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September 07, 1984 - Image 5

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The Michigan Daily, 1984-09-07

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The Michigan Daily - Friday; September 7, 1984 --Page 5

THE SUMMER IN REVIEW

Jensen surprises GOP

leaders with primary win

In one of the biggest upsets of the
city's political season, Paul Jensen, the
self-described "man behind the scenes
at City Council" and "most important
person at city hall," edged out 21-year-
old University student Gretchen Morris
in the Republican primary for state
representative from the 53rd district.
But, unfortunately for Jensen, win-
ning the primary did not guarantee a
political endorsement from the GOP.
Several weeks after Jensen's upset,
county Republican officials announced
they would not support the perennial
candidate in the November campaign
against Democrat Perry Bullard.
In another race, Jack Lousma whip-
ped Jim Dunn for the Republican en-
dorsement in the race against incum-
bent Sen. Carl Levin. Michael Mc-
Cauley s$ueezed by Don Grimes in the
Democratic and will oppose Carl Pur-
sell in the Second Congressional
District. And in the non-partisan race
for Probate Judge, Judith Wood and
Richard Conlin are set to fight it out in
November.
Art livens
Ann Arbor
Ann Arbor was the place to be this
summer for art.
Ann Arbor's annual art,fair rolled in-
to town in July and brought with it its
usual collection of eminent artists,
street performers, and tourists.
Also, the first annual Ann Arbor
Summer Arts Festival treated Ann Ar-
borites to a week of cultural activities
featuring world famous performers in-
cluding actress Linda Lavin, mime ar-
tist Marcel Marceau, and ballet dancer
Edward Villella.

Two-year-old receives
new heart
Doctors at University Hospitals tran-
splanted a heart from a three-year-old
Michigan boy to a two-year-old Detroit
girl - the nation's youngest living
heart transplant recipient - in June.
Surgeons performed the operation
June 20 after the boy, Sean Brainard of
Romulus, was stricken with meningitis.
The recipient, Jonita Greer, suffered
from cardiomyopathy, a progressive
disease which deprives the heart of the
ability to beat. Doctors said Greer
would not have survived more than six
months without the transplant.
Greer was released from the Univer-
sity's C.S. Mott Children's Hospital
July 17. Doctors said the operation was
"successful" but added that she will
have to be monitored closely by doctors
throughout her entire life.
'U' athletes
bring home gold
University athletes brought home the
gold, the silver, and the bronze this
summer as six present and former
.M' jocks captured half a dozen Olym-
pic medals.
Current University athletes Barry
Larkin and Bruce Kimball won silver
medals in the baseball and diving com-
petition, respectively.
Brian Merriot and Chris Seufert,
University alumni, took bronze medals
in the diving competition.
Steve Fraser Greco-Roman wrestled
his way to a gold medal, which he later
joked he would have bronzed. ,
Brian Diemer earned a bronze medal
for his efforts in the steeplechase com-
petition.
Current Ann Arbor resident and for-

mer University rowing coach Doug
Herland placed third in his area of
specialty.
Governor helps break
ground for new building
May's ground breaking ceremony for
the new engineering building on North
Campus attracted dignitaries like Gov.
James Blanchard to the University.
The ground-breaking ceremony, at-
tended by the Governor, Engineering
Dean James Duderstadt, and the
University's regents, kicked off the
construction of Engineering I, which is
scheduled to be completed sometime in
1985.
The completed building will house the
Electrical Engineering and Computer
Science department and will culminate
the engineering school's move to North
Campus which began 35 years ago.
Hepatitis outbreak
kills one
After unsuccessfully trying to locate
the person who gave hepatitis-B to four
nurses and one resident physician, the
University Hospital has slowed its
search for the carrier.
The hepatitis outbreak - which
killed one nurse, Caroline O'Donnell of
Milan - was believed to have been
transmitted in the thoracic surgery
ward where all of the victims worked.
The search for the carrier proved
fruitless and according to hospital
spokesman Stephen Hause, resear-
chers have "pretty much run out of
leads."
Kroger scares state's
cost cutters
Almost as quickly as you could clip a

coupon, Kroger - the nation's second
largest food store chain - closed its 70
Michigan stores, later opening 45 of
them after union members approved
concessions which eliminated seniority
and cut their pay.

Kroger closed all of its Michigan
stores after employees broadly voted to
reject the contract concessions. Three
weeks later, union clerks and cashies
voted 2-1 to approve the contract terms
and 550 meat cutters soon followed suit.

Kroger then removed the locks on 45 of
its stores, including the Ann Arbor
outlets.

Compiled
Dov Cohen.

by Daily

Staff writer

E4
&~
aa
Daily Photo by CAROL L FRANCAVILLA
Looking on as Gov. James Blanchard signs the higher education apropriation bil in Lane Hall last month are (left tU
right) University President Harold Shapiro, State Rep. Morris Hood (D-Detroit), Speaker of the State House Gary
Owen (D-Ypsilanti), State Sen. Jackie Vaughn- (D-Detroit), and State Sen. William Sederburg (R-East Lansing).

Free education doesn't lure Native Ame

By MARLA GOLD
For more than ten years, the Univer-
sity has been struggling to attract more
minority students. While some
minorities are now more prevalent on
campus, Native Americans remain
"woefully underrepresented."
Despite a treaty signed many years ago
guaranteeing a free education at any
state institution to anyone who is 25
percent or more American Indian,
University records show that Native
Americans comprise only .4 percent of
the Univeristy's total student body, or
about 130 students.
"REALLY, THE number is probably
closer to 80," said one administrator,
because some people claim on their ap-
plication to be American Indians to en-
sure their admittance to the University.
"One woman in the School of Social
Work who was listed in school records
as a Native American checked that box
because she know it would help her get
into school," said Dorothy Goeman, of
minority student services.
The two biggest problems Indians
face at college are "culture shock,
especially the reservation kids," and a
lack of support and counseling, said
Natalie Cornell, who works as a special
assistant at Phelps-Stokes, an
American Indian support agency in
Washington, D.C.
The college dropout rate for
American Indians nationwide, she said
is as high as 80 percent. Records at the
Bureau of Indian Affairs show that only
14 percent of Indians who enter college
ever receive their degrees.
The education problem begins at the
r elementary level, although that
situation is getting better, Goeman
said. The Bureau of Indian Affairs has
set up Indian boarding schools, which
are like army camps.
YOUNG CHILDREN are taken away
from their families and their tribal
customs. "They all want to go home,"
she said. Because of this experience,
many never receive any further
education, Goeman explained.
Cornell described the boarding school
experiences as "designed to beat the
'Indianness' out of (the students)".
PROBLEMS IN public schools can be
even worse, Cornell said, because In-
dians are taught by white teachers who
The University of Michigan
MEN'S
GLEE
CLUB
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do not understand their unique cultural
needs. One major problem she cited
was that "Indian children won't raise
their hands in the classroom-they con-
sider it an affront. The teachers then
think they are stupid, so they don't get
adequate attention."
Poverty also contributes to Indians'
poor education, Cornell said, because
Indians living on reservations aren't
always fed enough protein and are
unable to maintain an adequate atten-
tion span. "There's a whole lot of un-
dernourished kids whose teachers think
they're stupid," she said.
Finally, the quality of education is
poor in many Indian communities and
is not geared toward Indian ideas.
UNIVERSITY Prof. Ed McClendon,
a Native American professor of
education, said "I was taught one day
in class that Columbus discovered
America. I went home and told my
grandfather, and he said, "Didn't we
already know we were here?'"
In recent years, more money has
been allocated to upgrade Indian
education at the primary levels. Title
IV and the over 20-year-old Johnson-
O'Malley fund are designed to help
close the education gap between Indian
and white students by concentrating on
the needs of Indian children. In recent
years, these funds have been very help-
ful, Cornell said.
At the university level, the problems
facing American Indians increase. The
few Indians who make it to college
usually lack the support systems which
they say are essential to surviving in an
alien environment.
DEBBIE HEELEY, a first-year
University law student majoring in In-
dian law, said she felt very alienated
during her first semester because the
other students had different goals than
she did.
She also said that the club formed to
help American Indian students, the
American Indians Law Association, did
not provide the support she needed. The

"I was taught one day in class that Colum-
bus discovered America. I went home and
told my grandfather, and he said, 'Didn't
we already know we were here?' "
-Prof. Ed McClendon

underrepresented both at the un-
dergraduate and graduate levels at the
University," said McClendon. This is
especially sad, he said, because the
school is on what used to be Indian land.
HE AGREES with Goeman that
unless Indians have a strong support
system at the University they'll retreat
"into defensive circles, and will never
survive here."
Prof. McClendon points to a lack of
professors as role models as another
reason why so few Native Americans
ever graduate. There are currently four
Native American professors at the
University. He frequently invites In-
dian students to his office for talks so
they know that they are not alone.
"They're startled" to see an Indian
teaching white students, he said.
Heeley, who grew up in one of therfew
Indian families in Boston, said there is

ricans
more prejudice here because there a re,-,,
more Indians.'She said support groups, .-i
are needed to combat the alienation In-
dians feel. The problem begins, she
said, because "students and ad-
ministrators want you to accept the
majority ideals, and if you don't, then4'-'
you have a real hard time."
This story originally appeared in
the Daily's summer edition.
IDaiq

club does not have enough voice in
University issues concerning Indians,
she said, and it therefore lacks student
support.
Heeley said she never would have
made it through her first year of law
school if it hadn't been for the academic
and social support of her friends.
FOR MANY Native Americans the
problems are even greater. There is not
much encouragement to leave reser-
vations and go out into a world filled
with discrimination, Cornell said.
Regardless of the high unemployment
rate on reservations, she said, many
Indians feel "safe" staying in their own
communities.
Seventeen tribally-controlled com-
munity colleges and two four-year in-
stitutions have been established in the
U.S. since 1978 to offer Indians an alter-
native education. Their curriculum in-
cludes courses on everything from
tribal government and law to business
and management, Cornell said.
Since the tribal community colleges
were formed, more Indians havecom-
pleted their educations at four-year
colleges and received degrees.
IN THE FALL of 1975, 13 American
Indians entered the University as
freshpersons. Only four ever received a
diploma. In contrast, 24 Indians
enrolled at the University in 1978 and
more than half graduated.
The University currently has only one
full-time staff member for recruiting
Native Americans. He visits Indian
centers, the one reservation in the

state, and other areas with a high In-
dian population.
Despite the gain in enrollment,
American Indians are still "woefully

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