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March 14, 1985 - Image 1

Resource type:
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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1985-03-14

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Ninety-five Years
of
Editorial Freedom

E

Lit ivan

i Iai1

Laundry
Mostly cloudy. High in the lower
40s.

Diol. XCV, No. 128 Copyright 1985, The Michigan Daily Ann Arbor, Michigan - Thursday, March 14, 1985 Fifteen Cents Eight Pages

U.S. arms
negotiators
ifxp ect
ve talks
GENEVA, Switzerland (AP) - U.S.
negotiators expect a "full and lively
dialogue" when they meet their Soviet
counterparts today for their first full
scale discussion on curbing offensive
and defensive nuclear weapons
systems.
The session, two days after an
opening get-acquainted meeting, will
include the three chief negotiators on
each side who will start bargaining for
reductions of long-range and inter-
mediate-range nuclear missiles and
control of space arms.
U.S. spokesman Joseph Lehman told
reporters yesterday the American
delegation hoped "to get down to ear-
Snest business right away," and said "I
can assure you there will be a full and
lively dialogue."
Lehman said the American
delegation, headed by Max Kam-
pelman, was "off to a smooth start" in
arrangements for the Geneva
negotiations which began Tuesday with
a meeting at the Soviet msision.
While the three chief American
negotiators were at Tuesday's opening
,round, only Kampleman's Soviet coun-
terpart, Victor Karpov, was on hand.
See U.S., Page 3

'M'

football

ticket prices

to

go

~T
Daily Photo by KATE O'LEARY
My home is where my heart is
Dianne Lynne Shorter stands outside the U-M art museum "gathering and exchanging informaton." Born in Virginia,
she is currently looking for housing in Ann Arbor.

By STEVEN E. HERZ
The cost of seeing a Michigan football
game will increase -to $14 this fall
following a meeting of the University's
Board in Control of Intercollegiate
Athletics Tuesday.
Athletic Ticket Manager Al Renfrew
said it was a decision based on
necessity. "All you're trying to do is
balance your budget."
THE University's athletic budget
must support all sports except men's
basketball. "Whatever we make in
football supports all other sports," Ren-
frew said.
Student tickets willcost $7 per game
or $42 for the season.
Although the rise in ticket prices may
seem routine, it was caused, at least in
part, by changes in television revenue.
In 1983 the Universities of Georgia
and Oklahoma went to court against
college football's governing body, the
NCAA. The schools felt they should be
allowed to be on television as often as
they wanted. After months of litigation
the United States Supreme Court ruled
in favor of Georgia and Oklahoma.
FOLLOWING the decision a number
of schools joined Georgia and
Oklahoma to form the College Football
Association, presently 53 schools
strong.
While the intent of the lawsuit was to
bring greater attention to college foot-
ball and.its major schools, the results
haven't been as favorable.
As Mark Carlson, a programming
director of CBS Sports in New York,
explains, "The market value for college
football games has gone down.'' With
CBS and a number of cable stations

joining ABC in broadcasting regularly
scheduled games, the market has been
saturated.
WITH THIS added programming
aimed at an audience that hadn't
greatly expanded the ratings for games
fell sharply. And as a result, Carlson
notes, "the advertising time is being
devalued."
With less money being paid out for
the rights to televise games many
schools have had no choice but to raise
ticket prices. Associate Athletic Direc-
tor Don Lund points out, "We were the
only school in the Big Ten who didn't
raise (ticket prices) last year."
Despite the glut of games being seen
many schools are forced to televise as
many games as possible to post profits.
The Big Ten is reportedly close to
signing an agreement with the Turner
Broadcasting System to supplement its
package with CBS.
Larger schools aren't alone in this
predicament. "They're all making
less," Carlson said, referring to
smaller universities. The less money
big schools generate from the television
the less that is channeled down to the
small ones, he explained.
An end does not appear in sight to this
problem. "The Supreme Court ruling
will not reverse itself," Carlson said
And with the universities divided bet-
ween the NCAA and the CFA, the net-
works will continue to pay less.
Carlson sees no problem here. "The
networks benefit and the viewers profit.
The universities are the only ones who
are losing:"-;F

Code may not cover felonies

By ERIC MATTSON
Several members of the University Council yester-
day said that criminal and civil courts should deal
with students accused of committing serious crimes.
1 Sociology Prof. Ann Hartman suggested that the
council look at "more pro-active" solutions to safety
problems on campus.
STUDENTS have argued that the University can
best combat campus safety problems by providing
things like better lighting and emergency telephones
instead of relying on a code of nonacademic conduct.
Several members of the council, however, in-
dicated that some sort of code addressing less serious
problems is a goed idea.
The council, a nine-member panel composed of"

faculty, administrators, and students, is in charge of
formulating a code.
SO FAR, the council has been trying to determine
exactly what the problems are by having various
administration and safety officials testify. Yester-
day's meeting wrapped up that phase with two attor-
neys discussing the criminal and civil court systems.
Neither lawyer said whether the law adequately
protects students, but'both agreed that a limited in-
ternal code with plenty of due process might be
useful.
Edward Goldman, a University attorney who ad-
dressed the civil side of the court system, disagreed
with one of the key arguments against the code.
STUDENTS have said that the University can get

an injunction to keep an alleged attacker away from
his victim, but Goldman said that he rarely uses in-
junctions.
"To me, an injunction is a piece of paper. I would
hate to be standing there holding a piece of paper
saying, 'don't hit me,' "Goldman said.
Carl Shaner, a local defense attorney, agreed that
an injunction probably wouldn't deter an attacker.
"THE PERSON is going to walk out of the cour-
troom and the judge isn't going to be there," he said.
Without someone keeping tabs on the alleged offen-
der, an injunction is not very effective, Shaner said.
Shaner suggested other ways that the University
could help victims in criminal court cases. In
See ATTORNEYS, Page 2

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Candidates
miss
election
forum

By BILL HAHN
The Michigan Gay Undergraduates
and the Lesbian-Gay Political Caucus
of Washtenaw County sponsored an
open forum for Ann Arbor City Council
candidates last night at the Guild
House, but the candidates failed to
make an appearance.
"Only two of the nine candidates in-
vited bothered to call us to say they
could not make it," said Jim Toy, a
member of the Lesbian-Gay Political
caucus and organizer of the event.
"Both of these candidates are
Democrats," he said.
COUNCIL MEMBER Lowell Peter-

son (D-second ward) and,

James Bur-

chell, also a democratic candidate for
the second ward were the ones that
called, said Toy.
The purpose of the forum was "to
educate both ourselves and the can-
didates on gay rights in Ann Arbor,"
said Drew Parker, a member of MGU.
"We want to get an idea on where they
stand on gay rights," he added.
"We have already held a meeting
with the mayoral candidates in early
February," Parker said, "only the
Democratic candidates showed up."
See CANDIDATES, Page 3

MSA

minority researcher,

stresses student- retention

Cocaine use spreads in U.S .

SUMMIT, N.J. (AP) - Cocaine, once a status drug used
mainly by affluent big-city dwellers in their 30s, appears to
be spreading "like wildfire" to rural lumber camps, subur-
ban bars and Midwestern auto factories, a researcher said
yesterday.
Dr. Arnold Washton, researcher director for a national
counseling hot line, said a more sophisticated distribution
network, lower prices and the impulse to imitate trend-
setters have helped the drug seep into almost every segment
of society.
A SURVEY of 2,000 randomly selected callers in February
showed that cocaine has moved away from being a leisure
drug to being "the drug of choice of working people,"
Washton said.
"We have spoken to people in lumber camps, on farms, on
auto assembly lines," he said. "People are using it on the
job."
Dr. Mark Gold, who founded the 800-COCAINE hot line at
Fair Oaks Hospital here in May 1983 to provide treatment
referrals and counseling, said staff members compared the
results of the February survey to those of a similar poll con-
ducted in the summer of 1983.
THE NUMBER of cocaine users calling from Northeastern
states decreased from 47 percent of the total to 22 percent,

the survey showed.
Meanwhile, the number of calls from the South increased
from 9 percent to 23 percent and calls from the Midwest rose
from 11 percent to 23 percent.
The hot line receives an average of 1,200 calls a day.
"WE'RE. NOW SEEING calls coming in from such
southern states as Louisiana, Mississippi, Georgia,
Alabama, Texas and North Carolina at the rate of 4 percent
from each state," said Gold. "In our 1983 survey, New York
City and Los Angeles alone accounted for nearly half the
calls to the helpline."
The survey also showed that the profile of the typical
cocaine user has shifted within the last year and a half:
In 1983, most callers were white men in their early 30s with
a college education, living in a major metropolitan area and
making more than $25,000 a year.
In 1985, the average user is a 28-year-old of either gender
who is a middle-income earner living anywhere in the United
States, the survey found.
"This has spread like wildfire," said Washton.
The survey also showed that consumption has increased to
an average of 6 grams to 7 grams a Neek from an average of
4 grams to 5 grams in 1983. During the same period, the price
has decreased from about $125 to $70 a gram, said Washton.

By NANCY DRISCOLL
MSA minority student researcher
Roderick Linzie said yesterday that the
University's top priority should be the
improvement of the quality of life of
minorities on campus. He said
proposals to increase financial aid
awards for minorities reaiched only
part of the Affirmative Action goals.
At Campus Meet the Press in the Kuen-
zel Room of the Michigan Union, Linzie
answered questions which focused on a
report released Monday by the Univer-
sity. The report authorized by Univer-
sity associate vice president Niara
Sudarkasa, is the first installment of a
three-part series on improving
recruitment and retention of minority
students at the University.
"IT IS a good report in terms of
giving financial assistance to students.
I'm happy that was the initiative that
came forth," said Linzie. "In my
opinion, the report tries to do three
things: increase the pool of applicants,
increase the acceptance rate, and in-
crease the enrollment rate." He also
said that a strong point in the report
was that it called for the reduction of
the importance of standardized test
scores in the admission process.
But Linzie said that the plan did not
emphasize retention. "What is impor-

tant is that we look at what's happening
between the processes of recruitment
and graduation."
MSA president Scott Page, said, "It
doesn't make a great deal of sense to
bring in more. students if you don't take
the time to make the University a
livable place." He said that the fact
that the University was relying on in-
creased enrollment to deal with the
retention problem was "very
dangerous.
LINZIE SAID students do "experien-
ce racism in the classroom and in,
housing situations" and it was the
responsibility of the University to ad-
dress those problems.
"Everyone should have the oppor-
tunity to come to the University. I think
our Affirmative Action goals should be
tied with the premise that when we
open the door, students should be given
the opportunity and resources to
achieve," said Linzie.
"This has been going on for 15
years," said Deborah Greene, a retur-
ning University student who was a
freshman in 1967. She said the problems
of recruitment and retention of
minority students had been discussed
extensively in 1967, 1969, and 1970.

Linzie
... stresses quality of life

"How many years does it take for you
to figure it out? If you can split the
atom, can't you keep minority students
here?" she asked.

"Without continuation
these kinds of questions
dressed," said Linzie.

of dialogue,
don't get ad-

r

TODAY
Roll up your sleeves
YOU WERE BORN between 1957-1968 and haven't had an
Tupdated measles shot yet, take heart-you'll have the
Ehance to roll un your sleeve and take your medicine at one

will be run jointly by University Health Service and
Michigan Center of Public Health personnel, will be in most
dorms on campus: Thursday, March 14: Law Club and
Martha Cook, 11 a.m.-4 p.m., Fletcher 4:30-7:00 p.m.;
Friday, March 15: Betsy Barbour, 3:30-7:00 p.m., Stock-
well, 11 a.m.-7 p.m.; Tuesday, March 19: Mosher Jordan
and Alice Lloyd, 11 a.m.-7 p.m.; Wednesday, March 20:
Couzen and Markley 11 a.m.-7 p.m.; Thursday, March 21:
Baits I and II and Bursley, 11 a.m.-7 p.m., Oxford Housing,

spokesman for the Pennsylvania Society of Public Accoun-
tants said when he told a House subcommittee that private
accountants fearing the Internal Revenue Service have
suggested wearing hoods while testifying at congressional
hearings. "The IRS has sunk so low in public opinion that a
responsible accountant honestly believes he needs a hood to
protect himself from IRS retaliation.

He ostentatiously threw a quarter into a jarful of coins each
of six times he used the word. At his last news conference,
Gardner used "basically" at least 18 times. On Tuesday,
however, he earned 25 cents when a reporter used the word.
And that's basically it.

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