The Michigan Daily - Sunday, September 9, 1984 - Page 33
Require Congress' OK
nuclear arms use-activist
an arms-control advocac groupeladun-
ched a campaign yesterday to require.
the approval of a special congressional
committee before the president could
use nuclear weapons to respond to a
conventional Soviet attack on Western
Jeremy Stone, director of the 5,000-
member Federation of American
Scientists, argued that by using nuclear
weapons first, a president would, in ef-
fect, be declaring general nuclear war
and inviting an atomic attack on the
United States through escalation.
"WITHIN hours of the president's
first use of nuclear weapons, nuclear
retaliation could lead to the end of the
United States," he wrote in the fall
issue of Foreign Policy magazine.
Stone drew the support of a leading
constitutional scholar, Raoul Berger.
The former Harvard professor said
only Congress has the legal power to
"Those who espouse a contrary
theory just want to have an unbridled
presidency, and what that led to is
Watergate," Berger said at a news con-
ference with Stone last week.
BUT THE Pentagon disagreed with
Stone's contention that the Constitution
prohibits the president from using
'Within hours of the president's first use of
nuclear weapons, nuclear retaliation COuld
lead to the end of the United States.'
- Prm Stone
Director, American Federation
of AmeriCan Scientists
Democratic Vice-President candidate Geraldine Ferraro shares a laugh with Congressional candidate Barry Robbins
and U.S. Senate candidate Eliza beth Mitchell in Portland, Maine yesterday during a three hour campaign visit.
Mascot's motion raises stink at convention
nuclear weapons first - without the
consent of Congress - if a NATO ally
The Defense Department's general
counsel, Chapman Cox, wrote Stone
that the alliance has succeeded in
deterring attack because the ootential
aggressor is convinced that the North
Atlantic Treaty Organization "is indeed
ready to use any of the weapons it
possesses, including nuclear weapons."
Involving Congress "would threaten
NATO's ability to deter Soviet
aggression" and "tend to undermine
NATO's deterrance policy," Cox added.
IN AN interview, Stone said all recent
presidents have threatened to use
nuclear weapons first in the event of
conventional hostilities in Europe. But
he said it was "unnecessary, unwise,
unconstitutional and unlawful to leave
The University of Michigan
Monday, Sept. 10, 7:00 p.m.
Anderson Room, Mich. Union
Any men who like to sing will have a
met present memb~ers, ask questions
and sign up for auditions at the meeting.
Anyone unable to attend the meeting
soon as possible to arrange an audition.
this fateful question to a single in.
Stone said he did not question the
president's authority to use nuclear
weapons if the United States was under
But he said in a conventional war in
Europe, -the president would have
"hours and days" to consult with his
advisers and with the allied gover-
nments. "Obviously, there would be'
time enough to consult with Congress
itself or with a special committee ap-
pointed for this purpose," he said.
A moment of silence
to f ocus
we are doing
this aCademic year
on caring for
humanity and the
Monday, Sept. 10
On t he D iag
By SEAN JACKSON
Special to the Daily
DETROIT -- Vice President George Bush headed
the list of special guests at the Republican convention
here yesterday, but just before his speech a very
special guest made a unique motion on the convention
:Draped in one American flag and carrying another
in his trunk, Jack the Live Elephant was slowly
making his way through Cobo Hall. Although Jack
appeared happy to be his party's mascot,. he wasn't
too proud to relieve himself right in front of a group of
THAT MESS was quickly covered up with
newspaper by convention organizers, and the 1,800
people in the hall turned their attention to Bush's
words. Another interesting observer in the hall - this
one talked and only walked on two legs - was Arch-
duke Karl von Habsburg, a law student at Salzburg
University in Austria.
Von Habsburg, whose grandfather was the last
emperor of Austria-Hungary, said Bush gave "an ex-
cellent speech." He said he was particularly im-
pressed by Bush's statements on defense. "It was
good that he mentioned the stationing of the missiles
In his work with the German parliament, von Hlab-
sburg said he has sampled the opinions of West Ger-
mans on the deployment of American Pershing II
missiles and found that the well-publicized demon-
strators who oppose the missiles do not represent the
majority of Germans.
"THAT GROUP of demonstrators can be paid to
demonstrate on anything, and will say anything," he
explained. Von Habsburg is confident that Bush and
President Ronald Reagan are seen as friends in West
"Germans are fond of the American executives,"
he said. Germans are also fond of the support from
the American military, according to the law student,.
but he believes the European countries should help
carry the burden of defense.
"I think it's ridiculous for 220 million Americans to
defend 250 million Europeans, we appreciate the
American military support, but I think Europeans
should work better together to improve th ir defen-
For conventioneers who did not want to follow the
elephant, listen to speeches, or bump into the gran-
dson of Austria - Hungary's last emperor, there
were plentyi of other things to do around Cobo Hall.
TH ERE WAS a $25 per ticket reception where
delegates, but not the elephant, could drink vodka,
wine, cognac, or gin and listen to Bush drum up sup-
port for the Republican Party of Michigan and urge
delegates to give their time to the presidential cam-
paign to ensure a Reagan-Bush victory.
Following the luncheon the delegates returned to
the convention floor for the nominating speeches and
the voting on candidates
try's deficit which is expected to top
$175 billion this month. He said the party
is gong to "kepo trying to control
completely at fault because Congress
spends the money. "They appropriate
Ievery dime, don't they?"
The administration will continue to
spend money on defense until it no
longer becomes necessary to spend the
money, he said.
Bush said he would favor holding a
constitutional convention which could
r-equire a balanced budget. However he
said this convention should be limited to
one issue - the budget - and not school
prayer or abortion.
Reagan vital to world
BUSH, WHO called yesterday's visit We don't have it and I intend to provide
the kickoff of the Michigan campaign, it," Lousma said. He added that he
"patriot's flame 'whikchpwas inited citizensathat thei josuareth sa "W
more than 200 years ago. During his have a special responsibility to give the
appearance before the delegates, Bush people of Michigan insurance that their
expressed confidence about former jobs are safe .. ." Lousma said.
astronaut Jack Lousma's race against For the most part, the convention
incumbent Carl Levin for the Senate. served as a foot-stompin', hand clappin'
"We need more Republican pep rally intended to fire up
congressmen," Bush said. "With him Republicans and promote party unity
as senator, Michigan is far better off." for the fall campaign.
Lousma, who briefly addressed the The delegates unanimously
crowd before Bush, repeated his hopes nominated Justice James Brickley,
of luring the world of high technology to former Justice Dorothy Comstock
the state. Riley, and former Sen. Robert Griffith
"WE NEED leadership for Michigan. as candidates for the Michigan
PaChel be l's Canon
w ith the
Ensemble in a free
outdoor perf ormnanCe.
Supreme Court. All three candidates we
rrunnin sunopposed for the three
HAVE YOU BEEN DISH ING
IT OUT, BUT JUST CAN'T
e TAKE IT ANYMORE?
Avoid that sinking feeling and come to any U-M
dining hail or residence hail snack bar for a good,-
hnt meali And a od deal with Entree oir Entrpe.-p ==
Fans celebrate season opener
(Continued from Page 1)
man beginning his 84th season as a
Wolverine fan and two-year-old Andy
Bass who toasted his first game with a
premium bottle of baby formula.
* The entertainers, like marching band
tuba player Mark Kotchenruther.
"We're always trying to keep the
Saudience pumped up . .. so it will help
the team spirit," Kotchenruther said.
"One of the goals of the band is to keep
the fans fired up."
Flag girl Lisa Jozwick, a junior, said
her role is "along the same lines as pom
pon girls - getting fans enthusiastic
and going along with the rhythm and
POM PON GIRL Michelle Bernier
said "I think we do our share," she ad-
ded. "We try our best. The fans catch
* The entrepreneurs, like junior Amy
Goldman, who was selling Michigan
painters' caps on the street prior to
yesterday's opener. "'Everyone loves
them," she said, adding tiiat the caps
"definitely contribute" to the crowd's
Steve Dean, who was peddling maize
and blue butterscoth-flavored popcorn
before the game, said the pre-game
sales are an important part of a football
Saturday. "It's the whole idea of U of M
games," he said.
In addition to raising money for his
high school basketball team, Richard
Price said he was selling yellow 'M'
towels to "get the whole stadium
cheering for Michigan."
As the more than 105,000 fans
prepared for the ritual of football
Saturday, LSA student Karen Hyman,
who hopes to go to medical school, said
she had better things to do with her
time. "Michigan football is boring, but
I'm going to a party after the game."
El Norte, a film which traces the fight of a Guatemalan brother and sister
to carve out a life in Los Angeles, is being presented free of charge by
Minority Student Services tonight. The political and artistic film will be
shown at 7:30 p.m. in Auditorium A of Angell Hall.
in AnOn Aribor
The warm and special
Choose Entree, our regular dining plan.
Entree is available to all U-M students. You may
choose a full, 13-meal-per-week lunch & dinner
plan (the same plan residence hall students re-
ceive with their "board" contract), or a Dinner
Only Entree Plan, good for seven dinners a week.
Or choose our pre.,aid
supplemnental meal plan - Entree Plus.
Sign up for Entree Plus - available in contract
amounts from $100 to $400 -and use it for any
meal, whenever you're on campus. Or need a break
from apartment cooking, fast food, or high restau-
rant prices. As an Entr e Plus customer, you'll also
* Cancellation and refund privileges
- Delayed billing, so you don't have to pay into
your account until you receive a statement
* Free guest meal passes and dining room
For more information, or to sign up for Entree
or Entree Plus, go to the Entree Office. Or call
Cinema Two-Ninotchka, 7 p.m., MLB 4.
Ark-The Shuffle Creek Dancers, 8 p.m., 637 S. Main St.
Campus Chapel-Mime, Perry Perrault, 7 p.m., 1236 Washtenaw Ct.