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September 16, 1984 - Image 3

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The Michigan Daily, 1984-09-16

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The Michigan Daily - Sunday, September 16, 1984-- Page 3

Program
guides
women
into
science
By MARLENE ROTH
Catherine Badgley entered college 16
years ago with a dream of transforming
her love of nature into a solid career.
today, and 14 years later, she is
a successful paleontologist and
assistant professor of geology at the
University.
Badgley broke into a male-dominated
profession, but said she doesn't view
being a woman as a hinderance to her
career.
"IN A SITUATION atmosphere, I see
myself as a scientist first, then a
woman," she said.
Badgley will deliver that message at
the, Woman and Science workshop
being held today to encourage women
at the University to pursue careers in
science.
Though some women still complain of
feeling shadowed by the larger number
of men in science classes and of extra at-
tention some professors give their male
classmates, most agree that gender is
not an issue in their academic success.
"YOU MENTION women in science,
I don't view them as quote 'women
chem. majors,' they're chem. majors,"
said one LSA student who asked not to
be named.
"Yeah, there aren't as many girls in
Omy (physical) chemistry class, as there
were in my 125 lecture freshman year,
but it seems almost archaic when you
start separating the sexes," he said.
"Hey, I'm a guy and you're a girl, but
in class; we're working for a similar
goal and then we're students," he ad-
ded.
A biology major said if the attitude
that gender doesn't mater "carries
Aver into the job market, it will open up
a lot of positions for women."
How women fare in the science
professions will be a topic of discussion
at the workshop. In addition to Badgley,
guest speakers include Prof. Janet
Fairley, of the University's medical
school, Susan Wilson, a graduate fellow
in microbiology and immunology, and
Janet Ku -a doctoral candidate in the
bioengineering program.
'The workshop will be held from 3-5
.m. in the Vandenberg Room of the
Michigan League.

13 unions picket GM
plants as talks continue

DETROIT (AP) - Negotiators for General Motors Corp.
and the United Auto Workers union bargained on a national
contract all day yesterday, as pickets marched outside 13
plants struck over local issues.
There was no indication if progress had been made in
national bargaining on the critical job-security issue. Talks
were to resume this morning.
PICKET lines were set up just after midnight Friday at 13
plants in local protests involving 62,000 employees of the
giant carmtaker.
Leaders of the striking locals said the walkouts were
designed to keep pressue on GM while UAW President Owem
Bieber and his bargainers try to reach a new contract.
GM and the union bargained for most of the day, and at
7:25 p.m. EDT, called off talks for the night. A union
statement said progress had been made "in some areas. Many
differences remain, however."
COMPANY officials said nothing officially.
Bieber said the old contract covering all 350,000 GM
workers would remain in effect indefinitely and no national
strike deadline was set.
"We are giving support to the national committee . . . to
show that we do support their bargaining points," said Mike
Feldman, a trustree of UAW Local 160 at the GM Technical
Center outside Detroit, one of the 13 struck plants.
MOST OF the pickets were stationed at plants making
GM's most popular cars, such as the Chevrolet Corvette
sports car line in Bowling Green, Ky.
Only one of the struck plants had been scheduled for
weekend work, and a GM spokesman said the actions would
have little effect through the weekend. Workers in the
remainder of the plants were told to report to work.

GM's assembly plant at Lordstown, Ohio, which was not
one of the 13, canceled itst shift yesterday because some
workers stayed away. But production resumed with the
second shift yesterday afternoon, officials said.
THE GM WORKERS walked out at three assembly plants
in and around Pontiac, Mich., and one each in Flint, Mich.;
Warren, Mich.; Doraville, Ga. ; Arlington, Texas;
Wilmington, Del.; Linden, N.J.; Bowling Green, Ky.;
Shreveport, La.; Wentzville, Mo.; and Van Nuys, Calif.
Ted Creason, financial secretary of Local 653 at the Pon-
tiac plant where the small Fiero sports car is made, said the
walkouts "may very well extend into local bargaining issues.
But it's on the national contract."
Some workers were unhappy with the selective strategy.
"I FEEL everybody should go out," said Doug Goodman, a
worker at GM'd Lordstown complex in northeastern Ohio,
which employs about 11,000 workers.
"I want back what we gave up in 1982," Goodman said,
The union has demanded the first raise in three years on its
$9.63-an-hour basic wage. Cost-of-living payments total $3.04
for an average wage of $12.67. The union gave up millions of
dollars in contract concessions two years ago when the in-
dustry was losing money, but this year GM is making record
profits.
The strike was the first major one in the industry since a
walkout eight years ago against Ford. A 1970 strike against
GM lasted 67 days.
Strikers will receive $85 a week from the union's largest
national strike fund in history - $570 million.

Shake your bootie Associated Press
A wellwisher delivers baby booties and balloons in London yesterday, hours
after Princess Diana of Wales was admitted in the early stages of labor.
Diana gave birth to a six-pound, 14-ounce bouncing baby prince.

Israelis question effectiveness of new government

s v v v ..,.,/

TEL AVIV, Israel (AP) - Prime Minister
Shimon Peres faces an awesome task in trying to
'control Israel's plolitical and economic turmoil
and lead a government with a built-in mechanism
for indecision.
Peres, the Labor Party leader who fought for
seven years to become. prime minister, must
share his decisions with former Prime Minister
Yitzhak Shamir, his ideological rival and a deputy
prime minister.
Peres, who prides himself on being an ad-
ministrator, is' trying to prevent his new gover-
nment from slipping into paralysis by clearly
outlining his priorities.
FIRST, HE wants to correct an economy racing
toward an annual inflation rate of 400 percent.
Debts are so high that private banks are limiting
credit, foreign currency reserves are plunging

past the danger point and unemployment is rising.
Second, he wants to get Israeli forces out of
Lebanon "within months." Peres told the Haaretz
newspaper that he has a "crystallized plan," of
political and military action that would end the
more than two-year occupation without
threatening Israel's northern border.
A Lebanon plullout would clear the way for his
third priority, reopening peace efforts with the
Arab states.
Peres may find harmony in his bipartisan
Cabinet on the first two issues, But 'he is almost
certain to clash with Shamir's Likud block, which
controls 12 of 25 Cabinet seats, if peace with the
Arabs means giving up parts of the occupied West
Bank.
NEITHER Labor nor Likud won enough seats in
Parliament in the July 23 election to control a

majority and govern without the other. So they
joined forces in a Cabinet constructed so that
neither can make a move without the other's con-
sent.
The logical result, the critics say, is a tug of war
between equally balanced forces.
"I doubt if it can hold up over a long period of
time," said Arveh Naor, a former Cabinet
secretary "It will be hard for the government to
function properly or decide anything."
The Cabinet - one of the largest in Israel's
history - has 25 ministers: 12 from the Labor
alignment, 12 from the Likud bloc, and one held by
the National Religious Party, which claims to be
neutral.
BUT THE tough decisions will be made in two
inner Cabinets of 10 members each, five from each
bloc. One will deal with foreign affairs and

security, the other with the economy.
Peres, acknowledging the potential for endless
deadlock, says that nevertheless the two
traditional rivals must close ranks to battle the
country's current crises.
"I want debate without hatred," he told
Parliament on Friday before taking the oath of of-
fice.
But internal rivalries embroil each party, and
threaten to stir up trouble between them.
The greatest destabilizing element is Ariel
Sharon, the former defense minister who quit his
post in disgrace in 1983, but has come back as in-
dustry and trade minister.
Sharon has openly challenged Shamir's
leaderhip of the Likud bloc in what some analysts
see as a bid to eventually become prime minister.

C on trovers Y ATLANTIC CITY, N.J. (AP)-A accused of shoplifting two years ago. Kentucky, Kelly Lin Brumagen, 22, of and Miss Utah, Sharlene Wells, 20, of

f

won't blow
over Miss.
America
Pageant

woman once charged with shoplifting
and another described as having "all
the parts it takes" to be Miss America
1985 were among 10 finalists chosen
yesterday for the crown relinquished by
last year's victor in the worst scandal in
the pageant's 63 years.
Another controversy shook the
pageant's glittery girl-next-door image
during the week when contest officials
had to decide on the eligibility of
Melissa Bradley, Miss Ohio who was

Bradley pleaded no contest in the
case, and officials decided that she
could continue in the pageant because
the charges eventually were dropped.
THE CHAIRMAN OF the Miss Texas
Pageant, Don Magness, created a small
furor early this month when he said
Miss Hext had "all the parts it takes" to
be Miss America and "there may not be
a better body in the United States."
The finalists were Miss Hawaii, Deb-
bie Nakanelua, 26, of Honolulu; Miss

Lexington; Miss Massachusetts,.
Margaret Marie O'Brien, 26, of
Weymouth; Miss Minnesota, Lauren
Susan Green, 26, of Minneapolis; Miss
Mississippi, Kathy Manning, 22, of
Drew.
Also Miss New York, Mary-Ann
Farrell, 22, of New York City; Miss
Ohio, Melissa Bradley, 23, of Man-
sfield; Miss Tennessee, Shelley Suzan-
ne Mangrum, 23, of Nashville; Miss
Texas, Tamara Hext, 21, of Fort Worth;

Salt Lake City.
O'Brien, a vocalist, and Green and
Farrell, both pianists, won preliminary
talent competitions. Manning, Hext
and Wells took honors in preliminary
swimsuit events.
The judges' choices in evening gown
and interview categories are kept
secret. The 10 finalists start the last
round of talent, swimsuit and evening
gown competition with clean slates.

HAPPENINGS
Highlight Sunday
James Lee Stanley appears for a single performance at the Ark tonight.
The show begins at 8 p.m. at 637 S. Main St.
Films
U-Club, Arthur, 7 p.m., U-Club.
Cinema Guild-Siegfried, 7 p.m., Kriemhild's Revenge, 8:50 p.m., Lorch
Hall
Miscellaneous
Bike Club-20-30 mile bike trip, 10 a.m., Diag.
Center for Continuing Education of Women-Women in Science worksho-,
3 p.m., Vandenburg Room, League.
Hillel Foundation-Israeli Folk Dance, 7:30p.m., 1429 Hill.
Museum of Art-Photography display, all day, Museum of Art.
Monday
Highlight
Tours of the Hatcher Graduate Library will be given today at 11 a.m., 1
p.m., and 3 p.m. Meet in the N. Lobby.
Films
Center for Near East & N. African Studies-The Land, 7 p.m., Lorch Hall.
Speakers
Chemistry-Prof. George McLendon, "Long Distance Electron Transfer In
Electron Transfer In Inorganic and Bioorganic Systems: The Tunnel at the
End of the Light," 4 p.m., room 1200, Chemistry Building.
Center for Near East & N. African Studies-Trevor LeGassick, "A
discussion of Abd al-Rahman Sharkawi's 1954 novel, Egyptian Earth,"
noon, Lane Hall Commons Room.
Computer Center-Lecture, Forrest Hartman, "Beginners Guide to MTS
9," 3:30 p.m., room 177, Business Administration Building, Lecture, 7:30 -
p.m., "Intorduction to MTS & Statistical Computing," room 3231 Angell Hall.
Meetings
Asian American Association-6:30 p.m., Trotter House.
SLC-7:30 p.m., room 3000, Union.
University Activities Center-7:0 p.m., Pendleton Room, Union.
Student Alumni Council-7 p.m., Alumni Center.
Society for Creative Anachronism-8 p.m., Union.
Michigan Botanical Club-7:45 p.m., Matthaei Botanical Gardens, Aud-
itorium.
Washtenaw Association for Retarded Children-7:30 p.m., High Point
Cafetorium,1735S. Wagner Road.
Sndpnt frCrl.. maPin-7.31 n -- m- K1a R mUnn

Schoolchildren accurately predict elections

NEW YORK (UPI) - President
Reagan and Walter Mondale ought to
keep their eyes on a "Weekly Reader"
presidential "election" that starts late
this month and runs on and off through
most of October.
They just might get a prediction of
the outcome of their November race.
Here's why:
* Over a period of 28 years, before
seven presidential elections, the
Weekly Reader periodicals put out in
Middletown, Conn., have polled about
one million of the nation's grade-
schoolers about their pick for president.
" In every poll, results have been
predictive of the presidential election
winner in November.

" For' most years, the results were
close to the actual national outcome. In
1972, for example, students in every
state but Massachusetts voted for
Richard Nixon, exactly paralleling the
adult vote.
* In one case, the 1968 election, the
national election winner had to be ex-
trapolated from the poll data. In that
year the poll was run during the spring
primary campaign. Robert Kennedy
received the most student votes, but
was later assassinated. Nixon, who won
the election, had originally received the
second-highest number of votes.
"We' will be conducting the poll
this year in second grade through

secondary," says Terry Borton editor
of the "Reader" publications perused
by an estimated 9 million school
children. "We have dropped kindergar-
ten and first grade because of a feeling
that such young kids do not understand
the election well enough to participate
meaningfully.
"Even with these grades missing, we
expect about one-and-a-half million
kids to participate this year."
Here are comparisons of student
presidential election outcomes with ac-
tual national ones:
" 1980 - Students: Reagan 45 percent;
Jimmy Carter, 41 percent, John Ander-
son, 14 percent. National results:

Reagan, 51 percent, Carter, 41 percent;
Anderson, 7 percent.
" 1976 - Students: Carter 61 percent;
Gerald Ford, 39 percent. National
results: Carter, 50 percent; Ford, 48
percent.
" 1972 - Students; Nixon 70 percent;
George McGovern, 28 percent. National
results: Nixon, 61 percent; McGovern,
38 percent.
Borton said the student participation
of 1.5 million out of a Weekly Reader
publications readership of 9 million
may look small, but "we consider it
pretty high. This means extra work for a
teacher and actually becomes a class
project.

Reagan s Soviet relations shift in election year

WASHINGTON (AP) - Presidents
often adjust their foreign policies
during election years because of
political imperatives, but few have un-
dertaken the sweeping changes that
President Reagan has in this campaign
season.
The polls indicate Reagan's strategy
has been highly successful but, for a
president who took office intent on pur-
suing a "consistent" foreign policy, his
behavior lately suggests this objective
deserves a decidedly lower priority

than the political requirements of the
day.
In his shift toward the center, Reagan
has alienated some conservatives;
at least one, renowned fund-raiser
Richard Viguerie, has accused him of
appeasement policies reminiscent of
those of British Prime Minister Neville
Chamberlain in the late 1930s.
WHEN REAGAN meets with Soviet
Foreign Minister Andrei Gromyko on
Sept. 28, the veteran diplomat may be
wondering whether he will encounter
the Reagan who two years ago looked to

relegating the Soviets to the "ash heap
of history" or the one who last week
said he "means no harm" to the Soviets
after all.
Publicly, the administration has
minimized the significance of the
Gromyko meeting on the election cam-
paign. But Reagan's eagerness to
capitalize on it was reflected in his
decision to announce the meeting him-
self last Tuesday.
All this year, in fact, Reagan has
steadily disavowed hallowed foreign

policy precepts of his earlier White
House period, a deliberate "rock-the-
boat" strategy aimed at keeping the
Democrats off balance.
He has said he would be wilting to
havea meeting with Soviet President
Konstantin Chernenko "anytime."
IRS Handbook for Special Agents
The IRS Special Agent Handbook is
intended as a training aid for new
special agents and a reference book
for the more experienced agents.
The following is a brief overview of
the handbook
* General Investigative Procedure
* Methods of proving income
* Sample report: bank deposit case
* Sources of information
* Surveillance, Searches, Seizures
* Federal Court and related matters
To discourage public knowledge of
this material, the IRS raised the price
of the 525 page handbook fifteen
times to $78.75. You can buy it for

-w//////// Mass Meeting
Tuesday, Sept. 25
COMEDY 7:30 PM
Pendleton rm.
A Union
\ . . . . . . . . . . . V . .V..

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