Page 2 - The Michigan Daily - Wednesday, November 6, 1985
Gen. Jaruzelski to resign today
WARSAW, Poland (AP) - Gen. Wojciech
"Jaruzelski plans to resign as prime minister today
,and will be replaced by deputy prime minister and
jolitburo member Zbigniew Messner, Communist
Party and diplomatic sources said yesterday.
Jaruzelski, the four-star army general who
declared martial law in 1981, will retain his title of
'Communist Party first secretary, said the sour-
,0es, speaking on condition of anonymity.
The govermgent change, which the sources said
was approved yesterday at a Communist Party
Central Committee meeting in Warsaw, was ex-,
pected to be more public today at the inaugural
session of the new Parliament.
Messner, 56, has been responsible for coor-
dinating the country's economic reform program
since Jaruzelski appointed him deputy prime
minister in November 1983.
Jaruzelski, 62, became prime minister in
February 1981 and was named party first
-secretary eight months later.
Western diplomats said his decision to step
'lown as head of the government would send a
signal that the political crisis in Poland was over.
The crisis had led to the declaration of martial law
and suppression of the Solidarity free trade
movement in December 1981.
They said the move also was designed to
strengthen the Communist Party, which lost
nearly a million members after the birth of
Solidarity in 1980 and the imposition of military
"Poland is the only communist country in the
world where the government was doing the gover-
ning rather than the party," one diplomat said. "It
means Jaruzelski had decided the problem in
Poland is no longer political, but economic."
Diplomats said that by relinguishing control
over the day-to-day operation of the government,
Jaruzelski would be able to devote his attention to
party matters prior to next year's Communist
Recently, Polish television shocked viewers by
showing Solidarity supporters outside Poland's
U.N. mission in New York shouting "down with
Jaruzelski" and carrying placards urging the
visiting leader to "go back to Moscow."
The report did not translate the more caustic
references to Gen. Wojciech Jaruzelski as a "but-
cher." Viewers, however, did not need to know
English to understand the shouts of "Gestapo" or
a placard equating a Communist hammer-and-
sickle with a Nazi swastika as Jaruzelski's motor-
cade arrived at the mission.
Although the 15-minute broadcast was intended
to discredit the protesters as extremists ignored
by New Yorkers during Jaruzelski's September
visit, the TV report would have been unimaginable
in any other Soviet bloc country.
It was a striking example of the Communist
government's new offensive in an information war
with the Solidarity underground press and Polish-
language services of Radio Free Europe, the
Voice of America and the British Broadcasting
Unable to enforce a monopoly on.information,
the government has changed its propaganda tac-
tics. No longer ignoring opposition, the authorities
regularly publicize and ridicule Solidarity protest
calls and anti-government commentaries on
"In the information war it is important who is
quicker," government spokesman Jerzy Urban
wrote in a foreword to a new book on his weekly
news conferences with foreign journalists.
U.S. interviews KGB
WASHINGTON (AP) - The Soviet
Union yesterday agreed to a U.S.
demand for an interview with KGB
spy Vitaly Yurchenko to prove he isn't
being coerced into returning to his
homeland after three months in the
"uhands of American intelligence agen-
s tudent n n.s"My only wish," Yurchenko said of
Sef forts to . his extraordinary Soviet
homecoming, "is to return as soon as
possible to my country, my family,
my kin and my friends."
Once he does, though, U.S. in-
*"" ""d latelligence and Soviet experts said
yesterday they believe the former
spymaster faces a bleak future, and
plus in Ce n t iv s-that if the Soviet Union offers him a
hero's welcome it may be a short-
What happens to Yurchenko upon
his return to Moscow depends, of
f y rtalents course, on whose theory is correct.
PHONAT HON CAL LER. Sales . related experience, Did he genuinely defect to the West
- **in August and then return out of
especially "nth telephone, i strongly preferred, andre re rwshsdecinaon-
" "avilbl eenng remorse, or was his defection a coun-
ter-spy trick to ridicule the United
y are the r person for this jb .and of M States?
dent please apply person Michigan Union Following his televised news con-
R m 3r f - ference from the Soviet embassy
here, many in the U.S. intelligence
* 7community said they lean toward the
genuine defection and re-defection -
Please a ply be ore November 20 h. and consequently don't look for him to
resume his duties as the No. 5 man in
the KGB intelligence service.
"Maybe the order of ... prison, but
not the Order of Lenin," speculated
Sen. Patrick Leahy (D-Vt.), vice
chairman of the Senate Intelligence
Yurchenko's own story of being
kidnapped, drugged and held by the
CIA is viewed by U.S. experts as no
more than a propoganda lie not even
believed by the Soviets themselves.
Even more blunt was George Car-
ver, a former intelligence official now
with Georgetown University.
"Initially the Soviets will wring all
the propaganda mileage out of him,"
Carver said. "After that, he'll be
taken to . . . Lubyanka (prison in
Moscow), and if he's lucky, a bullet
will be put in the base of his skull."
Experts say they wouldn't be sur-
prised if the Soviets make a brief fuss
upon Yurchenko's return - putting
him on Soviet television and in the
Soviet press to retell his tale. For
domestic consumption, it would be to
describe the darkness that faces a
possible defector; if directed at
foreign consumption, it might be to
counter human-rights accusations or
to upset the upcoming summit.
"If he was dispatched to pull off this
deal," said former CIA official Ray
Cline, "he will be treated like a hero.",
Former CIA director William
Colby, however, said he doesn't ex-
pect the Soviets to make too much
more of the story. Yurchenko's em-
phasis that President Reagan
probably didn't know about his han-
dling, Colby said, is a signal the
Soviets don't want to upset the sum-
"I think this has a lifespan of three
days," Colby, who headed the CIA
from 1973 to 1976 said in an interview.
Colby doesn't believe Yurchenko was
a plant, though he says it's a
possibility that must be considered.
COMPILED FROM ASSOCIATED PRESS AND
UNITED PRESS INTERNATIONAL REPORTS
Shultz, Gorbachev rendezvous
MOSCOW - Secretary of State George Shultz wound up 14 hours of
"vigorous discussion" with Soviet Leader Mikhail Gorbachev and other
Kremlin officials yesterday, saying the talks failed to narrow the super-
powers' differences on arms control.
Shultz said that despite "serious disagreements, the two sides had
pledged to work hard in preparing the Nov. 19-20 summit meeting bet-
ween President Reagan and Gorbachev in Geneva.
"Basically, we have a lot to do," Shultz said.
In a news conference before departing for an overnight refueling stop in
Iceland, Shultz tempered his downbeat appraisal of the two-day visit by
observing "we see some positive developments" in the U.S.-Soviet
But he was unable to cite any major area of reconciliation or prospect
of an accord for the first superpower summit in more than six years.
In fact, Shultz said, he wouldn't "bet on" an agreement in principle
between the two leaders on how to pursue a treaty to curb the arms race.
Philosophically, Shultz said "life does not end in the middle of Novem-
ber." He said the possibility of additional meetings between the leaders
was "before us but nothing has been settled."
Supreme Court debates abortion
WASHINGTON - Long-awaited arguments before the Supreme Court
over state efforts to regulate abortions developed into a discussion of
technicalities yesterday and the justices suggested they may not resolve
The cases involve attempts by Pennsylvania and Illinois to expand, by
threat of criminal sanctions, their regulatory powers over doctors who
At one point during public argument sessions, Justice Thurgood Mar-
shall pointed to procedural problems in the Illinois case and exclaimed,
"What is before us is exactly nothing."
In both cases, almost all questions from the justices centered on
procedural matters and not on the underlying - and always divisive -
The cases have been closely watched by "pro-life" and "pro-choice"
forces since the court last spring agreed to review them.
The Reagan administration last July urged the justices to use the cases
to overturn their landmark 1973 decision legalizing abortion - a bold
move widely viewed as having no chance of succeeding.
S. African gov't confiscates
Rev. Boesak's passport
JOHANNESBURG, South Africa - The government overruled a court
yesterday and confiscated the passport of the Rev. Allan Boesak, an anti-
apartheid activist who had planned to travel to the United States this
month to accept a humanitarian award.
The decision was announced by Minister of Home Affairs Stoffel Botha,
who gave no explanation.
Boesak, who is of mixed race, accused the government of pettiness.
"This government has no respect for the courts or the rule of law," he
said, adding that his lawyers will consider an appeal. Boesak, president
of the World Alliance of Reformed Churches, had intended to go to
Washington on Nov. 20 to accept the Robert F. Kennedy Human Rights
Security police arrested Boesak on Aug. 27, the eve of a mass march he
vowed to lead through Cape Town to demand that black-rights leader
Nelson Mandela be freed from Pollsmoor Prison.
Philippinos to elect V.P.
MANILA, Philippines - President Ferdinand Marcos changed his
mind yesterday and announced that a vice president also will be chosen in
the election planned for Jan. 17. He said filling the post would ensure
The last vice president, Fernando Lopez, lost his job in 1972 when Mar-
cos abolished the office and began eight years of martial-law rule.
Marcos did not say who his running mate would be in the presidential
election, but opposition leaders said they doubted it would be his wife
Imelda. They predicted that the United States would frown on such a
move, which one said would be "brutally vulgar."
Marcos had said originally that the election would be only for president
and that the vice presidency would be filled in a later vote.
Opponents responded that the continued lack of a vice president, and
thus a specified successor, would aggravate political instability in the
Sex survey cites parents' fears
NEW YORK - A new poll has found that 84 percent of American adults
believe teen pregnancies in the United States are a serious problem, but
64 percent believe parents have little to no control over their youngsters'
The survey concluded that "there is a public mandate for television to
deal more realistically with the subjects of sex and birth control." Seven-
ty-eight percent of the respondents said they think TV should present
messages about birth control as part of its programming.
In addition, American adults overwhelmingly support sex education in
the schools, said the poll released Monday, with 85 percent of the respon-
dents saying sex education shoudl be in the curricula.
And 67 percent said they favored requiring public schools to establish
links with family planning clinics so sexually active teen-agers have ac-
cess to information and contraceptives.
The three major networks have refused to accept birth control adver-
tisements or public service announcements, said Humphrey Taylor,
president of Louis Harris. He blamed the media for creating a public per-
ception that birth control is controversial, but said the survey results
prove that is not the case.
Vol XCVI- -No. 45
The Michigan Daily (ISSN 0745-967 X) is published Monday through
Friday during the Fall and Winter terms. Subscription rates: September
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_. " \\11 %%s
cash in on your hard work before.graduation
and open the door to a top
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'U' to open
(Continued from Page 1)
liasons stay away from "controver-
sial issues such as the Regent's en-
dorsement of 'Star Wars' research on
campus last month," but he added
that MSA would not attempt to
monitor the discussions.
MSA HAS not officially contacted
any of the regents about the plan, but
assembly president Paul Josephson
said he "doesn't think any of the
regents would turn down the oppor-
tunity to meet with an MSA rep."
Regents contacted yesterday con-
firmed Josephson's optimism, ex-
pressing support for the idea of
meeting with students.
"It sounds like a good idea," said
Regent Thomas Roach (D-Saline).
"I've always been willing to meet
with any student whenever they've
ROACH ADDED however, that
saying regents have little contact with
students on campus "is probably not
an accurate reflection."
He estimated that he spends 7-8
days per month on campus at various
performances, lectures, and award
ceremonies, and he named last Satur-
day's Band-O-Rama concert at Hill'
Auditorium as the most recent exam-
REGENT NELLIE Varner (D-
Detroit) agreed that she "certainly
has no problem with attempts to im-
prove communication between
nonnle " hut she added that she might
For highly qualified students in Engineering, Physics, Chemistry,
Mathematics or hard sciences, the Navy's Nuclear Power Pro-
gram offers the opportunity to earn over $1000 per month during
your final year in college. For especially qualified persons, this
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After graduation, you will receive graduate level training
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immediate responsibility and authority. This is the only program
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To qualify you must be between the ages of nineteen and
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The Navy Engineering Representative will be on campus Wednes-
day, Nov. 20, 1985. Sign up at your Career Placement Office before
C- - J - . w a Q i.. .. L r . w. - . 3 L - L - w _ _ m a - _ w www . - i - _ 1 w.
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