Page 2-- The Michigan Daily - Wednesday, March 5, 1986
Bulimia exaggerated, prof says
By WENDY SHARP
Actress Jane Fonda may believe that 20 percent
of American women suffer from bulimia, but a
University researcher has concluded that the
numbers of female college students force feeding
themselves and then throwing up may be as low as
. "What does she know?" said Public Health
Prof. Adam Drewnowski, referring to the concer-
nis of Fonda and health officials that the eating
disorder may pose a major health hazard.
Drewnowski disputes these claims as
exaggerated, although he acknowledges that the
psychologically-triggered disease still represents
a significant problem.
Drewnowski has been researching bulimia for
two years in a joint project with University Health
Services and the housing division. The disease is a
psychosomatic process of binge eating and
throwing up which results primarily from
negative reactions to stress. Long-term effects of-
ten include weight fluctuations from 10 to 15 poun-
ds, kidney and heart problems, and dental erosion.
Drewnowski bases his preliminary findings on a
survey he passed out to University freshmen
through the residence halls in 1984. The survey
contained 40 questions concerning aspects of
eating behavior such as binge eating, diet
'strategies, and vomiting or starvation techniques.
From a 40 percent response rate, he has deter-
mined that about 5 percent of college age women
develop the disease from a combination of
psychological factors that include poor reactions
to the stress of college, other personality variables
and a desire to stay thin. He said the 5 percent
figure is consistent with data from several other
DREWNOWSKI also cited previous studies by
Craig Johnson, a psychology professor at North-
western University who found that the average
Pt TRENEW HA
PALA TREE in Yale Un
RESTAURANT folder m
bulimic is 18 years old, yet a typical treatment
begins at 24.
"We're trying to figure out why some don't have
bulimia when they come to the University but
have it two years later," Drewnowski said.
His research will encompass three phases, the
first of which is the current numerical
evaluations. In stage two, Drewnowski will
examine the development of new cases and he will
then conclude the project with a look at methods of
IN APRIL, he plans to present his initial fin-
dings to the Eastern Psychiatric Association of
Tips for preventing bulimia and other eating
disorders such as anorexia nervosa are eagerly
awaited by housing officials fearing for students in
residence halls and others who help students
cope with psychological trauma.
"We're trying to get the baseline information
about nutrition in general, said John Heidke,
assistant housing director. 'We want to be more
attentive to students and help determine which
students are having problems."
JUDY Banker, the director of the Ann Arbor
Center for Eating Disorders said her experience
leads her to believe that the number of people with
eating disorders is on the increase.
"Absolutely there are more cases now." said
Banker, who often gives presentations at the
University, especially at sorority houses. During
these presentations Banker asks, "how many of
you know anyone with.an eating disorder?" Last
year, one-fourth to one-third of the hands would go
up," she said. At two recent presentations, Banker
said 95 percent of the hands went up.
Banker said that some reasons behind the in-
crease are "media attention, models and their
glamorous portrayal, and the emphasis on ex-
treme thinness now."
A COUNSELOR working at the center who
refused to be identified agreed that the problem of
bulimia and anorexia nervosa "is definitely
growing. It's big at any University. There is no
evidence of it dying out."
She also recognized that anorexics have deep
emotional problems. Bulimics are more willing to
admit "I am a bulimic," than are anorexics she
said. "With anorexics half the problem is admit-
The Center offers four support groups, in-
dividual counseling, hotline information, and a
referral service. One support group will hold its
first meeting tomorrow. The other groups are
more specific and are categorized by anorexia-
related problems, bulimia, or overeating.
THE HOTLINE, which averages about
four calls a day, is for "moral support,
information, or just to talk," according to Banker.
Banker boasts of a referral service that includes
"therapists, agencies, and physicians both in and
out of Ann Arbor."
An LSA junior spoke from experience when he
said, "most people view anorexia as just simply
being conscious of weight. But it is much more
complex than that." He said his sister had
anorexia seven years ago. "We went to camp one
summer and she lost twenty pounds," he said. She
continued to lose weight rapidly and went to a
hospital weighing only sixty pounds.
"If she lost a few more pounds, she would have
probably died," he added. His sister survived and
now her brother is more understanding of her and
"There are many reasons for anorexia, such as
a fear of sex, peer pressure, and the fear of
growing up," he said. "People oversimplify and
don't understand the true problem."
Kok exposes Yale anti-semitism
VEN, Conn. (AP) - Buried
niversity's archives is a
arked "The Jewish
Authentic Middle Eastern
Featuring: " hommos, tabouli
" Iamb shishkebob
* homemade frozen yogurt
plus a large variety of
other health foods
EVERYTHING FRESH MADE
216 S. Fourth Ave. Open:
Ann Arbor Mon-Thur. 11 a.m.-9 p.m.
662-2642 FrinaSat. k n 1ampus p.m.
5 minute walk from central campus
Problem," filled with the papers of a
past Yale president concerned with
keeping down the number of Jews at-
tending the Ivy League school.
These and other records document'
anti-Semitism at Yale in the first half
of this century, according to Dan
Oren, author of the newly published'
book "Joining The Club: A History of
Jews and Yale."
Yale adopted an informal quota in
the 1920s to keep the number of Jewish
students at 10 percent, Oren said;
before then few Jews had applied. The
college had no Jews as full professors
until 1946 - 20 years after Harvard -
though its graduate school had Jewish
professors before then.
"NONE OF this was done publicly,"
said Oren, a 1979 Yale graduate and
now a resident in pyschiatry at the
Yale School of Medicine. "As far as
overt anti-Semitism, it was really
very polite. I mean, Yale students
were very much gentlemen. You
didn't go around calling people
Oren agreen that anti-Semitism
plagued other Ivy League schools in
the years before World War II. But he
says it hung on longer at Yale.
Oren, who grew up in a conser-
vative Jewish family, said he encoun-
tered no anti-Semitism while a
student. He stumbled onto Yale's
"Jewish problem" while a sophomore
when he saw a brief reference in a
history book about Jews being ex-
cluded from campus clubs and frater-
nities during the 1920s and 1930s.
HE INTER VIEWED scores of Yale
alumni and combed the university ar-
chives, where he found documents
like the board of admission's annual
report for 1944-45.
"The Jewish problem ... continues
to call for the utmost care and tact"
the board warned. "The proportion of
Jews among the candidates . . . for
admission . . . has somewhat in-
creased and remains too large for
Oren found the folder labeled "The
Jewish Problem" among the personal
papers of James Angell, Yale
president from 1921 to 1927.
Eugene Rostow, a 1933 Yale
graduate and former dean of the Yale
Law School, insists anti-Semitism was
no worse at Yale than anywhere else.
"I KNEW there were problems of
anti-Semitism here and there, as
there were elsewhere in American
society, but I was given a very warm
welcome indeed and had a wonderful
time," Rostow said.
But Oren says Rostow was excep-
tional, and that he was shocked by his
discoveries and by the bitterness he
heard from some graduates.
Other Jews from that era, he said,
had experiences similar to those of
well-know political columnist Max
Lerner, a member of Yale class of
Lerner remembers "being kept out
of everything. Not in any formal way,
but in the way we were treated."
Oren said anti-Semitism began to
diminish after World War II, partly in
reaction against Nazism.
COMPILED FROM ASSOCIATED PRESS AND
UNITED PRESS INTERNATIONAL REPORTS
U.S. official says some PLO
attacks on Israel legitimate
WASHINGTON - The director of Arabian Peninsula affairs for the
State Department has described some of the armed assaults against
Israel by the Palestine Liberation Organization as "legitimate actions of
Gordon Brown, in a televised broadcast Monday to the Gulf region, said
the acts were part of the 40-year Arab-Israeli conflict and different from
assaults by Palestinians against innocent civilians in third countries. *
Brown was interviewed on Worldnet, a program sponsored by the U.S.
Information Agency. In response yesterday to a reporter's inquiry,
Brown called the incident "a tempest in a teapot."
"I was caught off-guard by a question that I mishandled," he told The
Associated Press. "It was an effort to say that as long as there is a state of
war, violence exists in the area."
Yossi Gal, a spokesman for the Israeli Embassy, said the government
had complained about Brown's remarks to the State Department and
asked for an explanation.
The PLO is sworn to the destruction of Israel as a Jewish state. Most
countries, however, deal with Yasser Arafat's organization.
The United States has barred recognition of the PLO until it accepts
Israel's right to exist and foreswears terrorism.
Aquino seizes Marcos' assets
MANILA, Philippines - The Aquino government said yesterday it was
seizing business enterprises and bank deposits in a bid to recover "ill-
gotten wealth accumulated" by deposed President Ferdinand Marcos,
his family and associates.
Former Sen. Jovito Salonga, chairman of the Commission on Good
Government, told reporters that a five-member panel was collecting
evidence against Marcos and his associates and that they will be "given
their day in court."
Officials also said the Aquino government has begun to dismantle
powerful military and internal security agencies that helped keep Marcos
in power for 20 years.
In another development, five justices of the 12-member supreme court
submitted their resignations to Aquino, bringing to six the number who
had quit in response to her bid to purge the judiciary of Marcos appoin-
tees the government said. Twenty-three other appeals judges resigned.
Blanchard signs tax cut bill
PLEASANT RIDGE, Mich. - Declaring "Michigan has ended a
decade of deficit," Gov. James Blanchard yesterday signed into law a
measure cutting the state's income tax rate to 4.6 percent effective Mar-
Worked out by House Taxation Committee Chairman Lynn Jondahl (D-
East Lansing) and ranking Republican tax committee member Rep.
William Bryant of Grosse Pointe Farms, the tax-cut bill signed by Blan-
chard contains provisions allowing for a retroactive rollback as early as
Jan.1 if the state has enough money.
State officials have estimated that the March 31 rollback - which
reduces the rate from its current 5.1 percent - will reduce the state tax
burden faced by a family of four making $30,000 annually by $2.31 a week.
It is expected to cost the state treasury about $192 million this year.
U.S. has moral duty to aid
Contra rebels, Shultz says
WASHINGTON - Secretary of State George Shultz told a House panel
yesterday the United States has a moral duty to supply aid to Nicaraguan
rebels trying to overthrow the leftist Sandinista government.
In an appearance before a House Appropriations subcommittee, Shultz
painted the situation in Central America in stark and simple terms,
calling the Contras "the good guys," and the Sandinistas "the bad guys"
and "a very undesirable cancer in the area,
He said the administration believes it has a moral imperative to "sup-
port those people. . . willing to fight for freedom and independence."
Although the administration's request for $100 million in aid to the Con-
tras is its immediate priority, Shultz' appearance before the subcommit-
tee was mostly to lobby for the administration's overall foreign aid
The panel chairman, Rep. David Obey (D-Wis.) told Shultz that
Congress will not approve President Reagan's request for a $15.5 million
foreign aid budget and directed him "back to the drawing board."
Waldheim identified as Nazi
VIENNA, Austria - A news magazine published what it says is a
recently declassified document identifying former U.N. Secretary-
General Kurt Waldheim as a member of two Nazi organizations, in-
cluding Hitler's infamous security troops.
The New York Times yesterday also said Waldheim was a member of
the groups, and said it obtained documents in Vienna showing he was at-
tached to a German army command in World War II which fought brutal
campaigns against Yugoslav partisans and which deported Greek Jews.
Waldheim is campaigning for the Austrian presidency and is con-
sidered a front-runner with the elections two months away.
The newsweekly Profil quoted Waldheim as categorically denying ever
belonging to either Nazi organization. A spokesman for Waldheim,
Gerold Christian, also denied the report, but told The Associated Press
that Waldheim was a German army officer in the Balkans in World War
II. He said Waldheim was a translator and was not involved in any
The Times quoted Waldheim, the U.N. secretary-general from 1572-82,
as saying he did not consider himself a member of either group.
Vol. XCVI - No. 104
The Michigan Daily (ISSN 0745-967 X) is published Monday through
Friday during the fall and winter terms. Subscription rates: September
through April-$18 in Ann Arbor; $35 outside the city. One term-$10 in
town; $20 outside the city.
The Michigan Daily is a member of The Associated Press and subscribes
to United Press International, Pacific News Service, Los Angeles Times
Syndicate, and College Press Service.
IM RELAYS ENTRIES DUE
Monday, March 10, 1986 - 4:30 p.m.
Intramural Sports Building - 763-1313
IM RELAYS MEET
Tuesday, March 11, 1986 - 7:00 p.m.
UM Track & Tennis Building
ANN ARBOR ASSOCIATES
*** offers services to ***
The University community
" Relationship Issues
" Study Problems
" Anxiety and Stress
" Eating Difficulties
For Referral to a Qualified Professional,
CALL between 8:30 a.m. - 5:30 p.m.
320 S. STATE STREET - Phone 663-4121 - ANN ARBOR. MICH
TO YOUR HEALTH!
Health Care Tailored To The
Needs Of.The Student.
Blue Cross - PCS - Paid
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