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November 05, 1986 - Image 2

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The Michigan Daily, 1986-11-05

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Page 2 - The Michigan Daily- Wednesday, November 5,1986 q

AIDS forum urges new research

A Univeristy dean and AIDS
expert opened a three-day course on
the disease yesterday, urging an
audience of less than 100 to become
involved in the various facets of,
AIDS research.
"There is an urgent need for
many persons with diverse expertise
to become involved in the issues
surrounding this disease," said June
Osborn, dean of the Univerity's
School of Public Health. Speaking
in Rackham Lecture Hall, she called
on the audience to "bring (their)
excellence to bear on this difficult

sponsored by the Rackham School
of Graduate Studies and the School
of Public Health.
"The real purpose behind the
program is to provide background
to scholars, professors, and graduate
students around campus on what is
needed in AIDS research," said
Homer Rose, assistant dean of
Rackham. "It stems from a feeling
that AIDS is being viewed too
narrowly as a biomedical problem
when it is also a social,
psychological, and epidemiological
Osborn, who has been a member
several groups dealing with the
disease, including Gov. James
Blanchard's AIDS taskforce, said

that although AIDS was first
recognized only five years ago, "it
has had an impact on every corner
of society."
"THE SWEEP of this impact
marks the beginning of a saga in
human history that cries out for the
intervention of scholarship," she
Osborn traced the history of the
virus, saying that it has evolved
from "wispy" beginnings to
become a decidedly serious disease
that has infected1 million to 2
million people. She added "It is
now clear that AIDS will always be
with us and that we are terribly ill-
prepared for it."
Osborn stressed the need to
educate people about the dangers of

specific behavior associated with
the virus to help to "limit the scope
of the problem" through
David Schottenfeld, professor of
epidemiology in the School of
Public Health, echoed this point.
"We can do things to control the
spread of disease, and hopefully to
ultimately prevent it," he said.
But Osborn warned against too
much optimism concerning the
AIDS epidemic. "The habit of the
public mindset is prayer and hope
for a cure. But wishing for vaccines
and cures only complicates our
task," she said, adding that
significant developments in
treatment cannot be expected for at
least five years.


Immune Deficiency
is being jointly

Brain probe may cure deaf and blind

A new brain probe built and
fesigned by University researchers
:nay open the door to technology that
:vill improve the treatment of
Ilisablilties such as deafness,
(blindness, and paralysis.
i A research team led by Electrical
Engineering and Computer Science
iProfessors David Anderson, Spencer
eMent, and Ken Wise has
c:onstructed a new brain probe to
neasure and record the electrical
;messages that brain cells send each
OTHER PROBES can measure
the electrical activity of only one
oneuron at a time- which is
equivalent to eavesdropping on only
gone side of a group conversation. But
tthe new probe has 12 recording sites
owhich enable it to record the
ointeracting signals of several
"neighboring brain cells at once.
"If we understand how the brain
does its signal processing, we can
learn how certain diseases attack the
central nervous system, monitor the
: effects of drugs, and develop a neural
.prosthesis," Wise said. The
:prosthesis would be an electronic
.replacement for damaged nerves.
"When a nerve cell discharges,

ionic (electrically charged) currents
flow around the cell, which create
voltage drops," Wise said. The probe
senses these voltage changes at each
of its 12 recording sites and sends out
a signal. Amplifiers boost the signal
power by a factor of 100.
Meanwhile, a device called a
multiplexor checks each recording
site and sends signals via a wire to a
recorder located outside the brain. The
recorder then separates the signals.
LAST YEAR research team
members Dr. Khalil Njafi and
graduate student Ken Drake implanted
and tested a version of the probe,
without all the electronics, inside the
brain of a gerbil.
Designing a brain probe to float
in tissue inside the cerebral cortex -
the part of the brain that controls
motor actions, hearing, and sight-
was no easy task. "There is no more
hostile place to put an electronic
device than inside the body," said
Current research focuses on
developing a stronger coating to
protect the silicon probe from brain
USING a modified version of the
microelectronic brain probe to
stimulate nerve cells, the University

researchers hope to reverse deafness
caused by nerve damage.
Currently, people who lose their
hearing because of nerve damage
cannot be helped by conventional
hearing aids; hearing aids amplify
sound, but if the receptors in the ear
which respond to a particular
frequency are destroyed, a person will
not hear the sound, regardless of its
Advanced hearing aids could

reverse such deafness by bypassing
damaged nerve cells in the ear and
converting sound energy into
electrical stimulation signals.
Eventually, the probes could be
used to restore sight, steer brain
signals around damaged pathways to
revive paralyzed limbs, and replace
other portions of the neural system
that are no longer functional.
"But that is a long, long way
down stream," Wise said.

Lucas concedes
early in Detroit

The University
of Michigan

School of Music

Edward Parmentier, director
Program includes works of Lassus,
Hassler, and Gabrieli
Blanche Anderson Moore Hall

(Continued from Page 1)
to make sure Michigan's future is
as great as its present as well as its
past," he said. "A challenge to
make sure Michigan is
economically competitive."
At this point a supporter
hollered, "hot damn," and Blanchard
voiced his agreement.
Blanchard, however, took the
victory with some modesty, saying,
"I expected the election to be much
closer." Blanchard would not knock
his opponent Lucas, despite
derogatory comments from the
Meanwhile Lucas told an
estimated crowd of 500 across the
street atop the Detroit's
Ponchartrain hotel that although his
bid for governor was unsuccessful,
the campaign had been, for him, "a
tremendous success."
Blanchard seemed to agree with
the assessment. "Someday
Michigan will indeed have a black
governor, and when this happens,
we will remember Bill Lucas blazed
that trail," he said.
Lucas feels that although he lost
the race, the chief part of his dream
of becoming the nation's first
elected black governor had been

achieved. "I have achieved that
dream-the dream of opportunity
and having a fair chance to
participate fully in the American
political system."
Lucas said the people of
Michigan have given him "far more
than he could have dreamed growing
up in Harlem, New York. We need
to remember that a dream of a
lifetime is not realized in an
instant, for even an election is not a
measure of what is to come."
Lucas then congratulated
Blanchard. "I wish him success in
the coming term," he said and then
headed over to the Westin hotel to
Blanchard's victory celebration.
Lucas gained only 20 percent of
the black vote, and only 20 percent
of the overall vote in Wayne
county, where he has served as
county executive and sheriff.
Blanchard said at a press
conference at 11 p.m. that he was
proud to carry 80 percent of the
black vote. He was also pleased
that he reached his campaign goal
of carrying every regent in the state.
Blanchard followed his acceptance
speech by autographing a copy of
the Detroit Free Press's 8:30 p.m.
edition declaring Blanchard's

Hasenf us pleads guilty before
Nicaraguan political tribunal
MANAGUA, Nicaragua-Eugene Hasenfus went before a Nicaraguan
political tribunal yesterday to seek mercy as it decides whether, as cargo
handler for a weapons supply flight to Contra rebels, he was guilty of
terrorism and other crimes against the state.
"It won't be anything earthshaking," Former U.S. Attorney General
Griffin Bell, who is assisting in Hasenfus' in Hasenfus' defense, said of a
statement prepared for the prisoner to read to the court. "We hope it will.
help him by mitigation...We hope this evidence will cause the Sandinisit
government to be more merciful."
Hasenfus, 45, of Marinette, Wis., was to read the statement to th
three-member Peoples' Tribunal, made up of a lawyer, truck driver and
Hasenfus was captured Oct. 6, a day after Sandinista forces shot down
the C-123 cargo plane carrying weapons and supplies to the U.S. backed
Contras. The others aboard, two American pilots and a Contra, were
killed in the crash.
Speakes quiet on chance of
lifting Iranian arms sales ban
ABOARD AIR FORCE ONEPresident Reagan's chief spokesman
refused to say yesterday whether the United States had ended its
longstanding policy of not selling arms or spare weapons parts to Iran,'
and cautioned reporters to "be a little careful on reporting. I don't think
it serves the interest of the hostages" held by pro-Iranian elements in
Lebanon, he said.
And the president refused to comment on published reports that his'
former aide, Robert McFarlane, had traveled to Iran as an administration
emissary and had been arrested and jailed there for five days before being
Spokesman Larry Speakes, asked repeatedly about any change in arms
sale policy toward Iran, refused to comment, telling reporters:
"We're not commenting, but I think you ought to be a little careful"
in reporting the story.
Shultz decries budget cuts
WASHINGTON-Secretary of State George Shultz says.
congressional budget trimmers are playing "Russian roulette" with
national security by slashing funds for foreign aid and anti-terrorist
And a campaign against Syria, which he said has been caught "red-
handed" in terrorism, is an example of the kind of program that cost-
cutters could be hurting, the secretary said.
"Our hearts are in the right place; but where are our resources?" Shult
said last night in a speech at the Locust Club in Philadelphia.
"After years of educating our own citizens and our allies, after years of
building a consensus, America's hands seem financially tied," he said.
"The probable effect of congressional action on our foreign affairs budget
will be to slow substantially our proposed diplomatic security program.
"In effect, we are being asked to play Russian roulette with our
international interests-and our national security," he said.
Man kills 2 in doctor's office
RICHMOND, Va.-A gunman walked into a doctor's office yesterday
and began shooting at waiting patients and staff, killing at least two
people before turning the gun on himself, the doctor and police said.
"The place has been shot up and we're in an acute emergency state
right now," said Dr. Edward Haddock wh.e eached by telephone at his
office in a three-storey renovated brick house in the city's Fan district.
"We're trying to get the dead people out and get the injured to a
hospital,' he said.
Police Major Stuart Cook said a man in his early 20s, armed with a
shotgun and a pistol, walked in the back door of the office around 11:30
a.m. and began shooting.
Cook said the man, whom police would not identify, shot one nurse,
a patient, Haddock and his wife before shooting himself.
He said Haddock was slightly injured. Cook would not discuss
motives for the shooting.
Single parent families increase
WASHINGTON-More than one-fourth of American families with
children-and more than 60 percent of those that are black-were headed
by a single parent last year, the Census Bureau reported yesterday.
"One of the most significant changes in family composition over the
past 15 years has been the substantial growth in the number of one-
parent families," the bureau said.
A major factor is that women are having children and getting married
later-or not marrying at all-and that marriages are more likely to end
in divorce, said Dr. Harriet McAdoo, a professor of social work at

Howard University.
As a result of these changes, she said, "children are being raised by
their mothers for a significant number of years of their lives."
In addition, she said in an interview, there are a substantial number of
out-of-wedlock pregnancies among both black and white women.
A separate Census Bureau report on fertility last June said 20.2
percent of white births and 74.5 percent among blacks were out of
wedlock last year, as the stigma surrounding unwed mothers lessens.
Vol. XCVII - Via, 4
The Michigan Daily (ISSN 0745-967 X) is published Monday
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Editor in Chief......................ERIC MATTSON Sports Editor..........................BARB McQUADE
Managing Editor...................RACHEL GOTTLIEB Associate Sports Editors........DAVE ARETHA
News Editor...........................JERRY MARKON RICK KAPLAN
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NEWS STAFF: Francie Allen, Elizabeth Atkins, Eve PHIL NUSSEL
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Music..................................BETH FERTIG DISPLAY SALES: Barb Calderoni, Irit Elrand, Lisa
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