Page 2 - The Michigan Daily - Wednesday, September 26, 1984
U.S., Canada vow to improve ties
WASHINGTON (AP) - President
Reagan and Canada's new prime
minister, Brian Mulroney, underscored
their goal of becoming even better
friends and neighbors by posing at the
White House yesterday with Canada's
first astronaut and the Americans who
will carry him into space next week.
U.S. officials said the two leaders
discussed only general areas of mutual
interest without getting into the thorny
issues that divide the two nations, such
as what to do about acid rain pollution.
BUT REAGAN said, "The prime
minister impressed upon me the impor-
tance his government attaches to en-
vironmental concerns, and we intend to
pursue these issues together . .. We
agree to keep each other's interests in
mind, to keep one another informed and
to hear one another out on the issues
which may arise between us." ,
One administration official, briefing
reporters on the visit on condition he
not be identified, said Reagan agreed to
Mulroney's proposal that the two meet
annually to keep up the good start they
made in improving relations between
the two countries.
The official said Secretary of State
George Shultz and his new counterpart,
Foreign Minister Joe Clark, would
discuss acid rain and other U.S.-
Canadian concerns in more detail
when they meet next month.
MULRONEY, in office for only eight
days, acknowledged he had no intention
of engaging in "hard bargaining"
during his first visit to the White House
as prime minister. 10
Mulroney said, "As you know the
cornerstone of our election campaign
was the refurbishing of the relationship
of trust between Canada and the United
States, the United States being our
friend and favorite ally. We propose to
do precisely that."
"This implies no subservience," said
the new Progressive Conservative
prime minister who once was president
President Reagan and Canadian Prime Minister Brian Mulroney examine a model of the space shuttle along with
astronauts who will man the next flight. Looking at the model are (From left) astronaut Bob Crippen, the mission
commander; Mark Garneau, a Canadian astronaut; Mulroney; and astronaut Kathy Sullivan, who will become the first
woman astronaut to walk in space.
of an American-owned mining com-
pany in his native Quebec.
BUT HE made clear he is anxious to
erase the stress marks that often ap-
peared in the relationship during the
long tenure of retired Liberal Party
Prime Minister Pierre Elliott Trudeau.
Mulroney commended Reagan for his
United Nations speech on Monday in
which the president said he is now
ready to sit down with the Soviets to try
to ease tensions.
Mulroney had indicated he will give
higher priority to the acid rain issue af-
ter the U.S. presidential election in
CANADA, and many scientists,
maintain that acid rain results from
sulfur dioxide emissions originating in
U.S. industrial plants in the Midwest
and that it threatens Canadian fishing
and timber operations.
The Reagan administration has said
the link between acid rain and sulfur
dioxide has not yet been proved and
requires further study.
Defending the administration's
position on Monday in Chicago, Vice
President George Bush said it is
preferable to research acid rain
pollution than to order tough cleanup
measures now, saying "we don't want
to needlessly put in something that
might not be the right answer" and
that could cost Americans jobs in the
coal and power industries.
Ferraro attacks Reagan 's toxic waste stand
Compiled from Associated Press and
United Press International reports
Agent orange ruling favors Vets
NEW YORK - Afederal judge saying "hardships will be reduced to some
small degree," tentatively approved a $180 million settlement yesterday for
Vietnem veterans and their families who claim they were harmed by the
herbicide Agant Orange.
U.S. District Judge Jack Weinstein said the settlement, financed by seven
chemical companies who made Agent Orange and were sued by the
veterans, might not be much if divided among thousands of claimants.
"It is not possible for class members to receive significant individual
compensation from the settlement funds," Weinstein said. But he said there
was little chance the plaintiffs could collect more by going to trial with their
class-action suit. The settlement was reached May 7, the day the veterans'
suit was to have gone to trial.
More than 26,000 veterans, many joined by their wives and children, have
blamed Agent Orange for illnesses ranging from skin rash to cancer,
miscarriages and birth defects. The ultimate number of claimants could top
120,000 according to attorneys in the case.
Hundreds of veterans had urged Weinstein to reject the settlement. Many
said the fund is far too small to compensate everyone for their injuries, while
others complained that they wanted a day in court or a contribution from the
Reagan defends U.S. Economy
WASHINGTON - President Reagan, speaking to economic leaders,
predicted yesterday a further decline in U.S. interest rates and called for a
new round of international negotiations to open trade bairriers.
Addressing the annual meeting of the World Bank and Internaional
Monetary Fund, Reagan promised the United States will not "run up the
flag" of protectionism.
High U.S. interest rates are blamed in some quarters for hobbling
economic development around the world and punishing debtor nations.
Reagan told the delegates, finance ministers and other officials from 147
nations, their countries are benefiting more from U.S. recovery and record
imports than they are being hurt by high interest charges, which many ex-
perts say contribute to U.S. budget deficits.
Amnesty International criticizes
China's anti-crime campaign
LONDON - Amnesty International said yesterday that China is holding
thousands of political prisoners in jails and labor "re-education camps" and
has executed thousands of other Chinese in a 13-month-old anti-crime cam-
In its first major report on Communist China since 1978, the London-based
human -rights group said tens of thousands of people were arrested and
thousands of others were executed in the first three months of the anti-crime
The 132-page report said that since 1981, China had nearly doubled - to 44
- the number of crimes punishable by execution.
Amnesty saidl it submitted the report - along with appeals for fair trials,
an end to the death penalty and release of political prisoners - to the
Chinese government at the beginning of this year but received no reply.
Amnesty, winner of the 1977 Nobel Peace Prize, identified 24 individual
Chinese, including 10 Roman Catholic priests, whom it has adopted as
"prisoners of conscience." It said these were a small fraction of "the total
number of political prisoners held.
Amnesty spokesman David Laulicht told The Associated Press that the 24
were people about whom Amnesty had "enough information to be quite sure
they were imprisoned only for exercising a basic human right such as
speaking their minds or writing something."
Michener repays college loan
SWARTHMORE, PA. - Pultizer-prize winning author James Michner
has promised to repay Swarthmore College for a $2,000 scholarship with
nearly $2 million in interest, a school spokesman said Tuesday.
In a recent letter, Michener pledged to donate $2 million to the small
liberal arts college that granted him a degree in 1929, said Swarthmore
spokesperson Lorna Shurkin.
"It is an unrestricted gift that we are very excited about," she said.
In his letter, the author of such works as "Hawaii" and "Centennial" even
proposed a press release to announce the gift, she said.
"In the spring of 1925, Swarthmore College awarded a $2,000 scholarship to
James Michener, a small-town boy with promising high school grades,"
wrote the native of Doylestown, Pa. - located 30 miles northeast of Swarth-
"At that time this was a considerable sum which Michener always thought
of as a loan against his future. Last week he informed the college that he was
repaying it with $1,998,000 interest.
Employees strike at Disneyland
ANAHEIM, Calif. - Hundreds of disgrunted Disneyland employees, most
wearing "No Mickey Mouse" buttons, ringed the world-famous amusement
park with picket lines yesterday on the first day of a strike by more than
"It had been, basically, a big happy family out here," said ride operator
Tim Stanley, one of the first strikers to picket near the park's main entrance.
"But now, it's like dad has taken our allowance away and given us more
work to do," said Stanley, a park employee for 17 years.
The strike, the second called at the park in five years, was sanctioned
Monday when members of a five-union coalition rejected by a 69 percent
margin management's latest master services contract offer.
The striking workers drew the support of passing motorists 'and
pedestrians as pickets started organizing several hours before the park
Vol. XCV - No. 18
The Michigan Daily (ISSN 0745-967X) is published Tuesday through Sunday
during the Fall and Winter terms and Tuesday through Saturday during the
Spring and Summer terms by students at the University of Michigan. Sub-
scription rates: September through April - $16.50 in Ann Arbor; $29.00
outside the city; May through August - $4.50 in Ann Arbor, $6.00 outside the
city. Second-class postage paid at Ann Arbor, Michigan. Postmaster: Send
address changes to The Michigan Daily, 420 Maynard Stireet, Ann Arbor,
The Michigan Daily is a member of the Associated Press and subscribes to
United Press International, Pacific News Service, Los Angeles Tinmes Syndi-
cate and College Press Service, and United Students Press Service.
(UPI) - Geraldine Ferraro led a pep rally in a
steamy gymnasium packed with stomping,
screaming students and supporters yesterday,
choosing a county high in toxic waste to attack
President Reagan's environmental record.
"Too long have the citizens of Macomb County
waited while wastes bubble in their backyards,"
Ferraro said. Let's elect a president who takes toxic
dumpers to court, not to lunch."
RETURNING to the theme several times in her'
speech, she said, "I want an administration that does
more than talk about law and order: I want an ad-
ministration that enforces environmental laws."
Gov. James Blanchard recently used a Macomb
County site regarded as one of this state's most
severe environmental problems as a backdrop to an-
nounce a program for combating groundwater con-
About two dozen anti-abortion demonstrators stood
outside in pouring rain holding signs denouncing
Ferraro as about 1,000 persons jammed the Steven-
son High School gym. Heat and 93 percent humidity
made it nearly as wet inside as out.
FERRARO ALSO hit Reagan's economic policies,
saying they have aggravated unemployment in the
Detroit suburb and sent jobs overseas.
"He tells you to check the newspapers (for jobs),"
Ferraro said. "The problem is you don't get all those
foreign newspapers where your jobs are being adver-
Vice President George Bush, meanwhile, accused
Mondale of trying to capitalize politically on the
terrorist bombing of a U.S. Embassy annex in Beirut
last week. Mondale has charged Reagan with letting
terrorists "humiliate us and push us around and kill
"I think he's dealing in hindsight, trying to
capitalize on a very tragic incident," Bush told a
news conference in Chicago, where he campaigned in
Jewish neighborhoods and defended the ad-
ministration's Middle East policies.
British link U.S. space
program to military
LONDON (UPI) - America's
civilian space program is increasingly
influenced by the military's building of
astronaut armies, laser battle stations,
and manned spy platforms in a race
with the Soviet Union, the new Jane's
Spaceflight Directory said yesterday.
Editor Reg Turnill, who compiled the
first Jane's book of 28 space operations,
warned American defense chiefs
believe "contests" in space - not
specifically "battles" - are not only
possible but almost inevitable" within
the next 25 years.
WHILE 70 percent of the Soviet
Union's space launches are for military
purposes, Turnill wrote that 38 of
NASA's 110 space shuttle flights plan-
ned through 1989 are also set aside for
secret Defense Department missions.
The U.S. military space effort was
given $8.5 billion in 1983 compared to
NASA's $6.4 million, Turnill noted.
"A new breed of military astronauts
is being quietly elected too," Turnill
wrote in Jane's, an authority on inter-
national military affairs. '
IN A telephone interview expanding
on his remarks, he said that compared
to NASA's three civilian astronauts, the
U.S. Air Force is building "a secret
space force of as many as 50
"NASA's program is being in-
creasingly infiltrated by the U.S. Air
Force, which has the right to take over
any shuttle mission although it has not
done so yet," he told UPI.
"At first, the new military astronauts
will work as mission specialists
alongside NASA's shuttle pilots," he
said. The first was due to have flown on
the cancelled STS-10 flight, but won't go
now until probably December.
"The long-term air is undoubtedly to
form them into separate teams who will
nurse their secrets as they ferry to and
from the inevitable manned military
reconnaissance platforms," Turnill
Oil companies' accord
may hold doi
By the Associated Press
An agreement by major oil com-
panies to allow their franchised
gasoline stations to sell competing
brands should help hold down prices at
the pump, although substantial savings
are not expected, industry 'analysts
The analysts said the proposed
resolution of an antitrust lawsuit
brought by dealers reduces Big Oil's
grip on the gasoline business.
THE ACCORD is the latest develop-
ment in a decade-long transformation
of the way Americans buy gasoline, in-
cluding the emergence of automated
statinn and the grnth nf nnvenience
in gas prices
It could give more motorists a choice
of either a station's advertised brand or
a discount blend with the same octane
that has been supplied by a competitor
at a lower wholesale price.
For some companies involved in the
agreement, such as Exxon Corp. and
Mobil Corp., that choice already exists
at a few stations, which dispense
bargain blends through pumps clearly
identified as not containing their bran-
IF THE process spreads as a result of
the latest agreements, "it will have a
a tendency to put downward pressure
on pricing. but I don't think it will have
a major impact on consumers," said
Editor in chief ........ .
Managing Editors .... .
Associate News Editors
Opinion Page Editors . .
......... BIL SPINDLE
. .......... SUE BARTO
. JAMES BOYD
Associate Sports Editors
... MIKE MCGRAW
. ... JEFF BERGIDA
DOUGLAS 8. LEVY
NEWS STAFF: Marcy Fleischer, Mario Gold, Thomas
Hrach, Rachel Gottlieb, Sean Jackson. Carrie Levine,
Eric Mattson, Tracey Miller, Kery Murokomi. Allison
Magazine Editor .. . .......... JOSEPH KRAUS
Associate Magazine Editor .... BEN OMTOOB
Arts Editors . .... FANNIE WEINSTEIN
SPORTS STAFF: Dave Aretha, Mark Borowski, Joe
Ewing, Chris Gerbasi. Jim Gindin. Skip Goodman.
Steve Herz, Rick Kaplan. Tom Keaney. Tim Mokinen
Adam Martin. Scott McKinlay. Barb McQuade, Brad
Morgan. Jerry Muth, Phil Nussel, Mike Redstone.
Scott Salowich Randy Schwartz. Susan Warner.
Business Manager.. ... STEVEN BLOOM
Advertising Manager MICHAEL MANASTER
Display Manager .. . .... LIZ CARSON
Notionols Monoo,,r .... ......1OR )TIZ
I ANN MHMIJH