Page 2 - The Michigan Daily - Friday, November 9, 1984
Ford, Carter to talk
on arms control at 'U'
NCompiled from Associated Press and
United Press International reports
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(Continued from Page1)-
The symposium is the second of three
public sessions aimed at "evolving a
bipartisan consensus on arms control
for the U.S. in the coming decade," ac-
cording to William Burgess of the Car-
During the funeral of Anwar Sadat in
October of 1981, the former president
found that they had a common interest
in the area of foreign policy. "They
realized that there needed to be a con-
certed effort to understand the
problems of arms control and that there
was a need for a solution that is bipar-
tisan in scope" according to Stein.
THE MORNING session, entitled
"New Weapons and the Technology
Race," will center on the charac-
teristics and strategic rationale of the
new weapons and their impact on arms
control negotiations and the Soviet-
American strategic struggle.
The afternoon session will focus on
"The State of Soviet-American
Relations. Recent and projected
Soviet military developments and the
effect of new weapons systems on arms
control efforts and on Soviet-American
relations will be examined. The
program will conclude with remarks on
the present impasse in Soviet-U.S.
relations, the role of summit meetings,
and possible areas of negotiation.
George Grassmuck, a University
political science professor who is coor-
dinating the symposium, said he is op-
timistic that the meeting will generate
a meaningful dialogue.
"(THE symposium) comes at a
significant time because it is after the
we hope, be beginning- to think in
reasonable terms about what is hap-
pening, what is available, whatis to be
done," he said.
"We're bringing together here impor-
tant decision makers of the past and
now even of the present . . . It is this
combination which I think could break
new ground and give us new ideas in
policy decision," Grassmuck added.
However, in light of President
Reagan's victory Tuesday, others say it
is debatable whether the symposium
will have any impact on policy
decisions concerning arms control.
"WHETHER these characters flying
in to spend the day shouting will lead to
anything or not I don't know," said
William Zimmerman, professor of
political science. "Maybe getting these
people together in the immediate af-
termath of a landslide will provide an
impetus to do something. Reagan will
now be working for the history books.
Who knows, maybe he will do
something for arms control." Some say
the Reagan administration will also
dictate the effect new weapons
technology will have on Soviet-
"There are ainumber of problems for
arms control, not the least of which is
that it is not clear how serious this par-
ticular president is about arms con-
trol," said Martin Einhorn, a physics
researcher who teaches a class on
"THE traditional approaches to arms
control have had problems in getting
approval in Congress and Senate partly
for reasons of verification of agreemen-
ts," Einhorn said.
The problem in the United States is
that the new weapons that are being
developed, such as cruise missiles, are
easily concealed, making verification
of the number of missiles each side is
deploying by traditional means of
satellite reconnaisance impossible, he
"'There's the question of whether
moving in the direction Reagan's
committed us to in (space-based
weapons) or Ballistic Missile Defense,
whether that whole thing is in our in-
terest," Einhorn said. "The MX, for
example, is vulnerable. So we have the
tendency to think about using it instead
of losing it. And at the same time we're
putting the Soviet missiles at risk so
they may have the same tendency to
think about using theirs instead of
THIS RELATIONSHIP will continue
a perilous spiral as more technology is
developed and, according to Einhorn,
new technological developments will
continue throughout the Reagan Ad-
"There's no consensus. They seem to
endorse just about everything that's
technologically possible for strategic
defense missiles," he said.
"What Reagan is saying, in a sense,
is that through some sort of
technological fix we can somehow im-
prove the relationship between the U.S.
and the Soviet Union, whereas the
relationship is a political problem, not a
technological problem, and correcting
that relationship requires improvement
in international relations," Einhorn
"THE QUESTION is how can the U.S.
create political conditions for the kind
of arrangements arms control en-
visages," said Zimmerman. "One can
make all kinds of proposals but you
need one that is acceptable to both the
Soviet Union and the United States.
But, like most arms control proposals,
they will be made unacceptable to one
or the other side before they are even
discussed," he said.
According to Zimmerman, the split
within the administration between
those who favor arms control and those
who are opposed to arms control is not
only a problem in approaching the
Soviets, but is also used as a bargaining
"It's very difficult to go to the Soviets
with proposals when they're san-
dbagging back at home," he said.
THIS SPLIT, however, is not just a
problem from the American gover-
"Any time we've looked closely at
Soviet views of problems such as
foreign policy or U.S.-Soviet relations,
we've found them to be of two minds.
Also their regimes are changing so fast
that it's been hard to judge their con-
ditional mood," Zimmerman said.
The first symposium, which dealt
with problems in negotiating with the
Soviets, was held at Emory University
in Atlanta in May.
An unlocked door allowed an in-
truder to steal a $300 bicycle from a
house in the 1100 block of South Forest
Sunday evening or Monday morning,
Ann Arbor Police said.
Sikhs spend holy day in hiding
NEW DELHI, India-Troops patrolled the streets of New Delhi and the Sikh-
dominated Punjab state yesterday as worshippers visited temples or prayed
in makeshift tents in squalid refugee camps on the holiest day of the Sikh
On a day usually celebrated with processions in the streets, many of In-
dia's 13 million Sikhs, frightened and bloodied by last week's rioting by Hin-
dus, hid in their homes or offered quiet prayers in their temples as the army
stood guard against any new violence.
Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi, 40, ordered that action be taken against
members of the governing Congress Party if they were found guilty of abet-
ting the violence that spread across northern India after the Oct. 31
assassination of his mother, Prime Minister Indira Gandhi.
He urged senior party leaders to look into every report of allged in-
volvement'of Congress Party members in the riots. More than half the
fatalities occurred in the Indian capital, authorities say.
The Sikhs' religious observances mark the 515th birthday of the founder of
their faith, Guru Nanak Dev.
Shuttle chases lost satellites
CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla-Space shuttle Discovery streaked into orbit in
pursuit of two wayward satellites yesterday, setting the stage for next
week's salvage job when two spacewalkers try to snare the craft with Lan-
The two satellites that are the astronauts' prey-Indonesia's Palapa B-2
and West Union Westar 6-are in higher paths that take longer to complete
one orbit so Discovery ws gaining slowly on them.
Palapa is to be retrieved first, during a spacewalk by Allen and Gardner
Monday. After Hauck and Walker fly Discovery to within 35 feet of the
drum-shaped satellite, Allen will use a jet-propelled backpack to fly over to
it and snag it with the lance-like structure designed to lock onto the nozzle of
a spent rocket on the satellite.
The insurance underwrites who paid out $180 million when the two
satellites were lost are paying NASA $5.5 million to attempt to retrieve them.
In addition, Hughest Aircraft Co., which built the satellites, was paid $5
million for their role in preparing for the salvage mission.
S. African police hold activists
JOHANNESBURG, S. Africa-South African security Police yesterday
raided labor and political groups who helped organize the most successful.
black strike in 35 years. At least five leading anti-apartheid activists were
23 blacks died in bloody clashes with police during the 48-hour protest
strike, bringing to more than 150 the number killed in two months of violence
across South Africa's black townships.
Home Affairs Minister Frederick de Klerk warned that South Africa could
not allow "its labor and economic spheres to become a political battlefield."
"No matter how unpopular it might make us in the outside world, strong
action will be taken against instigators, arsonists and radicals. Order shall
Police searched the offices of the United Democratic Front in downtown
Johannesburg for three hours, confiscating pamphlets, posters, files and ad-
dress and telephone number lists.
EPA clamps down on acid rain
WASHINGTON-The Environmental Protection Agency, acting under
court order, proposed yesterday to tighten the reins on sulfur dioxide
pollution from coal-burning power plants, which is blamed as a major cause
of acid rain.
The regulations, if implemented, would require a reduction of 3 percent to
12 percent in the 24 million tons of sulfur dioxide pollution each year. The an-
nual cost of the new reductions was estimated at $300 million to $1.4 billion.
Two-thirds to three-fourths of the proposed reductions would fall on
utilities in Ohio, Georgia, Indiana, Missouri, West Virginia, and Tennessee,
where high-sulfur coal is the chief source of electrical power.
A preliminary economic analysis commissioned by the EPA indicates that
meeting the requirements could result in electricity rates rising 2.6 percnt to
3.6 percnet in Georgia and up to 2.1 percent in Ohio as industries passes the
cleanup costs along to consumers.
By requiring an estimated 100 to 150 power plants to either install expen-
sive scrubbers or switch from high-sulfur to low-sulfur coal supplies, the new
regulations also are expected to have a devastating impact on many coal-
producing areas already racked by high unemployment.
Philippine typhoon kills 452
:MANILA,Philippines-President Ferdinard Marcos yesterday delcared an
emergency in six typhoon-ravaged provinces where an American relief of-
ficial said more than 1,000 people may have died.
The action prohibits hoarding and allows the government to confiscate
essential goods for relief operations for victims of Typhoon Agnes. Officials
said partial reports showed some 90,000 Filipinos were in evacuation cen-
ters, most of them homeless.
With winds roaring up to 128 mph, Agnes blasted across the central Philip-
pines Monday and Tuesday. It triggered floods, crushed huts, government
buildings and bridges, demolished coconut, sugar, rice and corn fields and
felled communications and power lines.
The confirmed death toll stood at 452 yesterday.
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