Ninety-six years of editorialfreedom
Vol. XCVI -No. 119
Copyright 1986, The Michigan Daily
Ann Arbor, Michigan -Wednesday, March 26, 1986
lU.S. jets, ships destroy two Libyan boats,
WASHINGTON (AP) - U.S. jets
and warships destroyed two Libyan
patrol boats and damaged a radar
missile site yesterday and the Pen-
tagon declared the renewed American
action a defense against "hostile in-
tentions," even though no hostile fire
White House spokesman Larry
Speakes said the U.S. forces attacked
after a Libyan missile-guidance radar
installation that had been hit earlier
was determined to be still functioning.
AT THE Pentagon, spokesman
Robert Sims backtracked on his
earlier statements that the latest U.S.
attacks were in retaliation for new
firing from the Libyans.
Speakes said guided missiles from
the cruiser Yorktown and carrier-
based jets had fired at five Libyan
boats yesterday. Three were set afire
or sunk; a fourth was damaged but
returned to port; the fifty may have
escaped, Speaks said. At least 150
crewmen were believed to aboard the
Speakes said the United States
struck again at a Soviet-built Libyan
missile site at Sirte that had been
reported knocked out in the initial
retaliatory strike on Monday.
SPEAKES, who spoke with
reporters at midday, said there had
been no firing from either side in at
least 11 hours. The spokesman said
there were no reported U.S. casualties
Monday's strike came after six anti-
aircraft missiles were fired at - but
missed - U.S. warplanes crossing
Libyan leader Mohammar Khadafy's
"line of death" at the mouth of the
Gulf of Sidra.
Early today, the Pentagon reported
that the renewed U.S. attacks on at
least two patrol boats and the missile
site came after Libya fired six more
missiles at carrier-based warplanes
operating over the gulf.
BUT SPEAKES later said the
United States could confirm only six
missiles had been fired in all and
suggested the new reports may have
duplicated those announced earlier.
Asked if he was saying that the only
confirmed firing following Monday's
announcement of conflict had come
from U.S. forces, Speakes said,
Later, Pentagon spokesman Sims
said no Libyan missile firings had
been detected since Monday after-
noon Eastern time, or Monday
evening in the Mediterranean.
Sims also acknowledged there had
been internal confusion within the
Pentagon over the precise number of
missiles fired by the Libyans.
HE SAID the Defense Department
had been unable to confirm the num-
ber of missiles launched during each
Sims said the Pentagon had confir-
med that a minimum of six missiles
had been fired; "probably" eight and
See U.S., Page 3
Experts doubt Reagan motives
By ADAM CORT pressing concern that the conflict
University experts voiced skepticismmay precipitate increased Libyan
yesterday about the Reagan ad- terrorism abroad, possibly in the
ministration's insistence that United States.
American military exercises in the EDGAR TAYLOR, a recent
Gulf of Sidra were not intended to Political Science graduate student
provoke a response from Moammar with expertise in the Middle East,
Khadafy. said he believes the American
They also questioned the wisdom of maneuvers were intended to be
confronting the Libyan leader, ex- provocative. He cited the unusual
presence of three aircraft carriers in
the Gulf of Sidra as evidence.
Gerald Linderman, a University
professor of history who teaches a
course on 20th century wars agreed.
"I think that we were probably
provoking an expected confrontation,
anticipating that we would use it to
humiliate Khadafy," he said.
See KHADAFY, Page 7
WASHINGTON (AP) - President
Reagan gave $20 millibn in emergen-
cy military assistance to Honduras
yesterday and agreed to the use of
U.S. helicopter pilots in response to an
incursion by troops of the Marxist-led
government of neighboring
As many as 1,500 Nicaraguan troops
had crossed the border into Honduras,
White House spokesman Larry
Speakes said. The Honduran gover-
nment confirmed the incursion and
said it had requested U.S. aid..
SPEAKES said U.S. personnel are
"not to be introduced into combat
"The use of the president's
authority responds to the unforeseen
emergency which exists in Hon-
duras," Speakes said.
Nicaragua's Marxist-led Sandinista
government, however, called the bor-
der crossing report "one more lie by
the Reagan administration."
Administration officials described
the Nicaraguan military move as the
largest of more than 100 Sandinista
border crossings into Honduras since
the Nicaraguan rebels began using
that country as a base of operations
more than four years ago.
WHITE House Chief of Staff Donald
Regan, after meeting with
Republican Senate leaders, said tran-
sportation assistance will be supplied
by U.S. helicopters and pilots. He said
they are in Honduras already as part
of an on-going military exercise,
"Operation Big Pine'86."
Regan said that while they will be
used in support of the Honduran
military forces "they will go no where
near the location of the invasion."
The president's action came as the
Senate prepared to consider his
request, already rejected by the
House, for $100 million in aid to the
Contras opposing the Nicaraguan
Daily Photo by MATT PETRIE
With weather escalating to the high 60's yesterday,
students crowd onto the Diag, enjoying the first spring thaw.
See REAGAN, Page 7
Sports ticket prices to increase
By STEVE HERZ
The Board in Control of Intercollegiate Athletics
has decided to raise both football and basketball
ticket prices for next season.
Athletic Director Don Canham confirmed at last
night's board meeting that football tickets will
escalate from $14 to $16. Basketball prices will rise
from $7 to$8.
ALTHOUGH the athletic department brought in
$400,000 more in total spectator revenue - mostly
due to the basketball team - increased costs
limited profits to a minimum. In addition to the
larger attendance, which led to more commissions
on concessions, the school netted $40,000 for its
contest against Georgia Tech in the Tip Off classic.
Football made nearly as much money as in 1984
because of a $2 increase in ticket prices and
Michigan's $750,000 share of New Year's Day
Fiesta Bowl proceeds. Canham said these factors
enabled Michigan to play six home games in-
stead of seven last year.
The second rise in ticket prices in as many years
is not confined to the University. Ticket prices
have risen at schools throughout the Big Ten and
the nation since the United States Supreme Court
upheld a ruling that came out of a suit by the
Universities of Oklahoma and Georgia that
prohibits the NCAA from regulating college foot-
THE 1983 ruling led to a flood of televised college
games, a tremendous drop in ratings, and a redu-
ced paycheck for the schools.
"What you have is schools playing four times as
many games just to make as much as they did off
of one game in the past," Canham explained.
The Big Ten conference signed a three year deal
with CBS to broadcast college football on Saturday
afternoons, but conference lawyers inadvertantly
failed to sign the necessary papers - leaving the
conference without a contract for the upcoming
See FOOTBALL, Page 3
Aquino signs interim'freedom constitution'
By AMY GOLDSTEIN
Philippine President Corazon.
V signed an interim "freedom con-
sititution" yesterday that gives her
potentially dictatorial powers to
reform the government and enact
laws, until a permanent constitution
can be ratified by a popular referen-
The constitution allows Aquino to
abolish the National Assembly,
guarantees human rights, gives the
president power to: enact laws; call
for elections; appoint and dismiss
mayors and governors; appoint
judges, reorganize government
provisions, and name the 30-50 mem-
bers of the constitutional commission,
which will draw-up a draft for a per-,
manent Filipino constitution.
THE COMMISSION which is to be
appointed within 30 days, will then
have 90 days to come up with a new
constitution. The constitution will
then be put to a popular plebicite for
Although the "freedom con-
stitution" resembles former
President Ferdinand Marcos'martial
law, University Journalist in-
Residence Melinda Quintos de Jesus
said there are two provisions that
make it different from martial law.
Quintos de Jesus pointed to the
freedom of the press and the writ of
habeus corpus, which forces the
authorities to justify the detention of
prisoners, as two rights that make the
Aquino government under the
"freedom constituion" significantly
different than the Marcos government
under Martial law.
"Marcos has left a legacy of a
system that she has to uproot," said
Mike Cullinane, program officer for
the Center for South and Southeast
Cullinane said Aquino had to abolish
the National Assembly, which was
comprised mainly of Marcos suppor-
ters, because, "if she kept it intact,
she would be handcuffed, especially
on the local levels." He said "war lor-
ds" on the local levels must be
removed for Aquino's policies to be
See AQUINO, Page 7
Eeny-m eeny . . . Daily Photo by MATT PETRIE
LSA freshman James Wittenbach contemplates his MSA election ballot in
the Fishbowl yesterday. See story, Page 3.
Up for grabs
Murray Jackson-an original signed poem. The auc-
tioneer for the event was Ray Brown, a HACE student
whose beguiling Texas drawl helped make the day a
.. , aI
Department of Senior Citizens and Human Resources
and a Silver Wings Plus discount card from United
Airlines. The mailings began in 1982 when Boo, then 27,
received a letter inviting him to join the American
Association of Retired Persons. As a musician, he
could appreciate the letter's references to Benny
Goodman, Harry James, and Bunny Berrigan, but he
rartni entidn't remember "donnine saddle shoes"
SEX DISCRIMINATION: Opinion looks
policies of all-male organizations. See Page