Page 2 - The Michigan Daily - Thursday, March 20, 1986
Recent quake possibly linked to waste wells
From staff and wire reports
The Jan. 31 earthquake that jolted
much of the eastern United States, in-
cluding Michigan, may have been
caused by high pressure injection
wells operating in northeast Ohio, ac-
cording to an Ohio University
The quake registered 5.0 on the
Richter scale and was felt from
Chicago to Washington, D.C. It caused
some minor damage near the epicen-
ter, about 30 miles northeast of
THE WELLS, which are operated
seven miles from the epicenter by
Calhio Co., an agricultural chemical
producer, contain at least 1.2 million
tons of hazardous waste and are about
5,500 feet deep.
"It appears that there is an active
fault and by injecting this fluid, they
have lubricated this fault and caused
this quake," said Moid Ahmad,
chairman of Ohio University's
Ahmad said he conducted research
last year that linked a minor ear-
thquake in Lake Charles, La. to near-
by injection wells. The wastes
irritated a fault, he said.
DOUG CHRISTENSEN, a
geological sciences teaching assistant
at the University of Michigan said
that although Ahmad's theory may be
correct, he is skeptical.
According to Christensen, injection
wells did cause an earthquake near.
Denver, but this area of the Midwest
has a history of earthquakes from
"An event of a similar size occurred
here in 1943, and it probably wasn't
caused by (injection wells) then," he
said. Christensen added that the wells
were "quite a distance" away from
the epicenter to have caused the
Researchers have expressed con-
cerns about the relationship between
the wells and possible earthquakes
because the wells are located about
three miles' south of the Perry
Nuclear power plant, which received
a low-power license from the Nuclear
Regulatory Commission last week.
MIKE HANSEN, a scientist with
the U.S. Geological Survey, said
researchers raised the question of
whether the wells caused the Ohio
quake soon after it occurred.
The question should be investigated
further before fuel-loading begins at
Perry, Ahmad said.
Daily staff writer Adam Cort filed
a report for this story.
Ozone House seeks donations
By MICHAEL LUSTING
The Gramm-Rudman balanced budget act and other
federal cuts have forced Ozone House, a local facility that
assists troubled teenagers, to seek donations for some of
Perry Ohren, one of the eight program coordinators at
Ozone House, said the facility's budget this year is about
$200,000, $89,000 of which comes from the U.S. Department
of Human Services. The federal funds have dropped
about $10,000 a year for the past two years and will
probably be reduced again this year.
SOME ADDITIONAL funding has come from state
agencies and organizations such as the United Way, but
little has come from the Ann Arbor residents. "The Ann
Arbor community has been giving us verbal support, but
if we are to continue, we will need more financial help,"
Ozone House opened in 1969 because, Ohren said,"Ann
Arbor was seen as a radical place and as a mecca for
runaways." It was originally a place where runaways
could stay for a few days, but it no longer houses them.
Ozone House now functions as a counseling and referral
service for teenagers and their families. A 24-hour crisis
telephone line provides general information and advice.
If necessary, Ozone House can supply emergency
clothing and food and place a runaway teenager in a foster
home for a maximum of two weeks.
One problem that Ozone House has tried to resolve is
that of "throwaways" - older teenagers who have been
thrown out of their homes and have no money, job, or
place to live. About 18 months ago. Ozone House received
federal funds to help "throwaways" for one year. The
program, called the Independent Living Program, gave
some financial aid to the teenagers and also provided
counseling which would lead to finding jobs and places to
Daily Photo by PETE ROSS'
Students pass by the greenhouse at the Natural Science Building yesterday.
How to buya
(Continued from Page 1)
The review has also called into
question the way the University
decides whether research projects
conform to its guidelines.
Currently, a project must bear
scrutiny at four levels. If the resear-
cher's unit head or dean believes a
project conforms, but there are some
classification restrictions on it, the
project is submitted to the Classified
IF ANY ONE of the three panel
members - one student and two
faculty members - believes the
project violates the guidelines, it is
referred to the Research Policies
Committee. The ultimate decision on
whether to approve a proposal is up to
the vice president for research.
Kock said that in one instance, a
researcher was given the go-ahead
before the student member of the
Classified Review Panel even
received the proposal.
Finkbeiner, however, said the
student could not be reached initially
because of summer break, but Kock
said the guidelines specify that all
three members of the panel must be
THE guidelines are actually am-
biguous on this point, but Kock said a
complete ban on all classified resear-
ch would clear up problems of inter-
Converse would not comment on
rumors that the committees will
recommend a complete ban, saying it
would be inappropriate because the
committee has made no final
Converse said it was unlikely that
the committee would swing in the other
direction and call for an all-out
elimination of restrictions on
University President Harold
Shapiro has assured Converse that the
committee's proposal, which will
probably be released next month, will
be scrutinized by MSA and the faculty
senate before it goes to the regents,
who must make the final decision on
The regents probably won't act on
the proposal until September, when
the entire University community can
A man riding a moped sustained
minor injuries to his mouth when he
ran into a tree on Monroe Street near
State Stree yesterday evening, accor-
ding to Ann Arbor Fire Department
Lt. John Stewart. The driver, William
Williams, was getting chased by police
after allegedly committing several
traffic violations at the time of the ac-
cident, Stewart said.
COMPILED FROM ASSOCIATED PRESS AND
UNITED PRESS INTERNATIONAL REPORTS
Investigator downplays Mareos
donations to U.S. campaigns
WASHINGTON - The chief Philippine investigator of deposed
President Ferdinand Marcos' wealth said yesterday he does "not give
much credence" to a document indicating contributions of $50,000 each in
1980 to the presidential campaigns of Ronald Reagan and Jimmy Carter.
Jovito Salonga told Congress, "I did not give it (the document) much
credence because it does not bear any signature or initial," and three
congressmen also said the paper should be viewed with caution because it
has not been authenticated.
Spokesmen for both the Reagan and Carter campaigns said they knew
nothing of the purported contributions, and Sen. Alan Cranston, (D
Calif.) who is named in the paper as receiving $10,000, said he was
unaware of any such contribution.
Fred Eiland, chief spokesman for the Federal Election Commission,
said it is illegal for foreign nationals to contribute, directly or indirectly,
to U.S. political campaigns. He said it also is illegal to knowingly accept
or solicit donations from foreign nationals. The prohibition does not apply
to resident aliens.
Marcos may head to Panama
WASHINGTON - Deposed Philippine President Ferdinand Marcos
may soon leave Hawaii for Panama, government sources said last night.
Negotiations between the United States and Panama about the
possibility that Marcos may go there have been going on for several days,
said the sources, who spoke only on condition of anonymity.
"The negotiations are at a very sensitive stage," one source said.
"The United States has initiated the effort to find another home for
Marcos at Marcos' request," said another source, who said Panama is
currently the chief possibility.
The sources said it was unclear whether the Republic of Panama would
be a permanent home for Marcos or only a temporary residence while
another permanent home is sought.
Marcos has been staying in the officer's quarters at Hickam Air Force
Base near Honolulu since shortly after he left the Philippines on Feb. 25.
He went to Hawaii when the Reagan administration offered him safe
haven on American property.
But Marcos has been reported to be unhappy there. He is the target of
investigations by the government of his successor, Corazon Aquino, and a
U.S. House subcommittee.
Reagan, Mulroney agree to
U.S.-Canadian acid rain study
WASHINGTON - Bowing in small measure to Canadian concern,
President Reagan endorsed a report yesterday concluding acid rain is
caused by man-made pollution but still is not convinced smokestacks are
to blame for the lake-choking pollution.
Ending a two-day summit with Canadian Prime Minister Brian
Mulroney, Reagan gave his "full endorsement". to a yearlong U.S.-
Canadian study on the causes and effects of acid rain. At the same time,
Reagan's spokesman said the president left some loopholes in his endor-
sement reflecting a long reticence about blaming industry for the
problem and spending federal dollars to fix it.
The report, written by former Transportation Secretary Drew Lewis
and his Canadian counterpart, William Davis, called for a five-year $5-
billion U.S. commitment to test new ways of reducing industrial plants in
the Midwest, that send clouds of pollution over Canada's lakes and
Paris mayor may be premier
PARIS- Mayor Jacques Chirac of Paris, almost certain to be Fran-
ce's next premier, met potential ministers yesterday and said he would
soon tell President Francois Mitterrand whether he will try to form a new
The Socialist president summoned his long-time political rival on
Tuesday and asked him to be premier after an election that gave a con-
servative coalition a slim majority in the National Assembly.
Chirac said yesterday he would tell Mitterrand by this morning
whether he would take on the difficult task of being a rightist premier un-
der a leftist president.
If Chirac accepts, it will be the first time in the 28-year history of the fif-
th Republic that the president and premier belong to rival political fac-
Police release Palme suspect
STOCKHOLM, Sweden - A 32-year-old Swede arrested as a suspect in
the assassination of Prime Minister Olof Palme was released yesterday
and taken under guard to a secret location, police said. No formal
charges had been brought against him.
Arraignment had been scheduled for today, and police had arranged
for it to be conducted at Stockholm police headquarters instead of the
courthouse after telephone callers threatened the suspect's life.
Authorities decided to free the man after a second confrontation with a
witness yesterday afternoon failed "to give what we had hoped,"
Stockholm police commission Hams Holmer said.
He would not elaborate, but said "an important link in the chain of cir-
cumstantial evidence has been broken." When asked whether the man
has been cleared of suspicion, Holmer replied: "No comment."
According to Swedish law, police need a court's permission to hold a
suspect for more than five days. The man was detained March 12, and on
Monday Stockholm prosecutor K.G. Svensson filed a request saying there
were "probable reasons" to suspect the man of "complicity in the mur-
der as perpetrator."
She ttigat Btl
Vol. XCVI -No. 115
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