."
At a Capitol Hill news conference, the Delaware Democrat and
presidential hopeful released law school records that disclosed his
plagiarism at Syracuse University in 1965 and said, "I did not
intentionally move to mislead anybody."
Biden declared he will fight on for the Democratic nomination.
Biden repeatedly suggested that the sources of the stories about his
speeches and law school record came from his opponents, although he
said he could not identify any one campaign, Republican or
Democratic, as the source.
Tobacco tax boost urged
LANSING - Michigan should make its cigarette tax one of the
highest in the nation to fund an $86.4 million effort to treat
impo'erished AIDS victims and fight tobacco use, a state senator said
Sen. William Sederburg (R-East Lansing) unveiled a 10-point
package of legislation linking the two health issues and allocating
$75.3 million for the AIDS effort. Of that, $48 million would pay for
treatment of AIDS patients without insurance or ineligible for
Another $15.3 million would pay for free confidential testing and
counseling for every person in the state. While $4 million would be
spent on AIDS education, including sending a packet of information
about the fatal disease to every Michigan household.
. Ton Sur Ton
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IChickens beat the meat
Do you doubt your meat? Well, now you may have reason to.
Sometime between now and New Year's Eve, some schmoe will'
swallow a bite of turkey or chicken that will push per capita
consumption of poultry ahead of beef for the first time.
Meat gets no respect. According to the Agriculture Department's
forecasters, the average American's consumption of poultry - mostly
broilers and turkeys - will average 78.2 pounds this year, compared
with 75.9 pounds of beef.
And in 1988, those figures are expected to go up to 82.8 and 72.8
Come on, America, let's get back to our roots. Meat. It's an
American tradition. Let's eat meat, for Babe Ruth, for apple sauce, for
Humphrey Bogart, and most of all, because chickens are sowimpy.
-By Steve Knopper with wire reports
If you see news happen, call 76-DAILY.
Vol. XCVIII- No. 7
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