.LANSING, Mich, (UPI) - An attor-
ney who won a $1 million lawsuit again-
st the state over the use of powerful
tranquilizers in mental institutions said
yesterday that state-run hospitals are
State Mental Health Director Patrick
Babcock disagreed with the attorney's
characterization, saying drug use in
state hospitals is subject to tight
guidelines. However, he acknowledges,
11 think we use drugs maybe more than
IN A dramatic presentation to the
House Mental Health Committee,
lawyer Geoffrey Fieger outlined uses of
powerful drugs in mental institutions
'nationally and in Michigan. He said
Xichigan's state hospitals enjoy a legal
immunity from lawsuits, breeding
pediocrity and incompetence.
"Behind the wall of immunity, the
state has allowed its mental hospitals to
turn into snake pits," he said.
"He said he is considering a class-
action lawsuit against the state alleging
violations, of patients' constitutional
FIEGER described the case of Anita
Katz, a former patient at the state's
Clinton Valley Center, who was admit-
ted there after having been prescribed
Powerful tranzuilizers by a private
physician. He said she showed signs of
a' sometimes irreversible condition
kown as "tardive dyskinesia."
The ailment is characterized by
grotesque body movements, including
the tongue flicking in and out of the
mouth. Fieger said that condition is a
common side effect of anti-psychotic
drugs, adding state doctors worsened
the condition by, prescribing more
In spite of the immunity provisions,
Fieger was able to win a $1 million
lawsuit against the state in Wayne
County Circuit Court by suing a clinic
housed inside the hospital. The ruling is
being appealed by the state.
Fieger said drug use in state
hospitals is a particular problem
. because the institutions are under-staf-
fed. Doctors, he said, can treat more
patients with drugs than with other
Among Fieger's recommendations
was a massive educational campaign
within the hospitals about possible side
effects of the drugs and mandatory
consent of the patient before drugs are
The Michigan Daily - Wednesday, February 15, 1984 - Page 5
BUENOS AIRES, Argentina (AP) -
Argentines only now are learning
gruesome details about the deadly
repression they lived with in the late
1970s, a dark time whose brutalities
were shielded by censorship and by
people's unwillingness to believe.
In seven years of military gover-
nment that ended in December, Argen-
tine television aired nothing critical of
the ruling generals. But today the late-
night news often resembles a horror
movie, with graveside scenes of bones
exhumed from secret burial grounds,
tragic testimony to the military's
systematic extermination of its real or
THERE ARE 10,000 documented
cases of Argentines who vanished after
being arrested in the years following
the 1976 military takeover, says author
Ernesto Sabato, who heads a com-
mission named by Argentina's new,
democratically elected president, Raul
Alfonsin, to investigate the fate of the
"desaparecidos" - the disappeared
Sabato says there may be up to 20,000
additional undocumented cases.
For years, such human rights ac-
tivists as Adolfo Perez Esquivel, win-
ner of the 1980 Nobel Peace Prize,
sought to impress on the Argentine
public the scale of the repression going
on around them.
THE MILITARY rulers denounced
these accounts of torture and
executions as part of an "international
communist campaign" to smear Agen-
tina. The news media - either docile,
intimidated or willingly cooperative -
desseminated this official version. The
public doubted the stories the dissidents
Today, as President Alfonsin tries to
shed light on 1970s repression, Argen-
tine journalists seek out Esquivel and
others who can attest to the excesses.
Esquivel, for one, was jailed for 14
months without charge in 1977-78 and
was beaten by his interrogators.
The generals took power in March
1976, ousting President Isabel Peron,
widow of former President Juan Peron,
for alleged corruption.
THEY THEN launched a bloody
crackdown against two leftist
guerrillas groups, the Montoneros and
People's Revolutionary Army. But ar-
med militants were not the only ones
swept up in the dragnet. Thousands of
alleged leftist sympathizers - union
activists, leftist party members, in-
tellectuals - also were seized and
And discover the
pleasure of tracking
down that out-of -print
title in literature or the
arts, science or history.
a childhood favorite or a
Daily Photo by REBECCA KNIGHT
Watch the birdie
University medical student Philip Garcia spends a quiet Sunday afternoon chatting with his maize and blue macaw,
Better Soviet relations possible
1000s of used
(Continued from Page 1)
CHERNENKO won't be as tightly
bound to the Soviet Union's previous
stands on arms deployment in Europe
which could make him more flexible
than Andropov, Yanov said.
Andropov opposed U.S. cruise missile
deployment in Europe from the start
which made negotiations useless
because he refused to back down on that
initial stand, Yanov said. The Soviet
Union walked out of the Geneva talks on
arms reduciton when NATO began
deploying missiles in western Europe.
With Chernenko, "the arms control
cloud will no longer be there," he said.
BUT YANOV warned that despite the
possibility that Chernenko would be
more willing to negotiate, "his hands'
will be tied" because of pressure by
hardline Communist Party members.
"Do not expect any breakthroughs on
the agenda," Yanov said.
Chernenko, 72, was the "logical can-
didate,"' to succeed Andropov said
Yanov, who placed a dollar bet that
Chernenko would be the new Soviet
leader at a party last Friday at the cen-
ter for Russian and East European
CHERNENKO has closer ties to par-
ty leaders than Andropov, whose
leadership was marked by the distance
he kept from other officials in the Soviet
Union which gave him a "dark horse,"
status, Yanov said.
"(Andropov) was a state official and
not a party professional," he said.
"Chernenko is one of them."
But Yanov added that Chernenko's
appointment is likely to be brief
because of the Communist party
ideoligst's age, Yanov said.
Victory came at such a late age that
,(Chernenko) will not be capable of
enjoying it for a long time," he said.
Other professors, however, are not
confident that the change in Soviet
leadership will improve U.S.-Soviet
The change "is a major non-event
because leaders come and go all the
time. It is headline news, but not really
news," said Political Science Prof.
ARMS TALKS will resume when
President Reagan offers the Soviet
Union a "halfway acceptable"
proposal, Meyer said. And that won't
happen if the U.S. refuses to com-
promise, Meyer said.
Historically, the U.S. has tried to
keep the Soviet Union as a second-rate
power which hasmade American
for eign policy inflexible, Meyer said.
Political Science Prf. Kenneth
Organski also said he doesn't beleive
113 W. Liberty
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arms talks will be resumed because of
Chernenko's appointment. A change in
leadership won't resolve the long
history of differences between the two
nations, Organski said.
Meyer noted that Chernenko looks
like former Soviet leader Nikita
Kruschev. "(Soviet leaders) all look
like peasants - sleepy, stupid, and like
they won't communicate."
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Bush meets new Soviet le
(Continued from Page 1)
of the Geneva nuclear arms talks.
The meeting between the two men
comes at a time when U.S.-Soviet talks
have halted in virtually all areas, and
Bush said the two men "were quite
frank" about the problems that have
brought U.S.-Soviet relations to rock
BUSH SAID he presented Chernenko
with "a substantive" letter from
Reagan that "conveyed the president's
determination to move forward in all
areas of our relationship with,
the Soviets, and our readiness for con-
crete, productive discussions in every
one of them."
He declined to describe in detail the
exchange with Chernenko or to say
what specific proposals, if any, were
made by either side.
Asked for his personal impressions of
the 72-year-old Chernenko, Bush said,
"He ran the meeting with full authority
He looked .very well and was very
CHERNENKO LED the funeral
ceremony, which included a 45-minute
tribute of music and speeches. An-
dropov's red-and-black crepe draped
coffin was carried to hishero'sdgrave
by a military honor guard and the 12
members of the ruling Politburo.
ader after uneral
Chernenko hailed Andropov as "an the Soviet Union, on
ardent champion of peace" in a eulogy Dignitaries from
delivered from the reviewing stand tries came to Mo
atop the mausoleum of Lenin, founder respects and me
of the Soviet state, leader.
Andropov was buried at the foot of the
Kremlin wall among other heroes of the
Soviet Union with a ringing salute of
gunfire. His widow sobbed at the
graveside. Factory whistles sounded
throughout the Soviet Union to mark his
Andropov died Thursday at the age of
69 after just 15 months as Soviet leader.
Chernenko was named Communist
Party leader, the paramount position in D C
more than 100 coun-
bscow to pay their
et the new Soviet
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