PagA -- The Michigan Daily _ Sunday, February 10, 1985
Thatcher pays off party's gamble
LONDON (AP)-Virtually by ac-
cident, Britain's Conservative Party
chose its first woman leader 10 years
It seemed a high-risk gamble, but
Margaret Thatcher has stamped her
distinctive style and right-wing views
on her party and nation more forcibly
than any modern British leader.
MANY THOUGHT the grocer's
daughter would never survive, that she
would be just an interim head until the
defeated party rallied behind a more
traditional Tory leader.
"She had nothing going for her,"
recalled Sir Fergus Montgomery, one
of an initial handful of Conservative
legislators who backed Thatcher for the
leadership when the party moved to
replace Edward Heath, the former
prime minister. Heath had led the Con-
servatives in 1974 to two successive
election defeats by the Labor Party.
"She was an outsider," Montgomery
said in an interview. "She didn't come
from a landed or aristocratic family.
And all the time she was fighting her
sex - all those who felt that having a
woman was wrong."
TEN YEARS later, Thatcher is 19
months into her second five-year term
as prime minister, raring to run for a
third-and her sex is one of the few
things about Europe's first woman
head of government that no longer
Now the longest serving Tory leader
since Sir Winston Churshill's 15-year
tenure ended in 1955, Thatcher, 59, has
swung the party away from her
predecessors' attempts at consensus in
Since she led the Conservatives back
to power in May 1979 on a platform of
halting economic and national malaise,
Britain has, she maintains, "found self-
respect at home and found a new
respect and admiration abroad."
CRITICS, INCLUDING some mem-
bers of her own party, charge she has
thrown millions out of work as the price
of curbing inflation, that she has
divided Britain, increased the nuclear
threat through hawkish anti-Soviet
policies and given the Conservatives a
"We are now a divided Britain... and
the two nations of today are the em-
ployed and unemployed," complained
former Foreign Secretary Francis
Pym, whom Thatcher fired from her
Cabinet in 1983.
Admirers and opponents agree that,
for better or for worse, the Conser-
vative Party is not just led by Thatcher,
it now belongs to her.
GOVERNMENT POLICY is often
described simply as "Thatcherism."
"Thatcherism is a personal fixation
turned into a system of government...
a combination of ignorance and
arrogance, of pride and prejudice,"
charges Labor Party leader Neil Kin-
Despite rising unemployment, now at
a record of 13.9 percent or 3.34 million
people, Kinnock's socialistic Laborites
trail 5 points behind the Tories in poll
THAT REFLECTS both continued
disarray in the British left and also
what many commentators see as
probably Thatcher's greatest asset-an
ability to strike a chord among
Britain's skilled working classes and
Polls show majorities consider her
bossy, dictatorial and right-wing. But
she scores points for being perceived as
tough, credible and honest.
Margaret Thatcher has also had luck.
It helped her get elected Conservative
leader just six months after she had
told a reporter: "It will be years before
a woman either leads the party or
becomes prime minister. I don't see it
happening in my life time."
SHE HAD held only one Cabinet post,
as Heath's education secretary from
1970 until the Conservatives lost power
in February 1974.
After another election defeat that Oc-
tober, Tory legislators-who elect the
leader-demanded a contest. Sir Keith
Joseph, now education secretary under
Thatcher, was the acknowledged can-
didate of the party's right wing.
But then Joseh made a speech saying
working class Britons should have
fewer children because they relied too
heavily on welfare. He withdrew in the
ensuing public furor.
THATCHER STEPPED in with just a
handful of backers. Then, Heath's
main threat, Edward du Cann, a
legislator capable of attracting
widespread support, withdrew his can-
didacy for family and business reasons
and his strong campaign team switched
Thatcher topped the first ballot but
did not have the required majority.
Heath withdrew, and in a second ballot
on Feb. 11, 1975, she won with 146 votes
to 79 for her nearest rival, Heath-
supporter William Whitelaw.
"Historically and politically it is
perhaps the greatest gamble the Con-
servatives have taken since in 1868 they
swept aside prejudices against Jews to
make Benjamin Disraeli their leader,"
commented the Daily Mail, London's
Old-style, more liberal Tories were
shocked, but, Nicholas Wapshott, a
writer for The Times of London,
recalled in a 1983 biography that they
thought it was just a passing thing.
"They thought.. . her impulses would
derail her and they had only to wait to
resume their control of the party,"
... still surprises critics
Nowadays, Heath's hands scarcely
clap at the end of annual party con-
ferences when the Tory faithful cheer
the woman who is Western Europe's
longest serving head of government.
In hectic years, she has led Britain
through the Falkland Islands war
against Argentina in 1982, and survived
an Irish Republican Army
assassination attempt this past Oc-
Her voice-carefully modulated by
public relations advisers-is lower and
her blonde hair is tinted more often to
hide the gray.
But, apart from a bustling walk,
there is almost nothing middle-aged
about this mother of twins who leads
Compiled from Associated Press and
United Press international reports
Peres says Israel will avoid
Lebanese politics after pullout
AWALI RIVER, Lebanon AP-With the start of Israel's pullout from
Lebanon days away, Prime Minister Shimon Peres traveled to a front-line
outpost on the Awali River to deliver a message: Israel was leaving and had
no interest in Lebanon's chaotic politics. '
"We don't want to play the slightest role in Lebanese politics, and it is for
the Lebanese to solve their own problems, Peres told about 100 soldiers in a
post that will be abandoned by Feb. 18, the date Israel is due to complete the
first phase of a three-stage pullout.
But Peres made clear during his Feb. 6 visit that Israel's military in-
volvement was not at an end. "If a real and immediate danger will arise we
shall not hesitate to go in and do what has to be done and go home again,"
In fact, Israel's security needs may keep at least some Israeli troops in
Lebanon indefinitely despite pledges by Peres and his Cabinet to bring home
all Israeli soldiers.
Israel moved into south Lebanon on June 6, 1982 to rid the area of Palestine
Liberation Organization guerrillas it claimed were threatening its security.
Israeli troops occupied a 25-mile stretch to the country extending as far nor-
th as Sidon.
U.S. says Seoul reneged on
deal in dissident's return
SEOUL, South Korea-The U.S. ambassador accused the Seoul gover-
nment yesterday of not honoring "firm agreements" about the homecoming
of dissident politician Kim Dae-Jung, which ended with police dragging Kim
and his wife away from their U.S. escorts at the airport.
The South Korean government still had not responded to an earlier "stern
note" from the U.S. Embassy demanding an explanation, but it said Kim
provoked the Friday confrontation at Seoul's Kimpo International Airport.
Kim, 59, a longtime opposition leader who spent the past two years in self-
imposed exile in the United States, remained confined to his eastern Seoul
home. Although he could not leave, authorities insisted he was not under
house arrest. They said he was being "protected" by security forces.
Ambassador Richard Walker said U.S. authorities "had firm agreements
and scenarios worked out with the Korean government in advance" to en-
sure Kim's safe and smooth arrival with a group of American supporters.
Polish freighter sinks-25 die
BREMEN, West Germany-A Polish freighter rolled over and sank in the
icy North Sea during a winter storm, and only one sailor is known to have
survived from the crew of 25, a West German maritime agency said yester-
Gale-force winds and a blinding snowstorm forced rescuers to call off their
hunt for 15 missing crew of the Busko Zdroj, which sank quickly Friday
Only one crew member was rescued, from a drifting lifeboat, and the
bodies of nine others were found before searchers had to abandon their effor-
ts after 14 hours because of poor visibility and stormy seas, according to the
West German Society for Ships in Distress.
The rescued sailor, identified as Ryszard Ziemnicki, the ship's audio of-
ficer, was taken to a hospital on the West German island of Sylt, authorities
said. There was no immediate work on his condition.
Officials at the Bremen-based agency said the 1,171-ton Busko Zdroj sank
within 15 minutes when its cargo of steel shifted during the severe winter
storm, causing the ship to roll over into the sea late Friday.
U.S. to seek MIA's in Laos
BANGKOK, Thailand-Vietnam said yesterday it gave new information
on missing U.S. servicemen to an American military team bound for Laos to
excavate a jungle-covered crash site in search of the remains of 13 airmen.
Radio Hanoi, monitored in Bangkok, said Vietnam supplied "newly found
information on a number of American servicemen (who) died in the (In-
The broadcast said the four-man U.S. team visited the crash site of an
American plane in Vietnam's Ha Sohn Bin province, which is where Hanoi
Details were not given on whether the remains of any U.S. servicemen
were found. Col. Joe Harvey, the leader of the U.S. mission, would only say
three days of "constructive" talks were held.
EPA data shifts to be probed
WASHINGTON-The General Accounting Office has been asked to in-
vestigate how the Environmental Protection Agency gets information about
the chemical industry, following repeated after-the-fact changes in reports
of toxic releases from the Union Carbide chemical plant in Institute, W. Va.
Reps. Henry Waxman (D-Calif.) and James Florio (D-N.J.) said the
discrepencies "raise serious questions about the reliability" of data EPA
receives from the chemical industry. The doubts were especially troubling,
the congressmen wrote Friday to GAO director Charles Bowsher, because
"Union Carbide has a reputation of being one of the more safety-conscious"
Waxman and Florio are both chairmen of subcommittees of the House
Energy and Commerce Committee. They began investigating the Institute
plant after a Dec. 3 leak at a nearly identical plant in Bhopal, India, killed
more than 2,000 people.
Nazi doctor on the run in South America
BOSTON (UPI) - Josef Mengele is alive and
traveling between three South American countries,
but Nazi hunters searching for him in Paraguay are
on the wrong track, a former U.S. Justice Depar-
tment Nazi investigator said yesterday.
"The best information is he's on the move between
Chile, Argentina and Uruguay. He's on the move until
the elections settle down and he makes his selection"
about where to live, said John Loftus, who was a
Justice Department prosecutor during the Carter
"HE'S NOT in Paraguay," Loftus said, attributing
his information to an unnamed U.S. attorney in-
vestigating nationalism in South America and who
recently returned from Paraguay.
"He (the source) is impeccable and has ties with
South American intelligence services," he said, ad-
ding that Mengele lived in Paraguay until 1979 but has
been "on the move" since then and only returned to
Paraguay for a brief visit in 1982.
Mengele, the doctor-torturer at the Auschwitz con-
centration camp whoois wanted for sending some
400,000 people to their deaths, was last seen in
Paraguay in 1962. He slipped out of Germany at the
end of the war before he could be tried for his crimes.
MENGELE then went from Germany to Austria,
then to Genoa, Italy, before taking refuge in Argen-
Loftus said British agents may have smuggled
Mengele to South American thinking he was only a
wealthy Nazi, because in the early days after the war
his crimes were not well known.
U.S. officials want to help find Mengele to amend
for some of the U.S. smuggling efforts in the post-war
period, Loftus asserted.
Loftus added that the Israelis aren't actively pur-
suing Mengele because of the terrorism against South
American Jews that followed the arrest of Nazi war
criminal Adolf Eichman, in1960.
In Ann Arbor, minstrel earns $10/hr. in tips
(Continued from Page 1)
That training allows him to sing both
better and longer than most street per-
formers - usually eight to 10 hours a
day. In the winter, he takes a break
about'every 30 minutes, or "every $10"
in tips to warm up.
In a town about the size of Ann Arbor,
Suminnen pulls in about $10 an hour.
Other places, such as the Colorado ski
resorts where he last played, are more
"When I go to a really terrific place, I
can make $20, $30 (an hour)...it depen-
ds. Sometimes it happens somebody
drops a $50 bill."
Poor people are often more generous
than middle and upper class people, he
says, especially in South America. He
gets the best reception from the
Italians, he says, because "they're
hot-blooded people, you know."
But money isn't what he's after.
"I don't want to be a millionaire," he
says, shaking his head and gazing at the
sky. "I've seen too many millionaires,
and there is no purpose to it."
During his years on the road, Sumin-
nen says he has played in Europe (in-
cluding Hungary and Czechoslovakia),
South America, and parts of Africa.
But he never traveled to the United
States until two years ago becaue he
was told minstrels could not make
much money here.
Now he has played on both coasts and
in the midwest. Ann Arbor, he says, is
"one of the favorite towns because I
know Mr. Ricci" and because the city
has a special "European style."
"It has areas where (there are) no
cars - only pedestrians," he says, ad-
ding that the rows and rows of houses,
placed close to one another, remind him
Wherever he travels in the United
States, Suminnen says he is welcomed
into the homes of friends and people he
meets on the streets.
"Here I stay with friends. Sometimes
I take a hotel. In every city, people of-
fer me a place to stay.
"In Europe, I often sleep on the
trains. They are very comfortable,"
A wanderer carrying a hefty bag of
cash, a guitar, and a belt full of har-
monicas, Suminnen would seem to be
an easy target for muggers. But the
ministrel says he has had few such
problems. Europe and South America,
he says, are "harmless," but he has
been robbed in New York, Chicago, and
Passersby generally accept his
presence, but policemen in Iron Curtain
countries sometimes bring him before
the local judge for questioning.
"Sometimes they bring me to the
judge, but they never punished me.
They always apologized," he says.
Though probably talented enough to
entertain in coffee houses and bars,
Suminnen prefers to play on street cor-
ners and parks.
"I like to play music so that if people
like it, they tip me, but they don't have
to. They can wamx by, you know?
"Sometimes when I have a real big
crowd," he chuckles, "it's bad for
business because people cannot walk in
front of me. I like a walking crowd.
"And in coffee houses, they used to
pass the hat, you know? It's like
begging. I don't like that," he adds.
Although he says Bob Dylan "is the
best (pop artist)," Suminnen strums
the music of Donovan, Jimi Hendrix,
Chuck Berry, and the Rolling Stones.
The Beatles, however, aren't on his
playlist because, he asserts, "their
words have no meaning."
Students on the Diag generally agree
that Suminnen sounds better than most
street musicians, but they are sur-
prised to learn he is German and can
sing in 12 languages. Dave Wells, an
LSA sophomore, had, perhaps, the most
insightful comment: "That guitar
player reminds me of the guy who's
always going after windmills - um,
you know, - Don Quixote. I'm not sure
why, but he just seems like he'd, like,
spend his life running around trying to
On Thursday Suminnen will pack up
his gear and fly to Heidelberg before
launching a European tour. He says he
isn't sure where he'll be in six years or
even in six months, but he does know he
wants to be on the road, performing in
How does it fel? To be on your own,
with no direction home, a cxmplete
unknown, like a rolling stone?
"I want to do this forever," he smiles,
"or at least the rest of my life."
Bob Dylan would approve. So would
Is your computer syntax
throwing a loop in your
Is getting a proper meal
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Check your yellow pages for the
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@1983 Domino's Pizza, Inc
S - --"'- -- T
Vol. XVC - No. 109
The Michigan Daily (ISSN 0745-967 X) is published Tuesday through Sunday
during the Fall and Winter terms and Tuesday through Saturday during the
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Hei available for victims
Stinud frm Pa 1).
t.onunea romrage i
"In domestic violence cases, she
wants her marriage to work out
because she was trained to think -suc-
cess is getting married," she added.
Students who are sexually harassed
by employers and instructors may feel
pressured to keep silent, but shouldn't
"MEN CONSIDER lewd suggestions
to be part of human nature, while
women consider it a power situation
where men hold the power," she told
the audience of about 10.
Gallagher asked the male and female.
audience if anyone had been sexually
University of Michigan, but she said the
harassment wasn't the only reason she
left. Here she is combining a music
major with a women's studies major.
"It's critical to have some people to
talk to such as counselors and attor-
neys," Gallagher said. She pointed out
the University's affirmative action of-
fice and recommended that harassed
students keep a log of incidents as they
occur and any witnesses.
Ann Jones, a spokesperson for the
Ann Arbor branch of Planned Paren-
thood, earlier encouraged listeners to
write their state legislators and speak
out against a ban on Medicaid-funding
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