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April 10, 1987 - Image 2

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1987-04-10

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4

Page 2 --The Michigan Daily - Friday, April10, 1987

Prof says IQ, reasoning

differ

By PETER MAVERICK
A good bookworm isn't
necessarily a good bookmaker,
according to a University professor.
Engineering Prof. Jeffrey Liker,
who studied the relationship
between peoples' intelligence
quotients and their ability to match
professional handicapper's picks in
Don't forget
to
pick up
your
Michigan Daily

horse races, said a person with a'
high IQ is no better at figuring out
the multiple factors needed in
handicapping than anyone else.
Liker said accurately guessing
which horse will win a race is a
complex process involving many
variables called "multivariate
reasoning."
In 1982 and 1983, Liker and
Stephen Ceci of Cornell University
studied 30 men who regularly
patronized the Brandywine Raceway
outside Wilmington, Del. for at
least 8 years. About half exhibited a
considerably better knowledge of
horse racing than the other half.
Liker and Ceci then tested these
men on how well they used data
such as track conditions, the length
of the race, the size of the jockey,
and the horse's past performance to
choose the top placing horses.
Their choices were then compared
with the choices of a professional
oddsmaker.

When choosing the top placing
horse, the group with the better
knowledge of horse racing made the
same choice as the professional
oddsmaker nine out of 10 times.
The other men chose the top horse
only four out of 10 times.
IQ, Liker said, made no
difference in a subject's ability to
pick the winners.
Although IQ tests include
questions on multivariate reason-

ing, these questions are abstract,
Liker said. When multivariate
reasoning is used in a practical
realm, such as horse racing, IQ
loses its validity.
He conjectures that men with
low IQs are better at practical
reasoning than abstract reasoning,
despite the same difficulty level,
because they do not have the
patience to analyze abstract prob-
lems.

Wallace will deliver
commencement speech

----

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PR

(Continued from Page i)
departure from the sugary banter of
other husband and wife teams.
When the show ended in 1954
with the Wallace's divorce, Mike
was hired as news anchor by
WABD in New York. In 1956,
Wallace hosted the WABD news
program Night Beat, an hour long
news and interview show that
AMERICAN BAPTIST
CAMPUS CENTER
FIRST BAPTIST CHURCH
Huron St. (between State & Division)
Sundays: 9:55 worship; 11:25 Bible
Study groups for both Undergrads and
Graduate Students.
Wednesdays: 5:30 Supper (free) and
Fellowship.
CENTER OPEN EACH DAY
for information call 663-9376
ROBERT B. WALLACE, PASTOR
FIRST PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH
1432 Washtenaw Ave.-662-4466
(between Hill and S. University St.)
William Hillegonds, Senior Minister
Sunday Worship Services at 9:30 and
11:00 a.m.
UNIVERSITY MINISTRY
J. B. Notkin, University Minister
University Seminar: Galations
11:00 a.m., French Room.
* * *
UNIVERSITY LUTHERAN CHAPEL
1511 Washtenaw Ave., 663-5560
(Between Hill and South University)
Edward Krauss, Pastor
Wednesday Lenten Services, 7:30 p.m.
Communion Services at 10:30 a.m.
Bible Study at 9:15 a.m.

featured a darkened set, piercing
questions, and the use of prolonged
closeups which gave the show a
feeling of interrogation.
The sensation of the Night Beat
program led to Wallace's work for
ABC from 1957 to 1958 on first
The Mike Wallace Interview and
later on Survival AAd Freedom.
During these same years,Wallace
wrote a daily interview column for
the New York pst called "Mike
Wallace Asks."
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The Department of Romance Languages
announces a lecture by
LUIS IGLESIAS FEIJOO
"La n6tima producci6n teatral de Antonio Buero
Vallejo"
Professor Iglesias Feijoo is a well-known authority on Buero
Vallejo and modern Spanish theater. iHe is currently with the
Universidad Oic Santiago de Compostela in Spain.
West Conference Room, Rackham.
Friday, April 10, 1987 at 4:10 p..
All Welcome
Reception to follow in the 3rd Floor (oiiimons, M LB.

IN BRIEF
Compiled from Associated Press reports
House approves budget plan
WASHINGTON - The House yesterday approved a $1 trillion
Democratic budget that would raise $18 billion in new taxes, slash'
President Reagan's military buildup and block White House plans for
sharp decreases in domestic programs.
The House endorsed the plan drafted by its Budget Committee, al -
though no Republicans voted for it.
"The resolution today adopts a very solid budget which many
economists believe can make a difference between continued economic
growth in the United States and economic stagnation," said Speaker Jim
Wright (D-Texas). "This budget reduces the deficit in a balanced way,"
he said.
However, most lawmakers conceded the blueprint would fail to meet
the $108 billion deficit target of the Gramm-Rudman budget-balancing
law. Democrats argued it did more to cut red ink than any other op
tions, including the president's.
Truck spills sulfuric acid
MONROE - Cleanup crews yesterday removed hundreds of gallons
of hazardous sulfuric acid spilled on Interstate 75 by a tanker-truck that
crashed into a guard rail in rural Monroe County, authorities said.
The 3,300-gallon tanker crashed at 4:17 a.m. in Frenchtown
Township, prompting authorities to close the freeway in both directions
for much of the day, evacuate a one-mile area, and declare a local state
of emergency.
"It is a substantial spill so they are taking all the precautions they
can," said Clayton Charron, county public information officer. He said
fumes from the soil posed little threat to residents because of light
winds.
About 100 residents who voluntarily evacuated a one-mile area
yesterday morning remained out of their homes yesterday afternoon,
while a seven-mile southbound stretch of the freeway remained closed in:
both directions.
Nuclear plant shuts down
BRIDGMAN, Mich. - Operators shut down the D. C. Cook
nuclear power plant and declared the lowest of four levels of emergency"
after discovering radioactive water leaking from the reactor's cooling
system, a plant spokesman said yesterday.
The leak was discovered about 1 a.m. Wednesday, and the "unusual,
event" emergency declaration ended about six hours later when workers
discovered the source, said Eustace Smarrella, plant spokesman. The
plant will be shut down for about a week, he said.
A small valve inside the plant's conta'inment building leaked more.
than 1 gallon of water per minute, he said. The valve was part of a
system used to filter and purify water that cools the reactor.
Soviet visit raises hopes for
Czechoslovakian reform
PRAGUE, Czechoslovakia - More than 150,000 people warmly
greeted Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev when he arrived in Prague'
yesterday for a visit that has raised hopes among many Czechoslovaks
that their conservative leadership will adopt recent Kremlin reforms.
Gorbachev held his first talks with host Gustav Husak, president and
Communist party leader, after an airport welcome and a ceremonial'
greeting.
Little detail emerged from the talks, but a Soviet spokesman said
they concerned cooperation between the Communist parties in Moscow
and Prague.
EXTRAS
How to be a low-budget spy
CIA agents are probably burrowing through their cereal boxes right
now.
A dimestore toy called Magic Slate has suddenly emerged as a
counter-intelligence device after two members of Congress used it to
transmit messages inside the bug-riddled U.S: Embassy in Moscow.
Just lift the top sheet of a Magic Slate and your message disappears.
For less than a dollar, you, too, can fake out the Kremlin!
Created by a corset factory caretaker dluring the Depression, the slates'
are an unlikely tool in a cloak-and-dagger world that prides itself on
sophistication and high-technology.
"We always knew they had practical uses, but we never dreamed
they'd play a role in national security," said Kim McLynn,
spokeswoman for the Magic Slate manufacturer, Western Publishing
Co.

When the toymaker heard that Rep. Dan Mica (D-Fla.) and Rep..
Olympia Snowe (R-Maine) had been advised to take Magic Slates to-:
Moscow, it quickly dispatched 50 cases - about 2,500 slates - to the
State Department.
The Soviet Union is not among Magic Slate's customers, McLynn
said, but Syria - a Soviet ally - is.
the fflicht-gan U 'l.
Vol. XCVII--No.131
The Michigan Daily. (ISSN 0745-967 X) is published Monday through
Friday during the fall and winter terms. Subscription rates: September-
through April-$18 in Ann Arbor; $35 outside the city. One:
term-$10 in town; $20 outside the city.
The Michigan Daily is a member of The Associated Press and sub-
scribes to Pacific News Service and the Los Angeles Times Syndicate.

0
"
A N N A V 0 ..

JOHN CAFFERTY AND THE
BEAVER BROWN BAND
TOUGH ALL OVER

Editor in Chief.................ROB EARLE
Managing Editor..........................AMY MINDELL
News Editor.............................PHILIP I. LEVY
Features Editor.........................MELISSA BIRKS
NEWS STAFF: Elizabeth Atkins, Eve Becker, Steve
Blonder, Rebecca Blunenstein, Jim Bray, Brian Bonet,
Dov Cohen, Rebecca Cox, Hampton Dellinger, Martin
Frank, Pam Franklin, Stephen Gregory, Edward
Kleine, Steve Knopper, Vibeke Laroi, Carrie Loranger,
Michael Lustig, Alyssa Lustigman, Jerry Markon, Andy
Mills, Tim Omarzu, Eugene Pak, Melissa Ramsdell,
Kristen Salathiel, Martha Sevetson, Wendy Sharp,
Louis Stancato, Steven Tuch, David Webster, Rose
Mary Wurnel
Opinion Page Editors.................PETER MOONEY
HENRY PARK
OPINION PAGE STAFF: Muzammil Ahmed, Tim
Bennett, Paul Honsinger, Tim Huet, Lisa Jordan, Josh
Levin, Jeffrey Rutherford, Steve Semenuk, Caleb
Southworth, Arln Wasserman, Mark Williams.
Arts Editors.........................REBECCA CHUNG
SETH FLICKER
Books.....................SUZANNE MISENCIK
Features...............................ALAN PAUL
Film ..................KURT SERBUS
Music...................BETH FERTIG
Theatre................LAUREN SCHREIBER

Sports Editor.........................SCOTT G. MILLER
Associate Sports Editors..............DARREN JASEY
RICK KAPLAN
GREG MOLZON
ADAM OCHLIS
JEFF RUSH
SPORTS STAFF: Jim Downey, Liam Flaherty, Allen
Gelderloos, Kenneth Goldberg, Chris Gordillo, Shelly
Haselhuhn, Julie Hollman, Walter Kopf, Rob Levine,
Jill Marchiano, Ian Ratner, Adam Schefter, Adam
Schrager, Scott Shaffer, Pete Steinert, Douglas Volan,
Peter Zellen, Bill Zolla.
Photo Editors...........................SCOTT LITUCHY
ANDI SCHREIBER
PHOTO STAFF: Leslie Boorstein, Karen Handelman,
Dana Mendelssohn, John Munson, Darrian Smith,
Grace Tsai.

w.
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