Page 6 - The Michigan Daily - Friday, September 7, 1984
Salvadoran refugees tell of fear)
By MARLA GOLD
"In the city, there is not fighting, but
there is awful terror. You will never
know if civilian police are walking
behind you, or with you," said a
Salvadoran refugee who came to the
U.S. as a tourist two years ago. In six
months, he will become one of the
50,000 illegal aliens taking refuge in
Saul Mendoza spoke in front
of about 25 people last month at Wesley
Hall on E. Huron Street in a talk spon-
sored by Latin American Solidarity
Committee (LASC). He said the,
problems in El Salvador have not ended
with the election of "Christian
Democrat" President Jose Napoleon
Duarte in June of this year, as
President Reagan has claimed.
"THE GOVERNMENT doesn't care
about the people, only the army," Men-
doza said. "Ten minutes out of the city,
you begin to see barefoot people living
in cardboard shanties."
And with the millions of dollars in
military aid the United States is sen-
ding to the Salvadoran government, the
violence in the country can only become
worse, Mendoza said.
Laura McCloskey, a member of the
LASC, said Duarte's victory did not im-
prove El Salvador's situation because
his opponent Roberto D'Aubuisson, who
has been linked to the country's death
squads is still in charge of the country's
MENDOZA, A 21-year-old from San
Salvador, said 163 towns have been
bombed since the election, and at least
400 people have been killed by the
government for "subversive and com-
Subversive and communist behavior
includes "complaining about water" -
which only 20 percent of the people have
- and "complaining about transpor-
tation and jobs. If you are in a school
group, you are called a communist,"
Mendoza said in faltering English.
Failure to vote is also an illegal act,
with possible punishments of a fine, loss
of job, jail, death, or "disappearance,"
THE GUERILLA-backed opposition
to El Salvador's government, the
Farabundo Marti Forces of National
Liberation (FMLN), controls a third of
the country, Mendoza said. He claimed
that the FMLN-controlled areas are
democratic, not fascist like the con-
trolling government of the country.
"We are living in a totalitarian
regime, and we want a democracy,"
A bill currently before Congress
would increase military aid to El
Salvador to $117 million in the up-
coming fiscal year.
THE REASONS for the United States
to send aid to El Salvador are vague -
one explanation is that it gives "a
pretext of an anti-communist stance,"
another refugee, Alyandro Rodriguez,
said through an interpreter.
Rodriguez, 44, said President Reagan
is supporting the Salvadoran gover-
nment in order to protect the North
American firms - including Sears,
ITT, IBM, and McDonald's - which
have interests in El Salvador.
Rodriquez, who fled with his family
across the United States' border two
months ago, is now living at the San-
ctuary, a church-based group
sheltering refugees in a secret location.
HE SAID although there is not much
actual fighting in the large cities like
San Salvador, "part of the army,
national police, national guard, the
treasury - each one has its squadrons.
So they have access to common infor-
"When there is a story that someone
says something negative about the
government, (government people)
dress up in civilian clothes, with
weapons, and take (the person) away to
secret prisons. (Then) the government
decides whether to kill them or take
them to intelligence areas to ask
questions." He added that many of the
people who are taken away are never
heard from again.
Rodriquez, who was a builder in El
Salvador, explained that the judicial
branch of the government is run by the
military, and that the judicial process
is "somewhat arbirtrary. There is no
judge, no jury," he said.
Since Duarte's first two-year stint as
president in 1980, more than one million
Salvadorans have fled the country. In
addition, over 50,000 of the country's six
million people have been killed by
government forces, the refugees said.
RODRIGUEZ also said that since
Duarte was first elected president, in-
flation has escalated eight-fold.
.A five pound carton of milk that in
1980 cost $3 is now $24. Despite. this
exorbitant inflation rate, workers have
not received any raises for the past four
Fewer than 10 percent of ,the
Salvadoran refugees in the U.S. ale
granted political asylum. The rat
either never apply for asylum for feat
of being deported, or apply for political
amnesty and are refused and sent bac
MARK WEISBROT, another member of
the LASC, said the U.S. governmen,
reluctant to grant asylum because they
would have to admit that they're sup;
porting a brutal government. So people
are deported back to El Salvador,
where they are thrown in jail, and sopw
are even killed."
Mendoza, who went to a missionry'
school in El Salvador, described how
was named -on a death list
working with others to collect inz4g-
mation about people who- had blep
killed by the Salvadoran governme4t,
"Three of my friends were shot ,4*
killed. I was shot also," he said, bt-"I
was not killed."
Asked if he will ever return toi
native land, Mendoza responded,
came here as a student two years ago,
but after six months, I will become up-
documented (an illegal alien).
Hopefully all the problems in my coup-
try will be finished and I will go home
then. But right now I can't."
This story originally appeared in
the Daily's summer edition.
Daily Photo by DOUG McMAHON
Alyando Rodriquez, left, and Saul Mondoza, refugees from El Salvador,
spoke against U.S. aid to their country while in Ann Arbor in August.
By ANDREW ERIKSEN
Because of a construction procedure
designed to save time and money, the
University regents in June were forced
to authorize the spending of $8.3 million
to correct problems in the construction
of the University's Replacement
The money comes from a reserve
fund within the project's budget, and
University officials stressed yesterday
that the overall cost of the project will
"WE'RE NOT over budget," said
Utniversity controller Chandler Mat-
The $8.3 million was shifted from a
laws in new hospital
reserve fund that had accumulated
when other hospital contracts were
finished under budget.
"The University has been working on
this cost shift since February," said
James Brinkerhoff, vice president in
charge of financial affairs.
THE reserve fund had $24 million at
one point, but the fund will now dwindle
to a few hundred thousand dollars.
"We told them to keep the reserve
available for project funding," said
Roger Boe, project director for the ar-
chitectural firm of Albert Kahn
Associates, Inc. "(The University)
chose to assign it to other projects."
The $285 million Replacement
Hospital Project, which is the largest
health care facility to be supported by
the state, will provide teaching, resear-
ch, and patient care facilities.
THE UNIVERSITY is using a con-
struction technique called 'fast
tracking' to build the new hospital. The
'fast tracking' construction technique
allows the University to save money
and to accelerate completion of the
project. However, once the project
moves through several phases, it might
be necessary to go back and alter some
portions because the plans are made at
"It's a complicated juggling act,"
"THE DISADVANTAGES of fast
tracking are far outweighed by the ad-
vantages," said Kathy Wright, a
The 'fast tracking' method was
necessary, according to University of-
ficials, because of the economic
situation and because a lot of construc-
tion firms could not bid on the entire
The building would have cost much
more if the University had not used
'fast tracking', according to Wright.
Officials said the University accepted
the risks involved when it agreed to the
'fast tracking' method of construction.
"It's a trade-off," said Regent Thomas
Roach (R-Ann Arbor). "We had to take
the risk .. . I'm satisfied that the risk
has been worthwhile," added Roach.
The completion date for the hospital
is now set for August 1985 instead of the
original date of May 1985.
In order to stay on schedule, several
inspection and moving phases will have
to be accelerated.
There might be additional cost shifts,
said Brinkerhoff, adding that it is not an
unusual event. Any additional costs
would be handled in the same manner,
This story originally appeared in
the Daily's summer edition.
Two Invaluable Guides
On The Road
Daily Photo by DEBORAH LEW(tx
A group of demonstrators are shown encircling the Williams International plant in Walled Lake in August to protest the,.
Company's production of engines for nuclear missiles.
Regents approve new University phone system
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By ANDREW ERIKSEN
The University regents awarded a con-
tract to replace the . University's
existing Centrex telephone system with
a more technologically advanced net-
The new system will offer expanded
features like call waiting and call for-
warding in addition to increasing the
ability to link computers together
through the phones. It may also reduce
the cost of long-distance telephone
The regents awarded the $32 million
contract to Centel Business Systems for
installing and equipping the telecom-
munication system that will extend
over all three University campuses.
The network will be operational in the
Replacement Hospital Project by
August 1985, on the Ann Arbor and Flint
campuses by February 1986, and in
Dearborn by July 1986.
THE UNIVERSITY will eventually
own all of the network, including the
switching equipment and the wiring,
and will be responsible for the repair
Telephones will offer
better computer hook-ups
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and maintenance of the system at the
end of a one-year warranty period. So,
the University, in effect, will become its
own telephone company.
The increases in the pace of
technological changes in the telephone
industry plus the fact that telephone
service in the new hospital had to be in
place by the fall of 1985 provided an op-
portunity to study the' University's
system for possible replacement, ac-
cording to James Brinkerhoff, vice
president in charge of financial affairs.
All of the telephones on the three
campuses will be replaced with push
button telephones. The phone numbers
will still be five digits.
"WE HOPE the disruption will be
minimal," said Samuel Plice, director
of administrative systems and financial
analysis, adding that the installation of
the telephones will require a lot of
Each phone will have several special
features - including call forwarding,
hold, call waiting, call transfer, and
conference . calling. Each ad-
ministrative telephone will have a
message waiting light that can be an-
swered by a secretary or an answering
Under the new network, an additional
55 telephones will be placed around the
campus for emergency use. The
telephones will be full service units that
permit a call anywhere in the campus
THE NEW system will allow greater
voice and data transmission as well as
cheaper long-distance rates. The
computerized network will be able to
channel a long-distance call along the
cheapest route depending on the
destination - whether through AT&T
or one of the other long-distance
telephone companies. The network will
also enable more effective use of the
desktop personal computer and linking
them with other computers on campus.
The new equipment is expected to last
'10 to 15 years wnhile tne wiring systim
are expected to last 25 years. The -cqs
of the new system will be recouped1n
about 10 years, according 't
The Flint and Dearborn campusep
will have the same capabilities astbe!
Ann Arbor campus, although the nrin
switching circuit will be located inAnp
Arbor. The three campuses wil-
linked by microwave relay stations,
The University has also made
arrangements to provide the Collegemf
Engineering with special equipment t
transmit computer graphic image;
through the network.
The system will have a single larg
switching unit, housed in the School
Education Building, which will b
equipped to handle 30,000 telephon
lines. The University now has a
proximately 26,000 telephones.
The University decided not to connet
the three campuses with a vide>
microwave system because th
engineering college was the only use
and they are pursuing alternat-
arrangements, according t
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"MOST STUDENTS DON'T KNOW THAT ARMY ROTC
LEADS TO AN ARMY OFFICER'S COMMISSION
This story originally appeared i,
the Daily 's summer edition.
Few profs make business Ph.Ds scarce
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and youl jstOT gvc thi'A rTiiV hac k a little
if sur riie Whcnn1 I t cxT Iit f the
A~rmyiy. Tn' ece, jNTCC'hnuld make it
eatiier to pctI atih C(:iirtionTii~s look
fPr ic-itiers, hecaii'e they hav-e xpe-
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Fti Scoit t l~icsn - adding Army i
By LORI TURNER
WANTED: Ph.D's to teach business.
"There's a definite need in the
business field for Ph.D's to teach
business," said Donald Skadden
the lack of professors to teach Ph.D
candidates has caused a shortage of
professors. Skadden said the school is
trying to hire enough faculty to reduce
the student-teacher ratio to the Univer-
lot of them like to go into consulting and
do some research," said Susad
Abraham, an M.B.A. student. "They
may contract out to a company on
project basis for one 'or two months