Ninety-six years of editorial freedom
Vol. XCVI - No. 115
Copyright 1986, The Michigan Daily
Ann Arbor, Michigan - Thursday, March 20, 1986
Guid line review explores many options
By ROB EARLE
Last in a two-part series
The committee evaluating the
University's classified research
guidelines will release its report next
month after hearing proposals
ranging from banning secret research
altogether to not restricting it at all.
One of the most hotly debated issues
is the University's prohibition on
research which could incapacitate or
destroy human life, one of the key
provisions of the research guidelines
passed in 1972.
ACCORDING to a source close to
the committee, which has held only
two open meetings since it was for-
med last November, support for and
opposition to this provision is about
equal, both among committee mem-
bers and in the University com-
Opponents charge that the provision
is too vague and unfairly restricts the
content of research projects.
Groups such as Campus Against
Weapons in Space and the Michigan
Alliance for Disarmament, however,
say the restriction should be extended
to non-classified research as well.
A DRIVE in 1983 to extend the rule
to incude non-classified research was;
rejected by the Board of Regents,
despite support from the Michigan
Student Assembly and the faculty
senate. Ingrid Kock, the assembly's
military research advisor, said the
review of the guidelines affords a new
opportunity to get the extension, and
MSA passed a resolution earlier this
year recommending just that.
One compromise that has been
suggested is to make the guidelines
more specific by singling out weapons
research. Prof. Phillip Converse,
chairman of the review committee,
said that idea has been reviewed by
the committee but no decision has
The review of the guidelines began,
after the University rejected a
proposal by political science Prof.
Raymond Tanter to study informal
means of arms control. Tanter's
proposal violated a section of the
guidelines which prohibit research
that cannot be published openly one
year after the project is completed.
THAT provision is under intense
scrutiny, especially because 44
projects with classification restric-
tions equivalent to Tanter's proposal
have been approved. Two of these
projects are going on now.
Kock said this inconsistency shows
a fundamental need to exercise more
restraint on classified research.
But Howard Finkbeiner, former
assistant to the University's vice
president for research, said that
although the 44 projects could have
generated classified material that
would have violated the University's
policy, in each case it was
established that the project would not
produce such material.
CONVERSE said the committee
has heard arguments both to extend
the one-year rule and to shorten the
time requirement, but speakers at the
two open meetings held by the com-
mittee overwhelmingly supported
retaining the current rule.
See COMMITTEE, Page 2
Member quits, berates
lesbian/gay task force
By SUSANNE SKUBIK
A member of the University's Task
Force on Sexual Orientation resigned
Tuesday, saying the group is inef-
ficient and has not done enough.
Judy Levy, one of 20 community
members appointed to implement the
presidential policy of non-
discrimination against homosexuals
called the 18-month-old task force
"unwilling to fight the anti-
lesbian/gay bigotry" on campus.
RUTH ADDIS, the University
Housing Program Director and co-
chairwoman of the task force,
disagreed. "From my experiences
with other University task forces, I
can say that for a relatively newly
formed group, it is progressing as
could be expected."
Jim Toy, a coordinator of the lesbian
gay programs in Counseling Ser-
vices and a member of the task force,
also defends the group's progress.
"We issued a poster stating the policy,
and had it approved and printed. Now
we're working on a brochure on the
nature of sexual orientation
discrimination and what recourse its
victims have," he said. "We have
done not a little or a lot."
The presidential policy, which the
task force is charged with implenting,
was declared the "official policy" of
the University by University
President Harold Shapiro March 21,
1984. It adds sexual orientation to the
list of factors like sex, race, and
national origin which should be
irrelevant in University employment
But Levy said the poster and
brochure were not enough. In her
resignation letter, Levy recounted her
attempts to push the task force to
stronger actions. She urged the group
to generate University support for
national legislation for lesbian/gay
civil rights and amendment of the
regents' bylaws to prohibit
discrimination on the basis of sexual
orientation in all University ac-
tivities. The task force was unrecep-
tive to her proposals, she wrote.
Addis said such measures are not
the purpose of the task force. "For
many of us the group has a very clear
purpose: that people know about the
(policy) statement," she said.
"Members of the task force may per-
sonally believe that other legislation
should exist, and may be working on
that in other committees," she said.
The group's purpose, however, is
work at the University level, not the
state or national level, she said.
Levy said the work at the Univer-
sity level is inadequate. "Lesbians
and gay men at the University of
Michigan cannot afford to have any
illusions that the task force is fighting
on our b'ehalf," she wrote. "In order
to implement the presidential policy,
they need to do that with a great
amount of enthusiasm, strength, and
militance, and not with monthly
meetings of sheer talk," she said.
Hitched !Associated Press
Prince Andrew kisses his bride-to-be Sarah Ferguson yesterday morning
after the announcement of their engagement.
By PHILLIP LEVY
On the eve of the Congressional vote on
sending $100 million in aid to the Contras in
Nicaragua, more than 100 protesters rallied
against the bill at Rep. Carl Pursell's local
office near Briarwood Mall. Forty were
None of the 40 were arrested at similar
protests earlier this week, so the total num-
ber of protesters who have been arrested on
charges of trespassing since last Friday is
ALL OF THE demonstrators were
released after being processed at City Hall.
A spokesman for Pursell, a Republican
said the congressman made up his mind on
the issue lMarch 11 and plans to vote in favor
of President Reagan's proposal to send aid
to the rebels fighting the Sandinista gover-
nment in Nicaragua.
Shortly before 7 p.m., when the building
that contains Pursell's office was scheduled
to close, co-owner Doug Roberts asked the
protesters gathered in the hallway "will it
be the same routine?" They responded with
laughter and affirmation.
AT 7:30, Ann Arbor police arrived, and the
protesters in the building were read the
Trespass Act, then handcuffed by the police.
They were led down a walkway and greeted
by cheering and singing supporters,
despite the bitter cold.
arrested at Pursell's office
Melissa MacKensie, a second-year
graduate student in the School of Natural
Resources and one of those arrested, said
she came because it was the most effective
way to let Pursell know how she feels. "Our
consciences won't let us sit back and watch
what's happening. This is our only avenue
to solve the problem," she said.
MacKenzie was a Peace Corps volunteer
in Costa Rica from 1981 to 1984. She became
interested in Nicaragua at a Thanksgiving
dinner in 1983, when she spoke with the U.S.
Ambassador there. When he said,
"You can't negotiate with the Nicaraguans;
they're all liars," she, resolved to find out
the truth about the situation.
SHE concluded that the Sandinisat gover-
nment is popular in Nicaragua..
Fellow protester Jim Burchfield, who
served in the Peace Corps in Guatemala,
agreed. He called the Contras "a group of
thugs and hoodlums and not a legitimate
Burchfield went to Washington to meet
with Pursell in February. "He listened but
he didn't hear," he said.
BURCHFIELD said he was participating
in the protesters at Pursell's office because
"I don't want more people to die."
Pursell's office was closed today as it has
been all week. A Washington spokesman for
Pursell said the office would reopen "when
Holocaust survivors recall the
faith that helped them endure
By MELISSA BIRKS
Three Holocaust survivors who
yesterday evening recounted their
experiences in German concentration
camps said faith in God helped them
"We survived. Our belief was our
strength," said Abe Pasternak, who
was 18 when Hungarian Nazis took
over his hometown of Transylvania.
"Prisoners who never prayed stood
with us while we prayed, or stood
guard and asked us to pray for them."
PASTERNAK, Agi Rubin, and Alex
Ehrmann all live in the Detroit area.
They each gave a 20-minute presen-
tation during the final event in the
Seventh Annual Conference on the
Holocaust in the Rackham Am-
Rubin was 15 when she and her
family were transported to Ausch-
witz in crowded box cars. She lived
through most of the ordeal with frien-
ds who she said gave her the courage
She added that even in the worst of
'I realized everything I'd heard is true:
They're burning people. They're gassing
- Holocaust survivor Abe Pasternak
we are able to get our people in safely."
Pursell's inaccessibility and lack of
responsiveness has aroused the ire of the
"He's not representing his constituents
and I'm mad as hell," MacKenzie said.
Protesters said people in the Ann Arbor
area are opposed to Contra aid, citing a
recent poll that showed public sentiment
running two-to-one agianst the aid.
The Latin American Solidarity Commit-
.tee, an organizer of the protests at Pursell's
office, had a meeting planned for last night
to discuss their plans for protest after
By ALLYSON RAYNES
Welfare experts meeting at the University
yesterday said too many elderly Americans
depend on Social Security benefits when
they should be receiving money from for-
mer employers and other retirement plans.
Experts on American welfare and taxes
met on the final day of the fourth annual
Presidential Library Conference on North
Campus. Former President Gerald Ford
chaired the conference, which was designed
to promote dialogue between experts and
INSTEAD OF private pensions, home
ownership, and personal savings, Social
Security has become the primary source of
retirement income, said Wilbur Cohen, for-
mer Secretary of Health, Education and
See PANEL, Page 3
when the prisoners ate snow to com-
bat their thirst and working in front of
the crematorium where she assumed
her parents died - her "faith in God
"WE BELIEVE in God in spite of
everything," Rubin said. "It's the
only comfortable thing we can live
..Ehrmann began his presentation
explaining that, "I have not had the
chance to go through education you
can go through. Mine was cut short."
Ehrmann dropped out of junior high
school because of anti-Semitic
discrimination. He finished elemen-
Auschwitz in the middle of the night.
"I SAW the flames of the
crematorium, and I still didn't want to
believe it," Ehrmann said. "We star-
ted marching and it started to get
morning. I heard dogs barking, I saw
suitcases in a pile of branches. Then I
heard babies crying. I realized
everything I'd heard is true: They're
burning people. They're gassing
All three lecturers told of lining up
in front of Josef Mengele the Nazi
scientist who decided with a wave of
his hand which prisoners were fit to
work and which would die.
Daily Photo by PETE ROSS
Journalist Dusko Doder, a Washington Post Moscow correspon-
dent, tells an audience in Chrysler Auditorium that both the Soviet
Union and the United States try to manipulate the press. See story,
times - including a "death march" tary school before
beging taken to
M EDICAL STUDENTS can start regaining
weight and sleep again, now that they
know where they will be spending their
..--- -------a,n.. A "+n nr.n n4"n n
bound student said, "It's very scary to work all these
years and then have your life reduced to a com-
puterized lottery." Drinks and good cheer were found
aplenty at the Nectarine and medical student Nick
Saenz said he coped with the pressure just before the
announcement by being "sufficiently inebriated at the
time." Saenz, who will be practicing general surgery'
at HarvarI TTniversitywsurn nlarlpdwith hsfic n fPat+
affair with a co-worker, customer, or client, according
to Srully Blotnick, a New York research psychologist.
"Women want a better idea of who they're getting in-
volved with," Blotnick said yesterday. "They say that
it takes longer to get started with someone they meet
on the job, but that the relationship lasts longer." Last
year 55 percent of the women surveyed said they had
had an nffij rnmanc. cnmnared tn 17 nercent in
PENSION PLAN: Opinion looks at pension
plan's investments in companies that do
business in S.A. See Page 4.