Black students goals
change, speaker says
The Michigan Daily - Friday, February 8, 1985 - Page 3
E. Quad pursues peace issues
By NORA THORP
Black students attending the nation's
dolleges in the '80s are more concerned
with financial success and less active in
working for social change than the
students of the '60s, according to a for-
ryer campaign manager for the Rev.
A wave of conservatism in the black
community has led to a greater accep-
ince of white, middle class values, Dr.
Ionald Walters told a crowd of about 50
athered in Schorland Auditorium at
te School of Education.
Today's parents are now urging their
children to work within the system to
mhake money and become a business
success, while parents in the '60s en-
couraged students to change the
s stem, the Howard University
litical science professor said. His
speech Wednesday kicked off a series of
lctures sponsored by the University's
(tenter for Afro-American and Af'ican
Studies to mark Black History month.
THE ONLY way black students will
snap out of this trend towards political
apathy is if the Reagan administration
cuts most of their scholarship dollars,
People take action on issues when
they directly affect them, but not before
that, Walters said.
He added that the anti-war mov-
ement of the 1960s is an example of this
type of student reaction. The movement
didn't gain its momentum, he said, until
students began to be drafted into the
Walters said that the election of
Ronald Reagan to his second, suc-
cessive term confirms a trend of "white
nationalism" that was noted in the 1980
election results. This trend involves
Reagan's appeal to patriotism, par-
ticularly his racist remarks regarding
Grenada, Walters said.
Although he said he felt Jackson's bid
for the Democratic presidential
nomination succeeded in unifying black
voters, Walters said blacks seem to
have been pushed out of the Democratic
Party. And this makes a Rainbow Par-
ty headed by Jackson a possibility in
1988, he said.
(Continued from Page 1)
"Students ought to be aware that
there are alternatives out there and
that they can influence," he said.
One of those alternatives is to enroll
in the University's new peace studies
THIS semester two courses in peace
studies were offered for the first time.
The University administration
agreed to finance the courses on peace
studies last summer but funding for
next year has not been decided, accor-
ding to John Reiff, who teaches the
current courses with Richard Mann.
"In creating these two courses, we
wanted to provide ways for students to
focus clearly and directly on peace and
peacemaking," said Reiff. He added
that it is crucial students recognize how
to make progress in this area on their
About 60 students are currently
enrolled in the introductory course and
22 in the peace studies seminar, Reiff
LOCAL interest in peace studies
reflects an increased commitment on
the national level. Last December, the
U.S. House and Senate passed
legislation establishing a Peace In-
stitute in Washington and $16 million is
to be appropriated for this over a three
year period. Four million dollars, a
quarter of the total budget, will go to
"non-profit and official institutions"
such as the University.
U.S. Senator Carl Levin (D-
Michigan) has approached the Univer-
sity about starting a Peace Satellite In-
stitution, according to Len Suransky,
an instructor in Project Outreach and
peace studies. But he said the funds
have not yet been officially allocated by
the Reagan administration.
The University's long range goal is to
establish an interdisciplinary peace
studies program which would pull
together programs in various LSA
departments, Reiff said.
PEACE research dates back to the
'50s when efforts were made in Europe
and the U.S. to gather information and
compile it in journal form, said Debbie
Balk, a graduate student at the Univer-
sity's Institute for Public Policy.
Balk said that there has been a surge
in peace research issues in the '80s.
"Slowly but surely peace research is
reaching the gradute studies
programs," she said.
The University's peace studies cour-
ses should introduce students to ideas
they don't normally get from the
Reagan administration and the mass
media, said University Prof. Dan
Axelrod speaking at one of the East
Other professors at the forum ex-
pressed the need for more attention to
peace issues within the University.
"Nuclear war is very likely," said
University Prof. Arthur Vander. "We
must raise (the public's) level of con-
sciousness and get them more involved,
because ten years fromnow the
situation may not be reversible."
... speaks on Nuclear War
Panel: Liberal arts mn crisis
(Continued from Page 1)
more than electrical engineers,
"Liberal arts are more important to the
future than ever."
After each member of the panel had a
chance to speak, the floor was opened
up for questions. One guest posed the
question about the quality of the un-
dergraduate education on a large cam-
doesn't matter, you have to think about
size. I suppose some things are not
available at a small size and some
things are unattainable at a large size."
"The question you have to ask is can
(education) flourish in different en-
vironments... Yes, I think it can flourish
at any size."
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Shapiro responded, "I think that size Journal contributed to this story.
H A P P EN ING S1 Speed readers cut study time
The School of Music's Department of Dance presents a senior dance concert
premiering works by dance school students at 8 tonight in Studio A of the
Dance Building (behind the CCRB).
AAFC - Ann Arbor 8mm film festival continues, 7 & 9 p.m., Aud. A,
Cinema 2 - Body Heat, 7 & 9:15 p.m., MLB 3.
CG - The King of Hearts, 7 & 9 p.m., MLB 4.
Alt Act - The Kids Are Alright, 7 & 9 p.m., Nat. Sci.
School of Music - Violin students recital, 8 p.m., Recital Hall, School of
Anthropology - Patricia Johnson, "Women and Development in Highland
New Guinea: An Anthropological Approach," 4 p.m., Room 2021 LSA
Guild House - Shirley McRae, "The Sanctuary Movement," noon, 802
German department - Prof. Joachim Dyck, "Lessing's Minna von Bar-
nherm in the context of Prussian History," 4 p.m., West Conference Room,
College of Engineering-Jerry Wolen, "MSU Cyclotron,"' 3:45 p.m., White
Auditorium, Cooley Building; James Freudenberg, "Issues in Frequency
Domain Feedback Design - Part II," 4 p.m., Room 2031, East Engineering
South and South East Asian Studies - R. Tucker,"Migratory Grazing and
Environmental Pressures in the Western Himalayas," 12:10 p.m., Lane Hall
Museum of Zoology - Richard Alexander, "New Work on Kinship and the
Social Insects," 4 p.m., MLB 4.
Chinese Students Christian Fellowship - 7:30 p.m., Memorial Christian
Church, corner of Hill and Tappan Streets.
Ann Arbor Chinese Bible Study - 7:30 p.m., basement of Univ. Reformed
Church, 1001 E. Huron Road.
Korean Christian Fellowship - Bible study, 9 p.m., Campus Chapel.
Union Counciling Services - Dissertation support group, 8:30 a.m., Room
International Students Fellowship -7 p.m., 4100 Nixon Road.
Museum of Art - Reception, Jori Blackman, 5 p.m., Museum of Art.
University Lowbrow Astronomers, 7:30 p.m., Detroit Observatory, Ann
and Observatory Streets.
Lambda Chi Alpha - Party to benefit Mott's Children's Hospital, 8:30
p.m., Nectarine Ballroom.
Bridge Club - 7:30 p.m., Michigan League.
American Red Cross - Blood Drive, 10 a.m., Union.
Black Law Students Alliance - Congressman George Crockett, Prof.
James Jenning, injustices in South Africa, 4 p.m., Lawyers Club Main
Fifth Annual Copernicus Lecture - Czeslaw Milosz, Joseph Brodsky,
Josef Skvorecky, Stanislaw Baranczak, "Post-Marxist Central Europe: The
Struggle for Cultural Survival," 7:30 p.m., Rackham Amphitheater.
International Folk Dance Club - Serbian, Beginners, and intermeds, 8
p.m., open request, 9:30 -11 p.m., Angell Elementary School, 1608S. Univer-
s Wrestling - Michigan vs. Iowa State, 7:30 p.m., Crisler Arena.
To submit items for the Happenings Column, send them in care of
Happenings, The Michigan Daily, 420 Maynard St., Ann Arbor, MI 48109
(Continued from Page 1)
BUT NOT all students - or
professors - believe that speed reading
According to D. H. Klein, an instruc-
tor in Northwestern University's School
of Speech, "Evelyn Wood appears to be
effective for scanning school related
subjects and for leisure reading, but is
less effective for dealing with material
that needs to be comprehended and in-
terpreted. Students do not seem to
retain the skill unless it is used con-
sistenly, in other words, the long term
benefits are not very significant."
Others say that speed reading is not
an effective method for reading
"DIFFERENT material requires dif-
ferent reading speeds," said Alan
Howes, a University English professor.
And while he added that he is not an ex-
pert on speed reading, he did say that
"(It) is not as good in English as in
courses that are more factual."
Lincoln Faller, an English professor,
agrees. "In literary studies, speed
reading is worthless," he says. "If the
main goal is just to get the gist of
materials or to scan for various topics,
speed reading would be fine. Speed
reading ignores the mode in which
material is presented. In classes like
political science or history, where the
writing is bland or insipid, why not
speed read," he said.
"I'm not against speed reading, but
like any instrument, it has various ap-
plications," he said.
Some students are also lukewarm on
the idea of speed reading.
"MANY students can benefit from
such programs, but some students are
pushed beyond their potential and the
result is a psychological learning
calamity that may turn out to be a cou-
nterproductive method of reading com-
prehension," said Daniel Bublick, an
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LSA sophomore who has taken a speed
David Marszalec, an engineering
school sophomore said the speed
reading course he took didn't improve
his reading speed.
"It forced me to do a lot of reading,
thus made me concentrate on com-
prehending the material. (It) didn't do
much for my speed, but my com-
But despite the possibilities to pick up
their reading pace, some students say
they won't enroll in a speed reading
"I don't have the time, but I think it is
a good idea," said Chris Pombier, a
LSA sophomore. "I don't have that
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