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Copyright 1986, The Michigan Daily
Ninety-seven years of editorial freedom
Vol. XCVI- No. 27
Ann Arbor, Michigan - Friday, October 10, 1986
o ials want more minority faculty
By EUGENE PAK
By the year 2000, one-third or more of
the nation's professors will have to be
replaced, but unless the number of
minority graduate students increases, the
nation's college faculty may be just as
homogeneous as it is today.
Minorities accounted for 8.6 percent of
the University's tenure-track faculty last
year, compared with 9.3 percent for the
nation in 1983, the last year for which
statistics were available. At the same time,
the number of minority students attending
graduate school has declined over the past
"We need more Hispanic faculty and
more minority faculty members for that
matter," said Niara Sudarkasa, University
associate vice-president for academic affairs,
at a recent address during Hispanic Heritage
BUT WHEN college officials look at
the future pool of minority faculty
members-minority graduate students in
doctoral programs today-they find that the
pool has shrunk and is levelling off.
Since the early 1970s, when nationwide
minority enrollment in graduate and
professional schools reached its peak, the
percentage of minorities in graduate
programs has dropped considerably.
In the last 10 years, minority graduate
students in Rackham have dropped from
893 to 556, a 32.6 percent decrease.
FOR BLACK graduate students, the
decline has been more dramatic.
According to National Center for
Higher Education statistics, blacks made
up 5.5 percent of the 1974 student
population, but by 1984 the number had
fallen to 4.8 percent. Black enrollment in
Rackham has fallen 63.1 percent in the last
decade, from 654 students in 1975 to 213
Hispanic enrollment in Rackham
programs has increased slightly over the
same period, while Asian student
enrollment has more than doubled
THE DECLINE in minority graduate
enrollment was mainly due to economic
and cultural factors rather than a drop in
minority undergraduate enrollment,
according to a report on graduate minority
enrollment authored by Sudarkasa.
At the University and across the nation,
officials are beginning to realize that to
recruit more minority graduate students,
and thus increase the pool of future
minority faculty, special and aggressive'
strategies must be used to address the needs
Studies have suggested that traditional
standards for determining admissions
decisions, such as test scores and grade
point averages, may not accurately reflect
minority students' abilities. Sudarkasa and
others have urged that admissions officials
emphasize other indicators of ability such
as writing skills and work experience to
ADMISSION decisions in Rackham
are decentralized, with each department or
school using its own criteria and methods
for recruiting students.
Following up on minority applications
is one way departments can improve
recruitment. According to Marilyn Gordon,
student services assistant at Rackham, the
By MARTIN FRANK
University professors have been
granted more than $6 million to
conduct research for the Department
of Defense as part of the Pentagon's
University Research Initiative.
The DoD has funded one full
project and part of another.
University officials are still
negotiating the award for a third
proposal already approved by the
BUT the University's overall
share of URI funds could prove "a
lot less than we thought," according
to Neal Gerl, a project
representative for the Divsion of
Research and Development
Administration. Gerl predicted that
the University will wind up with
around $20 million from the
Researchers had submitted
proposals totalling $32.4 million
over a five-year period to the URI.
The initiative, worth $110 million
nationwide, was intended to
revitalize the nation's basic research
The URI funds may still
significantly increase the
University's overall share of DoD
funds, however. Last year, the
defense department granted the
See 'U', Page 2
ties to CIA,
MANAGUA (AP)-An Am-
erican captured after a Contra
weapons supply plane was shot
down over Nicaragua said yesterday
he worked with CIA employees and
took part in 10 such flights from
Honduras and El Salvador.
Eugene Hasenfus, 45, of
Marinette, Wis., said in a
nationally broadcast news
conference that four of the flights
were made from Aguacate air base
in Honduras and six from Ilopango
air base in El Salvador.
"WE WOULD be flying into
Honduras... and we would be
loading up on small arms and
ammunition and this would be
flown to Nicaragua," he said.
"These we would drop to the
Hasenfus said 24 to 26
"company people" assisted the
program in El Salvador, including
flight crews, maintenance crews and
"two Cuban nationalized Americans
that worked for the CIA." Hasenfus
identified the Cuban-Americans as
Max Gomez and Ramon Medina.
Assistant Secretary of State
Elliott Abrams said Hasenfus was
not telling the truth because of
Sandanista threats and intimidation.
He added no one should believe
anything the detained American
says until Hasenfus can speak
Wheelock, chief of intelligence of
the Nicaraguan Army, said
Hasenfus "is being treated under the
best possible conditions...for a
prisoner of war.
Nicaraguan officials have said
Hasenfus faces up to 30 years in
prison, although no charges have
Hasenfus said he was offered the
job in June by William Cooper,
identified as the pilot of the aircraft.
Cooper was one of the three people
killed when the aircraft was shot
See CAPTURED, Page 2
LnaDaily Photo by JOHN MUNSON
Looking sharp! .
Freshman goalie Warren Sharples will lead the Wolverines into their season opener tonight at Yost Ice Arena
at 7:30 p.m. Michigan faces Bowling Green, the top-ranked team in the Central Collegiate Hockey Association.
See story, page 9.
Forum focuses on
Blue vs. MSU (1986).
not just pride at stake
By MICHAEL LUSTIG
Calling the current Michigan
legislature "medieval," State Rep.
Perry Bullard (D-Ann Arbor) said
last night, "If we do not change
control of the Senate, we will have
four more years of foot-dragging
and inaction." He. urged that voters
re-elect State Sen. Lana Pollack(D-
Ann Arbor) and Gov. James
Bullard was one of six speakers
who addressed about 100 members.
of the Sierra Club and the Ecology
Center of Ann Arbor in a local
candidates' forum. All of the
speakers focused on environmental
Bullard blamed the Republican-
dominated Senate for preventing
"A number of reforms have been
bottled up in committees," he said.
He pointed to legislation in the
Senate, sponsored by Pollack, that
would prosecute companies that
violate toxic waste regulations and
would release additional funds to
help environmental clean-up.
Bullard called nuclear energy a
"scandal" and said, "The lack of safe
long-term storage for nuclear waste
is a failure of technology." He said
he has supported conservation and
solar energy measures for many
Vic Holtz, Bullard's Republican
opponent, said he, too, is concerned
about the environment but he
criticized Bullard for putting too
much emphasis on conservation.
Citing his personal knowledge of
engineering, Holtz said, "We have
the technology and shouldn't have
to go back to candles and lanterns."
Pollack concurred with Bullard's
By ADAM MARTIN
Bragging rights are one thing. A Big Ten
championship is another.
If Michigan wins tomorrow's annual Michigan-
Michigan State gridiron battle, the Wolverines might
just eliminate their intrastate rival's chance at a Rose
Bowl berth. And with maize 'n' blue maniacs cheering
the locals and jeering the intruders, a Michigan victory
will send scores of bovine, heart-sick fans back to East
PIVOTAL CONFERENCE games don't usually
suface this early, but because MSU does not play Ohio
State this season, another Spartan loss would probably
kill Michigan State's bid for the Big Ten title.
After last week's heartbreaking loss when quarterback
Dave Yarema's would-be winning touchdown toss was
intercepted in the endzone, the Spartans face an early
"I don't know whether anybody's going to go
unscathed (in Big Ten play)," Michigan coach Bo
Schembechler said earlier in the week. "One loss won't
make much difference, but if you drop two, you're pretty
... supports fellow Dems
views on people who violate
existing environmental protection
laws. She said she does not want
to throw anyone in jail, but would
make violators financially
See CANDIDATES, Page 3
much out of it."
BECAUSE they do not play the Buckeyes, the
Spartans need victories over Iowa and Michigan, and
now one of those opportunities is gone.
The last time the Wolverines faced Michigan State in
Ann Arbor, they lost. The19-7 embarrassment in 1984
saw Wolverine quarterback Jim Harbaugh sidelined with
a broken arm, and Michigan went on to a dismal 6-6
History, of course, fades from view in the face of
recent accomplishments. Last season's 31-0 annihilation
of the Spartans soothed damaged Wolverine pride.
AND THE memories? Well...
"I don't have to remind players about what happened
two years ago," said Schembechler. "That was the last
time we lost at home."
Motivation is rarely a problem when the Wolverines
meet that other state school, and on national television,
complacency should be nonexistent on both sides.
THE SPARTANS' all-everything tailback,
Lorenzo White, suffered a sprained knee against Iowa and
See BLUE, Page 9
UNDER FIRE: Opinion shoots down the
administration's rhetoric. See Page
Money in jeopardy
n July 1985, Chuck Forest, a second year law
plans on spending most of his money traveling to
out of the way places, first New Guinea and then
"who knows?" He isn't worried about missiong
classes; "It doesn't really bother me." Forest
doesn't consider himself a celebrity although
people have recognized him walking down the
Rackham Student Government. The conference
will begin tonight at 7:30 with keynote speakers
Dr. Manning Marable and Alexander Cockburn.
Marable is the author of "How Capitalism
Underdeveloped Black America" and Alexander
Cockburn is a columnist for "The Nation."
I I I