The Michigan Daily - Tuesday, November 19, 1985 - Page 3
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By AMY MINDELL
On the eve of President Reagan's first
meeting with a Soviet leader in six years, his
aides expected him to voice his long-held per-
ception of Communists as villains who desire to
rule the world.
"It will be vintage President Reagan," his
national security adviser, Robert McFarlane,
told the Associated Press yesterday.
THAT PERCEPTION fails to fully grasp the
current Soviet political system and therefore
threatens any improvement in relations bet-
ween the U.S. and the U.S.S.R., a campus
The Michigan Sovietological Society,
organized last February by political science
Prof. Alexander Yanov, also says the opposite
perception that hails Soviets as people truly
concerned with reform is just as incorrect.
The group asserts that a more accurate pic-
ture of the Soviet Union is one not grounded in
policies of past Communist leaders but focused
instead on changing regimes.
"WE SAY that each school of thought is a lit-
tle right, and if we put both together, something
coherent emerges," said Aaron Talsky, an LSA
senior who is president of the society.
He said that Reagan adheres to the
"traditional school," which perceives the
Soviet Union as expansionistic - an "evil em-
pire" as Reagan called it during a speech in
March, 1983. Traditionalists, Talsky explained,
base their view on Vladimir Lenin's reign that
began with the Bolshevik Revolution in 1917.
But the "revisionist school," he added, still
sees the Soviet Union as it was under the
leadership of Nikita Krushchev, who was ousted
from power in 1964. This school believes the
Soviets are concerned with reconstruction of
their economy and political modernization.
MOST SCHOLARS of the Soviet Union -
known as Sovietologists - adhere to one or the
other schools and rarely change their views,
In forming his society, the professor, who
was exiled from the Soviet Union 11 years ago,
hopes to foster a new generation of
Sovietologists who will see the Kremlin as a
changing political body. Already, he has at-
tracted 25 undergraduate and graduate studen-
ts to his philosophy.
Society members believe Reagan's hard-line
stance may ruin a chance for Americans to in-
fluence Soviet policies, which they see as being
in flux under Gorbachev.
REAGAN IS in a "masterful bargaining
position" at the summit, Talsky says, referring
to the president's opportunity to sway Gor-
If Reagan presses for the Strategic Defense
Initiative, Gorbachev might feel forced to in-
crease the Soviet nuclear stockpile, diverting
funds away from economic reform, the mem-
"If Reagan insists on pursuing researching
and testing Star Wars then the Soviet Union
will have to respond and they won't have the
money for an economic revival," Yanov said.
"The summit could be an important step (in
better superpower relations), but it may not
be," he added. "This is the reason the society
exists. Most Americans don't think...that we
have an opportunity to influence (the
Professors expect few arms control, regional conflict agreements
(Continued from Page 1)
It could be considered actual
development of a defensive system,
Singer adds. Development, but not
research, is prohibited under the ter-
ms of the Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty
signed in 1972 by the United States and
the Soviet Union.
Just where the line should be drawn
between research and development of
defense systems may be clarified
during the summit, Tanter adds.
BOTH REAGAN and Gorbachev
want to reduce by 50 percent stock-
piles in the United States and the
Soviet Union of Intercontinental
Ballistic Missiles and Submarine
Launched Ballistic Missiles. If the two
leaders agree during their meetings
to pursue the reduction, they must
then settle the controversy over coun-
The Soviets want to count all U.S.-
based long-range missiles, medium-
range European-based missiles,
carrier-based aircraft, and fighter
bombers. But the Americans say only
missiles based in the U.S. and aimed
at the Soviet Union should be tallied,
according to Tanter.
The Soviets proposed those same
counting rules in 1971 but backed
Author Tish O'Dowd Ezekiel will read from her work today at
Rackham. Ezekiel, author of Floaters, an award-winning novel, is now a
doctoral candidate working on her second novel. She will speak at 4 p.m.
in Rackham's West Conference room.
Ann Arbor Film Co-op-The Eternal Return, 7 p.m.; Les Visiteurs Du
Soir, 9 p.m., Natural Science Bldg.
Cinema Guild-The Touch, 7 & 9:05 p.m., Aud. A, Angell Hall.
Cinema II-Calm Prevails Over the Country, 7:30 p.m., MLB 3.
Michigan Theater Foundation-Chinatown, 8 p.m., Michigan Theater.
Puerto Rican Assoc.-The Puerto Rican Legacy, 7:30 p.m., Alice Lloyd
School of Music-Campus Orchestra, Ives Cohen, conductor, 8 p.m.,
Business - Michael Payte, "Opportunities in Capital Markets at
Citibank, 4 p.m., Hale Aud.; Pat Johns, "Careers in Aerospace and
Defense," 4 p.m., Michigan Room.
Chemistry-David R. McMillan, "The Coordination Chemistry of Blue
Copper Proteins," 4 p.m., room 1300, Chemistry Bldg.
Chinese Studies-Brown bag lecture, Hu Yuejian, "A Laborious and
Yet Successful Step: A Personal View of the Educational Reform in
China," noon, Commons room, Lane Hall.
Ecumenical Campus Center-Melinda Quintos de Jesus, "Update on
the Crisis in the Philippines," noon, 603 E. Madison St.
English Language Institute-Hazeem Majjar and John Swales,
"Research Writing: Where to Put the Bottom Line," noon, room 3050,
Friends of the U-M Hospitals-Betram Pitt and William O'Niell, "At-
tacking Heart Disease: New Advances in Treatment," 7:30 p.m.,
Ballroom, Ann Arbor Inn.
Geology-Turner/Conoco Distinguished Lecture, Antonio Lasaga,
"The Carbon-Sulfur Geochemical Cycle and Evolution of C02
Through the Phanerozoic," 4 p.m., Room 2501, CC Little Bldg.
Great Lakes and Marine Waters Center-Moshe Gophen, "The
Management of Lake Kenneret and Its Watershed Area," 4 p.m., White
Aud., Cooley Bldg.
History-Arthur Ainton Memorial Lecture, Nancy Farriss, "Sacred
Power: Ritual and Politics in Early Colonial Yucatan," 4 p.m., E. Lec-
ture Room, Rackham.
International Center-William Hoffa, "Study-Abroad Opportunities
Through Scandanavian Seminar," 3:30 p.m., 603 E. Madison St.
People's Food Co-op - Bob Rose "Harmonization with the creative
Cycles of Health," 7:30 p.m., Ann Arbor Public Library.
Psychobiology-Barbara Schlumpf, "Axonal Competition in the Gold-
fish Visual System Following Optic Tectum Ablation," 12:30 p.m., room
Rudolf Steiner Institute-Introductions to Steiner's Thought, E. Katz,
"The Nature of Spiritual Beings," 8 p.m.
Wester European Studies-Deiter Dowe, "The Separatation of
Proletarian and Bourgeois Democrats in Germany, 1840-1870," 4 p.m., E.
conf. room, Rackham.
Women in the Arts-Katherine McCoy, 7:30 p.m., Chrysler Aud.
Gay Liberation-Action Against AIDS, 7 p.m., main floor, League.
School of Education-information meeting, teacher certification
program, 3:30 p.m., Whitney Aud.,; Prospective elementary school
teachers, 3:30 p.m. room 1210, School of Education Bldg.
TARDAA-Doctor Who Fan Club, 8p.m., room 124, East Quad.
University Aikido Club-5 p.m., Wrestling room, IMSB.
HRD-Workshop, "Managing High Performers," 1:30 p.m.
Microcomputer Education Workshops, "Introduction to Microcom-
puters," 8:30 a.m., "Basic Concepts of Database Management," 1 p.m.,
room 3113 SEB; "MS-DOS. Pt. i." 8:30 a.m.. "Microsoft Chart for IBM-
down before signing the Anti-Ballistic
Missile Treaty. "To be consistent,"
Tanter figures, "they'll have to back
BOTH COUNTRIES also have
proposed freezing deployment of in-
termediate-range missiles - com-
monly called "theatre weapons."
"Neither side wants 'theatre
weapons' deployed in Europe," says
The U.S. currently has 228 Pershing
II and cruise missiles in Europe. Both
are single warhead missiles. The
Soviet Union has agreed to cut their
number of SS20s in Europe to 243,
down from 324. SS20s carry three
The two leaders are expected to
discuss regional conflicts also, but
none of the professors interviewed
believe the talks will end wars raging
in such areas as Afghanistan,
Nicaragua, El Salvador, Cambodia,
Ethiopia, and Angola. The super-
powers may agree, however, to host
peace talks in the Middle East.
ZVI GITELMAN, a political science
professor, says; "It is naive of the
president to think that the super-
powers can solve the regional conflic-
ts. The superpowers can aggravate
and diminish regional conflicts, but
they can't end them."
"The way the world is today there
are alternative suppliers of arms. Will
the fighting stop in the Middle East if
the superpowers end their support of
the conflicts?" Gitelman questions.
Adding to the tension over regional
conflicts is the issue of human rights
violations. The Soviets refuse to
acknowledge charges from the U.S. of
violations in their own country as long
as they feel Americans are stepping
on human rights in Central America.
"BOTH SIDES are guilty of vicious
and evil behavior in the Third World,"
Although the Soviets recently
agreed to grant exit visas to nine
spouses of Americans, there are more
than 100 additional Soviets who want
to be released. Plus 10,000 Soviet Jews
have asked for exit visas, and have
been denied. Gitelman says he doesn't
foresee the summit leading to any
agreement about releasing the Jews.
The professors expect a previously
negotiated proposal for air safety in
the pacific will be approved at the
summit, but question whether or not
an agreement will be reached on
allowing each superpower to establish
a consulate in the other's country.
The scholars are also undecided on
whether Reagan and Gorbachev will
agree to resume flights of Pan Am
to the Soviet Union and of Aeroflot to
It is unlikely that the Salt II Treaty
will be extended, the professors add.
Although the treaty was never ratified
both sides were abiding by its
limitations on the number of per-
This treaty expires this year and
Secretary of State Caspar Weinberger
sent a letter to Reagan urging him not
to extend the treaty. The letter was
leaked to the press on Saturday and
officials think this may effect the
chances of an extension.
'If relations improve, the summit will be a
success even if very few concrete agreemen-
ts are made.'
- Harold Jacobson
Political Science Prof.
N.J. bill proposes AIDS
liability for bookstores
TRENTON, N.J. (AP) - Adult
bookstore owners would be required
to record customers' names and
would be liable if a customer contrac-
ted AIDS on the premises under a bill
introduced yesterday in, the
Reports of homosexual activity in
X-rated shops prompted the proposal,
according to its sponsor, Assem-
blyman Thomas Paterniti.
"SINCE AIDS is a fatal disease that
is primarily spread through sexual
contact, some effort must be made to
curb irresponsible sexual behavior,"
Paterniti, a Democrat, said. "If some
individuals will not conduct their
sexual lives in a reasonable manner,
we will have to impose respon-
sibilities by law."
Jeffrey Fogel, director of the
hostage is in
BEIRUT, Lebanon (AP) - One of
the four Frenchmen held hostage in
Lebanon by the Shiite Moslem group
Islamic Jihad is in "terrible physical
condition that might endanger his
life," a statement purporting to come
from the kidnappers said yesterday.
The statement, delivered to a
Western news agency in Beirut, did
not identify the hostage or say what
his ailment was.
It said the man's condition has ap-
parently deteriorated "despite our
full and great concern about the
safety and well-being of all the
7 Barber Stylists
Pro onal Experienced
Liberty off State ......... 668-9329
American Civil Liberties Union of
New Jersey, said the bill was a veiled
attempt to impose Paterniti's own
"moral objection" to adult
"It's preposterous, it's outrageous,
it's unconstitutional," Fogel said.
"There is no connection between
books and AIDS, but there is a connec-
tion between books and the First
WITH ONLY two more legislative
sessions scheduled before January, it
is unlikely lawmakers would act on
the bill this year.
Paterniti said his bill would extend
New Jersey's so-called host liability
law to adult bookstores. The doctrine
permits tavern owners to be sued if
they served intoxicated patrons who
later caused an accident.
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