Page 2 - The Michigan Daily - Saturday, November 19, 1983
Student earns frisbee degree
If the Frisbee freaks who inhabit the
Diag on sunny days went to Hampshire
College in Massachusetts, they might
be able to turn their favorite sport into a
John Dwork, a former World
reestyle Frisbee Champion, will be
awarded his degree in "Flying Disc
Entertainment and Education" from
the small, experimental college where
classes are optional and students earn
degrees by completing research projec-
ts and defending their findings to
For his humanities requirement,
Dwork presented a paper arguing that
freestyle frisbee throwing, which is
choreographed to music, is a form of
art. For his science requirement, he
analyzed the physical and mental
stress of performance.
But Dwork maintains that his degree
asn't a blow-off. He said he supplemen-
ted his studies in Frisbee with courses
jn psychology, phisiology, dance, and
usiness courses at the University of
Last year, Dwork co-founded a com-
pany that uses his Frisbee throwing
talents. Sponsored by CARE, Freestyle
Tor Food schedules exhibitions and
lives 20 percent of the profits to the
Dwork insists that his degree is valid,
and considering his major to be
business. "Frisbee was only a vehicle.
I've got a well-rounded education," he
Dr. Stanley Warner, an economics
professor and a member of the commit-
tee that reviewed Dwork's project,
argreed that the degree is no joke.
"Sure we spent some time talking about
it and wondering, is this basket-
weaving," he said. "But we decided it
Was not. He may have used Frisbee as a
yehicle, but he actually ended up with a
pretty good liberal arts education."
Dwork won the world Frisbee
freestyle championship in 1978 and
1979. He has performed in the Rose
Bowl and on television shows ranging
from ABC's "Wide World of Sports"
to public television's "Sesame
- The Associated Press
, 1.(. IrI r
' j+ d 1 ij
Indiana study days ministrative director of the Indiana
University Student Assocation.
proposed But Cumberland has some opposition
If you think you don't have enough from Indiana administrators, who
time to catch up during finals week, forpyth study ing.
consider the plight of Indiana Univer- for partying than studying
sity students, who are having to fight the school's calendar to feed and house
for two measly study days. students for two more days will be too
Currently, finals at Indiana begin expensive, and that adding the days to
right after the last day of classes. But the academic calendar would leave too
members of the university's student ittlectim bewenwnr and sumer
government would like to change that te time between winter and summer
as soon as possible. - The Indiana Daily Student
Students surveyed 17 universities, 10
of which have study days, to conclude MSU may combine
that they free time between the last day
of classes and finals would be colleg es
beneficial. "Most campuses felt it was Officials at Michigan State University
a great help to their studies. It seems to may consider a proposal next week to
be a fairly positive idea on other cam- consolidate three of its colleges into one
puses," said J.R. Cumberland ad- liberal arts college.
MSU's Colleges of Arts and Letters,
Social Science, and Natural Science
have been separate since 1963, when
they were split to accommodate
growing programs and enrollments.
But administrators have talked about
combining the colleges again, since the
move would provide "a more efficient
use" of limited resources, according to
MSU Trustee Peter Fletcher.
Others have speculated that the move
is an attempt to attract a prestigious
head to the new liberal arts program.
Proposals for academic and
organizational changes are scheduled
to come before the university's Council
of Deans Nov. 22. Any organizational
changes would have to gain approval of
and input from faculty members, ad-
ministrators, and students before being
considered by MSU's Board of Trustees
The State news
Divestment fund ap-
proved at Princeton
Princeton's Undergraduate Student
Government has narrowly approved an
endowment fund to protest the univer-
sity's investments in South Africa.
The fund, called the Endowment for
Divestiture, will be comprised of con-
tributions that will only be given to the
university if it divests of its South
African holdings, or if the social con-
ditions in the nation greatly improve.
If neither of these conditions are met
within 20 years, the money will be given
to an organization devoted to improving
The measure passed by a close 13-11
vote, after the council had over-
whelmingly approved a resolution
asking the university to divest. Some
council members opposed the second
resolution, however, saying that
students might give to the endowment
fund instead of contributing to the
senior class's annual fund raising
But other students said they felt the
first resolution would be meaningless if
the council failed to endorse the en-
A group of Cornell University studen-
ts failed in their attempt last month to
gain the senior class fund raising com-
mittee's approval of a similar plan. Op-
ponents to endorsing the fund at Cornell
said that the group's plan was too
vague. - The Princetonian
Colleges appears every Saturday
Compiled from Associated Press and
United Press international reports
Congress fails to pass tax hike
WASHINGTON - Congress prepared to quit for the year yesterday after
brushing aside last-minute efforts to raise taxes and trim the government's
The wrapup of the first session of the 98th Congress produced the usual late
flurry of action on major bills:
- The House voted 214-186 to approve and send to President Reagan a bill
raising the nation's borrowing power by $1.1 billion, to $1.49 trillion. The
Senate had already approved the move.
- By a 226-186 vote, the House gave final approval and sent to the White
House a $302 million catch-all spending bill that includes an amendment
providing for an $8.5 billion hike in U.S. contributions to the International
Monetary Fund sought by Reagan.
- The Senate voted 71-18 to confirm Reagan's nomination of former
national security adviser William Clark to succeed James Watt as interior
- The House, on a 311-99 vote, approved a record $249.8 billion military
spending bill that includes funds for installation of the nation's first round of
MX missiles but rejected the administration's request for nerve gas produc-
But efforts to cut $200 billion in federal deficits - either by raising taxes or
cutting spending - collapsed in both the House and the Senate.
PLO guerillas clash with rebels
TRIPOLI, Lebanon - Yasser Arafat's guerrillas fought fierce artillery
battles with Palestinian rebels yesterday around Tripoli and a deserted
refugee camp nearby, killing and wounding scores of people in a deadly
Elsewhere, Shiite Moslem leaders vowed revenge for revenge - saying
they would stage more attacks of the suicide truck bombing type that killed
239 American servicemen, 59 French troops and 29 Israelis, in recent weeks.
Palestinian sources, who declined to be identified, said Arafat's men
opened their assault on the camp northwest of Tripoli at 3 a.m. and that the
54-year-old chief of the Palestine Liberation Organization led the offensive
after saying his prayers in a mosque at the edge of the camp.
"Arafat led the initial drive until 7 a.m., until he made sure everything
was under control," one source said. "Arafat was conducting the force in
the operations room and was in the front line of the offensive. He walked in
the streets of the camp and he talked to the people."
Shiites militiamen clashed yesterday with Lebanese soldiers in Beirut's
southern suburbs close to the U.S. Marine base at Beirut airport. No Marine
involvement in the voilence was reported.
U.S. Marines land in Hondouras
PUERTO CASTILLA, Honduras-About 1,000 U.S. Marines and 50 Hon-
duran infantrymen landed on the Caribbean beach east of Puerto Castilla
yesterday in maneuvers that neighboring Nicaragua considers a prelude to
Nicaragua's leftist government has mobilized reserves and stepped up
was preparations. But the U.S. ambassador in Nicaragua, Anthony Quain-
ton, said Thursday that Nicaragua's fears were "exaggerated" and there
will be no invasion.
Col. James Strachan, a U.S. army spokesman, said the landing near Puer-
to Castilla was "similar to the amphibious operation carried out in Grenada
U.S. forces invaded Grenada Oct. 25 with the declared mission of rescuing
hundreds of Americans following a bloody coup on the Marxist-ruled island.
The result was that the junta was toppled.
The Nicaraguan government warned of an "imminent" U.S. invasion and
announced a massive war mobilization after the U.S. invasion of Grenada,
ordering 40,000 reservists and militiamen to report for military training.
U.S. nixes Soviet arms compromise
WASHINGTON-The United States rebuffed yesterday a purported offer
by Moscow to drop its longstanding demand that 162 French and British
missiles be counted in any mutual limit of nuclear missiles in Europe. A
presidential spokesman characterized the Soviet move as a ploy to preserve
a "sizable monopoly" on the intermediate-range weapons.
In the wake of that rejection, the Soviet government denied that it was
making any such offer in any case. The gesture, reported both by the
Reagan administration and Chancellor Helmut Kohl of West Germany, was
said to hinge on U.S. willingness to abandon the deployment of 572 NATO
missiles, while the Soviet Union would cut back its European force by an
equal number of warheads-or about 6 percent.
That will still leave Moscow with a warhead edge of more than 2 to 1 over
the combined missile arsenal of the British and French.
Record military budget passes
WASHINGTON-The house yesterday approved a record military spen-
ding bill that includes $24 million for CIA aid to rebels seeking to overthrow
the Sandinista government in Nicaragua but denies President Reagan's $124
million request for the first production of nerve gas weapons since 1969.
The House voted 311-99 for the $249.8 billion fiscal 1984 appropriations
measure. The bill now goes to the Senate for final approval, then to the
White House for the president's signature.
The compromise legislation, approved after brief debate, allows Reagan
to go full speed ahead with development and production of a wide variety of
strategic weapons systems, including the MX missile and B-1 long-range
It is a $17 billion increase over last year's appropriation, about 4 percent.
Reagan had requested a $261 billion defense budget.
The $24 million for military aid and training for rightist guerilla forces in
Nicaragua is a compromise reached during two days of intensive
negotiations in closed meetings of a House-Senate conference committee.
Rapists may choose castration over jail
From AP and UPI
=ANDERSON, S.C.-Three admitted
rapists sentenced to a choice between
30 years in prison or castration and five
years' probation said yesterday they
may choose castration, but not before
they've fought to have the sentence
"If we have to stay in jail until next
year, we'll stay here, but we want our
rights," said Roscoe Brown, 27, of Pen-
Brown, Mark Vaughn, 21, or Clem-
son, and Michael Braxton, 19, of
Sarasota, Fla., all pleaded guilty last
month to raping a 23-year-old woman in
a motel in April.
According to trial testimony, the
woman was repeatedly raped and so
badly beaten that she nearly died. Cir-
cuit Judge C. Victor Pyle Jr. called it
the most horrible rape case he had ever
heard of as he handed down their sen-.
THE THREE MEN were taken
yesterday from the Anderson County
Jail to the state's Perry Correctional
Institution at Pelzer, where Brown said
they planned to consult with their at-
torneys and families on what to do next.
But he said during a brief interview
before leaving the jail that it was "a
possibility" they might ultimately
choose castration, although each of the
three would make his own decision..
Greenville attorney Theo Mitchell
said a court challenge to the con-
stitutionality of the sentence was being
mailed yesterday. He said he was "in-
clined to believe" that his client, Brax-
ton, would not choose to be castrated.
"Not only is it barbaric, but (it's) a
badge of slavery," Mitchell said. "It
was done to slaves during the time
when black people were in slavery. All
of a sudden it comes down to three
people who happen to be black."
Pyle denied racial overtones in his
sentencing, noting the victim, the
defendants and the chief investigator
all were black. Given similar circum-
stances, he said he would "most cer-
tainly" consider castration for white
"I would say the acts performed by
the defendants were very barbaric
also," Pyle said. "Considering the
evidence and photographs of the motel
room and her as well as the hospital
records and the doctor's report, it was
just a very brutal situation."
MITCHELL SAID the three men
would remain at Perry prison for a
week "to see if they wish to exercise the
option," after which they would be
transferred to a reception and
evaluation center before being assigned
to a prison.
The three can decide any time to ac-
cept castration, said state prison
spokesman Hal Leslie, but he said they
would have to announce the fact
through their attorneys.
"THE SENTENCE is going to be ap-
pealed," he said. "If they do decide to
be castrated, at that time we'll have to
get with the attorney general's office
and reevaluate the situation."
Pyle specified physical castration in
his sentencing order but said he
"wouldn't be opposed to the use of
Chemical castration is accomplished
by administering the drug Depo-
provera, a female hormone which
researchers believe reduces the male
cl 1 S CA " "jlj1 £ "
FIRST PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH
1432 Washtenaw Ave., 6624466
(between S. University and Hill)
Coordinator: Steve Spina
Sunday 9:30 and 11:00 a.m.
Coffee Hour-10:30 social hall.
11:00 a.m. Issues Class, French
Room Wednesday p.m.
8:00 Christian Fellowship, French
8:30 - Study/Discussion Groups.
9:30 - Holy Communion, sanctuary.
* * *
Sun.-8:30 and 10:30 a.m. (Upstairs
12 noon and 5 p.m. (Upstairs and
Rite of Reconciliation-4 p.m.-5 p.m.
on Friday only; any other time by ap-
FIRST BAPTIST CHURCH AND
AMERICAN BAPTIST CAMPUS
502 East Huron, 663-9376
9:55 a.m. Sunday Worship, November
20 "Amazing Grace" by Rev. Arthur
11:00 a.m. - Church School. Classes
for all ages. Class for undergraduates.
Class for graduates and young adults.
Choir Thursday 7:15 p.m, John Reed,
director; Janice Beck, organist.
Student theological discussion Thur-
sday 6:00 p.m.
(Call 761-6476 evenings for infor-
Weekly Student Dinner. Sunday 6
Interim Pastor and Campus
Minister: Rev. T. J. Ging.
GATHERED UNTO THE NAME OF
THE LORD JESUS CHRIST
For Doctrine, Fellowship, Breaking
of Bread, and Prayers
Washtenaw Independent Bible Chur-.
ch meets in homes in Ypsilanti and Ann
Arbor, Sunday and Wednesday of each
V^-m.. - i :-rmati: enlnDA
120 S. State St.
(Corner of State and Huron)
November 20. "Some Said it Thun-
dered" by Dr. Donald B. Strobe.
Church School for all ages-9:30 a.m.
and 11:00 a.m.
Choir Rehearsal-Thursday at 7:15
Dr. Donald B. Strobe
Dr. Gerald R. Parker
Rev. Tom Wachterhauser
Broadcast Sundays 9:30 a.m.- WNRS, 1290 AM
TelevisedMondays 8:00 p.m.-Cable Chanel 9.
* * *
1236 Washtenaw Ct.
A Campus Ministry of the
Christian Reformed Church
Pastor: Reverend Don Postema
10:00a.m. Morning Worship
"Our Mandate for Missions" by Rev.
6 p.m. Evening Service of Holy
LOS ANGELES-Angelo Buono Jr.,
convicted of killing nine women in the
Hillside Strangler case, escaped the
death penalty yesterday when the jury
in California's longest criminal trial
recommended he be sentenced to life in
prison without parole.
The 50-year-old automobile
upholsterer, clad in a blue prison jum-
psuit, showed no reaction. But a defen-
se lawyer expressed surprise at the
verdict ending the trial which lasted
two years and three months.
"I'VE ALWAYS had the feeling that
if he was convicted, the natural
punishment would be death because of
the nature of the crimes," said attorney
Gerald Chaleff. "But we are a civilized
society and a civilized society should
not be taking other people's lives."
The victims in the killings were as
young as 12 and most had been sexually
assaulted before they were murdered.
In each of Buono's convictions, jurors
had found the special circumstance of
multiple murder that would have per-
mitted the death penalty.
01Tbe flt htlpgun BtzlI~
Saturday, November 19, 1983
Vol. XCI V-No. 64
The Michigan Daily is edited and managed by students at The University
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