A complete guide to Tuesday's contests
Ninety-five Years LW fuToddy
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Editorial Freedom 45
Vol. XCV, No. 50
Copyright 1984, The Michigan Daily
Ann Arbor, Michigan-- Friday, November 2, 1984
Sikh cars burn in NewDelhi after being set ablaze by Hindu supporters yesterday. Riots against Sikhs broke out in the capital and other Indian
cities after the assassination of Prime Minister Indira Gandhi.
By GEORGEA KOVANIS
Ann Arbor city councilmembers are
lukewarm about the roles they will be
given if a proposal to make Ann Arbor
"nuclear free" is passed by voters
The proposal calls for the
establishment of a city commission,
made up of three councilmembers and
two citizens. to review all Defense
Department and Energy Department
contracts accepted by city firms and
HOWEVER, only one out of eight .
councilmembers contacted yesterday
said they had no reservations about
serving on this commission. Others
were hesitant. Most said they weren't
qualified or able to make the time they
feared would be needed to serve on the
Some said they would consider filing
a lawsuit on behalf of the city council
questioning the proposal's con-
stitutionality if it becomes a law.
Council members Lowell Peterson
(D-First Ward) and Gerald Jernigan
(R-Fourth Ward) could not be reached
If the proposal, put on the ballot
through a citizens' initiative, is passed,
"the design, research development,
testing or production of nuclear
weapons; delivery systems for such
weapons; command, control, and
communications systems for, such
weapons" would be prohibited.
Violators would receive 90 days in jail
and a $500 fine for each count every day
FREE ZONE opponents say high-
tech firms will be discouraged to locate
in the city and that existing companies
will move out of the city. The proponen-
ts also say the proposal is a violation of
researchers' first amendment rights.
They say, making the city a nuclear
free zone would be telling people what
they could and could not think about.
Ann Arbor Mayor Louis Belcher
agrees and said he is ready to battle
this proposal if it passes at the polls. He
said he will encourage city coun-
cilmembers to file a law suit
questioning the proposal's con-
stitutionality. And he will not appoint
commission members until the
proposal is declared constitutional.
"I would probably agree to file a
suit," said Councilmember Doris
Preston (D-Fifth Ward). She added that
councilmembers are unqualified to
serve on the commission.
"I DON'T THINK councilmembers
have the expertise to make the
decisions that have to be made under
that amendment," she said. "I don't
know anybody who would have the time
or expertise to put into this."
Others agree with Preston.
Councilmember T. Richard Deem
(R-Second Ward) said he too would
probably support a lawsuit although he
added that he's not sure if it's city
council's role to file a suit.
COUNCILMEMBER Larry Hahn (R-
Fourth Ward) said he couldn't make a
decision on the possible lawsuit. "I'd
have to think about that," he said, ad-
ding, "I think that it might be
Hahn, who as a city councilmember
could be eligible to serve on the com-
mission, said no one on city council is
qualified to review technical contracts.
"I would say their review would be
from a layman's standpoint. None of us
are engineers, none of us are attorneys.
" he said.
COUNCILMEMBER Jeannette Mid-
dleton (R-Third Ward) said she too is
undecided about filing suit if the
proposal is passed. She said her
decision would have to be based on
what grounds the suit would be filed
Kathy Edgren (D-Fifth Ward) said
she wouldn't agree to file a suit on
behalf of city council because it's likely
that other parties will file suits
See COUNCIL, Page 3
Riots sweep India
NEW DELHI, India (AP) - Soldiers were ordered
to shoot rioters on sight in six major Indian cities
yesterday to stop lynchings, beatings and arson that
have killed a reported 157 people in northern India
since the assassination of Prime Minister Indira
The Soviet Union accused the United States yester-
day of actively supporting the Sikh separatist
movement in India and charged that "reactionary
imperialist forces" were behind the assassination of
"We strongly resent Soviet allegations that the
United States and the CIA were involved or inspired
this act of political terrorism," a State Department
President Reagan told reporters "there was
always the danger" the Soviets might try to exploit
Hindus were reported to have hanged Sikhs, beaten
them to death, and burned their shops, cars and
homes in revenge for the prime minister's death
Wednesday at the hands of two of her Sikh bodyguar-
Sikhs number 13 million in the predominantly Hin-
du nation of 73 million people, whom the 66-year-old
prime minister ruled for 15 of the last 18 years.
For the first time since India's independence from
Britain in 1947 the army was called into the capital to
help police maintain law and order. When roaming
Hindu gangs defied a round-the-clock curfew
declaration, authorities ordered troops to shoot
rioters on sight.
Black smoke from burning buildings, shops and
cars billowed over the city of 6 million.
Hospital sources in New Delhi said 60 people were
killed in the capital and 6 were injured. United News
of India reported at least 55 others died elsewhere in
India, including 20 in central Madhya Pradesh state,
where 12 Sikhs were lynched by a mob at the Morena
Thousands of Hindu youths roamed the capital
burning cars, buses and buildings believed to belong
Rajiv Gandhi, 40, who was selected by leaders of
the ruling Congress Party to succeed his mother, met
with opposition leaders yesterday night and issued an
appeal for peace saying, "This madness must stop."
After an hour-long meeting with Gandhi, national
opposition leaders pledged their full support to his ef-
forts to curb the violence. They issued a joint appeal
See GANDHI'S, Page 5
WARM aims to place
By VIBEKE LAROI
Weatherization As Responsible Main-
tenance (WARM), a group concerned
with raising standards in rental
housing, announced a petition drive
yesterday to get a weatherization
proposal on April's city ballot.
WARM is a coaltion of individuals
and organizations including the Public
Interest Research Group in Michigan
(PIRGIM), Student Legal Services,
and fraternities who hope to get the
5,000 signatures needed to get the
proposal on the ballot by the Jan. 3
MEMBERS OF WARM are concer-
ned about the rising cost of living in the
city because of high heating bills, said
Jeff Ditz of the Ann Arbor Tenants'
The high cost of heat has a great ef-
fect on low income families and "con-
tributes to the pains of poverty," said
Blondeen Munson, a paralegal at Legal
Services of Southeastern Michigan. For
some people it is often a choice between
"paying heat bills or rent," she said,
and not paying the rent may win over
"We need a lot more than what this
proposal calls for," she added.
"THE PROPOSAL calls for better in-
sulation in ceilings and attics and
weatherstripping and caulking in door
and window frames. No major struc-
tural changes would be required and
the materials would cost about $300 per
house, said Dan Kaller, a graduate
student involved in WARM.
Keller added that such
weatherization would increase energy
efficiency about 15-25 percent per
household and save $3-5 million a year.
Landlords who violated the ordinance
would be punished by a fine of $1 to $50
for the first offense and $1 to $100 for the
second offense. No violations would be
punishable by jail.
THE ORDINANCE would not apply
to nonprofit cooperatives or subletters,
or if changes would require "extraor-
dinary and unusual structural change."
With the present rental situation, Ditz
said, "there is no voluntary incentive
for landlords to make it safe."
A voluntary system will not work,
Kaller said, because there are "little, if
any incentives for landlords with a tight
THE VACANCY rate of rental
housing in Ann Arbor was 1.63 percent
in September 1984. In the fall of 1982 the
vacancy rate was 13.7 percent.
A similar weatherization proposal
was defeated in April 1983 because of
the higher cost of requirements lan-
dlords would have had such as in-
stallation of storm doors, windows, and
dual setback thermostats, and in-
sulation of hot water pipes, Ditz said.
Another reason it was defeated, said
Student Legal Services Attorney
Jonathan Rose, was an advertising
campaign by landlords against the
See PETITION, Page 5
Mobbing Mondale Associated Press
Presidential candidate Walter Mondale and Geraldine Ferraro pledged an election upset to a frenzied crowd estimated
at 100,000 yesterday in Manhattan's Garment District. Mondale said he could "feel victory in the air" at the traditional
campaign stop, where only 15,000 had turned out for then President Jimmy Carter four years ago.
Halloween, Part 1
" UKE-BUSTERS" Michael Kelly, Anne Morley,
Andre Graves, and Leslie donned terrifying
masks for Halloween to emphasize their mes-
sage: "No nukes is good nukes." The masks,
created by University graduate Michael Kelly, depict what
human faces might look like after exposure to a nuclear
eninsion. Kelly. who holds a Master of Fine Arts degree, is
before and after a holocaust. The "Nuke-Busters" hope to
teach people about nuclear war and especially reach those
who aren't aware of what effect such a war could have..
"Some people think they'll survive," Kelly said.
Halloween, Part 2
SUDDENLY, THE lights started to dim. Creatures en-
tered from stage left, running down the aisles
'screaming and yelling and congregating in the center of the
stage to begin a Richard Simmons style aerobatic class.
No, the stage was not Hill Auditorium where the University
Orchestra performed its annual Halloween concert. It was
the center of the Law Library Wednesday at 10 p.m. The
Law Library School Fraternity, the Barristers, were per-
forming their annual initiation rites for the latest members
of the house. Upon completion of the exercises a Barrister
clad in an overcoat and a painted face started calling off
names and the new members came running from a door,
pt to have the $31,000 luxury car exempted from about $900
in local motor vehicle taxes. "The value of the car is too
high to be tax exempt," Douglas County Commissioner
Steve McCollister said Tuesday after the county board
rejected the exemption request. The Rev. Maurice Hart
of the Pathway of Light Cathedral had asked the car be
exempt from taxes because he uses it for church duties.
Under the tax rate in effect next year for people living in
the Omaha School District, the car's property tax would
be about $888. Hart said he drives a Mercedes because it
lasts longer and has a cheaper annual operating cost than
other models. He said he drove another Mercedes for the
last nine years and nut 250,000 miles on it.