Page 2 - The Michigan Daily - Sunday, September 30, 1984
Canker threatens citrus industry
ORLANDO, Fla. (AP) - Growers,
officials, and scientists are putting on
the best face possible, but many
privately admit that Florida's billion
dollar citrus industry already has been
seriously harmed and faces years of
recovery from a killer bacterial
The current bout with citrus canker
follows last winter's record freeze that
damaged about 250,000 acres, a recent
battle against the Mediterranean fruit
fly in south Florida, and an infestation
of Apopka root borer in various
MEANWHILE, Brazil, the world's
largest citrus producer, waits and wat-
ches, hopeful of making further inroads
into U.S. markets, experts say.
While citrus canker has not been
found in any commercial groves - it
has been located at six nurseries and
another 40 are on a quarantine list -
many growers throughout the state's
760,000 producing acres are known to
have planted new stock from infected
Some of these new plantings are being
destroyed by burning, the only known
method of eradicating the contagious
bacterial disease. The canker kills
trees but does not harm humans.
ARLEN JUMPER, chairman of the
Florida Citrus Commission, a state
policy-making agency, has said he is
confident the disease will soon be
eradicated without disastrous con-
sequences for the industry.
Department of Citrus head Bernard
Lester has said he does not expect the
canker crisis to have any great impact
on production this year.
And yesterday, U.S. Agriculture
Department officials announced that a
ban on citrus sales within the state was
being lifted until Oct. 7 to ease a glut of
fruit in stores.
But there is heated debate over
whether the new stock-much of it
planted since last winter's
freeze-should be uprooted and burned.
THE OFFICIAL position in that it
should, because although canker may
not be evident now, it may show up
later and threaten the entire industry.
Observers say the industry will take
years to recover even if the disease is
confined to the half-dozen nurseries
where it has already been found.
Interviewers still get the blues (and grays)
(Continued from Page 1)
How you feel about what you're wearing also affects
that first impression in the interview, Stohler adds.
"One of the keys in dressing well for an interview is
that if you think you look good, that will add con-
LUTEY AGREES on this point. "The interview
tends to create tension. If you dress in something
you're comfortable with, this enhances your ap-
But that doesn't mean that all job seekers have
decided to scrap gray and blue pinstripe in favor of
something more comfortable.
"I know that as soon as I walk in and wait to be in-
terviewed, there are going to be ten other students
waiting there, all looking alike in their blue and gray
suits. I look horrible in these colors. But let's face it,
if you want a job, you have to wear the conservative
uniform," says one second-year MBA student who
asked that his name not be used.
DARING TO be different does involve some risk,
however. "Employers get tired of seeing thirteen
navy blue suits all day, and if someone walks through
that door with a red suit they may say 'Hey! That
person has some confidence!' " says Orr-May.
She adds, however, that wearing something less
conventional might mean the interviewer would
spend the interview time looking at the person's
clothes rather than listening to what they have to say,
possibly even throwing the interviewer completely
Some employers expect a certain look from the
students that they interview. According to Betsy
Stevens, assistant director for placement at the
business school, one Boston bank holding interviews
told her "men had better dress in a blue pinstripe suit
if they wanted a job with them. They needed to look
like a banker."
"The attitude is to dress for the job you want,"
agrees Lutey, "a student's job right now is to be a
student, if they want to get a certain job, they have to
dress like a person who's already in that job."'
Lutey's advice follows the underlying theme to
John Molloy's Dress for Success that has thus far
outlived the style changes since it first appeared: if
you want to be a successful person, you have to dress
like a successful person.
Compiled from Associated Press and
United Press International reports
Reagan has big lead in-AP Poll
WASHINGTON (AP) - Enjoying a huge margin five weeks before Elec-
tion Day, President Reagan leads Democratic nominee Walter Mondale in 43
states, an Associated Press survey says, though some experts call the up-
coming debates "wild cards" in the electoral deck.
'I think we're building up steam," said Kentucky Republican chairman
Joe Whittle. "If the election were held tomorrow, we would win similar'o
Richard Nixon's win over George McGovern in 1972."
Democrats take a different - and cautiously hopeful - stand.
According to the poll, Reagan is leading in every state in the Midwest, in-
cluding Mondale's home state of Minnesota. Reagan is also holding a com-
fortable advantage in Michigan.
"I'm counting on the debates as the catalyst that can reverse the trend and
narrow the gap considerably," said Connecticut Democrat Party chairman
"We're behind, there's no quesion about that," added Dave Nagle, Iowa
Democratic chairman. "If we stay with out game plan there's still time. I
think we bottomed out about a week ago."
"You can feel a rising tide" for Mondale, chimed in Massachusetts chair-
man Chester Atkins.
In recent days, Mondale has been pushing his "Fightin' Fritz" theme as
Reagan has been mired in controversy over his public statements about the
bombing of the U.S. Embassy annex in Beruit.
Senate to vote on civil rights act
WASHINGTON - The Senate, in a victory for civil rights forces, voted 924
yesterday to crush a filibuster by conservatives against the major anti-bias
bill before Congress this year.
The action limits debate on the "Civil Rights Act of 1984" and will permit a
vote this week on attaching the legislation to a vital money bill needed to
keep the government solvent after the new fiscal year begins Monday.
The civil rights measure has 63 co-sponsors in the 100-member Senate and
already has passed the House in a slightly different form. It has the backing
of virtually every major civil rights organization in the nation.
Sixty votes were needed to pass the debate-limiting motion, called
"cloiture," but once that threshold was passed, a score of senators who op-
posed the move switched their votes in favor.
Opponents of the legislation still will have one hour each to speak, and also
can insist that the Senate take time-consuming roll-call votes on amendmen-
Gandhi returns temple to Sikks
AMRITSAR, India - Prime Minister Indira Gandhi returned control of the
Golden Temple complex to Sikh religious leaders yesterday ending nearly
four months of army occupation of the sect's holiest shrine.
The return led to cancellation of a planned huge protest march by Sikhs to
"liberate" the shrine, and appeared for now to have placated India's 13
million Sikhs, angered by the army attack on the temple last June.
A few soldiers who remained inside the sprawling temple complex were
withdrawn right after Sikhdom's five high priests resumed control at 11
a.m., according to Maj. Gen. A.K. Dewan, an army commander in charge of
sescurity in the holy Sikh city of Amritsar.
"All army barricades near the Gold Temple will be removed soon. There
will be no restrictions on entry," Dewan told The Associated Press.
The military had controlled the temple since the June army raid to root out
reputed Sikh separatists and confiscate an arsenal stored there. Four days
of fighting resulted in nearly 600 people being killed, by official count,
although unofficial sources placed the toll at about 1,220.
N. Korea sends goods to South
NEW HAVEN, Conn. (UPI) -
Striking technical and clerical
workers hoisted picket signs yesterday
outside the Yale Bowl bolstered by
some sympathetic students who
boycotted the football game against the
University of Connecticut.
While one group of strikers picketed
at the stadium, other strikers showed
up at the grand opening of a $1 million
clubhouse at the Yale Golf Course on
the fifth day of the strike by white
collar workers with no talks in sight.
Football practice has continued unin-
terrupted, and coach Carm Cozza was
optimistic there would be no incidents
during the game because strikers are
not allowed on university property.
Several dozen students refused to at-
tend the game out of sympathy for the
A university source said Yale
president A. Bartlett Giamatti is "fully
briefed in many ways and was calling
After 41 days at sea the Swedish liner Linblad Explorer became the first passenger ship to
Rassage," the legendary route through the Artic which links the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans.
follow the "Northwest
(Continued from Page 1)
STILL, IT all began here 20 years ago
as a relatively small quarrel, one that
could easily have been stifled by com-
promise. It wasn't.
It peaked on Oct. 2, when a former
student in a protest rally was confron-
ted by campus police. He was dragged
to a police car with bodies sitting
and lying down all around it. The crowd
swelled to 10,000, the police force to 500.
A siege within a siege within a siege.
Captured by television, it appeared
as a stark scene of the armed
establishment against the seemingly
passive students whose bodies became
their weapons. Many had served their
apprenticeship in the South as mem-
bers of the Student Non-Violent Coor-
dinating Committee and the Congress
of Racial Equality.
THE POLICE car roof became a
ministage from which student leaders
exhorted, faculty members pleaded
and administrators laid down the law.
In the give and take, a philosophy
student named Mario Savio emerged as
a spokesman for the informal coalition
of radical and conservative campus
groups. He said, "We were going to
hold a rally. We didn't know how to get
the people. But we've got them now,
thanks to the university."
A temporary compromise reached
between students and University
President Clark Kerr wavered, broke,
was renegotiated, failed, and was revived.
But it drew national attention to attract
supporters like Joan Baez who led
rallies in "We Shall Overcome."
Philosophy professor John Searle,
who sympathized with the students'
motivation if not their tactics, saw in
them "an almost religious hunger for
some sort of meaningful behavior."
WRITING NOW, Diane Ravitch, a
and another era
noted historian of education, says in her
study "The Troubled Crusade":
"In a time of unclouded optimism, no
one could have predicted that many of
America's campuses would come under
siege in the late 1960's; that they would
become scapegoats for an unpopular
war and black grievances; that their
openness and tolerance would make
them convenient targets for youthful
revolutionaries who ironically tried to
destroy the one institution in America
that provided sanctuary for their
Some of those revolutionaries had
undoubtedly been sensitized by . the
events of their teenage years. They had
watched on television the Freedom
Riders poking at segregation of
lavatories and lunch counters.
THEY HAD heard of Rosa Parks
refusing to give up her bus seat to a
white man, watched as 11,000 troops
stood by while nine black children in-
tegrated Little Rock High. There were
names like Martin Luther King Jr.,
James Meredith and a man named
Medgar Evers who was murdered on
the doorstep of his Jackson, Miss.,
home, and four black girls who were
killed donning their choir robes when a
bomb burst in Birmingham's 16th
Street Baptist Church.
All of this was happening in an
America that had given them a plen-
tiful life, a life they now discovered was
also a sheltered one.
For some years as they entered
college, the more daring among them
were riding buses into the South, lear-
ning non-violent civil rights techniques,
and returning to campus to talk about
THE confrontation at Berkely, Searle
has written, produced a profound shock
"as they became aware that they no
longer believed in official beliefs they
had thought they believed in; andimost
surprisingly they found that thousands
of others shared their new beliefs.
People suddenly discovered they no
longer had to go on repeating the same
old social lie...'
As in any movement, there were far
more believers than activists. Polls
showed widespread support for the
Free Speech Movement, yet never did a
rally attract more than 10,000 of the
25,000 student body, and usually far
It produced a schizoid campus.
"There could be a lot of action down on
the plaza," says Chancellor Michael
Heyman, who was a law professor at
the time. "If you were up there in the
law school or over in engineering, or
natural resources, you had no idea
anything was going on. I often thought
that 90 percent of the students were just
doing their usual thing."
IN FACT, most faculty members are
still proud that they were able to teach
and research through it all, without
allowing their classes to be politicized.
The Free Speech Movement had
barely cooled when the Vietnam war in-
tensified, supplying fresh fuel to
student unrest and another symbol for
the ills of society. Teach-ins protesting
the war spread from the Universities of
Michigan and Wisconsin to other cam-
See LOOKING, Page 5
PLANMUNJOM, Korea - A North Korea truck convoy stretching for
miles deliverd rice and other flood relief supplies to South Korea across the
military demarcation line yesterday - the first time aid had crossed the line
since the peninsula was partitioned in 1945.
In all, 725 truckloads of relief goods were delivered, with most of the 370
trucks in the convoy making two runs each during the first day of deliveries.
The Red Cross of Communist North Korea used trucks and ships to
deliver part of a promised delivery of 7,200 tons of rice, 500,000 meters of
fabric, 100,000 tons of cement, and some medicine. The shipments were due
to end today under an earlier agreement. One ship loaded with cement ran
aground, but no one was reported hurt.
South Korea was hit by severe floods early this month that left nearly 200
people killed or missing and caused about $150 million in property losses.
At Planmunjom, South Korean Red Cross Secretary-General Cho Chol-
hwa welcomed the North Koreans, led by Baek Nam Jun. Cho said he hoped
the exchange would lead to similar movements of aid in times of future
Police seize IRA arms cargo
DUBLIN, Ireland - Irish Prime Minister Garret Fitzgerald said that many
lives may have been saved by the pre-dawn capture yesterday of a trawler
he said was carrying arms from the United States to Irish "subversives."
"These were arms being brought to this country to murder Irish people
north and south," Fitzgerald told reporters after a patrol boat in the Atlantic
fired tracer bullet and forced the trawler to surrender.
Fitzgerald said the arms came from the United States and that while the
cache had not been inventoried, "It is clear already it is a significant find,
and many lives of Irish people and indeed others may have been saved by
Police said the supply of automatic weapons, ammunition, and explosives
aboard the boat was the largest arms seizure in Ireland in more than a
In Washington, Federal Bureau of Investigation spokesman Lane Bonner
said the FBI was not involved in yesterday's incident.
FOOTBALL SATU RDAY?
YOU WON'T MISS THE BALLGAME
BECAUSE WE DON'T MISS A THING!
ulb E SitdP§oaU13 fati1
Vol. XCV - No.22
The Michigan Daily (ISSN 0745-967X) is published Tuesday through Sunday
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