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September 18, 1985 - Image 2

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The Michigan Daily, 1985-09-18

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4

Page 2 -The Michigan Daily - Wednesday, September 18, 1985
U.S. holds parapsychology post
EDINBURGH, Scotland (AP) - An It is believed to be the world's only proselytizer," he said. "I will not be a Koestler was one of the 20th cen-
American scientist will fill Britain's professorial chair in parapsychology person attempting to convert in- tury's influential thinkers. He was an
first professorial chair in parap- except for the University of Utrecht in dividuals from one view to another. I atheist, but wrote in his suicide note
sychology - the study of levitation, the Netherlands. will rather be viewing myself as an that he had "timid hopes for a deper-
telepathy, extrasensory perception MORRIS, WHO formally assumes investigator." sonalized after-life beyond due con-
and things that go bump in the night. his new assignment Dec. 1, discussed "IN THE PAST, I've sometimes fines of space, time and matter, and
Dr. Robert Morris said yesterday his plans at a news conference at the referred to myself as someone whose beyond limits of our comprehension."
he will expose fraud where he finds it, University of Edinburgh's Depar- job as a parapsychologist is to (try to) His bequest stipulated that parap-
and approach his job with such scien- sychology should be understood to be
tific rigor that he might make it the scientific study of "paranormal
disappear. 'In the past I've sometimes referred to phenomena, in particular, the
MORRIS, 42, has been a senior capacity attributed to some in-
research scientist at the School of myself as someone whose job as a parap- dividuals to interact with their en-
Computer and Information Science at sychologist is to (try to) make my job vironment by means other than the
Syracuse University in New York. He recognized sensory and motor chan-
triumphed over about 30 candidates to disappear. nels."
become the first Koestler professor of - Prof. Robert Morris The general field, however, ranges
parapsychology at the 402-year-old from levitating tables, poltergeists,
University of Edinburgh. spoon-bending and mind-reading to
The position was established with a tment of Psychology, where his make my job disappear." such bizarre coincidences as a
bequest of 500,000 pounds (now worth research unit will be based. He is president of the Parap- relative sensing a loved one's distress
$665,000) from Arthur Koestler, the He said he regards parapsychology sychological Association and has done Morris said a major object of his
novelist, critic and explorer of the as a legitimate area of research, but extensive research into psychokinesis, research will be to separate psychic
supernatural who committed suicide "not as a belief system." the purported ability of some minds to phenomena from coincidence or
with his wife in 1983. "I will- not view myself as a influence events or physical objects. fraud.'
is divestment more symbolic than effective

(Continued from Page 1)
wildcat strikes. The changes were a
response by the government to try to
prevent future unrest, Wilson said.
WILSON NOTES that Rev. Leonard
Sullivan, author of the Sullivan Prin-
ciples, recently said that the
guidelines are not bringing about
change.
Wilson, like Sullivan, favors
economic sanctions against South
Africa.
Barbara Ransby, leader of Free
South Africa Coordinating Committee
- a campus pro-divestment group -
is also skeptical about the principles.

"I THINK what changes there have
been are cosmetic changes," she said.
"The pressure the government
really understands is economic
pressure, and these companies saying
that they're not going to leave makes
the South African government feel
pretty safe," she said.
"Given the nature of corporations,
they're not here to press for any
changes," Ransby said. "They don't
want to make waves, they want to
make profits. That's why they're
there. They went there precisely
because the South African gover-
nment has created such a repressive

atmosphere that black workers are
easily exploitable and provided a very
cheap and well controlled work force.
Why should they be agents of
change?"
STILL, Roach has argued that
divestment will not provide a solution
to apartheid.
"The argument that divestment is
an effective remedy is one that I can-
not support as a matter of logic,"
Roach said at the April 1983 regents
meeting. "In the first place ... when
we buy stock, we buy in what is known
as a secondary market. We don't buy
Ford stock from the Motor Motor
Company. When we buy Ford stock
they don't get a dime ... And indeed,
if we sell our Ford stock, we sell it not
to that company, but we sell it to
somebody who wants to buy our Ford
stock."
Indeed the effect of divestment is
limited, said Chris Coons, a research
assistant for the Washington-based
Investment Responsibility Center.
"It's mainly symbolic."
If enough institutions divested, they
may succeed in driving down the
value of stock. Realistically, he said,
it is impossible beause the divestmen-
ts must happen over a very short
period of time. And there's only a cer-
tain amount of stock that can be sold
in the course of a day.
"AS FAR as the major cor-
porations, like GM, there's always
going to be people willing to buy their
stock," he said.
Wilson agrees that the effect of
divestment is limited. "You can't say
positive change will come only
beause of it (divestment). Morally
though; it's important to do it. The
U.S. should take a stance on op-
pression anywhere," he said.
However divestment could have an
effect if combined with other
measures such as boycotting the
Kruggerand and taking away landing
rights of South African airlines,
Wilson said.
"OUTSIDE pressure should be ap-

plied as much as possible," but
ultimately, the direction of change -
its intensity and its velocity - depen-
ds on what the South Africans do.
What the white South Africans are
willing to concede, and what the black
South Africans are willing to do.
Either way, it's going to be very
messy," he said.
Boycotts, such as the one or-
chestrated by the University of
California student government, could
be more effective than divestment,
Coons said.
There, students refused to buy per-
sonal computers from IBM. The
protest cost the company millions of
dollars, Coons said.
Regent Paul Brown (D-Petosky)has
offered another proposal for ridding
South Africa of apartheid.
INSTEAD of divesting, institutions
like the University should keep itsj
shares in the companies and apply
pressure as shareholders for the cor-
porations to pull out of South Africa,
Brown suggested.
Critics however, say this would take
too much time.
So far, 15 colleges and universities
have sold all or part of South Africa-
related investments, Coons said. This
protest accounts for a disinvestment
of over $200 million in stocks.
A DOZEN more schools currently
reviewing their investments, he said.
Among the schools who have
divested are Michigan State Univer-
sity, who sold all $8 million of their
South Africa-related investments, the
University of Wisconsin, who sold all
$9 million worth of investments, and
last month, the Board of Trustees at
Columbia University voted to divest
all $39 million in investments.
Columbia's divestiture comes after
students staged a two-week sit-in of
the university's main academic and
administrative building, Hamilton
Hall.
Anti-apartheid activists are predic-
ting that protests similar to that one
will be commonplace on college cam-
puses again this year.

IN BRIEF
COMPILED FROM ASSOCIATED PRESS AND
UNITED PRESS INTERNATIONAL REPORTS
W. German secretary defects
BONN, West Germany - A secretary in Chancellor Helmut Kohl's of-
fice has fled to Communist East Germany in the first spy case to hit the
nation's highest office since a 1974 scandal toppled Willy Brandt, officials
said yesterday.
The defection marked the latest in a drumfire of espionage incidents
that began rocking Kohl's conservative coalition government last month.
The scandal earlier touched the president's office and shook up Bonn's
spy system.
West German radio, citing Bonn security sources, said the latest defec-
tor, Herta-Astrid Willner, may have had access to secret information
about Star Wars and about a French-led high-technology project.
Star Wars is the term by which the U.S. Strategic Defense Initiative, a
space-based defense system against nuclear missiles, is commonly
known.
Government officials said the 45-year-old secretary, who had worked in
the chancellor's office for nearly 12 years, had no access to material
about the two projects.
Mrs. Willner fled to East Germany with her husband, Herbert. Chief
federal prosecutor Kurt Rebmann said both were under investigation on
suspicion of spying.
Former Thai officials arrested
BANGKOK, Thailand - Four former top military officers were
arrested yesterday and charged with treason, a capital offense, by
authorities investigating last week's failed coup.
The four include Kriangsak Chomanand, a former prime minister who
now leads one of four parties in the coalition government, said National
Police Chief Narong Mahanonda. Kriangsak is also a former supreme
commander of the armed forces.
Allegations of Kriangsak's involvement forced Ob Vasuratna, the
deputy leader of Kriangsak's National Democratic Party, to resign as in-
dustry minister yesterday. Ob's two deputies and party colleagues,
Prayote Neungchamnong and Wongse Polnikorn, also offered their
resignations.
Narong, who heads a special team investigating the Sept. 9 coup attem-
pt, said the three others charged with treason were Krasae Intharatna,
former deputy supreme commander; Serm Nanakorn, former armed
forces supreme commander; and Yod Thephasadin, former deputy army
commander in chief.
S. African students protest
JOHANNESBURG, South Africa - Police firing shotguns, rubber
bullets and tear gas clashed yesterday with one group of students boycot-
ting classes near Johannesburg and with another demanding the
reopening of hundreds of schools around Cape Town.
Mixed-race youths burned barricades of tires in Cape Town's Athlone
township and blocked roads with hijacked buses. Police fired rubber
bullets and tear gas and arrested about 176 people - including parents,
teachers and the school principal - to break up the protests.
A woman, who asked not to be named, said she saw a youth identified as
Mark Chondo, 17, shot in the back by police.
. "He waited for me while I went into a shop," she said. "As I came out, I
saw him running away and suddenly there was a bang and the shirt on his
back went red.
Blast injures 30 in Lebanon
BEIRUT, Lebanon - A suicide bomber crashed an explosive-laden car
into a Christian militia position in Israel's "security zone" in south
Lebanon yesterday, killing and wounding 30 militiamen, Lebanon's state-
run television station reported.
It said the attack was carried out at 3:15 p.m. against a South Lebanon
Army militia base in Tellet Alman between the Villages of Qaqayet el-
Jisr and Taibe in South-Lebanon, the broadcast said.
The alleged suicide car-bombing was the ninth against targets in the so-
called "security zone" created by Israel in June after it withdrew the
bulk of its troops from the South ending a three-year occupation.
There was no immediate comment from Israel on the reported bom-
bing. The Beirut television station said the attack was claimed by a
Libyan-backed leftist Moslem group called the Arab Socialist Union -
the Nasserite Organization.
The broadcast said the car was packed with 660 pounds of explosives
when it rammed into the Tellet Alman post, about 5 miles north of the
Israeli border.
The television station reported the bombing along with a 30-second pre-
recorded videotape interview with the suicide bomber.
The young bomber, who identified himself as Mohammed Awad Masri,
was dressed in camouflage militia fatigues and flashed the "V" for vic-
tory sign as he appeared on the screen.
Senate passes immigration bill
WASHINGTON - The Senate, reversing itself on an immigration bill
amendment, voted 51-44 yesterday to allow 350,000 foreigners to enter the
country as temporary farm laborers.
The seasonal workers provision was the last major immigration issue
preventing a vote on the bill, which is designed to drastically reduce the
numer of illegal aliens entering the country.
But chief sponsor Alan K. Simpson, (R-Wyo.), delayed final action until
today, in hopes of preventing a move to attach an unrelated Social Security
provision to the legislation.
The overall measure would strive to slow illegal immigration by providing

$16.7 million over two years to improve border enforcement, as well as im-
posing severe fines against employers knowingly hiring undocumented
workers.
Within three years of enactment, the bill also would grant amnesty to
thousands of illegal immigrants who arrived in the United States before Jan.
1, 1980.
Only last week, the Senate had voted 50-48 to table - in effect kill - a
seasonal workers provision that did not include a limitation on the number of
foreigners to be admitted to pick perishable fruits and vegetables.
Vol XCVI -No.10
The Michigan Daily (ISSN 0745-967 X) is 'published Monday through
Friday during the Fall and Winter terms and Tuesday through Saturday
during the Spring and Summer terms by students at the University of
Michigan. Subscription rates: through April - $10.00 in Ann Arbor; $20.00
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The Michigan Daily is a member of The Associated Press and Sub-
scribes to United Press International, Pacific News Service, Los Angeles
Times Syndicate, and College Press Service.

4

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(at the corner of East U. and

(313)662.3201
South U.)

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-sI

(Continued from Page 1)
to put in 40 hours a week," said Mary
Ann Nemer, a representative from
LSA. "Let's be realistic; we have to
get somebody in the post soon."
Daniel Melendez, a representative
from Rackham said "in a complex
organization like MSA, respon-
sibilities should be divided."
SEVERAL MSA leaders suggested
Rackham student Bruck Belcher as a
qualified candidate for vice president.
"Of the people I've seen he would be
the best candidate for the job. He's
highly qualified and highly commit-
ted," said Eric Schnaufer, MSA's per-
sonnel committee head.
Schnaufer added, however, that the
fact that Belcher is not a minority or a
female will probably hurt his can-
didacy.
BELCHER said he is interested in
the position because he feels his
liberal views are more similar to

Josephson's stances than those of the
other candidates.
"I feel that a liberal slate was elec-
ted, so it's important for a liberal to be
chosen as vice president," Belcher
said. "Philip Cole seems too conser-
vative."
"I feel that I'm well-qualified for
the post," Belcher said, adding that
he would be able to put in 35-40 hours a
week.
BELCHER'Ssexperience within
MSA includes service on the MSA
Personnel Committee, MSA Restruc-
ting Committee, and, most recently,
the Committee on Reorganization,
which is seeking to reform the assem-
bly's direction.
Josephson agreed that Belcher "has
the willingness and the expertise to do
the job - if he has help."
In additon, Josephson said, four
other students have expressed an in-
terest in becoming co-vice president.

The Office of Major Events
and WIOB Welcome
STEVIE RAY
VAUGHAN AND
DOUBLE TROUBLE

Editor in Chief....................NEIL CHASE
Opinion Page Editor............ JOSEPH KRAUS
Managing Editors........GEORGEA KOVANIS
JACKIE YOUNG
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Features Editor............LAURIE DELATER
City Editor .................ANDREW ERIKSEN
Personnel Editor............TRACEY MILLER
NEWS STAFF: Jody Becker, Laura Bischoff, Nancy
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Markon, Eric Mattson, Amy Mindell, Kery Mura-
kami, Christy Reidel, Stacey Shonk, Katie Wilcox.
Magazine Editor ............. RANDALL STONE
Arts Editor ....................CHRIS LAUER
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Records ......................BETH FERTIG

Sports Editor,...................TOM KEANEY
Associate Sports Editors ............. JOE EWING
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ADAM MARTIN
PHIL NUSSEL
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Morgan, Jerry Muth, Adam Ochlis, Mike Redstone,
Scott Shaffer, Howard Solomon.
Business Manager.........DAWN WILLACKER
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Assistant Sales Manager ..............YUNA LEE
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