Page 2 - The Michigan Daily - Wednesday, January 28, 1987
Students urge study
(Continued from Page1)'
senior who spent winter term her
junior year in York, England said
Americans are often seen as "loud,
obnoxious, showy people with a
camera strapped around their necks
and money flying out of their
THE only other portrait they
have of Americans is the wealthy
characters in "Dynasty and Dallas,"
Guggenheim said. "You can't fault
them for what their media portrays
She said she went abroad
determined to break down these
stereotypes by showing, through
her own example, that not all
Americans are dollar-driven and
"Because you spend a lot of time
breaking down stereotypes, you're
forced to be more patriotic," Gug -
The students had little difficulty
adjusting to new educational
While pursuing their studies as
economic majors in England,
Jacobson and Gursky said they had
the chance to "interact with all the
best minds in the country, if not
Instead of meeting in crowded
University auditoriums, they met
privately with professors. And
rather than a syllabus and text -
books, the students read from a list
of recommended primary reading
BUT living so far from home
does have drawbacks. Elisa
McCabe, Residential College senior
who studied in Seville, Spain for
one year said it was hard to form
intimate relationships with for -
The American students lived
together in a dormitory and "it was
really closed off. We didn't speak
that much Spanish inside. If you
wanted to learn Spanish you had to
make the effort yourself."
Sometimes she felt homesick
Freilich said she occassionally
had problems dealing with foreign
philosophies. When she visited
Morocco, the son of a hostess
assumed she was Jewish because he
said "the U.S. sympathizes with
Israel," therefore all Americans
must be Jewish.
When she tried to explain, he
retorted: "why are you talking? You
don't have an opinion you're a
But some foreign folkways were
easy to adjust to. Among Freilich's
favorite traditions are eating a big
meal at 2 p.m. and then resting for
two hours during siesta.
Studying abroad also has
practical applications in the job
"Business is screening for people
with a broad liberal arts education
and study abroad is part of that,"
said Kathi Davis,. administrative
associate at the Center for Western
"FOREIGN study is in. I can't
imagine any student nowadays
graduating from a university such
as the University of Michigan
without having had the experience
of studying abroad. I think it should
be a prerequisite," Davis said.
"The economies of all our coun -
tries are so interwoven. Nothing
happens in this world that doesn't
affect other people, other countries.
I don't see how we're going to
survive unless we educate young
people to be able to deal with it,"
According to Davis, the admin -
istration is enthusiastic about
establishing new programs in a
variety of places.
Professor researches American culture
(Continued from Page 1)
"anthropology appealed to my sense
His first trip to the village of
Arembepe, Brazil was in the
summer of 1962, between his
junior and senior year at Columbia
College. He was part of a field
study program and there met the
woman who later became his wife.
SHOR T OR LONG
Men and Women
Betty was an anthropology major at
Barnard College in New York and a
native of Brazil.
KOTTACK'S devotion to his
work is concealed when he
discusses it, but a quote from
Assault in Paradise, his book on
Brazil,, shows his attachment to his
work and to the people he studies.
"They are the kind of people that
few outsiders will ever have a
chance to meet. The
anthropologist's special obligation
is to tell their story for them."
According to Kottak, "Anthropo-
logists are more adventurous and
also more alienated from their
culture and more dissatisfied with
their own culture than other people
are, so they do like to travel and get
to know other cultures."
Liberty off State
Maple Village . .
Rent a Car from Econo-Car
interests extend beyond today's
technology. "If I were alive in the
future and if there was intergalactic
travel I would be a crew member on
the starship Enterprise" to seek and
study new civilizations, he said.
"Sometimes I think I was born
50 years too late or three centuries
too late to see the cultural diversity
that an anthropologist could have
studied. Or I was born too early to
study the intergalactic diversity that
may exist," he said.
Kottak has two children, a 15-
year old son named Nicholas and a
JULIET, a first-year student in
the Inteflex program here, said her
father misses Brazil. "At home he
sometimes speaks Portuguese; little
sayings, kiddingly," she said. "My
father likes fitting in well and uses
Brazilian jargon (when in Brazil)."
She said many of her father's re -
search projects are based on their
family life. He wrote an article on
socio-economic class and
swimming that was "a direct result
of my father going to swim meets
with my brother here and in Brazil."
McDonalds, a place where the
Kottak family ate when Juliet was a
child, was another of Kottak's
research projects. Juliet said her
father found that Americans go to
McDonalds because it is ritual,
such as going to church. Americans
say certain things, like 'I'll have a
Big Mac,' 'can I help you?' and
'have a nice day.'
Kottak is currently writing a
book and leading a research project
based in Brazil. One of the subjects
in his book is a cross-comparison
of mass media. He thinks American
media controls public opinion. An
example is the how the media
decides what the major issues facing
the U.S. are today.
For instance, it is ironic that
drugs are now the national problem
since consumption of drugs such as
heroin and marijuana has gone
down, Kottak said.
LAST year, the problem was
child abuse and missing children.
"One very interesting thing is that
all of the missing children on the
milk cartons (last year) have been
replaced by football players," he
Kottak teaches a graduate level
class about Madagascar, a Cultural
Adaptation course, an American
Culture class, and once a year
teaches an introductory
anthropology course. "I think that
it's important that full-time
professors teach undergraduates," he
In his American Culture class,
he said, "I want you to imagine a
school in a country like Brazil with
no extracurricular activities... no
bands, orchestra, sports, no school
spirit, no jocks, burnouts, or
brain." His students laugh while he
describes cultural differences.
Kottak came to the University
immediately after his research in
Madagascar. His wife recalls when
he was preparing his lectures fQr his
very first course at the University
in 1968: "He prepared and prepared
and spent hours and wrote up long
notes for every lecture," she said.
He wanted to incorporate so many
of his experiences that "he talked
way over the kids' heads."
During the summer Kottak
taught a smaller group; Betty said
that's when he learned to teach.
According to Kottak's students,
he learned well.
"He's good, interesting. I like
the way he brings in other cultures
as examples," Rajal Patel, senior
anthropology major, said.
Compiled from Associated Press reports
Shultz: U.S. halted Iran talks
WASHINGTON - Secretary of State George Shultz told Congress
yesterday the Reagan administration stopped talking to Iran about U.S.
arms after a meeting last month in West Germany, but that it has other
ways to discuss mutual interests in containing Soviet expansion.
Shultz testified that the Dec. 13 session in Frankfurt was authorized
by President Reagan to underscore to Tehran "that any thought on their
part that there were going to be further sales of arms, was wrong."
He assured the Senate Foreign Relations Committee at an open
hearing that there no longer was "any contact in that channel." But,
Shultz said, there are other points of contact, including a tribunal in'
The Hague, Netherlands, which is considering claims stemming from
the takeover of Iran by followers of the Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeni
Waite's location still unsure
BEIRUT, Lebanon - Fears grew yesterday for Anglican Church
envoy Terry Waite, last seen eight days ago when he left for secret talks
with Shiite Moslem kidnappers to seek the release of hostages.
One report yesterday said Waite was still negotiating. Another said
he was placed under house arrest by the Moslems he went to bargain
Archbishop Robert Runcie of Canterbury said in London he was
"greatly concerened" about Waite's safety.
Waite arrived in the Lebanese capital on Jan. 12. Since then, 11
more foreigners have been abducted in Beirut. The latest, a Saudi
Arabian, was grabbed by gunmen Monday night.
Police evacuated eight French teachers from Moslem west Beirut to
Christian east Beirut yesterday.
Gorbachev suggests system for
'fresh forces into the Kremlin
MOSCOW - Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev, striking at the heart
of the Kremlin power structure, suggested yesterday that the nation
needs a system for replacing aging members of the leadership with
In a speech that lashed out at his political opponents in the old
guard, Gorbachev called for multiple-candidate lections to regional party
posts and suggested a review of the parliamentary election procedure.
He also proposed new laws to put teeth into his programs of reform,
including legislation allowing people to sue the government and one
that is rumored to give the state-run media guaranteed access to
Fire forces prisoners from cells
PITTSBURGH - Inmates evacuated from their cells because of an
accidental fire set blazes throughout the prison yesterday, battled guards
and each other and then barricaded themselves inside an auditorium
where they started a major fire, authorities said.
At least 25 inmates and three guards were injured from fighting or
suffered smoke inhalation before all the fires were extinguished, said
Thomas Seiverling, spokesman for the State Correctional Institution at
Pittsburgh, also called Western Pen.
All the inmates were stripped, searched and returned to their cells by
early afternoon, officials said.
A fire official said bricks were hurled at firefighters from an outdoor
exercise yard where guards had held 700 to 800 inmates.
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Federal court flushes appeal,
Carson sitting pretty
CINCINNATI - A federal appeals court has upheld a $31,661 award
to entertainer Johnny Carson, who successfully sued a Michigan
company that used his "Here's Johnny" introduction to promote its
A three-judge panel of the 6th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals
unanimously rejected an appeal by Here's Johnny Portable Toilets Inc.
In 1983, the appeals court ruled that under Michigan law, Carson has
a right of publicity to the phrase "Here's Johnny" used to introduce on
his NBC television show.
Carson has used the phrase to endorse a line of apparel, and he filed
his lawsuit in Jan. 1977 along with the company that markets the
If you see news happen, call 76-DAILY.
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Vol. XCVII -- No.84
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