Page 2 - The Michigan Daily - Tuesday, April 1, 1986- A
QA new Universi
open up new resean
the best in the count
The new telescope
with, a 94-inch dia
mirror, will be th
the result of the co
the University, Da
IT is being assem
vatory adjacent to
existing 52-inch Mc
vatory on Kitt-Peal
will cost about tw
Each of the three
paying about $3
paying the balance.
astronomers to stud
and quasars and
4 CORT Richstone, chairman of the Univer-
.ity telescope is sity's astronomy department.
and is expected to Studying these bodies can increase
the understanding of the evolution of
ch possibilites for the universe, he said.
ners and make the THE instrument is scheduled to be
ig facilities among operational by the end of the month,
ry. said Albert Hiltner, astronomy
e, weighing 60 tons professor emeritus and director of the
ameter reflecting telescope. Construction is almost
he fourth largest complete and most of what remains is
telescope, and is testing and debugging the equipment,
mbined efforts of he said.
rtmouth, and the The University is building the
Institute of telescope to meet the overwhelming
demand for such facilities.
nbled in an obser- Currently, only three national
the University's telescopes of this size exist and about
cGraw-Hill obser- 800 astronomers compete for time to
k in Arizona and use them, said Todd Boroson, a
THE telescope will also give
University astronomers more resear-
ch flexibility because it will enable
them to do more long-term obser-
vations and experiment with projects
that are not guaranteed to yield
major finds, Richstone said.
Because of the time constraints, the
national observatories have to be
somewhat conservative in doling out
telescope time, Borosin said. As a
result, astronomers must plan
relatively conservative projects.
The telescope was built at a fraction
of what it normally costs to build a
telescope of this size. Richstone said
telescopes of this size usually cost
about $6 million-$8 million to build.
THE University cut costs by using
designs and mechanisms that have
been used in previous telescopes, and
by cutting corners wherever possible,
For example, the "blank", the disk
out of which the mirror was ground,
was made from an existing disk. The
University contracted out the various
stages of construction rather than
employ an independent contractor,
o million dollars.
17,000 and the
ly distant galaxies
the way these
ract, said Doug
The new telescope will substantially
increase the amount of time Univer-
sity astronomers get for viewing,
Hiltner said. This will be particularly
good for graduate students, who often
have difficulty getting observing time
at the National observatories he ad-
Tel Aviv prof. remen
(Continued from Page1)
finity to Ann Arbor," he said. "In fact,
many of the friends I made here while
I was going to school or later on are
called the Michiganders. We still
meet in Israel on a regualr basis,
trying to relive our period in Ann Ar-
WHILE visiting Ann Arbor recently
for a series of workshops on Israel,
Ya'ar noted that the city is still un-
dergoing changes that began when he
was a student here.
Ya'ar said that when he first came
to University, he viewed Ann Arbor as
a relatively small town that had no
"decent" restauranst. When a
restaurant finally opended in an old
train deport, Ya'ar said the new
dining place cause a great deal of ex-
citement around town.
"It was a great event," he says.
"Finally we had a place which served
good food and was nicely decorated. It
just indicates the smallness of the
town when such excitemetn takes
Despite his distance from Ann Ar-
bor Ya'ar still follows University
sports avidly. In California, he works
with a colleague from Iowa who
teases him about the quality of the
University's sports teams, as both the
football and basketball teams have
lost to the University of Iowa this
After graduating from the Univer-
sity, Ya'ar went to Tel Aviv Univer-
sity, where he teaches on a permanent
basis. Since then, Ya'ar has returned
to the United States to teach as a
The overall design is also compact,
which minimizes costs for the
building and the dome, said
visiting professor at Columbia
University, the University of Califor-
nia and the University of Michigan. In
1972, he was a visiting professor in the
University's Institute of Social
Currently, Ya'ar is researching
grass-root sentiment in the Mideast
about the Arab-Israeli conflict. He
contends that the average citizen in
the Mideast is less radical than their
Because they believe that most
others support their leaders radical
stances, however, average citizens
feel compelled to lend their own sup-
port as well, Ya'ar says. By
examining such social and
psychological attitudes toward the
conflict, Ya'ar hopes that his research
will ultimately bring peace to the
Ua - -"""""
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Khadaf y says he won't attack
America unless pressured
TRIPOLI, Libya - Libyan leader Moammar Khadafy said yesterday
U.S. aggression in the world "could lead to a cataclysm," but insisted he
would not order attacks against America unless it resumed pressure on
"If this aggression went on," he continued, "it would be a disaster. The
confrontation helped Libya very much because it united the Arab world
around us. It escalated the feelings of the Arab world toward us."
"You see, now America is isolated in the world. Even its allies were
against these moves," said Khadafy, leaning back into the sofa and
crossing his arms.
Khadafy said he would order no actions, including the suicide squads he
threatened when the fleet was off Libya's coast.
"But you must know many, many people in the world support us, and
they are angry," he said. "They may do anyting, but we are not respon-
sible for this."
Marcos may return home
MANILA, Philippines-Ferdinand Marcos said yesterday that he was
not corrupt but President Corazon Aquino is, and he may return from
exile to rescue Filipinos from a "monster" bent on enslaving them.
In a message and hand-written letter, the ousted president called him-
self a victim of the "blackest of propaganda." He accused "elements of
the American government" of helping oust him.
He said Aquino was the "No. 1 looter," a charge that has been made
against Marcos. A source close to Marcos made a tape of the message and
a copy of the letter available to the Associated Press.
Presidental spokesman Rene Saguisag said Aquino greeted the com-
ments "with typical calm and equanimity." He said Marcos may be
allowed to return "in the distant future, but not just now.'
The greatest service Marcos has done to the Filipino nation is to leave
it," Saguisag said. "He should not negate it by threatening to come
In a telephone statement from Honolulu, which the source said was
taped yesterday, Marcos said: "We must war again against the monster
who imposes slavery."
166 die in Mexican crash
MORELIA, Mexico-A Mexicana Airline jet carrying 166 people crashed
into a mountain in central Mexico yesterday shortly after leaving Mexico
City for two Pacific resorts and Los Angeles and all aboard were killed,
the airline reported.
The Boeing 727 went down about 90 miles northwest of Mexico City,
It was the worst air disaster since a chartered DC-8 with a crew of eight
that was carrynig 248 U.S. servicemen home for Christmas from the Mid-
dle East crashed just after takeoff from Gander, Newfoundland, on Dec.
12, and all perished.
"Unfortunately, there are no survivors" among the 158 passengers and
eight crew members, Mexicana spokesman Fernando Martinez Cortes
told reporters. He said Federal Highway Police were the first to arrive at
the scene and reported all those aboard apparently were killed on impact.
In an official statement, the airline said the plane left Mexico City at
8:50 a.m. CST and was to arrive in Los Angeles at 12:20 p.m. PST after
stops in Puerto Vallarta and Mazatlan.
U.S. Embassy spokesman Vince Hovanec said airline officials reported
25 non-Hispanic surnames were on the passenger list, but the manifest
did not list citizenship. "We have no way of nowing now if there are any
Americans aboard," Hovanec said.
High court to rule on sodomy
WASHINGTON-The Supreme Court, told that morality and decency
are at stake, was urged yesterday to rule that consenting adults have no
constitutional right to homosexual conduct in the privacy of their homes.
"Our legal history and our social traditions have condemned this con-
duct," Georgia Assistant Attorney General Michael Hobbs said in
defending his state's sodomy law. About half the states outlaw sodomy,
defined in Georgia as "any sexual act involving the sex organs of one per-
son and the mouth or anus of another."
But Harvard law professor Laurence Tribe said states may not
criminalize sodomy between consenting adults merely with "an in-
vocation of the majority's morality."
The case began in August 1982 when Michael Hardwick, a homosexual,
was arrested and charged by the Atlanta police with committing sodomy
with a consenting man in the bedroom of his home-a crime punishable
by 20 years in prison. Police had gone to Hardwick's home to arrest him
for not paying a fine for drinking in public and caught him in the act.
Mozambican plane crashes
LISBON, Portugal-A Mozambican air force Antonov-26 transport plane
crashed and burned shortly after takeoff from the northern city of Pemba
Sunday, killing 44 civilians and military personnel, Portuguese news
agencies reported yesterday.
Five other passengers among the 49 people aboard were listed as
"gravely injured," according to an official statement issued in the capital
The agencies, reporting from Maputo, said the victims included several
children and members of the national parliament and provincial Cabo
There was no immediate word on whether any foreigners were aboard
the Soviet-built plane.
The statement, issued by the ruling Marxist party's political bureau,
lamented "the terrible loss for the country, including some of its best
cadre," the NP and ANOP news agencies said.
Vol. XCVI - No. 123
The Michigan Daily (ISSN 0745-967 X) is published Monday through
Friday during the fall and winter terms. Subscription rates: September
through April-$18 in Ann Arbor; $35 outside the city. One term-$10 in
town; $20 outside the city.
The Michigan Daily is a member of The Associated Press and subscribes
to United Press International, Pacific News Service, Los Angeles Times
Syndicate, and College Press Service.
Ends Saturday, April 5
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(Continued from Page 1)
MSA's performance. He said that both
parties "have the same goals
basically," naming minority issues
and women's safety as examples.
But he contradicted his prediction
when he later singled out the
engineering and Rackham
delegations as two blocks that will, in
effect, cancel each other out. Between
the two groups there are six members
from the Student Rights Party and six
from the Meadow Party. Muenchow
said this will create a "power balan-
ce," assuming they will vote with
"People from Rackham and
engineering are diametrically op-
posed," Muenchow said.
Lisa Russ, a Student Rights
representative, said that the real
power in MSA lies with the Steering
Committee which is made up of com-
mittee chairmen and the assembly's
president and vice president. She
predicts more Student Rights mem-
bers will be appointed to chair com-
mittees because their numbers are
The Student Rights Party "agrees
on a lot of things and there will
probably be a block vote on most
issues," Russ said.
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