Bid to link
MINNEAPOLIS (AP) - Calling it an
" imperfect statement," Mayor Donald
Fraser yesterday vetoed a hotly
debated ordinance that would have
defined pornography as discrimination
The measure had passed on a 7-6 vote
of the city council last week, and nine
votes would be required to override
THE MAYOR said the broadness of
the ordinance's definition of por-
nography made it unacceptable.
"It's too vague to adequately inform
people as to whether their activities
might be covered by it," he said.
The measure would have allowed
women who had been discriminated
against to sue for damages from
distributors of certain obscene books,
magazines or movies.
PROPONENTS say pornography can
lead to violence against women.
Fraser added he did "not see the
}vetoing of this ordinance as an end to
the issue . . . But rather I see it as an
The mayor vetoed the ordinance with
his signature as he spoke to a room
crowded with reporters, city council
members and others, mostly advocates
of the ordinance who moaned as he an-
nounced his decision.
The Minnesota Civil Liberties Union,
which called, the ordinance a form of
'censorship and a violation fo the First
Amendment right to free speech, had
threatened to challenge it in court.
(Continued from Page 1)
doubts as to whether its deadline will be
According to the sources, who asked
not to be identified, the commission is
knot expected to depart significantly
from the Reagan administration's Cen-
tral American policy.
ONE OFFICIAL, pointing out that the
commission will call for $1 billion in
economic and military aid over several
years, said that sum is roughly what the
United States has spent in the region
over the past few years. - - -
He added that the commission also
will recommend that the bulk of the aid
The Michigan Daily - Friday, January 6, 1984 - Page 3
Nigerians hope coup will
not affect tuition payments
By SUE BARTO
Nigerian students and University officials say they hope
last week's military coup in Nigeria will not reverse a recent.
upswing in payment of debts owed to American schools.
Excluding what is owed for fall term, Nigeria owes the
University about $20,000 for currently enrolled students. Last
June, the debt for both currently and previously enrolled
Nigerian students was estimated at $116,000, said Financial
Operations Director Bill Krumm. That figure has been reducedi
by about half, he said,
KRUMM SAID the Nigerian government debt to colleges and,
universities throughout the U.S. was estimated at over $10,
million last summer.
He said University officials considering sending a
spokesman to speak to the Nigerian ambassador about the
situation, but the idea was rejected because the debt is
It will be some time before anyone knows whether paymen-
ts will continue because the shake-up could delay mail con-
taining payments from the new government, said Inter-
national Center Director Jon Heise. "Nobody at this point
knows (what will happen) and I wouldn't put any bets on
new policies," he said.
OFFICIALS have attribued the debt problem to the decline
in oil prices and the subsequent inability of Nigerian banks to
obtain foreign currency. But Krumm said the old gover-
nment had begun reducing the debt prior to last week's coup.
The current $20,000 figures could represent the debts of
only one or two of the 32 Nigerian students at the University,
Heise attributes the payments by the old government to
lobbying by both Nigerian students and school ad-
ministrators across the U.S.
"IT WAS clearly the pressure," he said. He cited both "the
refusal of American schools to accept new students and the
nasty, nasty editorials that students had written in
newspapers at home."
For the immediate future, however, the coup casts doubt
over the continued repayment of the back debts.
Graduate student Ema Ema said he has not had any con-
tact with his family in Nigeria since the coup and that he
knows only what he has read in newspapers about the
BUT HE guessed that the country "is going to undergo
'(Nigeria) is going to
some reconstruction and
weaknesses and delays
- Ema Ema,
some reconstruction and look into weaknesses and delays of
past governments." He speculated that national security and
international commitments would take priority over in-
dividual student debts.
Nigerian Student Association President Godwin Okonkwo
said students are taking the coup in stride and are hoping for
the best. "It's just like any other government," he said, com-
paring the military takeover in Nigeria to a single political
party taking control in the United States.
Federal officials say there are positive signs that the new
government intends to pay off Nigeria's debts. A spokesman
for the State Department's Bureau of African Affairs said the
new government made a payment on a commercial debt to a
London bank. Unconfirmed rumors said the payment, which
had been authorized by the previous government, may have
been as high as $37 million.
While it is unknown how much the payment represented of
the nation's total international debt, or if it will have any af-
fect on other debts, Julie Rose, an advisor for the National
Association for Foreign Students Affairs, said State Depar-
tment and embassy officials are expressing "cautious op-
timism rather than the usual cautious pessism" about the
impact of the coup on the Nigerian student debt. "The
situation has changed just a hair," Rose said.
Rose added she remains hesitant about the advisability of
admitting new Nigerian students. "I'm urging caution on
,admitting new people and pushing for payment of current
debts," she said.
A technician at Rockwell International in El Segundo, Calif., looks over the
recently-completed bulkhead which will be used in the U.S. Air Force's B-13
or improves on humai
be earmarked for economic assistance,
consistent with present policy.
The commission agrees with the ad-
ministration that the United States
should give full backing to the electoral
process in El Salvador and that leftists
should be denied a role in government
unless the voters decide otherwise.
Thus. far, leftist insurgents have
refused to take part in elections,
claiming, the government cannot
guarantee their safety. -
U.S. OFFICIALS said thatat,the in-
sistence'of 'its more liberal members,
the panel will urge that continued
military aid to El Salvador be linked to
improved human rights performance.
It will call for maximum U.S. pressure
on Salvadoran authorities to end
politically motivated killings.
At the same time, the panel repor-
tedly will recommend an increase in
military aid to El Salvador on grounds
that the Salvadoran Army cannot win
the four-year-old civil war there if
current assistance levels are main-
tained, the officials said.
A military analyst in El Salvador said
yesterday that-two recent guerrilla at-
tacks against an army base and a
major bridge show that there are more
armed rebels in the country than
Intelligence officials generally had
estimated the number of guerrillas
here between 5,000 and 7,000. The
analyst, who has access to most army
documents, declined to state the num-
ber of guerrillas he thinks are armed
but said it has grown.
"There has been an increase in the
strength of the subversives," he said.
The analyst said between 300 and 500
guerrillas were involved in the attack
on the 4th Inflitry" 'Bri"aded in 'E
Paraiso, 35 miles north of that more
than 100 troops were killed in fighting,
among the bloodiest of the war.
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Registration for the 51st Annual Association of College Unions - Inter-
national (ACU-I) games tournament is now open at the Campus Games Cen-
ter on the 2nd floor of the Michigan Union. Events for the competition,
which begins January 21, include chess, backgammon, table soccer, pool,
darts, and table tennis. Registration closes January 19.
Cinema Guild - A Streetcar Named Desire, 7 & 9:20 p.m., Lorch.
Cinema II - Dr. Strangelove, 7 & 9 p.m., Angell Hall, Aud. A.
AAFC - Cousin, Cousine, 7 & 10:20 p.m., The Tall Blond Man with One
Black Shoe, 8:40 p.m., MLB 4.
CFT - Play it Again, Sam, 5:15 & 9 p.m., Casablanca, 7:05 & 10:50 p.m.
Astro Fest 131 - Films, Universe (National Film Board of Canada, 1960),
Universe, (NASA, 1976 lecture by Jim Loudon, "The Birth and Death of the
Universe," 7:30 p.m., MLB 3.
Duplicate Bridge Club --Open game, 7:15 p.m.
Folk Dance Club - Israeli dances, 8 p.m., Third floor dance studio, corner
of State and William.
St. George's students to
(Continued from Page 1)
situation is "calmer."
Ann Arbor resident Reza Farhangfar,
a second-year student at St. George's,
said he is not at all nervous about
returning to Grenada. "I think it's the
safest place in the world right now," he
DESPITE THE military activity on
the tiny island, students missed only 14
school days last term. Classes con-
tinued up to the day before the invasion
and students were transferred quickly
to either the new Barbados campus,
Long Island University in New York, or
Rutgers University in New Jersey.
The Grenada campus was not
severely damaged, Medica said. There
were "bullet holes here and there" and
extensive damage to the landscaping,
mostly caused by the use of the campus
as a U.S. military base. He said the
worst damage was blown out air con-
There were 631 students on Grenada
before the invasion, but only 247 will be
returning to the island for classes this
term, which begins January 10.
Another 240 will attend the Barbados
campus, and 175 will be in New York.
About 80 new students will be attending
Medica said relations between the
predominantly American students and
the Grenadian people had always been
good and that he does not anticipate any
changes in that relationship.
,.ket scalping hearing set
To submit items for the Happenings Column, send them in care of
Happenings, The Michigan Daily, 420 Maynard St., Ann Arbor, MI 48109
(Continued from Page 1Y
Gorge said he recognized all the of-
ficers and had dealt with them in the
"I have a good relationship with the
Ann Arbor Police Department. I was
shocked when they brought charges,"
he said. "I give the guys (police of-
ficers) tickets all the time. It's good
business. I wasn't trying to bribe
anyone. I just had extra tickets."
OFFICIALS would not comment on
Gorge's prior relationship with the of-
Keith Leak, Houghton's attorney in
the case, said his client was "within his
legal rights" for the alleged sale.
"The first thing that comes to mind in
this case is entrapment," Leak said. "I
think the police are guilty of entrap-
ment. They are the ones that initiated
the transaction. It isn't like the defen-
dant called them up."
Neither Ann Arbor police nor the
Washtenaw County Prosecutor's office
would comment on the possibility of en-
trapment in any of the cases.
Other scalpers contacted by the Daily
say last month's crackdown was prom-
pted by an article on illegal ticket sales
which appeared in the Ann Arbor News.
Officials denied the charge.
...but it's easier at Ulrich's
Utrich's really tries to make
book rush less of a hassle.
They have people who'll find
your books for you. They'll buy
your old books. They keep a full
stock of all the other supplies
you need. And you won't go
broke in exchange for the con-
Why not try Ulrich's this year?
It could be easier for you.
- - I
Special Book Rush Hours: Mon. Jan. 9th-8:30A.M. to 9:00P.M.
Thurs. Jan. 5th-8:30A.M. to 9:00P.M. Tues. Jan. 10th-8:30A.M. to 8:OOP:M.
Fri. Jan. 6th-8:30A.M. to 9:00P.M. Wed. Jan. 11th-8:30A M. to 6:00P.M