Page 2 - The Michigan Daily - Tuesday, October 22, 1985
Quake changes Mexican politics, leader says
By MARK WEISBROT
Future historians will mark the
recent earthquake in Mexico as a
politcal turning point for that country,
a member of Mexico's parliament
said in a special lecture at the Univer-
Ricardo Pascoe, who received his
Ph.D. from teh London School of
Economics and has taught labor
economics and Mexican economic
history at the University of Mexico,
spoke to a group of about 40 people at
"THE EARTHQUAKE has broken
down the ideology and the myth, in the
minds of many Mexicans, that the
government is the overwhelming
power, the only force with
organizational capacity in society,"
Pascoe said. "They now know that
they can organize themselves."
"People mobilized after the ear-
thquake to demand housing, protec-
tion, water, and continued digging for
survivors," Pascoe said. Now, they
have moved from these immediate
concerns to more general problems
like Mexico's foreign debt and the
need for political democracy, because
they believe reconstruction of their
country is impossible unless these
problems are solved, he added.
Until the earthquake, for example,
only Mexico's small elite had any in-
put into decisions about the country's
foreign debt. Now, the general public
has forced the government to open
debate on the debt by creating a
parliamentary commission to visit
major cities and solicit input from
'anyone who wants to have a say,"
AS A RESULT, it is no longer clear
that Mexico will simply continue to
pay its foreign debt or pretend that it
will pay it off in full, as has been the
ruling party's policy until now,
Pascoe said. His own small party, the
Revolutionary Workers' Party, says
that the debt should be annulled. He
noted, however, that such an action
would have to be taken together with a
"front of debtor countries."
Pascoe pointed to Argentina as a
country with a similar debt crisis and
noted the debate there over the distin-
ction between "legal and illegal
foreign debt." He defined legal
foreign debt as "foreign resources
that are used to create an industrial
and agricultural infrastructure that
benefits the country." Illegal foreign
debt, he said, is that which "goes to
corruption, is sent out of the country
by wealthy people, or is used to fund
the repressive apparatus of the
Mexico's foreign debt "im-
poverishes our society because it has
not been used for industrialization. It
has been used to accumulate personal
wealth for politicians or it has been
used as a source of the flight of capital
of industrialists and of large lan-
downers," Pascoe said.
ACCORDING TO Pascoe, more
than $100 billion has left Mexico in the
last seven years, an amount greater
than their total foreign debt. He called
it a "sacking of the coutnry," and
argued that this "transfer of wealth"
from Mexico and Latin America to the
U.S. is helping to finance the U.S.
government budget deficit.
"The IMF (International Monetary
Fund) considers it reasonable that the
United States run a huge budget
deficit," he said. "But in our case it's
a crime, and we are told that we must
cut social spending or face a denial of
Pascoe described the ways in which
he says the Mexican government
maintains undemocratic control over
the population. Mexican law requires
that unions as well as their leaders be
recognized by the government to be
able to bargain with employers, and
See MEXICAN, Page 3
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(Continued from Page 1)
That description is one Taubman's
fraternity brothers offer when asked
about their classmate of some 40
But the members of Phi Sigma
Delta admit that a forte for business
was the last thing they spotted in their
"IF I WERE to pick the richest man
(from the fraternity), it would not be
Al Taubman," said Charles
Stocksteil, who's now living in Toledo.
"I would not have thought that."
"He was far away from the man you
see today . . . It's hard to envision,"
added another fraternity brother, Bob
Schwartz of Franklin, Michigan.
The man who now collects the
J DI SHEPPARD MISSETT
works of such artists as Renoir,
Degas, and Van Gogh preferred as
a student to "draw airplanes and
things like that," says Schwartz. "But
he also used to do portraits of other
frat brothers too . . . He was very
SCHWARTZ also remembers per-
forming with Taubman at the dinner
club, "City Club," in Detroit on
Saturday nights when they were in
their 30s. "He mouthed 'Love and
Marriage' and pushed my wife across
stage in a carriage," Schwartz
recalls. "We also mouthed Spike
Jones' 'Tea for Two,' one evening."
But Schwartz added that he "could
see (Taubman) was hardworking
even then. He'd always be coming
home late for rehearsals."
Taubman, in a rare telephone inter-
view, recently explained that he left
the University because he was ready
to step out on his own in the business
"I FELT my knowledge was
adequate," he said. "It was a question
of sitting in a classroom instead of
working in a sophisticated environ-
ment. I was achieving several years
It is not a path he readily recom-
mends college students today. "If
someone knows what they want to do.
.. it's a matter of trading time against
a career, and that's a choice they
have to make."
"What I missed was taking advan-
tage of studying the classics, rounding
out my education," conceded Taub-
College curriculum overall lacks
those general courses which help
broaden an undergraduate's
Taubman believes. It is in an effort to
supplement that deficiency that
Taubman donated funds to establish
an American Institute program here
and at Brown University, where his
son William was a student.
Taubman will speak to students and
faculty in the American Institutions
program and other interested
listeners today at 3 p.m. in the Kuen-
zel Room of the Michigan Union.
COMPILED FROM ASSOCIATED PRESS AND
UNITED PRESS INTERNATIONAL REPORTS
Canadian workers end strike
TORONTO - Canadian Chrysler workers voted 97.2 percent to end a
costly strike and accept an "historic" contract their union leader hoped
would help settle a walkout by 70,000 Chrysler employees in the United
A company spokesman said several thousand of the 10,400 Canadian
workers returned to their jobs in late afternoon but were working half-
shifts, as they were expected to for the rest of the week because of a lack
of parts caused by the U.S. strike.
Robert White, the high-profile leader of the Canadian United Auto
Workers who pulled his members out of the Detroit-based UAW said he
hoped the agreement reached Sunday after 23 hours of bargaining would
help the U.S. union settle its strike against Chrysler Corp.
White said the 23-month pact, reached after he returned from a private
meeting in New York with Chrysler chairman Lee Iacocca, was historic
for the Canadian labor movement because it marked the first time a
major U.S.-based automaker settled first with Canadian workers.
Craxi begins reassembling
ROME (UPI) - President Francesco Cossiga named Bettino Craxi
prime minister-designate yesterday and Craxi lost no time in trying to
reassemble his five-party coalition government that collapsed in the
wake of the Achille Lauro hijacking.
Craxi emerged from a 40-minute meeting with Cossiga and pledged
he would work quickly to form a new coalition government and end
Italy's 44th political crisis since World War II.
"I will go back to work immediately to try to resolve a political crisis
that might not turn out to have easy solutions," Craxi told reporters at the
Craxi offered his resignation last week one month shy of becoming
Italy's longest post-war prime minister after the Republican Party pulled,
out of the coalition over Craxi's decision to ignore a U.S. arrest warrant
for Palestine Liberation Organization official Mohammed Abul Abbas
and allow him to flee the country.
Israeli Prime Minister offers
to go to Jordan for talks
UNITED NATIONS - Israeli Prime Minister Shimon Peres offered
yesterday to go to Jordan this year to participate in a Middle East peace
conference. "I hereby proclaim: The state of war between Israel and
Jordan should be terminated immediately," Peres said. "Israel declares
this readily in the hope that (Jordan's) King Hussein is willing to
reciprocate this step.'
He made the offer in a speech before the U.N. General Assembly during
celebrations of the United Nations' 40th anniversary.
Peres specified that, even if peace talks take place within an inter-
national framework, talks between Israel and a Jordanian delegation or
combined Jordanian-Palestinian delegation must be "conducted direc-
tly." The same holds for any peace talks with Israel's other Arab foes, he
Nicaragua's President Daniel Ortega who also spoke at the UN con-
ference yesterday accused the United States of "state terrorism" and
said the state of emergency in his country will be suspended once the
United States stops its "aggressions."
1 killed in riot in Philippines
MANILA, Philippines - A 17-year-old youth was killed yesterday in a
clash between police and rock-throwing demonstrators protesting the
government of President Ferdinand E. Marcos. The official news agency
said 27 other people, including 12 policemen, were injured.
The noon-hour trouble came as 3,000 demonstrators, mostly from farm
groups, were marching away from the U.S. Embassy, where they had
protested American backing for the Marcos government and low prices
for their rice.
Marcos ordered an investigation of the clash, the. second violent
demonstration against his government in the past month. The National
Assembly directed its justice and human rights committee to conduct a
The demonstrators were headed for a downtown square before a plan-
ned march to the presidential palace. Rally leaders later canceled the
palace march, saying they feared more violence.
Envoy, Egyptian pres. meet
CAIRO, Egypt - President Reagan's special envoy met with President
Hosni Mubarak yesterday and said it was "a good first step" toward
easing diplomatic tensions over Egypt's handling of the Achille Lauro
hijackers and the U.S. interception of the plane carrying them out of
Deputy Secretary of State John Whitehead told reporters he gave
Mubarak a letter from Reagan that "expressed his continued commit-
ment to close U.S.-Egyptian relations and his hope that we can now put
our recent differences behind us."
Mubarak had accused the United States of treachery for intercepting
the Egyptian airliner on Oct. 10 and forcing it to land in Sicily, where the
alleged hijackers were arrested and charged with piracy and the murder
of an American passenger aboard the cruise ship.
President Reagan's special envoy later met with Tunisia's foreign
minister Monday night on the last stop of a mission to repair U.S.
relations in the Mediterranean.
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