.Page 2 - The Michigan Daily - Sunday, April 8, 1984
PROF WORKS TO END ARMS RACE
By ANDREW ERIKSEN
During his sleep four years ago, some-
thing happened that changed Arthur
Vander's outlook on life.
"I kept having this recurring night-
mare," said the slightly balding,
brown-eyed Vander. "My wife and I
would be listening to music on the radio
and then an announcer with a British
accent would interrupt the broadcast.
"THE ANNOUNCER would say that
radar has picked up several thousand
nuclear missiles headed for the United
States. The announcer then added that
they would be here in 15 minutes and
then the music started to play again.
"I turned to my wife and started to
explain to her what was about to hap-
pen. I told her about the burns from the
radiation and the rest of the death and
destruction that was about to follow.
,"I felt a deep anger and a sense of
revulsion that I had known the effects of
a nuclear weapon but had made no at-
tempt to communicate these facts,"
says Vander, a physiology professor
in the University's medical school.
'- THAT NIGHTMARE pushed Vander
to join Physicians for Social Respon-
nibility (PSR), a group that started in
the 1960s to protest the testing of
nuclear weapons in the atmosphere.
- Today, Vander is actively involved in
much of PSR's work in Washtenaw
'County. Such projects as PSR's public
forum after the broadcast of the ABC
movie "The Day After" in January or at
Civil Defense pamphlet outlining the
effects a nuclear strike would have
tin Washtenaw County, have become a
Central focus in Vander's life.
, "Art (Vander) does what most of us
talk about doing," says Dr. Donald
Aucknagel, a University genetics
-professor and an active PSR member.
BY EDUCATING people -
especially students - about the
dangers of a nuclear holocaust Vander
says he hopes to break down feelings of
apathy. Through his work with PSR he
tries to show that public criticism and
participation can help slow the arms
Most students today, however, are
more concerned about getting jobs than
the threat of a nuclear war, says Van-
der. Although he's sympathetic to the
academic pressure students are under,
Vander says people must speak out
against the dangerous direction in
which the government is leading the
The emphasis on increasing the first-
strike capability of the U.S. by building
more weapons must be challenged,
In addition to his work with PSR
Vander often speaks on the arms race.
He also wrote an article entitled "The
Delusion of Civil Defense" that
appeared in the 1982 Fall issue of the
Michigan Quarterly Review.
AT A STATEWIDE conference on
"Job Security and National Security"
sponsored by the University's Institute
of Labor and Industrial Relations, Van-
der told the audience that politicians do
not understand that the U.S. arms
build-up "moved beyond deterrence."
Compared to the late 1960s and early
1970s when the U.S. followed a
"Mutually Assured Destruction" policy
in nulcear weapons, today the gover-
nment is following a war-winning
Under the Mutually Assured Destruc-
tion policy, both the Soviet Union and
the United States would maintain
enough nuclear weapons to deter the
other side from striking first.
THE ESCALATING arms race today,
between the U.S. and the Soviet Union
will make it impossible to maintain
Despite his fears, Vander has a
positive outlook for the future. "I think
once this denial and physical numbing
are overcome then there is an over-
whelming emotional response to the
issue," he says.
-"I genuinely think that once people
are given the facts (about the arms
race) they will make the right
ASIDE FROM his work with PSR,
Daily Photo by CAROL L. FRANCAVILLA
Medical Prof. Arthur Vander says public criticism and participation are an
essential tool to end the arms race.
Vander teaches, does research and has
written several textbooks.
Some students say Vander brings the
same level of enthusiasm he uses to
combat apathy about nuclear war into
"He was just amazing," says Chris
Block, a sixth-year Inteflex student,
who had Vander for Physiology in 1980.
"He was so excited about teaching."
Vander's ties with the University
date back to the 1950s when he was an
undergraduate majoring in history.
During that time there was little ac-
tivism or student interest in politics,
"Those were the quiet McCarthy
years," Vander says.
Profile appears every Sunday
Compiled from Associated Press and
United Press international reports
Israelis bomb Lebanese town
BEIRUT, Lebanon-Israeli jets bombed a suspected Palestinian target
overlooking Beirut yesterday, highlighting ominous troop movements in
Lebanon's Bekaa Valley and an exchange of warnings between high Soviet
and Israeli officials.
Israeli Defense Minister Moshe Arens said in Jerusalem the dawn raid
destroyed a hotel on the Beirut-Damascus highway, which is under Syrian
He charged the target belonged to the Democratic Front for the Liberation
of Palestine, which claimed responsibility for an attack in Jerusalem
Monday in which one terrorist died and 48 civilians were injured.
The organization, founded in the early 1940s, advocates the unification of
Lebanon, Syria, Jordan, pre-Israel Palestine, Iraq, Kuwait and Cyprus into
a "greater Syria." It is allied with Syrian-backed Lebanese Druse and Shiite
Police said rival Christian and Moslem militias traded barrages of rocket-
propelled grenades and gunfire across the "green line" between Christian
east and Moslem west Beirut at mid-afternoon. It followed random
overnight shelling that killed at least seven people and wounded 53.
Five lost after helicopter crash
PATRICK AIR FORCE BASE, Fla.-Military aircraft and ships combed
the Atlantic Ocean yesterday for five people missing in the crash of a
helicopter providing support for the test launch of a Trident missile by a
A submarine support ship picked up three crewmembers after the crash,
but there was no immediate word on their condition, said Air Force Lt. Col.
The CH-3 helicopter and its eight-man crew went down in the Atlantic
shortly after 2:40 a.m. yesterday, Moore said.
The aircraft had been in the air for about an hour and 20 minutes and had
just completed surveillance support for the test launch of a new Trident
missle by the submarine USS Georgia when it went down. Moore said.
The cause of the crash has not yet been determined, Moore said. A board
will be appointed to investigate the aeident.
L.A. tops Chicago's population
WASHINGTON-New York is still No. 1, but Los Angeles-the western
anchor of the fast-growing Sun Belt-has replaced Chicago as the nation's
second largest city, the Census Bureau reported yesterday.
Chicago, which has been the country's "second city" since the 1890s, lost
population from 1980 to 1982 and slipped to No. 3.
Los Angeles grew by 1.8 percent during the same period to overtake
Chicago. Houston, with the fastest-growing population of any major city,
displaced Philadelphia for fourth place.
' Detroit suffered the biggest population loss, falling from 1,202,493 to 1,138,717,
a 5.3 percent decline, but its ranking remained unchanged at sixth place.
Following Detroit are Dallas, San Diego and Phoenix, Ariz.
The bureau put the population of New York City at 7.086 million, up a slight
0.2 percent from the 1980 census. Los Angeles' was estimated at 3.022
million, compared with Chicago's 2.997 million.
In February, the bureau put the total U.S. population at 234 million. This
was a 3.3 percent increase from 1980 to 1983, with half of the growth coming
in Caifornia, Texas and Florida.
The new city rankings also reflect the population boom in the.Sun Belt,
with Texas for the first time placing three cities in the top 10 and several
large Northern cities showing population declines.
Cameroon claims win over rebels
ABIDJAN, Ivory Coast-Cameroon President Paul Biya said loyalist
government forces achieved "complete victory" yesterday over palace
guards attempting a government coup in the West African nation's capital of
"Regular units of our national army who remained faithful to the
constitution. . . fought methodically and with determination, and late
Saturday morning they achieved complete victory," Biya said in an address
on Radio Yaounde, monitored in Abidjan.
"Calm prevails all over the national territory," he said. He made no
mention of casualties in the two-day rebellion.
Biya said dissident elements in the presidential palace guard "sought to
seize political power through violence" in an armed revolt that started early
Before Biya's victory announcement, Kathleen Lang, a State Department
press officer in Washington, said the embassy reported no injuries among
any of the estimated 1,200 Americans in Cameroon.
Vietnam says Chinese attack
was extremely blatant act of war
Vietnam, now fighting on two fronts, charged yesterday that several
Chinese battalions crossed into its territory and fought a three-hour battle
with Vietnamese troops in an "extremely blatant act of war."
The accusation, in a statement released by the Vietnamese Embassy in
Peking, coincided with a drive by Hanoi against Chinese-backed rebels in
Cambodia that overran a key guerrilla base near the Thai border.
There was no immediate Chinese comment on the Vietnanese charge. If
the Vietnamese account is accurate, the incursion Friday would be the most
serious since the communist neighbors fought a brief border was five years
The official Chinese news agency Xinhua said only that heavy cross-
border shelling continued Friday, with Chinese gunners "destroying many
Vietnamese military installations and killing and wounding a number of
Vol. XCIV-No. 151
Sunday, April 8, 1984
The Michigan Daily is edited and managed by students at The University
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YORK (to m - Jesse-Jackson's strong
,showing 11s falyanized New York City's
;-lacks into a potent political force for the first time
nd raised hopes of recruiting a black challenger to
;,ayor Ed Koch in 1985.
"The time to strike is now," said Rep. Charles
M Iangel, whose Harlem constituents poured out in
"gecord numbers to help Jackson capture second place
xitywide in the Democratic presidential primary
Tuesday, ahead of Gary Hart.
CARL MCCALL, state commissioner of human
:rights, said the primary results showed blacks can
match the strength of the Big Apple's traditional
power blocks of Jews and Italians, and will have to be
;dealt with accordingly.
'New York City politics will never be the same
again," Jackson predicted after drawing out the
largest group of black voters in the city's history.
"We will be live - real live - in '85," he told a
Y showing encourages blacks
chanting crowd of supporters. "Chicago had its time.
Philadelphia had its time. New York,,your time has.
LAST YEAR BOTH Chicago and Philadelphia elec-
ted their first black mayors. Next year, Koch faces
re-election to his third term.
Koch and his advisors concede the emergence of
black voting strength holds the potential for drastic
changes in city politics. but they don't sound par-
ticularly worried, either.
"It will be a tougher race for Koch," predicted
David Garth, media guru for Koch's losing guber-
natorial bid. "But there are going to be so many guys
lined up to run against Koch they may kill each other
at the start in a stampede."
KOCH HAS responded to criticism that he is anti-
black with an array of appointments of minorities to
strategic City Hall posts and a barrage of criticism
against what he labels black bigotry.
Jackson captured one third of the city vote. Exit
polls by ABC news showed four out of five blacks
voted for him and that black voting was up.100 per-
cent in some districts.
Whether that strength could be tapped to elect a
black mayor would depend a lot on the candidate,
whether warring factions of the state's black leader-
ship could unite, and whether the campaign could at-
tract support from other Democratic regulars.
Basil Paterson, the former New York secretary of
state and now a private lawyer, is most often men-
tioned as the man most likely to succeed. But Pater-
son has not made up his mind whether to run.
Others mentioned as possibilities are Albert Vann,
Jackson's New York campaign manager, McCall, a
former U.S. ambassador to the United Nations, City
Clerk David Dinkins and Manhattan Democratic
Chairman Herman Farrell.
Introduction 161 (Div. 318)
SPRING HALF 1984
4 cr. MTWTh 1 - 3
MLB Lec. Rm. 2
For more information call
(Continued from Page 1)
seeds from a control group on Earth to
science classes ranging from fifth
grade to the university level.
MEANWHILE, Challenger was
steadily closing in on the ailing Solar
Maximum satellite that is to be pulled
into the orbiting repair shop by man
and robot arm today for the first in-
The shuttle will be flying in formation
with Solar Max, just 200 feet away.
Astronaut George Nelson will use a
rocket-powered backpack to, scoot
across the void, lock himself to the
satellite and stop its slow spin by firing
At AL -
rs to repair
his nitrogen gas jets in the opposite
Crippen and pilot Dick Scobee will
nudge the shuttle to within 30 feet, and
Hart will grab the satellite with the
robot arm and gently place it in a rack
in the open cargo bay, where Nelson
and James van Hoften will try to repair
The astronauts will replace an at-
titude control system that failed three
years ago and prevented Solar Max
from pointing its instruments precisely
to study solar flares and other
mysteries of the sun.
Solar Max cost $77 million in 1980, but
its replacement today would be about
Students take Jello plunge
(Continued from Page 1)
On hand to host the event was WHYT
disc jockey Merri Lee Bartalucci. The
grand prize, an all expenses paid
weekend in New York City went to
Robert Rose, who wasn't present at
festivities. In all, 25 prizes were raffled
A Muscular Dystrophy Association
spokesman said that he was pleased by
the turnout, but he wished that more
people would contribute. "It is unfor-
tunate that more older people don't con-
tribute to an event like this, yet it is
good to see young people so actively in-
volved in fund-raising," he said.
What happened to all the Jello after the
event? Co-emcee, Jim Adams,
suggested that South Quad serve it for
dinner, an idea that most dorm residen-
ts present found a bit hard to stomach.
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