Ninety-six years of editorial freedom
Vol. XCVI-No. 114
Copyright 1986, The Michigan Doily
Ann Arbor, Michigan - Wednesday, March 19, 1986
Guideline review faces troubled
By ROB EARLE
Editor's note: This is the first of a two-
part series examining the University's
review of its guidelines governing
classified research. Today's installment
focuses on the history of the research
guidelines leading up to the review.
Tomorrow's story will examine the im-
pact this review is likely to have on the
As a review of the University's guidelines
on classified research nears completion, the
fate of millions of dollars in research funds
and the efforts of dozens of University scien-
tists hang in the balance.
Currently, only two classified research
projects are underway at the University,
with a combined budget of nearly $370,000.
With an increasingnationwide emphasis on
military research, especially on the
Strategic Defense Initiative, and a com-
mitment by adminstrators to draw more
defense dollars to the University, classified
research guidelines have become in-
creasingly important to researchers here.
THE BOARD of Regents adopted the
current policy in 1972. Five principles
compose that policy:
" Research is not considered to be
classified if the project requires only that a
researcher have access to classified infor-
mation; if only specific technical details of
the results are classified; or if a review is
required to be certain the results don't con-
tain classified information;
" The University cannot accept a research
contract if findings cannot be published a
year or more after completion because of
* The University cannot accept any
research project, the purpose of or any ap-
plication of which is to destroy human life;
" The research project's sponsor and the
very existence of the research must be
public knowledge; and
* The purpose and scope of the research
must be open to public scrutiny.
The 1972 policy also sets down certain
procedures to determine if a proposed
project meets the criteria.
If a researcher's dean or unit head thinks
a project conforms to the guidelines, he sends
the proposal to the University's vice
president for research. The vice president
then must send a copy of the project
proposal to the three members of the
Classified Review Panel. The panel never
meets, but the two faculty members, ap-
pointed by the faculty senate, and the
student member, appointed by the Michigan
Student Assembly, must determine if the
unit head was correct in his assessment of
the project's conformity.
IF ALL three members of the Classified
Review Panel agree that the project con-
forms to the guidelines, the project receives
clearance to begin. If any one of the mem-
bers objects, however, the proposal is
referred to the Research Policies Commit-
The 15-member committee consists of
four students, 10 faculty members, and a
liason from the faculty senate. Research
vice president, Linda Wilson, her assistant,
and the Assistant Vice President for
Research Alan Price are all ex officio
members of the committee.
Once complete, the RPC's report goes to
Wilson, who makes the final decision on
whether the University accepts the project.
FEW research proposals encounter
problems in the acceptance process. In the
14-year history of the guidelines, only two
projects have been rejected for non-
compliance. But both of those projects were
submitted in the last two years and this,
combined with concerns that the guidelines
may be outdated, led to a review of the 1972
The rejection of a project last August
which would have studied informal means
See CONTROVERSY, Page 7
By JOSEPH PIGOTT
A group of 45 protesters watched as
the Ann Arbor Police Department
arrested 20 of their group outside of
Rep. Carl Pursell's office last night.
The protesters, in their fourth day
of demonstration, are demanding that
Pursell meet with them to discuss his
support of a bill that would send $100
million to the rebels in Nicaragua.
At 5 p.m., John Seeley, landlord of
the property, announced that Pursell
had agreed to meet the protesters
next Monday if they would end their
demonstration. Members of the group
refused, saying they needed to see
him before Thursday's scheduled vote
on the bill in Congress.
The Ann Arbor Police Department
was not aware if any of the protesters
had been arrested in any of the recent
demonstrations at the office.
Seeley read the protesters the
Trespass Act at 7:15 p.m., and
minutes later the police made arrests.
Later, they were released without,
being booked. Barry Scanlan, an
Eastern Michigan University studen-
who was arrested at the office, said
the protest was the only way he could
let Pursell hear his views on the issue.
"I've written him two letters, and
he responded by sending me two form
letters in which he didn't even address
what I wrote about. He said that he:
will look into Nicaragua, whatever;
that means," Scanlan said.
Ann Arbor Police Chief William~
Corbett said he could not take further
action until the prosecutor, who.
See 20, Page 7
support Contra aid
By AMY GOLDSTEIN
After several demonstrations at
Rep. Carl Pursell's office against
sending aid to Nicaraguan rebels, the
University's chapter of the College
Republicans struck back yesterday
by staging a rally on the Diag to sup-
port sending aid to the Contras.
-The rally, co-sponsored by the
College Republicans and Americans
for Biblical Government, attracted 30
onlookers and 18 participants.
CONGRESS is expected to vote
tomorrow on whether the United
States should send $100 million in
military and humanitarian aid to the
Contras, who are trying to overthrow
President Daniel Ortega's leftist
government.. Since last summer.;
students, faculty members, and Ann
Arbor residents have been arrested in
See 'U,' Page 7
Daily Photo by MATT PETRIE
One of 20 demonstrators arrested at a protest of Congressman Carl Pursell's support for increased aid to the
Contras is led away from Pursell's Pittsfield Township office yesterday.
following of protesters
I -- - ------ - ----------
By WENDY SHARP
University President Harold
Shapiro yesterday said campus
security officials "overreacted" to a
non-violent demonstration earlier this
About a dozen protesters demon-
strated against Lawrence Livermore
Labs, which designs most of the
nation's nuclear missiles, at the
Stearns Building on North Campus
March 7. The protesters were
videotaped by a plain-clothes police
officer, prevented from entering the
Stearns Building, and followed back
to Central Campus by a policeman
and a campus security officer.
IN A LETTER to the Michigan
Student Assembly, which had called
for a public apology from the Univer-
sity, Shapiro said the stringent
security precautions were unwarran-
ted. "Peaceful, non-violent d-mon-
strations that do not infringe on the
legitimate rights of other members of
the University community present no
threat to our academic community,"
present no threat to our academic
community,'Shapiro said. "following
students to Central Campus was not
appropriate and may have been an
overreaction by security personnel."
See MSA, Page 3
Ford speaks on
'U' to play key*rolein
'high-tech' future of city
By CAROLINE MULLER
The University will play the key role in making Ann Arbor the leading
technological innovator in the Midwest, College of Engineering Dean
James Duderstadt said yesterday.
Speaking at the 54th annual luncheon sponsored by the Citizens Trust of
Ann Arbor, Duderstadt said several other universities - such as Stanford,
the University of California at Berkeley, and the Massachusetts Institute
of Technology - have promoted technological advancements in their
"WE'VE GOT to play in the big leagues and compete with the Stanfor-
ds, the Berkeleys," he said. "Only a handful of schools can play this
Since his arrival at the University in 1981, Duderstadt has been respon-
See 'U,' Page 7
By STEVE HERZ
Former President Gerald Ford
yesterday kicked off the fourth annual
Presidential Library Conference on
the Public and Public Policy, a series
of seminars designed to "provide a
vehicle to bring public wisdom to
In an inaugural speech, Ford, a
University alumnus, emphasized that
people must be educated about their
government and let their represen-
tatives know their feelings. "If
citizens are to arrive at a consensus, it
is essential for the people to speak to
their policy-makers in a non-partisan
way, not as lobbyists," he said.
THAT, FORD said, is the purpose of
the two-day conference, which is co-
sponsored by the Domestic Policy
Association and the Ann Arbor News.
The Domestic Policy Association is a
nationwide network of educational
organizations which has grown to a
membership of 100,000 since its incep-
tion in 1983.
"May I remind you," Ford said,
"that the agenda is filled with very
troubling issues. But getting around to
the issues is always put off."
"Democracy is not a spectator
sport," Ford said. "It should not be
limited to the elite few. That's why I
applaud the DPA. They are doing
what others are putting off."
The American media has made
politics into a horserace," Ford told
the crowd.wInGeneva, the per-
sonalities were given far more
prominence than the issues them-
selves. I suppose that's the way
people like it-history should be a
spectator sport with the most
charismatic people as winners.'
THE FIRST part of the conference
was a panel discussion on the conflict
between the United States and the
Soviet Union, entitled "The Soviets:
What is the Conflict About?"
Panel member Harriet Walther
opened the discussion by saying, "The
Soviet Union is not superpower but a
super military power. The Soviets
can't feed and house their people."
John Buchanan, a former
congressman and present chairman
of People for the American Way, ad-
ded, "We tend to think of the Soviet
See PRESIDENT, Page 7
Daily Photo by MATT PETRIE
Former President Gerald Ford says media election coverage em-
phasizes personalities over issues at the Ford Library yesterday. Ford
was kicking off the fourth annual Presidential Library Conference on the
Public and Public Policy.
qm T MAV RF thos echilly Nehraska niahtQ hut
percent of the Democrats. OF those who identified
themselves as Independents, 35 percent said they wear
nothing to bed.
I -. -
of this year's spring break-related arrests - far more
than last year's 889 - have been for misdemeanors,
such as disorderly conduct. She said most people
arrested were not college students. One likely cause for
the arrest increase is a new ordinance that prohibits
drinking on the street and in cars, she said. "If you're
walking down the street drinking a beer, you're fair
aam" ' Wight -,aid
SPRING FOOTBALL: Sports looks at the foot-
ball squad's first spring practice. See Page 8.
ALL ABOARD: Arts takes a ride of "Female