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January 21, 1986 - Image 2

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The Michigan Daily, 1986-01-21

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Page 2 - The Michigan Daily - Tuesday, January 21, 1986

IN BRIEF-

COMPUTERS
New p hones will aid computing

By CAROLINE MULLER
Computer users could benefit the
mnost from the University's decision
to install its own telephone system
throughout all of its three campus,
branches.
Besides providing a low-cost, long,
distance service, the $31.8 million
project will furnish all University
buildings with the option to access
iirectly into the central computer
network - UMnet - without tying up
telephone lines.
THE RESULT will mean more users,
as more students will be able to use
computers from residence hall
rooms, or faculty from ad-
ministrative offices, said Christine
Wendt, co-ordinator of the Users Ser-
vices for Merit Computer Network.
"It could mean computing all over
campus will have to be expanded,"
she said.-

In response to the break-up of
AT&T, the University regents ap-
proved a contract with Centel
Business Systems in the summer of
1984, to equip and install a University-
owned and operated telecom-
munications system, replacing the
current CENTREX system which is
leased from Michigan Bell and AT&T.
The primary motive behind the
regents' move was to save the costs of
long distance service, as economists
predicted that rates would skyrocket,
particularly with AT&T, said Stuart
Robinovitz, data network specialist at
the University's Telecommunications
Systems office.
THE new system, called SL100, will of-
fer the special feature of Least Cost
Routing, and will employ a computer
to determine at the time of a call
which long distance telephone com-
pany to use, based on cost and ef-
ficiency, said Renee Frost, Coor-

dinator for information exchange at
Telecommunications Systems.
"We tried to create the best, most
flexible system that would try to
allow for growth in the future," Frost
said.
The data capability will be installed
in the form of a dual modular jack,
which will provide two outlets - one
for a telephone, the other for a com-
puter. The duo jack will be installed
wherever there is currently a
telephone outlet.
IN TERMS of student rooms, the duo
jack will allow computer owners the
option of installing their equipment
into the SL100 telecommunications
system, at a very low cost. Robinovitz
estimated a fee of a few dollars per
month would be charged to students
who wanted to take advantage of the
option.
Although the data capability ac-
counts for one-third of the $31.8
million, the actual installation of the
wire, which is in progress now, affor-
ds the University an extremely low-
cost way of expanding the computer
service, Robinovitz said.
According to the October edition of
a monthly pamphlet published by the
Telecommunications Systems office
of the University, the cost of the new
system will be recovered in nine
years or less. After nine years, the
University should save more than
$500,000 per month. The University
paid for the contract by selling off
bonds.
John Van Roekel, director of
CAEN, the University's Computer
Aided Engineering Network, at-
tributes the low cost of the data
system to the simultaneous telephone
rewiring.
"WE're really just piggy-backing on
the new telephone system," he said.
Although he said there wouldn't be

any change in the engineering
classrooms, as most already have
their own direct link into the network,
Van Roekel said the faculty and ad-
ministrative offices would be im-
proved.
"We have a lot of computers, but we
want more," Van Roekel said, and
cited an example of Dartmouth
College, where every room on the
campus has the wiring for computer
access, both large-scale and for
Macintoshes.
"I DON'T think it's premature (on
this campus) at all," he said. "It's a
goal to have better computer access
for U of M students. There are ar-
tificial limits to computer use, like
people not wanting to walk across
campus to use them. Let our limits be
economics, not that we don't have the
wiring in the walls," he said.
The new computer wiring will
provide a speed of 19,200 bits per
second initially, Robinovitz said, but
he added that the rate could even be
faster. Previously, computer owners
with their own $200-500 modem
system allowed for only a maximum
speed of 2,400 bits per second.
Making the high-speed wiring
available is "reasonably new" among
U.S. universities and businesses, said
Robinovitz, who added that the 1980s
are being called "The Decade of the
Private Phone System" among
colleges and businesses.
The SL100 system is already
finished and being used at the new
University Hospital and A. Alfred
Taubman Health Care Center. The
data wiring is currently working in
the Business Administration building
and Lorch Hall, Robinovitz said. The
main part of the campus is still under
construction, with half of the area ex-
pected to switch over on March 1, the
other half by May 10.

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Rebels, ov't claim S.Yemen
ABU DHABI, Unit Arab Emirates - Rebels and government suppor-
ters both claimed control of South Yemen yesterday but Westerners'
evacuated from the strategic pro-Soviet Arab state reported new fighting
in the nation's capital.
There were conflicting reports on the whereabouts of President Ali
Nasser Mohammed.
Various news reports Sunday said Mohammed fled South Yemen for.,
either Ethiopia, North Yemen or the Soviet Union. But the Gulf News
Agency yesterday quoted reliable sources as saying Mohammed retur-
ned to Aden, South Yemen from Ethiopia yesterday and "is still in con-
trol" of most of South Yemen, including Aden.
Amid the conflicting reports,Westerners reaching the east African
nation of Djibouti after fleeing South Yemen said Yemeni tribesmen were
"streaming down from the hills" to join the fighting, the British Broad-
casting Corp. reported. Tribal rivalries have beset the nation since it won
independence from Britain in 1967.
Bombs explode in Durban
JOHANNESBURG, South Africa - Five bombs exploded in Durban in
a period of minutes yesterday night, damaging a power pylon in an ap-
parent guerrilla attempt to black out part of the Indian Ocean port, police
said.
No one was injured and the pylon remained in service, said police
spokesman Capt. Winston Heunis.
Another police report said officers shot and killed a black man yester-
day when a crowd stoned a patrol in KwaNdebele, a black tribal area nor-
theast of Johannesburg and Pretoria.
More than 1,000 people have been killed in 16 months of violence against
apartheid, the race laws through which the government reserves
privilege for South Africa's 5 million whites and denies rights to the 24
million blacks.
The army said yesterday it had discovered two or more land mines on a
farm that abuts South Africa's border with black-ruled Botswana. A
white man and his daughter-in-law were killed when their vehicle struck
a mine on the farm two weeks ago.
Off icials credit seatbelts
with 19% decrease in deaths.
LANSING, Mich. - Michigan's mandatory seatbelt law was credited
yesterday with contributing to a 19 percent decline in traffic deaths last
month when compared with December 1984.
Provisional State Police figures indicate that there were 83 deaths in
December among vehicle occupants with seat belts available, compared
with 102 deaths a year earlier.
For the six months since the seatbelt law took effect, there were 495
such deaths. That compares with 557 fatalities reported during January
through June of 1984.
"We are very happy about the news contained in the Michigan State
Police report," said Dr. Robert D. Burton, chairman of the Michigan
Coalition for Safety Belt Use.
"On the six-month anniversary of the safety-belt law, nothing could
make us happier than to hear that safety belts are, indeed, saving lives."
U.S. says Russia not serious
about Afghanistan .withdrawal
WASHINGTON - The administration has concluded that Moscow is not
serious about negotiating a timed withdrawal from Afghanistan, despite
signals from the Soviets during the Geneva summit, U.S. officials said
yesterday.
The administration's conclusion paves the way for a new request to
Congress for continued covert U.S. military aid for the Afghan rebel
groups, based in Pakistan.
Secretary of State George Shultz reported after the November summit
in Geneva that the Soviet leadership had made some "interesting"
remarks about withdrawing its forces from Afghanistan.
In light of the Soviet comments at Geneva, the United States last month
offered to become a "guarantor" to a settlement in Afghanistan that
would include a Soviet military withdrawal and the safe return of all
refugees.
Libya trains suicide squads
TRIPOLI, Libya - The official news agency said yesterday that Libyan
leader Col. Moammar Khadafy has ordered the training of suicide squads
to conduct guerrilla operations.
In a brief dispatch, Libya's JANA news agency said Khadafy accepted
demands from the Libyan peoples' congresses "for military training and
formation of suicide squads as volunteers to conduct guerrilla operations
in response to the American provocations and the hostile stance toward
the Arab nation."
JANA did not say where or when Khadafy made the statement. It also
did not say where the suicide squads might be used.
President Reagan has said he has "irrefutable" proof of Libyan in-
volvement in the Dec. 27 terrorist attacks at the Rome and Vienna airpor-
ts in which 19 people, including five Americans, died. About 120 people
were injured.
He has ordered all U.S. citizens out of Libya and all U.S. companies to
stop doing business in Libya.
Khadafy has accused the United States of assembling warships in the.
Mediterranean for a possible attack on Libya and warned that an attack'
would be answered by attacks inside America.

"If America commits aggression against us, then we will commit
aggression against it, inside America itself," JANA quoted Khadafy as
saying earlier this month.
"In the event of an attack, we can reach any place, not with aircraft I
carriers nor with the bombers, but with suicide squads," JANA quoted
him as telling reporters at that time.

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U' delays collection of tax

(Continued from Page 1)
Grossbart contends that the
University is not really paying
teaching assistants so they should not
be taxed.
"They're no more paying for our
tuition than a Hudson's employer is
paying for his workers' clothes when
he gives him a 10 percent discount...
we still don't believe they have the
legal authority to withhold taxes. And
if they do we will take legal action,"

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he said.
Other graduate students agree with
Grossbart. "In a sense I'd have to say
that the University shouldn't tax us,
but I suppose it's a legal question
more than anything. No other univer-
sity does it so it's really not their
obligation," said David Foran, a
biology teaching assistant.
Canham backs
NCAA rule
(Continued from Page 1)
students who didn't get the grades but
scored 700 on their SATs would be
eligible.
Although Canham favors the more
stringent law that will take effect next
year, he said, "'If they really want to
bite the bullet, why don't they make
freshmen ineligible?"
Defending student-athlete
academic performances at the
University, Canham presented a
study conducted by the Office of the
Registrar which cites a 6.2 percent
higher graduation rate for University
athletes than regular students.

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Vol XCVI - No. 78
The Michigan Daily (ISSN 0745-967 X) is published Monday through:
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Editor in Chief ................. NEIL CHASE
Opinion Page Editors.......... JODY BECKER
JOSEPH KRAUS
Managing Editors.......GEORGEA KOVANIS
JACKIE YOUNG
News Editor.............THOMAS MILLER
Features Editor ..........LAURIE DELATER
City Editor..............ANDREW ERIKSEN
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Skubik
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