Page ? -The Michigan Daily - Tuesday, January 20, 1987
March honors King's dream
By EUGENE PAK
During the 1950s and '60s, the
Rev. Martin Luther King, Jr. and
other civil rights leaders used
marches as an effective, non-violent
method to help bring about civil
Yesterday afternoon, the
beneficiaries of those reforms, more
than 300 University students, paid
tribute to King by marching down
South University in honor of the
slain human rights leader's birthday.
Singing many of the same songs
and chants used during the marches of
the 60s, both black and white stu-
dents also chanted out against apar-
theid in South Africa as they marched
arm in arm into the Diag.
"A PEOPLE UNITED, will
never be defeated!" echoed through
the crowd which had gathered in the
Diag for a rally.
Although yesterday marked the
end of the "Commemoration of a
Dream" activities, speakers at the
rally said much work remained to
fulfill King's dream of ending racism
and other injustices.
William Bledsoe, federal judge of
the 30th district in Highland Park,
Mich., told students, "It is essential
that you prepare yourself today so
you can carry the message (of King)
And Marvin Woods, president of
the Black Student Union, reminded
University students that they not
only had a commitment to better
themselves as individuals, but also to
help others less fortunate than
He mentioned the high minority
poverty level and the Howard Beach,
N.Y. incident in which whites
allegedly assaulted three black men as
evidence of current racial problems.
PAM JONES, a member of the
Black Law Student Alliance, said, "I
submit to you that things are not so
much better than they were" when
King was leading the civil rights
Jones said that people must pur-
sue the correct dream. 'There's been a
lot of talk about dreams, but for too
much of us that is the American
dream of a mindless pursuit of ma-
"Some of the oppressed have beenCompiled from Associated Press reports
oppressed so long that they have
assumed the same characteristics of
their oppressors," she said.
Later in the evening, a closing
memorial service for King was held,
in the Trotter House.
This past week's activities were
organized by students on the
"Commemoration of a Dream" com-
mittee, composed of people from dif-
ferent student groups.
In addition to the march and rally,
students sold buttons in honor of
King to collect funds for a Martin
Luther King scholarship.
In many states, schools and banks
were closed in honor of King. At his
Atlanta gravesite, King's widow,
Coretta Scott King, and Secretary of
State George Shultz heard Hosea
Williams, a former King aide, lead a
prayer that King's followers would
"rededicate ourselves... until the
dream becomes a reality."
... supports King's dream
King fought for the nation's
(Continued from Page 1)
Before the march, King told
supporters, "I have got to march, I
do not know what lies ahead of us.
There may be beatings, jailings,
tear gas. But I would rather die on
the highways of Alabama than
make a butchery of my conscience."
But as soon as King had led the
demonstrators across the Pettus
Bridge, state troopers suddenly
stepped aside, ostensibly giving
them a clear path to Montgomery.
SENSING A TRAP (snipers
were rumored to be awaiting them),
King led the ensemble back to
church - a move which brought
praise from some, but strong crit-
icism from others who saw King as
backing down to the federal in-
The final march was organized
on March 21, this time under the
protection of federal marshals.
The Selma marches revealed
King at one of his greatest mo-
ments, but also hinted at the in-
creasing cleverness of anti-civil
rights proponents, and a growing
distrust of King by more pro-
gressive black leaders who claimed
King was being used by the, U.S.
government as a propaganda tool.
Soon after the final, successful
march, the 1965 Voting Rights Act
was passed, marking the end of
King's southern campaign.
IN AUGUST 1965, the
Watts ghetto of Los Angeles ex-
ploded in a riot that opened the eyes
of a nation that thought racial un-
rest existed only in the deep South.
King immediately flew there to
talk to the people, but was greeted
with contempt. Watts' blacks said
they did not want dreams, they
The riots in Watts and other
cities showed that King's appeal
was limited. Many young urban
blacks believed in the powerful,
more militant approach espoused by
black nationalist Muslims such as
Malcolm X and Elijah Muhammad.
They believed that fighting for
the right to sit at an all-white lunch
counter was one thing, but fighting
to alter the structures and in-
stitutions which shaped the entire
nation required a far more radical
approach than King's non-violent
King moved the focus of his
fight against racism from the South
to the North. King stated that "a
reconstruction of the entire society,
a revolution of values" was
necessary, and the cities were the
place to start this fight.
He began to broaden his de-
mands, calling for the nation-
alization ofasome industries, a re-
view of foreign investments, and
improvements in urban housing.
KING, who had begun by
morally battling the fringes of
racism and oppression, was now
attacking their fundamental political
and economic causes.
But this battle proved to be even
tougher than the Alabama police
lines. In Chicago, Detroit, and
other Northern cities, King was
officially welcomed with open
arms, but his demands for equitable
employment practices, real estate
board reviews, and economic
boycotts, although not unreason-
able, usually fell on deaf ears.
And when King began to speak
out against the Vietnam War on
moralistic and economic grounds,
both government and civil rights
leaders openly criticized him for
going beyond his jurisdiction.
But King steadfastly held to his
beliefs. "Our loyalties must tran-
scend our race, our tribe, our class,
our nation... we must develop a
world perspective," he said. His
views tweed President Johnson (and
his administration) from a fair-
weather friend, to a powerful foe.
IRONICALLY, the go-
vernment saw King as a subversive
socialist because of his beliefs,
while Black nationalists labeled
him an overly moralistic moderate
because of his methods.
This dual pressure began to take
its toll on King.
Andrew Young, then a King
aide, said, "King's faith was drain-
ing because even people inside the
organization were running around
the country spouting talk about
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But King always stuck to his
policy of civil disobedience. He said
that militant Black Power would
not produce social revolution, but
public and official backlash.
When asked to stop marching
because it created social unrest,
King retorted sharply, "I don't mind
saying, I'm tired of marching. I'm
tired of marching for something
that should've been mine at birth...
I'm tired of living every day under
the threat of death... And some-
times I begin to doubt whether I'm
going to make it... So I'll tell
anybody, I'm willing to stop
marching. I don't march because I
like it. I march because I must."
By 1968, King's power base was
a much broader group, cutting
across racial and economic barriers
and including migrant farm wor-
kers, Appalachian poor, and urban
And while this popular coalition
certainly had divergent specific
interests and faced much op-
position, it was also a potentially
powerful group. capable of pro-
ducing long-lasting social reform.
Its leader, however, who had
fought violence throughout his life,
was killed by an assassin's bullet
on March 28, 1968 in Memphis,
Tenn. The nation mourned the 39-
year-old minister's death.
It is difficult to say whether
King would have been able to bring
about the ambitious social reforms
he sought, but his special
combination of human compassion
and skillful leadership made him a
leader of broad appeal, effective
methods, and deep humanity.
German officials hesitate to
release hijack suspect
BONN, West Germany - Prominent politicians cautioned officials
yesterday against swapping a Lebanese suspect in the 1985 TWA
hijacking for a West German abducted in Beirut. They said a trade
would inspire more terrorist attacks.
Government spokesmen in Bonn played down reports that the
kidnapping in Beirut of businessman Rudolf Cordes was aimed at
forcing the release of Mohammed Ali Hamadi, accused of being one of
the terrorists who seized the jetliner in June 1985.
A U.S. Navy diver on the plane was shot to death at Beirut airport
after the jet was commandeered during a flight from Rome to Athens.
Hans Stercken, chairman of Parliament's foreign affairs committee,
said in a radio interview: "Those who are aware of the tendency toward
terrorist acts in the Middle East know that the acceptance of blackmail
increases the chances of new acts."
Communists oust liberal prof'1
PEKING - Fang Lizhi, an astrophysicist who gained national
prominence by standing up for student demonstrators, was expelled
from the Communist Party for preaching Western liberal ideas, the.
official media reported yesterday.
Fang was fired last week from his position as vice president of
China Science and Technology University in Hefei.
Fang's expulsion from the party came as Zhao Ziyang, the premier
and acting party chief, issued assurances that intellectuals would not be
victimized by another ideological purge. Zhao reiterated Deng's market-
oriented policies that have revolutionized the economy would continue.
Zhao became party head Friday after the resignation of Hu Yaobang,
who reportedly was driven from office because of his soft handling of
student protests and the growing openness of criticism of socialism.
Iran claims breakthrough
NICOSIA, Cyprus - Iran claimed yesterday its invasion force broke
through Iraqi defenses and was driving toward Basra, Iraq's second-
largest city and southern provincial capital. Iraqi planes raided Iranian
cities for the 11th day.
Reports from Iran also said that the capture of four more islands in
the Shatt-al-Arab border waterway was "imminent."
Iraq asserted its troops had the Iranians bottled up in marshland east
of Basra. It reported "destructive raids" by its air force on six cities in
Military analysts said the Iraqi air blitz might increase pressure on
Iran's leaders to launch a long-promised "final offensive" for victory in
the war, which began in September, 1980.
Governor's security costs rise
LANSING - Gov. James Blanchard's active public schedule,
changes in federal law, and a more menacing world have more than
doubled the cost of guarding Michigan's governor and his family over
the past five years.
The cost of first-family safety jumped from $380,000 in fiscal 1981-
82, when Republican William Milliken was governor, to $863,000 in
the fiscal year which ended Oct. 1.
"During the Milliken administration, we had two principal people
(to protect) - the governor and his spouse," Hoekwater said, referring
to Milliken and his wife Helen. "And occasionally, the lieutenant
"The Blanchards came in, and immediately we picked up a third
person, their son, and the lieutenant governor on a full-time basis."
rir *l 177
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Superhowl brings on bets
NEW YORK - A Denver disc jockey will climb to the top of the
Empire State Building and get dunked into a vat of Gatorade if the
New York Giants beat the Denver Broncos in the Superbowl.
But if the Broncos win, WNCN-FM Morning Show host Bob
Evans must don a bathing suit and use a teaspoon to shovel a city
block of snow for every point in the margin of victory.
Steve Burke at Denver station KVOD-FM accepted the on-air wager.
last week during Evans' show on the New York classical musical
A time and date for the payoff will be set after the game, said
WNCN spokesman Keith Hark.
Prairie dog trendy pet in '87?
It barks like a dog, cuddles like a kitten, looks like a large guinea
pig and, best of all, it's not a ferret.
It's a prairie dog, an early candidate for the trendy pet of the year,
according to a Grand Rapids pet shop owner.
<'Ferrets are illegal in Michigan so we've been looking for
something that would be different and unique, yet easy to care for and
not dangerous," he said.
If you see news happen, call 76-DAILY.
0Jhw 3tdrigau ?W tI
Vol. XCVII --No.,*
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