(Continued from Page 1)
where it came from; it was a gift.
"I WONDER ONCE in a while if the
gods don't just look down and decide
they want a novel written and just
choose the deliverer," he mused.
In summing up the writing prospects
of the student winners, Mailer said that
", nothing lifts our horizons like a bit of
luck or the generosity of the gods."
THE HOPWOOD winners, along with
scattered members of the audience,
took the opportunity to chat with Mailer
in the Rackham Assembly Room after
the awards ceremonies. Mailer
graciously congratulated the winners
and patiently spoke to enamoured fans.
Brenda Flanagan, winner of the
Major Drama award, was honored for
her play, When the Jumbie Bird Calls.
It was the first play from the School of
Education doctoral student. Flanagan,
the mother of three children, began
writing her story of an Islamic
revolution in the Caribbean after she hit
a snag in her dissertation. "I decided to
take a break from my dissertation and
try writing this play," she said. "I
didn't really know anything about
playwriting, but I had a story that wan-
ted to come out," she said.
Flanagan, who was born in Trinidad,
became inspired by her Islamic priest
brother during her last visit to the
Caribbean. Flanagan used a Caribbean
dialect in order to convey the ethnic
flavor of the piece.
200 Million People,
And Only 35,000
Get to Read
mibgan vatI I
The Michigan Daily - Thursday, April 12, 1984 - Page 5
Doctors set up care guidelines
Novel --- $2500
Poetry - $2200
Short Story - $2200
Short Story - $1500
Short Story - $1000
Drama - $1000
Drama - $800
Drama - $800
Drama -- $800
Fiction - $800
Drama - $600
Essay - $600
Poetry - $600
Fiction - $40U
BOSTON (AP) - New guidelines by a
team of prominent doctors say it is
ethical to withhold drugs and
sometimes even food and water from
mentally deranged elderly patients who
are hopelessly ill, as long as they are
kept comfortable while they die.
The report, published in today's New
England Journal of Medicine, was
prepared by doctors who gathered at
Harvard Medical School. It is intended
to provide criteria for physicians who
must make life-and-death decisions for
gravely ill patients.
IN GENERAL, the researchers con-
tend that doctors must always obey the
patients' own wishes, but they say
aggressive treatment is wronger if it
only prolongs a painful death. Such
treatment decisions are especially dif-
ficult if patients are too sick or
deranged to say how much care they
"Severly and irreversibly demented
patients need only care given to make
them comfortable," the guidelines say.
"If a patient rejects food and water by
mouth, it is ethically permissible to
withholdnutrition and hydration water
artifically administered by vein or
They said doctors can withhold an-
tibiotics for pneumonia and medicine
for other diseases unless the care is
needed to keep the patient comfortable.
THE GUIDELINES were drawn up
at a meeting chaired by Dr. Daniel
Federman, former president of the
American College of Physicians.
Among those attending were doctors
from Hennepin County Medical Center
in Minneapolis, the University of
Virginia Medical Center, the Mayo
Clinic and the medical schools at Har-
vard, the University of Pittsburgh,
Johns Hopkins and the University of
"The idea was that if a group of
prominent physicians took the lead in
suggesting what is possible that these
principles might become accepted
among the general physician
population," said Dr. Sidney Wanzer of
Emerson Hospital in Concord, Mass.,
who wrote up the group's conclusions
Wanzer said he expects the recom-
mendations for withholding food and
water from deranged patients to be
controversial, even though such
decisions are made daily in nursing
"These poor, pathetic beings just go
on and on, and people have felt uncom-
fortable in the past about not giving in-
travenous fluids or antibiotics or
nasogastric feeding if they quit desiring
this spontaneously," he said in an in-
terview. "and yet we feel that it is
ethical not to push ahead with those
In addition to the Hopwood Awards, two other honors were awarded to
student writers. Nan Parrish won the Kasdan Scholarship in Creative
Writing, and the Jeffery L. Weisberg Memorial Prize in Freshman Poetry
was awarded to Mary^Jaklevic.
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WHAT'S THE CATCH?
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Ask for Mr. Davis when calling.
Wayne State University
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