Pa 2 - The Michigan Daily - Friday, November 2, 1984
IProstitution study is revealing
SAN JOSE, Calif. (AP) - A criminologist who sur- Almost all of the subjects were minors when they the $74,000 figures seems high. "Our experience is
veyed 100 prostitutes working the economically started hooking, Martinelli reported, and 81 percent that prostitutes make $15,000 to $20,000," she said.
booming peninsula that houses Silicon Valley reports said they got into it as a way to make a lot of money But, she added, the larger figure might be true for
they earn an average of $74,000 a year, enjoy their easily. Another 21 percent said they got involved "for prostitutes working near Silicon Valley, a center of
work and don't worry about getting caught. excitement and to meet interesting people." high-technology industry where income levels are
The typical hooker on the pleninsula between San ONLY 5 percent said they became prostitutes to generally high.
Francisco and San Jose "enjoys life in the fast lane,"
traveling often to spots such as Hong Kong, Brazil
and Hawaii, said Ronald Martinelli, a San Jose police
officer with a master's degree in criminology who
spent a year conducting the survey.
THE SURVEY reported that 48 percent introduced
themselves to prostitution, and 38 percent were in-
troduced by another prostitute.
The study also reported that 71 percent of the
women surveyed said they liked their work.
support a drug habit, although most said they have
since turned to narcotics because of the easy
availability and to help reduce the stress of their
About half of the interview subjects, who were bet-
ween ages 16 and 24, did not finish high school.
Ninety-three percent said current sanctions did not
deter them from prostitution, but 69 percent said
tougher jail sentences would.
Priscilla Alexander, action coordinator for the
National Organization for Women in California, said
Jeff Brown, the San Francisco public defender,
said his office represents about 2,000 prostitutes a year
and his experience agrees with Martinelli's findings.
But, he added, prostitution has "tremendous down-
"It's a hard life. You're out between 5 p.m. until af-
ter midnight turning maybe 10 tricks a night.
"You're not going to be cute forever," he added.
"Very few come out of it in good shape," after years
of drugs and illnesses that are often ignored.
Poison murderer is ffirst woman executed since '62
RALEIGH, N.C. (AP) - Velma Bar-
field, rejected by court after court,
dropped her appeals and awaited a 2
a.m. execution this morning for
poisoning her boyfriend that would
make her the first woman put to death
in the United States since 1962.
Mrs. Barfield, 52, told prison officials
she would exchange her brown prison
dress for her own pink cotton pajamas
shortly before she was wheeled on a
gurney into the death chamber to
receive a lethal injection.
Defense attorney Jimmy Little said
Mrs. Barfield had made a "very clear-
headed" decision not to carry the case
to the United States Supreme Court,
where she has been rejected three
times in the past. Little visited Mrs.
Barfield at Central Prison after her
case was rejected earlier in the day by
a federal appeals court in Richmond,
MRS. BARFIELD was waiting in a
holding cell 18 steps from the death
chamber, reading a newspaper and
religious literature - some sent by Ruth
Graham, wife of evangelist Billy
Graham. Before talking to her attor-
ney, Mrs. Barfield had communion with
prison chaplain Luther Pike and the
Rev. Hugh Hoyle, her former chaplain.
Little said she agreed to donate all
usable organs for transplant. "As the
state prepares to take her life, she is
giving life to others," he said.
Sixteen people were to witness the
execution, including Ann Lotz,
Graham's daughter, said prison
spokeswoman Patty McQuillan. Gov.
Jim Hunt, who has rejected Mrs. Bar-
field's plea for clemency, stopped his
Senate campaign against Republican
Sen. Jesse Helms to return to Raleigh in
case he was needed, Hunt aide Don
MRS. BARFIELD made no special
requests for a last meal, and prison of-
ficials said she would be served fried
chicken livers, macaroni and cheese,
collard greens, beans, bread, sheet
cake with peanut butter icing and a
beverage - the same meal given to all
Under the procedures outlined by of-
ficials, at 1:30 a.m., the condemned
prisoner walks from her cell to a
preparation room outside the death
There, she is strapped to a gurney,
and intravenous injections of saline
solution are to be started in both arms.
Leads for a cardiac monitor and
stethoscope are attached to her chest.
She is covered with a green sheet
before being wheeled into the death
chamber at 1:5 a.m. A corrections of-
ficer closes a curtain behind the gurney
to screen the three prison officials who
will act as executioners.
Levin understands that
Compiled from Associated Press and
United Press international reports
Reagan OKs African food aid
WASHINGTON-Yesterday President Reagan approved $45.1 million worth
of food shipments to three drought-stricken African countries and also
authorized the chartering of two cargo planes to help speed food supplies to
drought victims in Ethiopia.
The approval of new food aid for Kenya, Mozambique and Mali raised the
total of emergency U.S. food assistance for Africa to $131 million in the last
month alone, compared with $173 million for the preceding 12 months.
Meanwhile, the head of Ethiopia's Relief and Rehabilitation Commission,
Dawit Walde Giorgis, met with U.S. officials yesterday to discuss ways of
expanding American assistance to that country. M. Peter McPherson, ad-
ministrator of the Agency for International Development, called the
meeting "very productive" but withheld details until after Dawit concludes
his disucssions today.
On Tuesday, the White House accused Ethiopia of ignoring the needs of its
estimated 6 million hungry while spending lavish sums for a celebration in
September commemorating the 10th anniversary of Marxist rule.
McPherson told a news conference that since the anniversary, Ethiopia
has focused "substantially more attention" on the hunger problem.
KKK membership declining
DENVER-Ku Klux Klan membership has dropped by about one-third in the
past two years, but the decline in the organization's strength might lead
frustrated Klansmen to consider waging their own "campaign of terror,"'
the Anti-Defamation League of B'nai B'rith said yesterday.
KKK membership has declined by about 35 percent since 1982, when the
Klan had 8,000 to 10,000 members, the league said. The league said Klan
membership recently has ranged from about 5,000 members in 1973 to a peak,
of 9,700 to 11,500 members in 1981.
The league attributed the decline partly to the Klan's failure to achieve
segregation, but warned the KKK is not "about to expire."
"The Ku Klux Klan is weaker and more isolated and fragmented then it
was two years ago," the last time the league analyzed Klan activity, accor'
ding to the ADL report, covering the status of the Klan and U.S. neo-Nazi
groups. The report was issued at the league's national executive committee
Baboon heart transplant patient
offers clues to various diseases
LOMA LINDA, CALIF.-The longer Baby Fae stays alive with her tran-
splanted baboon heart, the more clues she can offer to the deadly puzzles of
cancer, AIDS and other diseases, doctors said yesterday.
The 4.6 pound, 20-day-old infant known only as Baby Fae, the longest sur-
vivor of an animal heart transplant, can give scientists a lesson in the com-
plex workings of the human immune system, researchers said.
"We've been making rapid progress in our understanding of the immune
system, an essential key to unraveling the mysteries of cancer, rheumatoid ,
arthritis... and acquired immune deficiency syndrome," said Dr. Theodore
Mackett, chairman of transplant services at Loma Linda University
"In trying to prevent rejection of the baboon heart by the immune system
of Baby Fae, the first infant to undergo an animal heart transplant, we can
learn a lot about the immunse system," he said.
Poles protest priest's murder
WARSAW, POLAND-Millions of Poles marked All Saints Day yesterday by
offering prayers for a pro-Solidarity priest murdered by secret police as the I
head of Poland's Catholic Church condemned the killers for "combatting
Six former leaders of the banned Solidarity union called a one-hour strike
in the port city of Goansk to coincide with tommorow's funeral of Rev. Jerzy
Popieluszko, whose body was found Tuesday in a reservoir. a
The abduction and murder of the 37-year-old Popieluszko, known for his
fiery anti-state sermons, has outraged the nation and sparked a crisis in
relations between the powerful Catholic Church and the communist gover-
Three Interior Ministry employees confessed to kidnapping the priest Oct.
19 as he was being driven to the town of Torun in northern Poland and killing
him. The three were taken into custody.
Halloween riots prompt curfew
FRANKLIN, TENN.-A dusk-to-dawn curfew was in effect last night after
Halloween night racial violence left at least nine people injured, including
one critically beaten, officials said.
"People were just wild," said Franklin police officer Barbara Derricks.
"Then, boom, boom. Someone starts shooting and people start falling."
Authorities said two white youths allegedly fired a shotgun and struck four
black men after their car window was smashed byt a rock. The shooting:
triggered a series of other violent incidents in the city, 30 miles south of;
Nashville, that left three whites beaten and two with minor shotgun wounds.
The wounded blacks, Willis Harrison Jr., 16, Phillip Scruggs, 22, James:
Taylor, 21, and Johnny Christman, 21, were treated and released at William-
son County Hospital.
Also treated and released were two white teenagers, Timothy Galavin and,
Richard Tidwell, who were wounded later by shotgun fire in separate in-
1 , 1
healthy environment is basic to
"Protecting the environment while maintaining an industrial economy
has always been a major challenge in Michigan. We've learned the
hard way that economic development which
of Michigan's water, air and land is'nt a b
Carl Levin is one of the
environmental policy. His
fighters for sound
a 93% positive
rating by the
Here's what Cart Levin
"I've seen my role in Washington
as supporting and prodding the
Environmental Protection Agency
to work with Michigan officials
on pressing problems like the
Berlin Ferro dump site, the Shelby
Township Land Fill and dioxin
pollution of Michigan streams.
Watchdogging the EPA includes
keeping it vigilant in administering
environmental legislation and also
keeping its programs adequately
funded. Because we've learned
some tough environmental lessons
in Michigan, I know that in the
Senate this watchdog function
includes fighting to protect
the country's vast natural
has to say
Park & Wilderness:
"I sought additional funds for
the National Park Service to
acquire the last remaining
parcels within the Sleeping
Bear Dunes National Lakeshore
Park. I introduced S.620
to require the development
of a local land use plan
and zoning regulations for
the inland buffer zone of
Pictured Rocks National
Lakeshore. I worked to get
funds in the Interior
Appropriations Bill for the
purchase of the Walkinshaw
Wetlands and Harbor Island
"I have also worked with a
group of senators to ensure
that the oil and gas
exploration in Alaska does
not damage the Arctic
national wildlife area and
convinced the floor
managers of the Interior
Appropriation Bill to
include language directing
the Secretary of Interior
to review his proposed
regulations for energy
exploration to assure that
they were meeting the
"1 cosponsored S.2026 which
would prohibit diversions of
Great Lakes water for use
outside of a Great Lakes State,
except as approved by all of
the Great Lakes states and
the International Joint
Commission. I worked with the
state of Michigan and
environmentalists to assure
that Michigan be an equal
partner in Coastal Zone
"I was one of a few senators who
voted against confirmation of
James Watt to be the Secretary
of Interior. I also voted
against confirmation of William
Clark as Secretary of the
Interior - in protest of
Clark's intent to continue
"As a member of the Committee
on Government Affairs
Subcommittee on Energy,
Nuclear Proliferation and
Governmental Processes, I
have consistently pressed
for adequate funding for
conservation and renewable
energy research and
development, and a tougher
policy to prevent the
spread of nuclear weapons
Vol. XCV - No.50
The Michigan Daily (ISSN 0745-967X) is published Tuesday through Sunday
during the Fall and Winter terms and Tuesday through Saturday during the:
Spring and Summer terms by students at the University of Michigan. Sub-
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address changes to The Michigan Daily, 420 Maynard Street, Ann Arbor,
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fighter for Michigan.
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Editor in chief ............. .. . . . . BILL SPINDLE
Managing Editors ................. CHERYL BAACKE
Associate News Editors...........LAURIE DELATER
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NEWS STAFF: Laura Bischoff, Dov Cohen, Stephanie
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DOUGLAS B. LEVY
U.S.Senator Carl Levin.
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