The Michigan Daily - Wednesday, October 3, 1984 - Page 5
Mental illness abounds
WASHINGTON (AP) - Almost one-
fifth of all adult Americans have men-
tal problems of varying degrees, and
men, contrary to previous belief, have
as many emotional disorders as
women, says a major government
study released yesterday.
The most comprehensive survey of
mental disorders ever conducted in the
United States found that about 19 per-
cent of all adults over age 18 suffer with
at least one psychiatric disorder, but
fewer than 20 percent of them seek
USING U.S. Census figures to adjust
the data, the researchers said the per-
centages indicate 29.4 million
Americans have some kind of mental
disorder during any six-month period,
although some of these problems may
be mild or transient.
The National Institute of Mental
Health study, which started collecting
data in 1980, involved asking almost
10,000. people hundreds of questions
concerning mental health. The ongoing
research eventually will involve almost
20,000 subjects around the country.
Dr. Darrel Regier, director of the $15
million study, told a news briefing that
better figures on overall rates of mental
problems "correct the traditional im-
pression that women have higher rates
of mental disorder than men."
IN THE past, more limited studies
covered only selected illnesses, such as
depression and anxiety, which happen
to be more common in women, he said.
Looking at a broader range of
problems, the new study also examined
those that are more common in men,
such as drug and alcohol abuse and an-
The study found that anxiety
problems, such as phobias and panic
disorders, affect 7 percent to 15 percent
of adults and are the most common
Alcohol and drug abuse or depen-
aence afflict 6 percent to 7 percent of
the population, with four-fifth of these
disorders specifically related to
The data gathered in St. Louis,
Baltimore, and New Haven, Conn., also
found that depression, mania, a per-
sistent depressive disorder called
dysthymia and other so-called affective
disorders affect 5 percent to 6 percent
The study also . found that
schizophrenic disorders, which can be
the most disabling mental illnesses,
and antisocial personality problems
each occur in about 1 percent of the
Those under age 45 have twice the
mental disorders of older people, he
said. Alcohol abuse, affective disorders
and antisocial personality primarily
are problems of the younger group.
5th Avenue at UbeSt.
A little help
A squirrel enjoys a drink out of a bird bath in Monticello, Minn., thanks to a trellis it was able to use as a ladder to the
watering hole, provided for spry creature by a thoughtful homeowner.
FBI indicts two in separate Soviet espionage cases
)WASHINGTON (AP) - The FBI
charged an East German woman
yesterday with spying for the Soviet
Upion and the grandson of a prize-
Winning American historian with
selling U.S. satellite photographs of a
Soviet warship to a London military
:The two were arrested Monday night
a airports here and in New York in the
IN ONE case, an FBI affidavit
described a classic spy operation com-
plete with a Soviet "safe house" in New
(Continued from Page 1)
perspective with studying, he added that
it is particularly important for college
students, many of whom are destined
for sedentary professions.
Some students at the University said
they exercise on their own, but many
said their primary workout was
walking between classes. Some said
they believe that the trek from MLB to
Lorch Hall provided them with suf-
Some colleges, including Columbia,
Cornell, and Princeton, require studen-
ts to take physical education classes,
but the University has not had such a
policy since 1969.
(Continued from Page 3)
Under a new U.S.-Italian extradition
treaty, all the defendants facing U.S.
charges will be held for trial here
before they can be sent overseas.
However, if they are convicted they can
O be sent to Italy for trial before being
returned to the United States to serve
the remainder of their sentences.
York City, a rendezvous at the Soviet
embassy in Mexico and instructions to
hide recording tape in modified cigaret-
In the other, agents pictured the
descendant of an honored American
who had become bored in a top-secret
government position and longed to
trade his inside information for a new
Alice Michelson, 67, of East Ger-
many, was allegedly one of the most
elusive types of spies, a so-called
"illegal," who arrives here as an or-
dinary citizen not attached to an em-
bassy and not given diplomatic status.
AN ALLEGED spy courier, she was
said to have been trapped by a U.S.
Army sergeant who pretended to work
for the Soviets.
In the other case, Samuel Loring
Morison, 40, of Crofton, Md., was
charged under the espionage statute
with selling secret U.S. satellite photos
of a Soviet aircraft carrier under con-
struction at a Black Sea naval shipyard
to Jane's Defense Weekly in London,
where it was published.
Ortega told a news conference after
his speech to the General Assembly he
had "intelligence information from
various sources" that the United States
would create tension on the Costa Rica-
Nicaragua border and use this as an
excuse to invade Nicaragua.
"THERE HAS been a concentration
of revolutionaries in Costa Rica and
Honduras, in the Costa Rican territory
in the department of Liberia which is on
the border of Nicaragua so as to open a
new war front," he said.
He said the United States has often
said it is ready to come to Costa Rica's
aid, "so we would say that that is the
door for U.S. intervention."
Costa Rica's U.N. mission said in a
statement that Ortega was falsely at-
tempting "to put in doubt the Costa
Rican government and people's com-
mitment not to be involved in military
conflict between or within states."
Ortega told reporters, "We are ap-
pealing to the international community,
as we have done this morning, to try to
curb this aggression."
ORIGINALLY the University
required that students have two
semesters of physical education for no
credit. The requirement developed out
of the "fitness years" after World War
II but was later dropped because of
pressure from the student body.
After the University's Board of
Regents voted to abolish the
requirement, an executive. program
was established which is still in place
In general, students agree with the
University's policy of offering exercise
classes as electives.
EXERCISE is a personal prerogative
that should not be "pushed down our
The eight men released Monday were
Salvatore Lamberti, 53, of Woodmere;
Carlo Lauricella, 41, and Filippo
Casamento, 59, both of Brooklyn;
Biuseppe Lamberti, 52, and Salvatore
Mazzurco, 49, both of Baldwin; Giusep-
pe Ganci, 51, Salvatore Catalano, 43,
and Lorenzo Devardo, 38, all of Queens.
Lauricella, Giuseppe Lamberti, Ganci
and Mazzurco are U.S. citizens, while
the others are Italian nationals.
?d to keep
throats," said LSA freshman Jean
Others said requiredbphsyical
education classes would be an ad-
ditional constraint to the difficulty of
fulfilling graduation requirements.
"I'm here to exercise my brain," said
LSA freshman Tom Abraham.
ALTHOUGH they are in the minority,
some students believe there are good
reasons for a physical education
"You need more than brains to get
throug life," said LSA freshman Dan
Fisher, adding that with exercise "the
girls would be better looking."
Physical Education Prof. Steve
Galetti said he believes a requirement
wouldn't be necessary, but the Univer-
sity should make exercise sources
available because "any university
should consider the importance of
health in the educational scheme of
DREWNOWSKI, though he said. he
knows the value of exercise, added that
a requirement would not work because
"we can't force people to lead healthy
The University's Adult Lifestyle
Program offes a wide variety of
classes, including dance, exercise and
trim figure at school
conditioning, aquatics, karate and
In the Fall 1983 semester, however,
only 940 students were enrolled in the
classes - on a campus of nearly 38,000
IN CONTRAST, the University of
Wisconsin has 3,000 students on wait
lists for 121 classes. Michigan State
University reports a total enrollment in
physical education classes of about
8,000 students, and Brown University
enrolls more than 1,000 of their 6,900
One of the big differences, however,
is that MSU and Wisconsin offer credit
for those courses while the University
Many students said they would be
more likely to take physical education
classes if they were offered for credit.
There is also a fee for most of the
The classes are not well-publicized,
either. In fact, they are hidden in the
back of the time schedule each term,
and no brochures are mailed to studen-
ts. "We don't make an effort to
publicize classes to students," said
Caren Potter of the Adult Lifestyle
FewJreshmen enroll in the classes,
but more students become interested
later, she said.
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