Page 2 - The Michigan Daily - Thursday, January 12, 1984
Dam wants Marines i Beirut
WASHINGTON (AP) - Deputy
Secretary of State Kenneth Dam,
declaring that "now is not the time to
flinch," told a Senate committee
yesterday that U.S. policy in the Middle
East hinges on keeping 1,800 Marines in
If congress or further terrorist attacks
force a pullout of American troops from
Beirut, Dam said, "the result will be
that the United States would be back to
ground zero in its Middle East policy."
Recalling the terrorist bombing that
killed 241 U.S. servicemen in Beirut
Oct. 23, Dam said, "It would be
disasterous if our reaction to such
terrorist attacks were to withdraw
from the field."
Dam testified before the Republican-
controlled Senate Foreign Relations
Committee, whose members are in-
creasingly uneasy about keeping U.S.
troops in Beirut after the bombing of
Marine headquarters near Beirut In-
Sen. Charles Percy (R-Ill.) the com-
mittee chairman, called the hearing on
President Reagan's policy in Lebanon
in advance of Congress' return Jan. 23
from a two-month recess. A major
congressional battle over Lebanon -
and whether to shorten the Marines'
authorized stay there - is expected
when the recess ends.
Dam said a U.S. withdrawal from the
multinational peacekeeping force in
Beirut would ruin the chances that
Syria might be willing to negotiate a
peaceful settlement among warring
factions in Lebanon.
"If our determination is now seen as
flagging, then we can be sure that Syria
will turn its back on the path of recon-
ciliation and negotiations," he said.
If Congress advances the April 1985
deadline for withdrawing the Marines,
Dam said, "then Syria would be en-
couraged to believe that it can win the
game by digging in. . . . Syria might
conclude that we are finished in
Lebanon and on the way out.".
When Congress reacts to public
opinion and moves to limit the U.S.
military presence in Lebanon, Dam
said, "it shows that we don't have the
same kind of patience that some of our
adversaries and friends have in the
Under questioning, the State Depar-
tment official said Syrian forces would
not necessarily have to pull out of nor-
thern Lebanon for U.S. Marines to
come home, although a major goal of
U.S. policy has been the withdrawal of
all foreign troops.
"We have not said that all foreign
forces have to come out for the Marines
to come out," Dam said, adding that a
plan for a Syria pullout would be
adequate if the United States were
assured it would be carried out.
Dam reported "slow and tortuous"
progress in pulling together various
religious factions in Lebanon, and said
the United States supports no par-
ticular faction or religious community.
"But we are not neutral in our sup-
port of the legitimate government of
Lebanon," he said.
Dam disclosed that the Lebanese
government had requested a substan-
tial increase in U.S. military aid, and
said that "we are sympathetic to the
idea." He said the administration has
not agreed on a specific request to
submit to Congress.
Percy urged that U.S. allies be per-
suaded to rotate their forces with the
Marines so they and French
peacekeeping troops no longer would
stand alone as targets of Syrian and
Moslem factions in Lebanon.
State panel approves
high school guidelines
LANSING (UPI) - The State Board
of Education voted unanimously
yesterday to see that Michigan students
spend more time in school and meet
their requirements for graduation
And the Board made clear - in adop-
ting a "blueprint" for better schools -
that it is willing to breach Michigan's
strict "local control" tradition in order
to assure that high school diplomas go
only to those with a well-rounded basic
The blueprint calls on the Legislature
to require a 200-day school year, in-
cluding at least 190 days of instruction
and 10 days for record keeping and.
teacher development, to be phased in
over a four-year period. The current
requirement is 180 days.
The following high school graduation
requirments are recommended: Four
years of communication skills, two
years of math, two years of science,
three years of social studies, one year
of health or physical education, one
semester of computer science and two
years of foreign language, fine arts or
Compiled from Associated Press and
United Press international reports
U.S. pilot killed near Nicaragua
WASHINGTON-A U.S. Army helicopter pilot was killed by hostile fire
"from the direction of the Nicaraguan border" after his chopper made a for-
ced landing in Honduras, the Pentagon announced yesterday.
Two Army engineers, who were passengers in the downed OH-58 obser-
vation helicopter, were taken to a U.S. hospital at Palmerola Air Base in
Honduras, where they were treated and released, said Col. Robert O'Brien,
a Pentagon spokesman.
"A U.S. Army OH-58 helicopter participating in Big Pine II made a forced
landing on a Honduran road near the Nicaraguan border at 9:30 a.m. EST.
"The helicopter was on routine flight from San Lorenzo to Aguacate in
support of exercise engineering activities," O'Brien said.
None of the three U.S. Army men was identified.
Ziyang rejects anti-Soviet pact
WASHINGTON-Chinese Premier Zhao Ziyang yesterday ruled out forming
a comprehensive anti-Soviet strategic partnership with the United States,
declaring China and the United States have too many foreign policy dif-
Zhao cited a list of those differences - from the U.S. invasion of Grenada
to U.S. policies on the developing Third World - and said: "In these circum-
stances it is therefore impossible to establish any comprehensive strategic
He reassured China's independent foreign policy and said his country
adopts its positions on world issues case-by-case and "on their own merits."
He also said China has not been asked and therefore has not considered
taking part in a four-way conference with the United States, North and South
Korea to help stabilize the volatile korean peninsula and help bring about the
reunification of the two Koreas.
He said China would support a three-way U.S.-Korean conference of the
kind South Korea has apparently already rejected. The Seoul government
Wednesday branded North Korea's proposal for such a conference "insin-
Supreme Court oil lease ruling
WASHINGTON- The Supreme Court, in ruling environmentalists said was
"devastating," gave the government a free hand yesterday to sell oil and
gas leases beyond three miles of the nation's coasts.
The court, by a 5-4 vote; said the Reagan administration may sell high-
priced oil-exploration leases off the California coast without determining
whether the sales endanger the state's environmental safety.
In the oil leasing case, the high court reversed a 1982 federal appeals court
ruling that then-Interior Secretary James Watt violated a federal law in ac-
cepting $220 million in bids in mid-1981 for 29 tracts of land off the central
The 9th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals barred Watt from leasing the land
until he determined the sale is consistent "to the maximum extent prac-
ticable" with California's coastal zone management plan.
But Justice Sandra Day O'Connor, writing for the court yesterday, said
Congress intended that any such consistency review be postponed until after
the leases are sold.
In a strongly worded dissent, Justice John Paul Stevens said, "Congress
unmistakably rejected the position embraced by the majority today.
Leasing sets into motion a chain of events designed and intended to lead to
exploration and development."
Beirut fighting siows peace talks
BEIRUT, LEBANON-Heavy fighting erupted yesterday among Lebanon's
warring factions, complicating efforts by U.S. Middle East envoy Donald
Rumsfeld and Saudi Arabia to bring peace to the capital.
As Rumsfeld returned from talks with Israeli leaders in Jerusalem,
fighting raged near the U.S. Marine base and Druze Moslem gunmen later
broke a brief truce in the mountains overlooking Beirut, state-run Beirut
At least one person was reported killed, the radio said.
A small bomb exploded in a garage 50 yards from the French Embassy in
West Beirut, a French spokesman said. The blast followed two days of at-
tacks on the French in which one French soldier died. A U.S. Marine was
killed on Sunday.
Rumsfeld, after talks with Lebanese leaders, hoped to visit Syrian Foreign
Minister Abdel Halim Khaddam to discuss the lack of progress in agreeing
on a Saudi-inspired security plan for Beirut, Lebanon's official National
News Agency said.
Reagan hesitant on new tax hikes
WASHINGTON-President Reagan is leaning against any new taxes in his
1985 budget and may decide to have a bipartisan national commission tackle
the problem of huge deficits, an administration official said yesterday.
But creating a commission on taxes and the looming $200 billion federal
deficit is only one of the options Reagan is considering, an aide said. "It may
not fly," he said.
Deputy press secretary Larry Speakes said the president would like to
reach a decision by the end of the week on the tax question.
Martin Feldstein, chairman of the Council of Economic Advisers, and
some other aides are pushing for a $50 billion contingency tax tied to com-
parable cuts in federal spending.
"The President's preference is not to rdise taxes," one aide said. "The
burden of proof is on those who want,to."
Bulgarian jetliner crashes
killing all 50 passengers
SOFIA, Bulgaria (AP) - A
Bulgarian jetliner crashed short of the
runway while trying to land in snow and
fog at the capital's airport.
All 50 people aboard were killed, the
state-run news agency BTA said
THE BALKAN Airlines TU-134
crashed Tuesday evening at the end of a
scheduled flight of nearly three hours
from East Berlin, BTA said.
Western diplomats said the
passengers were Bulgarians, East
Germans and Turks.
It was believed to be the worst air
disaster in this eastern European
nation since the crash of a Balkan TU-
134 on a flight from Sofia to Warsaw in
March, 1978, killed 73 people.j
EAST GERMANY'S official news
agency ADN said seven of those on
board are East German while a Turkish
foreign ministry statement released in
Ankara said nine others - seven men
and two women - were Turks.
There was no official Bulgarian
breakdown on the nationality of the
dead, but a British diplomat stationed
in Sofia said, "Balkan Airlines told us
that the passengers were Bulgarians,
East Germans and Turks."
Both he and an American diplomat
cited reports reaching their embassies
saying that the wreck of the plane was
about two miles short of the landing
strip at Sofia's Vrajdebna Airport, on
the city's eastern outskirts.
The diplomats, who asked for
anonymnity, also said there were un-
confirmed reports of an explosion on
board just moments before the crash.
Inebriated cowboys have always been a terror in saloons, but a drunken
cowboy on a horse can be grounds for arrest. Will Hammet of Stockton,
California, charged with drunken horseback riding opposes the charge
asking "since when has it become illegal for a man to ride his horse into town
and have a drink?"
' plant department buys breathalyzer
Need a ride,
(Continued from Page 1)
THE PLANT operations department
is the only University unit that uses the
breathalyzer machine. Sate Police
Trooper Dwayne Brantley said he
wasn't aware of any businesses in the
area that use the device, but added that
"it's perfectly legal for employers to
Leaders of the employees' union, the
American Federation of State, County,
and Municipal Employees (AFSCME),
will not comment on the new
breathalyzer tests until union members
and University officials discuss the
situation, according to Dwight
Newman, president of AFSCME Local
Maylou Poage, a building main-
tenance employee, said she has worked
for the University for three years and
knows of no instances of workers
drinking on the job. "The supervisors)
make it very clear to us that we are for-
bidden to drink on University grounds
and will be fired it caught doing so,"
'U' reissues guidelines on alcohol
(Continued from Page 1)
alcohol task force, would like to see the
guidelines become part of a "Univer-
sity-wide statement on the consumption
of alcohol, similar to the sexual
harassment campaign" in the past.
The sexual harassment issue
received extensive publicity on campus
- defining sexual harassment, setting
up channels for reporting harassers,
and supplying students and staff with
information on the procedures and con-
sequences for dealing with sexual
harassment. Levy hopes the importan-
ce of responsible consumption will be as
"My goal is a statement at the pr-
sidential level on the consumption of
alcohol on campus by students and
staff," said Levy. He said that the
definition of acceptable drinking and
consequences for abuse should be
spelled out at the administration level.
UNTIL THE guidelines were put in
writing this winter, "it was hard to
follow rules that you've never been
told" said Levy.
"It's a reasonable attempt by the
Housing Office to make the policy less
confusing," said Mandy Bratton, the
building director at Couzens. "It may
be revised again when students learn to
get around the rules, though."
One resident adviser at West Quad
who asked not to be identified, agreed
that the guidelines made the rules on
drinking "more explicit" and would
"hopefully take the emphasis off
alcohol and make dancing or the theme
of a party the center of attention."
Another RA who requested
anonymity said the guidelines would
provide a change in attitudes towards
drinking, but that there may be a
problem trying to enforce them in mid-
year. He also said that it may destroy
the relationship between the residents
and the staff.
"WE LIKE to be viewed as peers, not
as police," he said.
The student reaction was not as
favorable to the guidelines.
South Quad Dorm Council President
Ni gel Hines said that many of the social
activities around his dormitory involve
drinking, and he was concerned about
the possible effects of a crackdown by
"I think it's a little bit drastic," he
said. "I don't think alcohol should be
the mainstay of the party, but I think
you're going to kill a lot of dorm ac-
tivities" with strict enforcement.
"As long as the drinking age is 21
there's going-to be some conflict," ad-
ded Alice Lloyd Dorm Government
President Adam Mansky. He said the
major impact at Alice Lloyd would
come at the beginning of the year when
residents attend large parties in order
to meet each other.
Gunmen take radio, cash
Residents at a home on the 2900 block
of Verle were robbed at gunpoint about
11:30 p.m. Tuesday by two men who
demanded money, guns and marijuana,.
Ann Arbor police said yesterday. The
two men got away with an AM/FM
radio and a small amount of cash from
One of the suspects pointed a gun at
the 21-year-old resident who answered
the knock at the door ordering him and
another occupant to lie face down on the
kitchen floor. One suspect stayed near
the front of the house while the other
went into the living room, ordering two
other residents to lie face down on the
Thursday, January 12, 1984
Vol. XCI V-No. 84
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