By MARTIN FRANK
Retired Naval Captain James
Bush blasted President Reagan's
plan for a space-based missile
defense system, but Political
Science Prof. Raymond Tanter
praised the so-called "Star Wars"
program during a debate at
Rackham Amphitheater last night.
The debate, "Star Wars: Hope or
Hoax?", was sponsored by the
Coalition of Arms Control.
Tanter proposed three options for
the Soviet Union concerning
nuclear weapons reduction, because,
according to Tanter, the Soviet
Union 'is unable to acquire the
technology for SDI (the Strategic
Defense Initiative) in the near
The first option for the Soviet
Union would be mutual suicide by
coercing the United States to reject
Star Wars and hence, escalate the
arms race. The second option would
be for the Soviet Union to accept
THE FINAL OPTION
consists of the United States and
b Soviet Union sharing information
on a defense program that will
eliminate incentives for a first
strike. This; according to Tanter, is
the option that the Soviets will
take when they decide to reduce the
number of nuclear missiles.
This final option will entail
three phases for reducing nuclear
weapons, Tanter said. The first
phase would would reduce arms in a
decade. Secondly, there would be a
transitional phase that would last
another decade. The "ultimate"
phase would include "withering
away of all nuclear arms," said
Tanter also said that if the
United States agreed to give up the
SDI program at the Reagan-
Gorbachev summit in Iceland, like
the Soviets wanted, it would be like
"killing the goose that layed the
BUSH, however, did not agree
with Tanter's assessment of SDI. In
fact, he called SDI "some dumb
i '.# sh currently, erves as the
Associate]Director of the Cceter for
Defense Information -based in
l Washington. , --
He proposed several major
0 "hoaxes" of the "Star Wars"
program. The first of these myths
is that the Strategic Defense
Initiative would eliminate nuclear
weapons. Bush said that since the
United States seeks to protect its
missile sites - not its capital city
like the Soviet Union does - that
after shooting down Soviet ballistic
missiles, the United States will
still have its missiles to respond.
Bush feels that instead of
eliminating nuclear arms, the
program would reinforce nuclear
The most important hoax, Bush
said, is the idea that the Soviet
Union will cooperate in the SDI
program by developing its own,
which is exactly what the United
States wants it to do.
"If (the Soviets) increase their
missile warheads and develop ways
to destroy the Star Wars system,
then the Soviet Union can make it
impossible for the United States to
develop a defense system," he said.
The Michigan Daily - Friday, October 31, 1986 - Page 3
A University of Minnesota official, upper right, speays MACE on protesters who were trying to enter the
building where the CIA was conducting interviews. About 25 protesters tried to enter but were held back by the
MACE. There were no arrests.
Battles ofthe bag
between paper and plastic
By SARAH GRAY
A renowned Sovietologist has
donated his extensive collection of
research materials to the University.
The scores of documents, manu -
scripts, and books about Russian
culture, politics, and history will be
the subject of a colloquium today.
Robert Slusser, professor
emeritus of history at Michigan
State University, will be on hand
today to discuss the works with
students and faculty. The Slusser
Archives include rare unpublished
documents, such as manuscripts and
correspondences with well-known
historians, that range in interest
from the Soviet Organs of State
Security to Russian and Soviet fine
PROF. RUTH Hastie,
program associate director of the
Center for Russian and East
European Studies, said much of the
material comes from police archives
in Tsarist Russia.
Slusser has been a visiting
research scholar at the University's
Center for Russian and East
European Studies since 1982, and
he is the nephew of John Paul
Slusser, a former University art
professor. Hastie said Slusser "has
long-time ties with the center and
we have a very strong history
department. He believes the
resources will be put to good use."
Slusser was unavailable for
The political sections of the
archives are divided into three
sections: Soviet foreign policy,
Soviet-U.S. relations, and Soviet
internal and foreign policy.
THE LATTER section
specializes in Belorussia, the
Congo, the Far East, Laos, Cuba,
and Soviet policies on disarmament
and the origins of the KGB
(Committee on State Security).
Materials include Slusser's corres -
pondences with such famous Soviet
specialists as E. H. Carr, George
Leggett, and Lennard Gerson. There
are also published and unpublished
writings by Slusser.
Slusser's research on the origins
of the KGB trace its history,
organization, and functions from its
inception in 1917 as the Cheka to
its present form as the KGB. There
are also papers on criminal law and
The literature on Russian and
Soviet history includes books,
articles, pamphlets, brochures, and
off-prints of special journal articles.
The resources focus on the 1905
and 1917 revolutions. Other
historical sections focus on World
War II and the John F. Kennedy
The professor's donations in the
field of Russian and Soviet art
include research on Dostoevsky's
works and records of such
musicians as Shastakovich,
Prokofiev, Rachmaninoff, and
Scriabin. Russian art books,
pamphlets, brochure and
encyclopedias, specialize in Repin,
Slusser's research on
the origins of the KGB
trace its history, organi-
zation, and functions from
its inception in 1917 as
the Cheka to its present
form as the KGB. There
are also papers on
criminal law and
Serov, Bakst, and Benois and the
material on Soviet film concentrate
on the works of Eisenstein and
Pudovkin. There is also material on
Soviet theater and ballet.
Slusser; the former co-director of
the Project on Soviet Treaties at
The Hoover Institution, wrote The
Berlin Crisis of 1961, a Calander of
Soviet Treaties, and The Theory,
Law, and Policy of Soviet Treaties.
Today's mini-colloquium will be
held at 4 p.m. at Room 200, Lane
Hall, and will be followed by a
By ANDREW KAPLAN
Those handy plastic bags that
make life easier for many grocery-
laden shoppers threaten the
environment, ecologists say. But
proponents of plastic say that the
convenience outweighs the harmful
The most important difference
between paper and plastics is the
way they decay. While paper bagg.
are' broken down by the
environment and take a short time
to decay, plastic bags are not
According to Ray Jusak,
corporate manager of environment
and energy at Johnson Controls, a
company which manufactures
plastic bottles, just because plastics
are not biodegradable does not mean
they create more pollution.
JUSAK SAID that the action
of biodegrading by paper bags emits
impure gases into the environment
such as methane gas. He said paper
is not as pure as most people think.
"Everything generates pollution,"
Jusak said, "Its just that plastics are
more easily observed doing so."
"I would be more comfortable
with plastics because they are more
inert, stable and innocuous. Their
lack of quick biodegradability
makes them physically more easy
to handle and less likely to create
any type of harmful pollution," said
According to David Stead, an
ecological policy specialist at the
Ecology Center of Ann Arbor,
plastic bags do have their
The potential for chemical
hazards exists with both paper and
plastic, Stead said.
STEAD SAID that landfill
space in Ann Arbor and other cities
may be adversely affected by the
increasing use of plastics. Their
slow rate of decay means that they
stay in solid form and use up more
space. Quickly-decaying paper
does'i 'auselthis problem.
Stead also said that the burning
plastics creates additional pollution
because it releases toxic fumes such
as Dioxin. As a result, burying
plastics is necessary, although it
takes up space. Paper, on the other
hand, does not emit toxins when
Jusak said, however, that paper
also gives off harmful gas, such as
methane, when burned. Paper
breaks down rapidly and is an
unstable substance which may
pollute groundwater, while the slow
decay of plastics makes them easier
to dispose of.
According to Steve Manville, a
worker at the Washtenaw Health
Department, "Dioxin generation is
associated with the incomplete
combustion of plastics. There are
three different ways dioxins can get
into the environment and that's one
UM News in
Group to divert teen crime
By EVE BECKER
Out of a concern for teenagers
who complain that there is
"nothing to do and nowhere to go"
in Ann Arbor, a citizens task force
is being formed to suggest
activities for youngsters who
otherwise might cause trouble.
The Citizens Task on Free Time
Activities for Adolescents was
formed by Ann Arbor City
Councilmember Kathy Edgren (D-
The group, which will meet for
the first time next Thursday, will
suggest ways to give 12- to 17-
year-olds alternatives to "hanging
out" - forming skateboarding
parks, for instance, or expanding
the times gym and community
centers are open.
chair of the committee, said the
group will identify what is
available for teenagers,; but she is
not sure where the funds or the staff
will come from to form the
She said the committee is
expected to report to the Ann Arbor
City Council with a list of
suggestions for activities by Feb.
Charlene Berrels, the rep-
resentative from the Parks Advisory
Commission, said the parks'
facilities are utilized by teens, but
not as much as they could be.
"KIDS aren't really involved
with structured organized act-
ivities," she said. "What we're
trying to do is to hear the needs of
the youth in Ann Arbor."
State Street merchants say they
have often had problems with 14-
to 18-year-olds who hang out on
1 ' ' A
1002 PONTIAC TR.
}.lrl kl ssmate
CHARLESTON, S. C.
(AP)-Like a scene from "The
Lords of Discipline," five white
Citadel cadets dressed in sheets and
towels entered the room of a black
cadet, shouted obscenities and left a
burned paper cross behind.
While last week's incident sent
shock waves through the storied
campus, both black and white
cadets agree the hazing doesn't
reflect the racial atmosphere at the
state military college.
"I don't think there are any
tensions," said Craig Burgess, a 21-
year-old senior from Lake City,
S.C., and one of 126 blacks in the
college's 1,960-member corps of
"A lot of the corps is hostile to
the press because they think
nrrrc~h nr o hains v~riravn" h
at the school in the-1960s, about
the time the first blacks enrolled.
Conroy drew heavily on his
experience in "The Lords of
Discipline," an unflattering novel
about life in a Southern military
school which centers around the
hazing of a black cadet. It was later
made into a movie.
"You can't compare then to
now," said Terry Adams, a 19-year-
old black junior from Washington
D.C. "The times aren't even
comparable. The '60s were a
turbulent time as far as civil rights.
This is 1986."
Indeed, since Conroy's time,
hazing and physical abuse that were
once part of life for all first-year
cadets at the Citadel have been
They Dare To Be Free!
The Student Struggle for Soviet Jewry
ON SOVIET JEWRY
SUNDAY, NOVEMBER 2,7:00 P.M.
" Sister Rose Thering
human rights activist
" Rabbi Gerald Teller
-Head of United
" Glenn Richter
" The Personal
our panel members
" The effect of
on Soviet Jewry
whn sthev a~re