Page 2 - The Michigan Daily - Monday, November 4, 1985
Amabassador defends U.N.
By TIM DALY -
The United Nations is at a turning point because
people are beginning to realize the organization
can't solve the world's problems, said Canada's
Ambassador to the U.N.
"People had exaggerated expectations when the
U.N. was formed in 1945," Ambassador Stephen
Lewis Friday told a group of about 500 gathered at
Bethlehem Church of Christ on South Fourth
His speech was part of the weekend's United
Nations Association Conference.
LEWIS SAID exaggerated expectations have
resulted in unjust criticisms of the U.N.
"Just because you don't reach Utopia doesn't
mean you can't do a lot of good on the way," he
said. But today, he said, anti-U.N. sentiments are
"in 1985 our expecations are diminished. But we
realize there are still a lot of civilizing things that
the U.N. can do."
Lewis, a member of the Canada's New
Democratic Party, said that critics who call the
U.N. a failure are wrong.
"The U.N. is relevant in peace and disar-
mament issues becauses it keeps the pressure on
the superpowers," he said. "In some small
measure the U.N. is responsible for there not
being a nuclear war."
The U.N. criticizes both superpowers, not just
the United States Lewis said. "The number of
countries comdemning the actions of the Soviet
Union has gone up in recent years."
In 1983, 108 countries in the U.N. condemned the
U.S. invasion of Grenada, while 115 condemned the
Soviet invasion of Afghanistan, Lewis said.
The conference presented by the Michigan
Division of the United Nations Association and
sponsors including the University was held to
commemorate the UN's fortieth anniversary. The
program contained a number of speakers.
For example, Robin Wright, a University
graduate and former Middle East correspondent
for CBS, spoke on Third World trends that have
occurred since the formation of the U.N.
She told about 100 people gathered in the
education school's Schorling Auditorium that
many countries have increased emphasis on
religion since the founding of the organizations.
"Religion provides comforting answers to com-
plex problems," she said.
Secondly, the people of these countries have
become "increasingly militant," because there is
a "second generation" of people who remember
only the bloodshed that is found in many Third
She cited the New People's Army, an opposition
group in the Philippines, as one consisting of
"Second generation" people and predicted that
there could be more of these groups if steps to stop
them are not taken.
"If conflicts are not settled in Third World coun-
tries with second generation groups, there is the
possibility of a third generation which is even
Inreased terrorism has been another Third
World trend, Wright said.
"Terrorists acts are acts of frustration and
desperation in the Third World," she said. Wright
added that the term "tererorist" is often misused
and misunderstood. "There is an old saying that
one man's terrorist is another man's freedom
Minority enrollment rises
. .::.::.. :.
(Continued from Page 1)
recruitment and making recruitment
more personal, along with increases
in financial aid funds and student
awareness of those funds, have helped
draw more students to the University.
She said the University's reputation
has also helped increase minority
"THEUniversity of Michigan is a
hot school now," she said. "We've
been cited as one of the best public in-
stitutions in the country. Minorities
are looking for a quality school, as are
Sudarkasa said that such efforts
have enabled the University to incr-
ease minority enrollment in the face
of declining minority enrollment
across the nation.
"THE nationwide trends are down-
wards," she said. "We may not be
satisfied with ourselves, but at least,
comparatively speaking, we're
moving in the right direction."
Norris said, "The University still
has a long way to go to improve the
imatge of the University, and the
quality of life at the University."
He is optimistic that minority
enrollment will increase to the
desired levels, however.
"I think with Sudarkasa's measures
and increased student involvement,
we can get there," Norris said.
"I don't know when,' he added. "I'd
like to see it go faster."
COMPILED FROM ASSOCIATED PRESS AND
UNITED PRESS INTERNATIONAL REPORTS
Marcos calls for elections
WASHINGTON - Philippines President Ferdinand Marcos, facing
mounting U.S. criticism of his government, said yesterday he is willing to
hold elections in three months or less to settle questions of his popularity.
"Well I understand the opposition has been asking for an election. In
answer to their request, I announce that I am ready to call a snap election
perhaps earlier than eight months, perhaps three months or less," Mar-
cos said during an appearance on ABC's "This Week With David
"All this childish claims to popularity on both sides have to be settled,"
"I think we have to settle it by calling an election right now," Marcos
said. "Say give everybody 60 days or so to campaign and bring the issues
to the people," he said. "I'm ready, I'm ready."
"I am ready to call the snap election, but we have to submit this to some
of our leaders in the...legislature," he said. But Marcos said he was con-
fident he could convince the legislature because his supporters control
two-thirds of the membership.
U.S. details new arms plan
HELSINKI, Finland - The United States has proposed a ceiling on
American and Soviet strategic bombers and a freeze on nuclear missiles
in Europe as part of a new arms control accord with Moscow, a senior
U.S. official said yesterday.
Other key elements of the package now before Soviet negotiators in
Geneva include a ceiling of 3,000 on long-range nuclear warheads and no
limits on submarine-launched cruise missiles.
The official, who spoke on condition of anonymity, said there is "com-
promise" in President Reagan's proposal to overcome what he described
as "hookers" - snares - in the plan Soviet leader Mikhail S. Gorbachev
submitted five weeks ago.
The U.S. officials said that if the Soviets accepted the American
package deal, there would be no mobile Soviet strategic missiles or any
new heavy intercontinental ballistic missiles added to the superpowers'
In response to recent developments,Former President Gerald Ford
said Saturday that the Geneva summit may lead to a major nuclear arms
treaty with the Soviet Union "after the technical experts work out" the
details, perhaps six months or a year down the road.
Soviets ignore Reagan talk
MOSCOW - Four days after the first Soviet interview of a U.S.
president since John F. Kennedy in 1961, the official news media here
were still silent on what President Reagan said to Soviet citizens.
Soviet editors contacted yesterday were reluctant to say why no reports
of the interview had surfaced, but one suggested that the state-run media
were not sure how to handle Reagan's comments.
Soviet officials had indicated that an article on the interview would first
appear yesterday morning in the government newspaper Izvestia. But
that paper and other publication rolled off the presses without mentioning
the 40-minute interview.
A Moscow editor who read a transcript of the interview was asked by
The Associated Press if there was something in the interview the Soviet
press was reluctant to report.
"You know Reagan is a conservative," he replied cryptically.
Asked if that came as a surprise, he replied: "Let me put it this way. I
was struck by the intensity of his conservatism."
Mexicans seek drug traffickers
MEXICO CITY - Hundreds of federal narcotics agents and army
troops swept throught southern Veracruz state yesterday, searching for
more than 50 drug traffickers who ambushed and killed 21 policemen
raiding a marijuana ranch.
The ambush marked the biggest attack by narcotics traffickers since
federal agents stepped up anti-drug operations in recent years.
Spokesmen for the federal attorney general's office said eight federal
agents and 15 Veracruz state police officers staged a raid on the Sanchez
Taboada ranch, about 300 miles southeast of Mexico City, about 4:30 a.m.
Friday, hoping to break up a huge marijuana distribution operation.
Instead, the officers were ambushed by a group of more than 50 men
with rifles and machine guns.
Twenty-one officers were killed, including narcotics Cmdr. Jose Luis
Cabrera Guerrero and Veracruz state police Cmdr. Alfredo Magala
Maxim, but authorities said it was unclear how many of the victims died
in the brief gun battle.
CW plagued by rape increase
MT. PLEASANT - Five unsolved rapes since July 22 at Central
Michigan University have forced many women on campus to travel in
groups and give up nighttime jogging.
Although there have been sexual assaults at CMU in the past, police
said, not so many have ever occurred in so short a period of time. Unlike
most cases in previous years, these rapes involve assailants who were
unknown to the victim.
Students, administrators and police said they thought such a rash of
rapes was possible only at larger college towns "like East Lansing."
"Mt. Pleasant for many years has been a safe place, and people are
unaccustomed to dealing with this," said Susan Repp, assistant vice
president of student affairs, who has been affiliated with the school since
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