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September 09, 1984 - Image 2

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1984-09-09

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Page 2 - The Michigan Daily - Sunday, September 9, 1984

QUEBEC (AP) - Pope John
Paul II, walking in the traces of the
missionaries who brought Christianity
to New France, arrives today for a 12-
day Canadian tour expected to em-
phasize traditional doctrine on sex and
church authority.
He will find a Canadian
population-almost half the country is
Roman Catholic-that is enthusiastic
about the pope's visit but resistant to
his conservative message on birth con-
trol, abortion, married priests and
women clergy.
IN QUEBEC, the first of 13 cities
John Paul will visit, bunting in the
papal colors of yellow and white
decorates homes, and papal flags are
posted on the route from the airport.
But security also has been tightened
following a bomb explosion last week at
the Montreal train station. Three Fren-
ph tourists were killed and a warning
note seemed to threaten the pope.
Police searched the sewers near the
archbishop's residence in Quebec's old
walled city,' where the pope will spend
tonight, and then welded the manhole
covers shut.
CLOSE TO half a million people are
expected to line the streets to watch the
pope's processions or attend an outdoor
Mass this afternoon.
Gaston Plante, 58 showed his grand-
children a spot where the pope will
pass near the bluffs overlooking the St.
Lawrence River, and said he would
bring them back today for the big day.
"When you see great men, you don't
become great yourself, but you feel
great," Plante said. "And this is the
greatest of all men coming here."
THE POPE will be greeted in
Quebec City by outgoing Prime

Minister John Turner. He will be sent ne
off from Ottawa on Sept. 20 by Turner's R
successor, Brian Mulroney, the winner a s
of last week's elections. Both Turner tre
and Mulroney - as well as their last Th
two predecessors - are among the 11.4 1,8
million Roman Catholics in the tel
Canadian population of 25 million. spi
New public opinion polls published wh
yesterday show all but a tiny minority 1
welcoming the papal visit, but the polls tha
also said Canadians are largely liberal say
on some contentious issues, especially Le
in the heavily Roman Catholic province soc
of Quebec. Ne
From the days of the missionary ex- mi
plorers, Quebec was a bastion of -
Roman Catholic influence, where
education, health care-even
unions-were under church control.
But in the past two decades profound
social change has forced the parish
priest and diocesan bishop to surrender
power to the bureaucrat and politician.
Known as La Revolution Tranquille, the
Quiet Revolution, it has left the Catholic
church of Quebec in a quiet crisis.
WHEN POPE John Paul II comes to
Quebec City today, religious leaders
and lay people say he will find churches
beset by falling attendance, a
shrinking, aging clergy unable to find
recruits for the pulpits, and a less
reverent, more questioning flock con -
cerned more with social issues than
with matters of the soul.
"We're not any more in a typical
Catholic religious mentality," says
Louis Rousseau, a professor of religious
history at the Universite du Quebec in
Montreal. "People are saying 'If the
pope wants to, let him speak and maybe
I will consider it, but I won't

for papal
cessarily follow him.' " plorer Jacc
Rousseau's comments are backed by Lawrence R
urvey published yesterday in Mon- Some of t
al's Devoir and Gazette newspapers. teachings h
e poll found that 54 percent of the and one won
00 Catholics questioned in a bers to syml
ephone poll consider the pope a great trine by ser
ritual spokesman, but not the man to tificates to
om they owe their obedience plans for m
"It means you do not find a majority nounced.
at considers the pope their leader," After Que
ys Jean Pierre Proulx, a writer for an exhausti
Devoir. The church's role in Quebec Trois Rivie
ciety goes back to the founding of by plane ba
w France, when Catholic east coast,
ssionaries accompanied French ex- village's fis


iues Cartier up the St.
iver 449 years ago.
hose opposed to the pope's
have circulated petitions,
men's group urged its mem-
bolically reject church doc-
rding their baptismal cer-
church officials, but no
ass protests have been an-
bec City, John Paul begins
ive odyssey, first by train to
res and Montreal and then
ck to Newfoundland off the
where he will bless a small
hing fleet.

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Busted Associated Press
Terry Miller of Kalamazoo surrendered his pet monkey, Joey, yesterday af-
ter Kalamazoo County Animal Control officials ruled that Miller was in
violation of a city animal control ordinance for harboring an undomesticated
animal. Joey will be placed in an area zoo.
Nation experiences
record drop in crim-e

Complied from Associated Press and
United Press international reports
Iranian jet hijacked to Cairo
CAIRO, Egypt - An Iran Air jetliner carrying more than 120 people was
hijacked on a domestic flight Saturday and forced to land in Bahrain and
then Cairo. Egypt's official news agency said 52 passengers dashed to
freedom after a door was opened to remove a wounded person.
The Middle East News Agency, in reporting the escape after the landing at
Cairo airport, said that the escaped passengers, including 13 children, were
taken to a passenger terminal "under tight security."
The passengers escaped after a gangway was brought up to the plane so a
wounded person could be taken off at the hijackers' request, the news agen-
cy said. It was not clear if the wounded person was evacuated.
The news agency said radio negotiations were under way between two
unidentified hijackers and Gen. Omar Hamamd, commander of the Egyp-
tian military zone where the plane landed.
Earlier, Michael Gurdus, an Israeli radio monitor in Tel Aviv, reported he,
heard the pilot tell control tower in the Iranian capital of Tehran that there -
were seven hijackers.
Peres sees problems in winninga
support for Israel's unity pact
TEL AVIV, Israel - Prime Minister-designate Shimon Peres said yester-
day he foresees problems in gaining his Labor Party's approval, but that he
still expects to install a bipartisan government with the rival Likud bloc
within a week.
One Labor criticism being leveled at Peres is his agreement to Likud's
demand for a top Cabinet post for former Defense Minister Ariel Sharon.
Caretaker Prime Minister Yitzhak Shamir appointed Sharon as trade and
commerce minister, even though Sharon was forced to resign as defense
minister last year. An inquiry board had found Sharon negligent in failing to
prevent the killing of Palestinian refugees by Israeli-allied militias in
Legislator Yossi Sarid, who said he will quit the Labor Party over the
proposed pact with Shamir's right-wing Likud bloc, said he would be
"betraying the people who voted for us if I sit in the same government with
Peres told Israel radio'some members of his party's Central Committee
were opposed to joint rule with the ideologically opposed Likud, and others
were "displeased" with the results of the coalition negotiations.
Twenty Arab members of the Central Committee said they would not vote
for coalition unless Peres appointed an Arab deputy minister in the new
Cabinet and promised to push through legislation outlawing racism, Israel
radio reported.
East coast chills, West roasts
More than a dozen East Coast cities got a preview of fall yesterday as the
mercury plunged to record lows, but California continued to roast ina heat
wave whose triple-digit temperatures knocked soldiers out of war games
and air conditioners out of action.
Rain helped douse fires that raced across tinder-dry grass in Kansas and
Oklahoma. One blaze shrouded a highway with smoke and caused a 10-
vehicle pileup that killed three people.
Yesterday was the third straight day for unseasonably cool temperatures
along the Atlantic Coast from Connecticut to Florida, with record low
readings for the date in at least 14 cities.
The lowest of the region's record-breaking readings, 39 degrees at Har-
tford, Conn., was one degree below a mark set in 1978, while the 68 degrees
posted at Tampa Bay, Fla., was two degrees under a 27-year-old record.
In Los Angeles, the National Weather Service said that 100-degree tem-
peratures that have caused power outages, early school closings and at least
one death would continue through Wednesday. Four people remain
hospitalized for heat stroke, which killed one man Thursday.
Backers say Mondale edging
or leads Reagan in 20 states
Walter Mondale's campaign manager, Robert Beckel, said yesterday the
Democratic Presidential challenger is leading or even with President
Reagan in 20 states and is moving up in the Midwest.
Beckel's figures contradict those of most political estimates, which put
Reagan ahead in all but five or six states, but he noted that polls often
~ change swiftly and have proved wrong in some past campaigns.
In an interview on Cable News Network, Beckel said Reagan is ahead in
30 states "maybe" and is trailing or even with Mondale in 20.
"I would say, if you were to say today, how many states is he leading in?
Thirty maybe," he replied. "He's rather even or trailing in 20 states."
Red Sea mine search fruitless
CAIRO, Egypt - Mine hunters from the United States, three other
Western countries, and Egypt and Saudi Arabia have failed to unravel the
mystery of Red Sea explosions after nore than 40 days of fruitless search.
Hopes are dwindling that any mines will be found.
The search continues, but opinion is divided on when it will be called off.
The Americans and Italians were reported forecasting an end in 10 or 15
days. The British, French and Egyptians were saying it will take longer.
"No mines have been found," Commodore Ahmed Abdel-Bary, comman-
der of Egypt's Adabiya naval base in the Gulf of Suez, told reporters on

The Gulf of Suez, the northwestern branch of the Red Sea, was where it all'
began. Between July 9 and Aug. 15, at least 18 ships were damaged by un-
derwater explosions, the first seven in the gulf and the rest in the southern
part of the Red Sea, which is 1,450 miles long.
UMe mirbiganIBaiIy
Vol. XVC - No. 4
Member of the Associated Press
The Michigan Daily (ISSN 0745-967X) is published Tuesday through Sun-
day during the fall and winter terms and Tuesday through Saturday during
the spring and summer terms by students at the University of Michigan.
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Michigan 48109.






SUNDAY, September 9

7:00 P.M.

(Continued from Page 1)
There were 12.07 million serious
crimes reported across the nation last
year, compared with the 12.9 million
reported in 1982, the FBI said in its an-
nual report, "Crime in the United
States." The 1982 figure was 3 percent
lower than the one reported for 1981.
"THIS IS A double victory - the
largest one-year decline in the history
of the index and the first time the index
has dropped two years in a row," At-
torney General William French Smith
said in a statement. "The numbers tell
us we are turning back crime, not just
holding our own against it."
Patrick Murphy, a former New York
City police commissioner and now head
of the non-profit Police Foundation,
said one major reason for the decrease
is "the shrinking of the population in
the crime-committing age, the late
teens and early 20s."
He also noted that the prison
population has increased, "and ob-
viously while they're in prison, the
career criminals don't commit
ALL MAJOR crimes except rape
dropped last year, the FBI said. These
included murder, robbery, aggravated
assault, burglary, larceny, car theft
and arson.
It was the first time since 1960 that

the FBI had recorded two straight
years of decreasing crime rates. The
only previous decreases were in 1972
and 1977. The figures were compiled
from reports submitted by nearly 16,000
law enforcement agencies covering 97
percent of the U.S. population.
The FBI uses 1960 as its base year in
computing the crime index because
new reporting and tabulating methods
were first put into effect that year. The
bureau has maintained crime statistics
for nearly 60 years, but those before
1960 are not compared with the current
figures because of differences in how
the index is computed.
Handguns were the most frequently
used weapons, involved in 44 percent of
last year's slayings, or 9,000 deaths.
Detroit replaced Gary, Ind., as the
city with the largest per capita
homicide rate. Miami dropped from
second to third place behind Gary and
New Orleans climbed from sixth to
fourth place. Robberies also fell 8 per-
cent to 500,221. About 60 percent of
those were armed robberies and the
most commonly used weapon in those
instances was a gun, followed by a
There were 78,918 reported rapes,
about the same number as the previous
year. An estimated 66 of every 100,000
women reported they were rape vic-
tims, the FBI said.



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