Page 2 - The Michigan Daily - Wednesday, December 5, 1984
High court debates
WASHINGTON (AP) - The legitimacy of setting laws, but not all of them mention prayer.
aside daily moments of silence for student prayer or BATON ROUGE, La., lawyer John B
meditation in the nation's public schools was debated ding the Alabama law for Gov. GeorgeP
yesterday before a sharply divided Supreme Court. it does not coerce students to pray.
In a case as politically charged as any on their "No one knows whether fellow s
docket, the justices must decide whether state laws praying, meditating or vegetating," he s
allowing public schools to provide such periods may But Mobile, Ala., lawyer Ronnie W
mention "prayer" as one possible activity during the trayed the law as a "blatant attempt" to;
silence. 1962 Supreme Court decision bannin
get around a
which does not mention prayer - would not suffice as
well, Baker said many people did not realize they
could spend the silent time praying.
"MANY PEOPLE are under the impression that
students don't have the right to pray silently," Baker
Chief Justice Warren Burger appeared sym-
pathetic to Baker's contention, at one point asking
Williams, "Is a teacher telling students anything
more than what the Constitution guarantees - that
they have a right to pray silently?"
But Justice Thurgood Marshall, suggesting that the
law's real purposes was to promote prayer, asked
Bator: "Didn't students have the right to pray silen-
tly before the statute was passed?"
THE 1981 Alabama law was challenged by Ishmael
Jaffree, an agnostic whose three children attend
public schools in Mobile.
The court will take a preliminary, secret vote in the
case today, and announce its final decision by July.
NUMEROUS political candidates this year - in-
cluding President Reagan - called for a return of
organized prayer in public schools.
Regan administration lawyer Paul Bator told the
high court that laws such as Alabama's "enhance the
opportunity for students to bring silent prayer as part
of their activities at school" as he defended an
Alabama law that allowed moments of silence for
"meditation or voluntary prayer."
At least 22 other states have moment of silence
prayer sessions from public schools.
A FEDERAL appeals court struck down the
Alabama law, ruling that it violated the con-
stitutionally required separation of church and state.
But Baker said the 11th Circuit Court of Appeals
was wrong, and added that the invalidated 1981 law
merely "accommodates those who by conscience feel
compelled to open their school day with prayer."
When Justice John Paul Stevens pressed Baker to
explain why a 1978 Alabama moment of silence law -
Protesters refuse to obey court order
(Continued from Page 1)
another form of protest. The jails are
already overcrowded with "real
criminals," he said.
Residential College junior Mike
O'Neill used an adaption of a song writ-
ten by folk singer Malvina Reynolds to
answer O'Brien's question. He sang:
It isn't nice to ,go to block the
It isn't nice to go to jail,
There are nicer ways to do things,
But those nicer ways always fail.
O'NEILL SAID he would return to
Williams if "called by my conscience,
and if joined by the other demon-
strators, many of whom are his close
But O'Brien charged: "You don't
seem to have any conscience, you're
telling me about some folk singer. Are
you moved by some kind of compulsion
which forces you to do this? Or are you
moved by your friends?"
Doug Hamm of Ann Arbor, another
protester, said the group has tried to
talk to the plant's worers about the
firm's military contracts. But because
they refuse to enter a discussion, the
group blocks their driveway in order to
force them to think about the issue, he
WILLIAMS requested the civil con-
tempt charge in an attempt to end a
series of anti-nuclear demonstrations
which have resulted in 75 arrests since
August 1983, said Dorothy Whitmarsh,
a nurse in Ann Arbor.
Under criminal contempt charges,
protesters can serve out a 30-day sen-
tence and return to demonstrate again,
Whitmarsh said. She and four others
have been arrested for blockades at
"If they ask to punish us for 25 to 30
days, then there is just a wave - a gr-
owing wave - that will continue at
Williams," she said.
THE PROTESTERS said they expec-'
ted the civil contempt sentence, but
were undecided about what they would
do, if anything, to shorten their senten-
ce without promising to obey the injun-
"I'm scared to death of spending a
long time in jail," Cortelyou said after
O'NEILL SAID later that lawyers for
Williams might ask to end his sentence
if they feel he no longer poses a threat
to the firm's workers.
Last summer, Williams called for the
release of five demonstrators who were
jailed on civil contempt charges after
they began a hunger strike.
For the second day in a row, the
demonstrators went home instead of to
jail, despite their fears that they would
be incarcerated. Reflecting on his two
days of unexpected freedom, O'Neill
remarked, "All I know is that I don't
feel very free."
Compiled from Associated Press and
United Press International reports
Gas leak kills 1,000 in India
BHOPAL, India-The poison gas leak from a pesticide plant has killed 1,000,
people, doctors said yesterday, and many of the survivors in this central In-
dian city are threatened by blindness and sterility.
The doctors said many of the dead were children and the elderly, who were
not strong enough to withstand-or outrun-the lethal cloud that spread over
25 square miles of this city of 900,000 on Monday.
The methyl isocyanate gas had began leaking at 1 a.m. from an un-
derground storage tank at a Union Carbide pesticide plant in a poor area of
Bhopal. The lead was stopped after 40 minutes, but the gas seeped silently
over the city through the early hours of the morning.
Police on Monday arrested five plant officials on negligence charges and
sealed off the factory. Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi, who toured the city.,
yesterday, said it would never reopen.
Police teams searched house to house, stepping over the carcasses of
water buffalo, dogs, and birds that dropped in the streets when the poison
overcame them. The police often had to break down doors bolted from the ,
inside by frantic victims in a vain attempt to keep out the gas.
The gas slowly dissapated into the atmosphere through the day, but air
samples yesterday still showed traces of the poison in the air.
Tutu calls Reagan polcy evil'
WASHINGTON - Black Anglican Bishop Desmon Tutu called President
Reagan's South African policy "immoral, evil and totally un-Christian"
yesterday and offered to meet with the president before flying to Europe to
receive the Nobel Peace Prize.
Reagan's chief spokesman said no meeting was planned.
"We are talking about a moral issue," the bishop-designate of Johan- -
nesburg said, declaring that South Africa's apartheid policy of racial
segregation "is evil, is immoral, is un-Christian," Tutu said.
Twenty-two people, including seven House members, have been arrested
during a 2-week-old series of demonstrations outside the South African em-
bassy here. The protest spread to New York on Monday, where four arrests
were made at the nation's consulate, and organizers said it will extend to
other U.S. cities where the Pretoria government has diplomatic offices.
Panel finds violations in Ferraro.
financial forms, won't take action
WASHINGTON-The House ethics committee found that Geraldine Ferraro
violated the Ethics in Government Act at least 10 times but is not recom-
mending any formal House action against the lame-duck representative, a
congressional source said yesterday.
The committee voted 8-2 Monday to adopt a staff report that says the 1984
Democratic vice presidential nominee failed to provide complete infor-
mation on her required financial disclosure statements since entering
Congress in 1979, according to the source.
But because the New York lawmaker is leaving office when the 99th
Congress convenes Jan. 3, the 12-member panel plans no further action, said
the source, who spoke only on condition he not be identified.
Normally, when the ethics committee finds a House member in violation
of the ethics law, it issues a statement of alleged violation, which the mem-
ber has 21 calendar days to answer.
Hijackers seize Kuwait jetliner
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MSA supports dental
school minority recruiter
Rabbi Morris Allen, Director of Recruitment,
will be at Hillel to answer questions and with
information about JTS programs.
*,. _Nt ',
THURSDAY, DEC. 6
for appointment call 663-3336
1429 HILL ST.
(Continued from Page 1)
The dental school currently has 9 per-
cernt black enrollment, according to
Linzie's letter, falling only 1 percent
short of the University's goal. The
school's entering freshman class has
15.7 percent black enrollment, the letter
MSA members are concerned that
eliminating Jones' fulltime position will
be threatening to minority enrollment
in the school.
If the University is successful in
eliminating the present position, two
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(Continued from Page 1)
If the state really wanted to enforce
the law the University could lose a
corresponding percentage of its state
appropriations, Selanger said.
BUT TODAY'S enrollment realities
have forced the legislature to disregard
the technicalities implicit in theUlaw,
according to Richard Kennedy, Univer-
sity vice president for government
Such realities include the dramatic
drop expected in the amount of
qualified University applicants. The
number of high school graduates in the
University's prime recruiting grounds
is predicted to drop by as much as 23
percent and this trend isn't expected to
change until 1994.
State House fiscal analyst Ron Roott
warns that the potential for state action
against the University is there. "The
budget process allows the leeway to
slap hands very easily," Roott said.
So far the legislature hashnot done
this and that bodes well for the Univer-
sity, Roott said.
"If the legislature wanted to enforce
the law, it would," Roott said.
The University's apparent violation
has had few negative repercussions
over the years, but officials fear this
trend may only be temporary.
"They may well reverse themselves.
I don't know what their considerations
might be," said Billy Frye, vice
president for academic affairs and
A small amount of cash was stolen
from a room in Alice Lloyd residence
hall Saturday between 1 p.m. and 4p.m.
Ann Arbor Police Sgt. Jan Suomala
reported. The burglar pried open a
locked door to get into the room,
Acacia Fraternity house at 805 Oxford
was broken into Monday between 2
a.m. and 8 a.m., Suomala said.
The thief entered the house through
an unlocked door, and stole a television
valued at approximately $825, Suomala
KUWAIT-Arab-speaking hijackers yesterday seized a Kuwaiti jetliner
with 161 people 'aboard, including some Americans, and forced the pilot to
land in Iran with threats to blow the aircraft from the skies. One passenger
was reported killed and another injured in a fight on the nlane.
Five women and 14 children were freed from the hijacked Kuwaiti
Airlines Airbus at the Tehran airport after two of the hijackers agreed to
negotiate with Iranian officials, IRNA, the official Iranian news agency,
In Washington, the State Department spokesman Alan Romberg said "a
number" of U.S. citizens were aboard the aircraft, which left Kuwait headed
to Pakistan and was commandeered shortly after a stop in Dubai in the
United Arab Emirates.
Airline officials said most the othe people aboard were Pakistanis.
Palestinian terrorists take blame
for Jordanian diplomat's death
VIENNA-A Jordanian diplomat with close ties to King Hussein was
shot to death yesterday as he left his hotel to take his 5-year-old son to
school, officials said. A Palestinian terrorist group claimed responsibility
for the killing.
The diplomat, Counsellor Azmi al Mufti, was shot in the head four times, a
spokesman for the Jordanian Embassy said. His son, Said, was not injured,
the spokesman said.
Mufti's wife, Dina, was in the cafeteria of the Hotel Bucharest at the time
of the shooting and ran out to the front of the building when she heard the
gunshots and the cries of her son, witnesses said.
The assassin was identified as Ahmed Moh'd Ali Hersh, 27, a student in
Bucharest, the Romanian state news agency Agerpres said.
A group claiming to be the Palestianian terrorist band Black September
claimed responsibility for the shooting, claiming in an anonymous phone call
to a French news agency in Paris that Jordan "plotted with the traitor
Yasser Arafat against the Palestinian people."
Vol. XCV -No.74
The Michigan Daily (ISSN 0745-967 X) is published Tuesday through Sunday
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Editor in Chief ....................BILL SPINDLE
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