Page 2 - The Michigan Daily - Friday, March 29, 1985
Editor condenms libel suits
By CHARLES SEWELL
Recent libel suits brought against
,Time Magazine and CBS Television
illustrate an erosion of the citizen's
right to criticize public officials, Gene
Roberts, executive editor of the
Philadelphia Inquirer, said yesterday.
"We are in the midst of a First.
Amendment crisis," Roberts said at the
fourth annual Murray Lecture on the
First Amendment in the Modern
Languages Building. Private citizens, as
well as media organizations, are being
hit with defamation suits today for
statements and actions which were on-
ce considered responsible citizen par-
ticipation in community affairs, he
ROBERTS SAID a growing fear of
litigation has put "a price on dissent."
If the current trend of litigation con-
tinues, major media institutions "will
be the only ones left who can afford to
speak out," Roberts said. He stressed
that while few libel suits are won by
plaintiffs, the huge expense of defen-
ding oneself can break many private
citizens and bankrupt small media
"We as a society, have delivered into
the hands of government officials a sub-
tle weapon against freedom of ex-
pression," he said.
BY GRANTING judges, legislators
and other public officials immunity
from libel laws while holding private
citizens and media organizations
responsible for their statements, "the
courts created an imbalance between
government and private citizens," he
Roberts said the courts must extend
this immunity to individuals and media
groups to correct the imbalance.
He described a court case from the
early 1960s which was a turning point in
the interpretation of the First Am en-
dment. The New York Times was being
sued by the mayor of an Alabama town
for running an advertisement linking
the. mayor to anti-civl rights actions.
The advertisement contained seven in-
correct statements. The mayor won the
case, but the decision was overturned in
THE APPEALS COURT said that
when criticizing goverment action it is
sometimes hard to avoid errors, and
those errors, the court said, do not con-
Had the court stopped there, Roberts
said, the right of the individual and the
media to criticize public officials would
have been sufficiently protected.
But the court went on to say that if one
party knowingly makes false ac-
cusations against another with intent to
harm, this can be considered
defamation. This, Roberts said, was the
origin of "the malice test" in libel suits.
"The very decision which was
designed to protect" the right to
criticize government "has become a
weapon aimed at the heart of
criticism," he said.
The efforts of citizens and small
media groups who can not afford ex-
pensive legal counsel "will be stilled" if
this trend is allowed to continue, Rober-
"The time has come to return to
basics," he said, calling on American
judges to protect the public's right to
criticize government. "The time has
come to return to the First Amen-
Students lobby state
ON ALL MEN'S AND WOMEN'S
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Sale ends Saturday, March 30,
(Continued from Page 1)
was an opportunity to thank Bullard for
his support of higher education and the
bill which would have blocked the code.
Bullard promised to re-introduce the
bill by the end of the school term.
330 S. State - Nickels Arcade
THERE ARE TWO SIDESTO
BECOMING A NURSE IN THE ARMY.
And they're both repre-
sented by the insignia you wear
as a member of the Army Nurse
Corps. The caduceus on the left
means you're part of a health carey
system in which educational and
career advancement are the rule,
not the exception. The gold bar
on the right means you command respect as an Army officer. If you're
earning a BSN, write: Army Nurse Opportunities, P.O. Box 7713,
Clifton, NJ 07015.
ARMY NURSE CORPS. BE ALLYOU CAN BE.
State Sen. Lana Pollack told the
students she supported the proposed
fund which would set aside money to
fund research at the University of
Michigan and three other schools and
opposed efforts to "water down the
fund" by dividing it up among all of the
state's public colleges and universities.-
In meetings with Bullard and Pollack
Michaes stressed the need for them to
listen to student views. "You can bring
in administrators and faculty, but
that's only a part of the institutuion's
educational community," he said.
Michaels praised the student lob-
byist'sefforts, calling the group the
"state's student assembly." He said the
group could grow to have a strong in-
fluence on the legislature and cited
similar groups in New York, California,
and Minnesota which have become
(Continued from Page 1)
receiving outpatient care in local
Chapman said she has been planning
four months for last night's event.
Preparation involved renting out Hill
Auditorium, setting up a sound system,
and getting judges for the singing and
dancing events, she said. "Everything
is under control now. I'm pretty ner-
vous though," she said shortly before
Chapman and other coordinators
weren't the only ones putting in long
hours for the show. Those involved in
acts practiced several hours a week for
as long as a month and a half. Students
were in charge of their own directing,
costumes, accompaniment, and, in the
case of dance acts, choreography.
Last night's show allowed teams to
participate in two categories - dance
and song. Alpha Gamma Delta
Sorority and Sigma Nu and Sigma Phi
Fraternities captured first place with
their renditions of "Aint-a That Good
News," a spiritual song. Alpha
Omicron Pi Sorority and Alpha Tau
Omega and Chi Psi Fraternities earned
first place honors in the dance division
with their "Raise a Ruckus Tonight"
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Located on scenic Twelve Mile Lake
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OPENINGS IN THE FOLLOWING
SKILLS: swimming (WAI), sailing,
Compiled from Associated Press and
United Press international reports
Goetz pleads innocent, pays bail
NEW YORK-Bernhard Goetz pleaded innocent to attempted murder
yesterday and was allowed to remain free on $5,000 bail for the subway
shootings that his lawyer said have made him "the best-known face in the
Assistant District Attorney Gregory Waples had asked that bail be raised
to $20,000 from the $5,000 that was set for Goetz in January.
But State Supreme Court Justice Stephen Crane refused after Barry Slot-
nick, Goetz's lawyer, said Goetz "has nowhere to go, judge. You're looking
at, unfortunately, the best-known face in the country. He couldn't flee."
"I concede the defendant has faithfully appeared in court whenever
required," Waples said, but he asked for higher bail because the new
charges, handed up Wednesday, were more serious than the indictment
issued by a different grand jury in January.
The latest indictment came after District Attorney Robert Morgenthau,
saying he had a new witness, resubmitted the case to a grand jury. Slotnick,
arguing there was no new evidence, tried unsuccessfully to block the resub-
Gorbachev criticizes U.S. buildup
GENEVA, Switzerland-U.S. and Soviet arms negotiators yesterday held
their first working session on limiting medium-range nuclear weapons amid
new charges by Moscow that Washington is using the talks as a smokescreen
for a military buildup.
In a written reply to questions from a West German peace group, the
Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev criticized congressional funding of 21 new
MX missiles, President Reagan's "Star Wars" anti-missile plan and
deployment of U.S. nuclear missiles in Western Europe.
Negotiators for both sides met for three hours and 45 minutes, the longest
session since the superpower talks resumed March 12 after earlier ones
broke off in late 1983. Both sides refused to disclose details of the session,
adhering to a secrecy agreement.
Senate urges anti-Tokyo tariffs
WASHINGTON-Escalating the U.S. 'trade war' with Japan, a unanimous
Senate voted yesterday to urge President Reagan to strike back with tariffs-
and quotas unless Tokyo opens new markets to American goods.
"Our patience is exhausted," Sen. David Boren (D-Okla.) declared before
the Senate approved the non-binding resolution on a 92-0 vote. He called
Japan's $37 billion trade surplus over the United States in 1984"an in-
The Senate's vote came on the heels of an announcement by Japanese of-
ficials that they would increase their nation's automobile exports to the
United States in the year starting Monday by 25 percent, to 2.3 million
White House spokesman Larry Speakes said Reagan was "extremely
disappointed" by the Japanese announcement. Marlin Fitzwater, another
spokesman, added, "...Our position remains that we want more access to
other Japanese markets."
Air Force suspends G.E. defense
contracts for alleged fraud
WASHINGTON-The Air Force announced yesterday it has temporarily
suspended the General Electric Co. "from obtaining any new contracts with
the Department of Defense."
"The suspension is based upon the indictment returned by a federal grand
jury in the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania on
Tuesday," Air Force Secretary Verne Orr announced.
Orr was referring to an indictment that alleges the nation's fourth largest
defense contractor defrauded the government of about $800,000 on a nuclear
Orr's letter made it clear that the suspension would not affect existing
contracts. But the letter said the suspension would apply not only to new con-
tracts but also to extensions or renewals of existing contracts.
Mary McElveen, a GE spokeswoman in Washington, said the firm would
have no immediate comment.
In his letter, Orr said the suspension will remain in effect "pending com-
pletion of the legal proceedings initiated by the indictment... unless sooner
terminated by me in whole or in part."
Sudanese riot at U.S. Embassy
KHARTOUM, Sudan-More than 2,000 demonstrators rampaged through
Khartoum and marched on the U.S. Embassy yesterday, burning cars and
looting stores in the third straight day of rioting over food price hikes. Five
people have died in the violence.
A British Broadcasting Corporation report, monitored in Mairobi Kenya.
said food riots also had broken out in other key Sudanese cities but Sudanese
officials refused comment on the report. The official Sudan News Agency
said there were no reports of disturbances outside the capital.
The latest violence brought to five the death toll for three days of rioting
spawned by gasoline and food price increases. The price hikes were
prescribed by the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund to save
Sudan from bankruptcy.
The official Sudan News Agency said more than 300 people have been
arrested in the disorders and accused the Moslem Brotherhood-a fun-
damentalist Islamic group supported by Iran and Libya-of organizing the
0 be MIJrliwan 1?attIQ
Vol. XVC - No. 141
The Michigan Daily (ISSN 0745-967 X) is published Tuesday through Sunday
during the Fall and Winter terms and Tuesday through Saturday during the
Spring and Summer terms by students at the University of Michigan. Sub-
scription rates: through April - $4.00 in Ann Arbor; $7.00 outside the city.
Second class postage paid at Ann Arbor, Michigan. Postmaster: Send
address changes to The Michigan Daily, 420 Maynard Street, Ann Arbor,
The Michigan Daily is a member of The Associated Press and subscribes to
United Press International, Pacific News Service, Los Angeles Times Syndi-
cate, and College Press Service.T
Ed, ~L~~i TOMIV KEANEY t.
/' Withe11e p tons all
h as tis'E
c p rC Co ,,v
© b-' o0t
Editor in Chief.....................,NEIL CHASE
Opinion Page Editors............ JOSEPH KRAUS
Managing Editors..........,GEORGEA KOVANIS
News Editor................THOMAS MILLER
Features Editor ............... LAURIE DELATER
Personnel Editor.............TRACEY MILLER
NEWS STAFF: Jody Becker, Laura Bischoff, Dov
Cohen, Nancy Driscoll, Lily Eng, Carla Folz, Rita Gir-
ardi, Maria Gold, Ruth Goldman, Amy Goldstein, Ra-
chel Gottlieb, Jim Grant, Bill Hahn, Thomas Hrach,
Sean Jackson, Elyse Kimmelman, David Klapman,
Debbie Ladestro, Vibeke Laroi, Carrie Levine, Jerry
Markon, Jennifer Matuja, Eric Mattson, Amy Min-
dell, Kery Murakami, Joel Ombry, Arona Pearlstein,
Christy Reidel, Charlie Sewell, Stacey Shonk, Katie
Wilcox, Andrea Williams.
Magazine Editors..,............,PAULA DOHRING
Associate Magazine Editors....... JULIE JURRJENS
Arts Editors.......................MIKE FISCH
Associate Arts Editors... MICHAEL DRONGOWSKI
Movies..................... BYRON L. BULL
Music..................... DENNIS HARVEY
Sports a tor . .. .. .. ... . .... .... ... Iv r IE
Associate Sports Editors............. JOE EWING
SPORTS STAFF: Dave Aretha, Eda Benjakul, Mark
Borowsky, EmilyBridgham, David Broser, Debbie de-
Frances, Joe Devyak, Chris Gerbasi, Rachel Goldman.
Skip Goodman, Jon Hartmann, Steve Herz, Rick Kap-
Ian. Mark Kovinsky, John Laherty, Tim Makinen,
Scott McKinlay, Scott Miller, Brad Morgan, Jerry
Muth, Adam Ochlis, Mike Redstone, Scott Salowich,
Scott Shaffer, Howard Solomon.
Business Manager-----------------...LIZ CARSON
Sales Manager............... DAWN WILLACKER
Marketing Manager ................ LISA SCHATZ
Finance Manager ................. DAVE JELNIK
Display Manager..............KELLIE WORLEY
Classified Manager...............JANICE KLEIN
Nationals Manager-----.---JEANNIE McMAHON
Personnel Manager.............. MARY WAGNER
Ass't. Finance Mgr........... FELICE SHERAMY
Ass't. Display Mgr ..............DOUG SMITH
Ass't. Display Mgr. ............ LIZ UCHITELLE
Ass't. Sales Mgr...........MARY ANNE HOGAN
Ass't. Classified Mgr.............BETH WILLEY
ADVERTISING STAFF: Jill Adelman, Carla Balk,
Julia Barron, Amelia Bischoff, Sue Cron, Monica
Crowe, Melanie Dunn, Richard Gagnon, Meg Gallo,
Susan Gorge, Betsy Heyman, Jen Heyman, Tammy
Herman, Linda Hofman, Lori Marusak, Sue Mel-
ampy, Stephani Mendelson,LMatt Mittelstadt, Emily
Mitty, Jeanne Perkins, Judy Rubenstein, Judith
:, : /
M I I I