The Michigan Daily -Thursday, September 12, 1985 - page 3
Botha restores citizenship
to blacks of some tribes
JOHANNESBURG, South Africa
(AP) - President Botha abandoned a
pillar of apartheid yesterday by
declaring that blacks consigned to
nominally independent tribal
homelands can have their South
African citizenship restored.
The announcement was coupled
with a defiant statement by Botha
that South Africa's white-minority
government would chart its own cour-
se toward racial reform and would
not be influenced by pressure from
the United States.
BOTHA TOLD a party congress
that 3 million blacks living in "white"
South Africa but who are official
citizens of four independent homelan-
ds will have their citizenship restored.
he also was prepared to give "dual
citizenship" to an additional 5 million
blacks living inside the four homelan-
"(This is) additional proof of this
goverment's willingness to react to
the agendas of those on the other side of
the negotiating table," Botha
declared at the Orange Free State
province congress of his ruling
National Party in Bloemfontein.
"This is the manner in which we
will build a common future and not by
throwing stones and carrying red
THE STATEMENT was a far cry
from giving the vote to blacks. Under
apartheid, South Africa's 5 million
whites rule 24 million blacks who are
denied most rights.
But the announcement marked
Botha's first outright
acknowledgement that a grand design
of apartheid - that blacks are not
South Africans but citizens of 10
small, fragmented homelands - is
over. Six other homelands- have
The homeland policy
"denationalizes" black people, who
have been made citizens of tribal
homelands with varying degrees of
THE .SYSTEM of homelands is
scorned by many blacks in South
Africa and the homelands are not
The South African president said
the four homelands will remain
"sovereign states," rejecting anti-
apartheid leaders' demands for
scrapping the homelands policy.
"It is the first real step they've
taken away from apartheid," said
Sheena Duncan, head of the anti-apar-
theid Black Sash movement.
"IT IS AN abandonment of the
declared policy that all black South
Africans would one day be foreigners
and aliens in their country."
Botha also called for "all well-
meaning, reasonable and honest
South Africans" to "take to the road
of renewal, reform and freedom as
South Africans determine it and not as
or America wish to determine
Daily Photo by DAN HABIB
Musicians perform on the back of a' truck yesterday during Nostalgia Hour. The Ann Arbor Inn
sponsored the live entertainment and supplied complimentary hors d'oeuvres.
Government officials said an an-
nouncement was due today on influx
control, which denies blacks freedom
of movement into the 87 percent of
South Africa declared white. At least
11 million blacks live in "white" South
BOTHA acknowledged in an Aug. 15
policy speech that influx control was
A study by the white University of
Cape Town said that torture and
beating of South Africans detained
without charge was widespread. The
study, based on interviews with 176
former detainees over 2 years, said
83 percent were subjected to some
form of torture.
More than 500 government opponen-
ts, mainly members of the United
Democratic Front anti-apartheid
alliance, are held under long-standing
security laws. In addition, some 1,000
people are being held without charge
under emergency regulations.
DESMOND Tutu, the black
Anglican bishop of Johannesburg,
declared he will organize a national
weeklong strike and school boycott
next month unless Botha lifts a 7-
week-old state of emergency, pulls
troops out of black townships and
releases political prisoners.
"I have had enough of our people
being killed as if you were swatting
flies," Tutu said in Pietermaritzburg,
in Natal province.
In Cape Town, Nelson Mandela,
head of the outlawed African National
Congress who has been serving a life
term in prison since 1964, faced
prostate gland surgery, members of
his family said.
Brass ensemble performs concert on Diag
(Continued from Page 1)
Some students said they ap-
preciated the Diag cultural event as a
change of pace from other religious or
political events they are used to
"Lots of times I hear Mike the k
preacher yelling at people about being
immoral and having no faith in God,
and this concert provided me with
something that I didn't have to get
angry or argue about," said LSA
. senior Sharlene Deskins.
LSA senior Ron March also enjoyed
the non-political nature of the event.
"It was different, as I have never seen
ta classical performance before," he
said. "It was relaxing to just to be
able to enjoy oneself, and it was nice
to get rid of the preaching ands
screamingthatausually takes place
around here for awhile."
Susan Andrew, an LSA junior, said
she would like to have more of these
types of concerts. "I strongly support
the idea of being able to just meditate
and relax," she said, "and I think that
an approach to the more
humanitarian way of life is definitely After a moment of silence, an a
a growing theme among people on this Brass Ensemble. Students were
campus." silence to consider how they could
A rally against apartheid in South Africa and a commemoration of the
197 killing of black South African student leader Steve Biko will be held at
noon on the diag. It is sponsored by the Committee Against Racism and
Hill Street - The Big Chill, 7:30 and 9 p.m., Hillel Foundation
Auditorium, 1429 Hill Street.
C2 - Endless Summer, 7 p.m.; Monty Python's Meaning of Life, 9 p.m.,
MTF - Gallipoli, 7:30 p.m.; Picnic at Hanging Rock, 9:35 p.m.,
AAFC - Written on the Wind, 7 p.m.; Pillow Talk, 9 p.m., Nat Sci.
CG - The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari, 7 p.m.; Citizen Kane, 8:30 p.m.,
Angell Aud. A.
Japanese Studies - John Campbell, "Irass-haimase!" noon, Lane Hall
Free South Africa Coordinating Committee - 7 p.m., Pendelton Room,
University AA - noon, Michigan Union.
His House Christian Fellowship - Bible study, 7:30 p.m., 925 E. Ann.
School of Business Administration - membership drive, 3:30 p.m.,
Executive Lounge, Assembly Hall Building.
GEO - Membership meeting, 7:30 p.m., Pond Room, Union.
Inter-Varsity Christian Fellowship - 7 p.m., Kuenzel Room, Union.
Rugby Football Club - 7 p.m., Tartan Turf.
Rec Sports - Pre-trip meeting, Whitewater rafting, 7 p.m., Conference
Chemistry - Seminar, LL Lohr, "Centrifugal Distortions in Molecules:
__ An Ab Initio Approach," 4 p.m., 1200 Chemistry.
Daily Photo by DAN HABIB
udience of about 150 listened to the classical music played by the Galliard
asked by Jonathan Ellis of the Canterbury House to devote the moment of
d better humanity through their education.
Professors get 'Star
1 Wars' research funds
WE NEED EXPERIMENTAL SUBJECTS
We pay good money to persons who are
selected by initial tests for these experiments.
Call Dr. Noi, 763-8078
WEEKDAYS 9 A.M. - 6 P.M.
FOR CHORAL UNION AND FESTIVAL CHORUS
Join in a holiday tradition:
Sing with the University Musical Society
CHORAL UNION in its annual performances
of Handel's MESSIAH, December 6, 7, & 8.
Welcome spring by singing with the Festival Chorus,
performing Verdi's Requiem, April 30, 1986.
AUDITIONS WILL BE HELD
For an audition appointment, call the University
Musical Society office in the Burton Tower,
(Continued from Page 1)
be partially operated by computers
through a method he called "vehicle
control." Unmanned space vehicles
may also be subjected to this control,
"IF A vehicle's flying on its own
without a person, you've got to have
something in there doing the flying,"
Strategic Defense Initiative
Organization officials want professors
to emphasize the non-military ap-
plications of their research, he added.
Aerospace engineering Prof.
Robert Howe said his department's
proposed research would improve
NASA's ability to change satellite or-
bits and control large space struc-
"WE'RE ONLY concerned with the
research aspect," Howe said. "If
we're going to survive as a first-rate
research institution, the defense
department must supply much of our
Howe added, however, that swit-
ching orbits could give U.S. space
stations better positioning to intercept
enemy stations in a futuristic space
Prof. Gilgenbach could not be
reached for comment yesterday.
When interviewed last April, he said
his work will help produce new
welding techniques for the automobile
ALFRED Sussman, University in-
terim vice president for research,
said he supports any efforts by faculty
members to conduct Star Wars
"We have every reason to believe
that the work being done is good work,
Sussman said. "To quench research is
to effect a very important part of our
"About any research one can think
of may eventually have military ap-
plications," Sussman said.
He added, however, that his office's
position might change if any of the
Star Wars research proves to be
Dance Theatre Studio
March of Dimes
BIRTH DEFECTS FOUNDATION
Classes in ballet,
modern, jazz, tap,
beginning September 9.
The U-M Episcopal campus ministry
invites you to a Canterbury
FRIDAY, SEPT. 13th, 4 to 7 p.m.
Teas, wine, and cheese. All Welcome
EACH WEEK AT CANTERBURY HOUSE
218 N. DIVISION STREET, CORNER OF CATHERINE
For current class