Grenada action illegal,
'U' law profs claim
The Michigan Daily - Wednesday, November 9, 1983 -Page 3
Former U.S. Rep.
Arabs io unite
By ALYSSA FIRST
President Reagan's order to invade
Grenada violated both the United
States Constitution and the War Powers
Act, and the invasion itself violated in-
ternational law, five law professors
The professors - four from the
University of Michigan and one from
William and Mary University in
Virginia - led a panel discussion at the
law school dealing with the legal aspec-
ts of the invasion.
"WE'RE NOT here to talk about the
wisdom of policy but to talk about the
legal issues," said University law Prof.
Alex Aleinikoff, a former Department
of Justice attorney.
Aleinikoff told the student audience
that Reagan violated the War Powers
Act when he ordered troops into
Grenada Oct. 26.
Under the War Powers Act, only
Congress has the power to declare war;
the President's power is limited to
serving as commander in chief of the
nation's armed forces.
Aleinikoff said the act provides that
the U.S. can invade other nations only if
Congress declares war, but said
Reagan's violation of the act has a
historical precedent. "American troops
have engaged 200 times in military in-
volvements, and there have only been
five declared wars in the history of the
U.S.," he said.
Professor Frederick Schauer from
William and Mary said Reagan's order
to send troops is best understood in the
context of the President's emergency
"This power assumes that the
President is the only logical candidate
to take quick immediate action in
situations where the U.S. will have to
react under short notice," he said.
See LAW, Page 7
Shirley Bradshaw from the University's financial aid office will speak on
"Financial Aid at U-M: Where it is and How to Get It" today at 7 p.m. at the
Center for Continuing Education of Women, above the Comerica Bank on
North University. The program is directed specifically toward returning
Classic Film Theater - Grease, 7 p.m.; Urban Cowboy, 9 p.m., Michigan
Hill St. Cinema - Animal Crackers, 7 & 9 p.m., 1429 Hill St.
The Ark - DOA, 8 p.m., 1421 Hill St.
Second Chance - Weapons, 516 E. Liberty
Russian and East European Studies - Brian Silver, "Changes in Bilingual
Schooling Policy in the USSR," noon, Lane Hall Commons Room.
St. Andrew's Church - Kathleen Schultz, "Conflicting Images and
Claims: A Brief History of the Relationship Between Christianity and
Capitalism," 7:30 p.m., St. Andrew's Church, Catherine and Division.
Afroamerican and African Studies - Donald Rucknagel, "Sickle Cell
Anemia, Pre-natal Diagnosis and Treatment," noon, 1309 School of
Industrial and Operations Engineering - Steven Deutsch, "Challenges
and Experiences in Work Environment Reform," 4 p.m., 241 IOE Bldg.
Commission for Women - Bob Wagner, manager of parking operations,
noon, Michigan League Rooms 4 and 5.
Computing Center - Forrest Hartman, "Computing for Poets, part 2:
Getting to Know Computers for Those who Don't Want to," 3:30 p.m., 165
Chemistry - David Lubman, "Surface Enhanced Ionization Spec-
troscopy, 4 p.m., Room 1200 Chemistry Building; Carl Deering,
"Asymetric Induction via Chiral Borane Reagents," 4 p.m., Room 1300
Classical Studies - David Young, "The Modern Myth," 8p.m., 2009 Angell
nDentistry -Frederick Neidhardt, "Heat Shock in the Biological World," 4
p.m., 1033 Kellogg.11-1
Research Club - Irwin Goldstein, "Plant Lectins: Carbohydrate-Binding
Proteins in Search of a Function;" William Porter, "Depoliticization of the
Italian Press," 8 p.m., West Conference Room, Rackham.
Undergraduate Political Science Association - Mass meeting, 7 p.m.,
Pendleton Room, Michigan Union.
New Jewish Agenda - Middle East Task Force meeting, 7:30 p.m., 206
Michigan Gay Undergraduates - 9 p.m., Guild House, 802 Monroe.
Academic Alcoholics -1:30 p.m., Alano Club.
Science Fiction Club - Stilyagi Air Corps, 8:15 p.m., League.
Research Council -7 p.m., West Alcove, Fourth Floor, Rackham.
Tae Kwon Do Club - Practice, 5 p.m., CCRB Martial Arts Room.
Education, Office of Minority Student Affairs - Reception for Dean Carl
Berger, noon, 1211 School of Education.
American Red Cross - Blood Drive, 1-7 p.m., East Quad.
Art - "Works in Progress," Slusser Gallery.
Transcendental Meditation - Introduction, 8 p.m., 528 W. Liberty.
Affirmative Action - Dramatically Able, 4:30 p.m., Michigan League,
Humanities - Debate: Should Congress Establish an American Conser-
vation Corps? 2 p.m., 1201 East Engineering.
Student Wood and Crafts Shop - Power tools safety class, 6 p.m., 537
WCBN 88.3 FM - Radio Free Lawyer, 6 p.m.
UAC - Laughtrack, with Jerry Elliot, 9 p.m., U-Club.
Lutheran Campus Ministry - Informal worship, 7 p.m.; Bible study, 7:30
p.m., Choir, 7:30 p.m., S. Forest at Hill.
Museum of Art - Art Break, Bobbie Levine, "Woodcuts," 12:10 p.m.
By MICHAEL ROLNICK
"There are more than enough Arab-
Americans to visit their
congressmen and say, 'cut aid to
Israel,' but the Arab-American is
home bitching about the injustice of
it and not participating in the
American political system," former
Congressman Paul McCloskey said
McCloskey, speaking at a forum
on Arab-Israeli-American issues,
went on to say "The biggest problem
with the Arabs is the Arabs," and
tha Arabs cannot decide between
them what their own goals are.
ON THE OTHER side of the coin,
McCloskey said "Israel has become
the bully in that part of the world ...
but I believe Israel has the right to
exist with the condition that they
withdraw to the pre-'67 borders."'
McCloskey advocated a local
petition that called for the
reassessment of U.S. aid to Israel
before a crowd of 75 at the Michigan
League. He pointed to the Israelis'
violation of the arms agreement
with the U.S. as a reason for
reassessment and compared Israeli
practices in the region to the apar-
theid policies of South Africa.
McCloskey focused his talk on the
need for an Arab Lobby in Congress
to counter the ever present Jewish
Lobby, claiming that "the Jewish
community views the preservation
of Israel as its primary goal and will
do anything to acieve that goal."
"WE GIVE more aid to Israel than
to the State of Michigan . . ." Mc-
Closkey said adding that Israel
commits atrocities with U.S. tax-
payers' dollars; actions he said
counter our goal of peace in the Mid-
McCloskey said the U.S. should
cut off all aid to Israel until they
withdraw from Lebanon. He said
this would be the only way that the
United States could control Israeli
action in the region and put in into a
channel that would lead to peace.
Mccloskey closed his remarks
saying "I don't think that any
American want to die for Israel,"
and elaborated that Israel initiated a
war that has already cost more than
200 American lives.
McCloskey's was the first in a
series of talks to be sponsored by the
People For The Reassessment of Aid
to Israel, a Palestinian Aid Society,
and the American Arab Anti-
Daily Photo by DOUG McMAHON
Former U.S. Congressman Pete McCloskey tell local Arabs that they must
create a lobby to counter the ever-so-powerful Jewish Lobby on Congress.
MS A finds military
contracts at 'U'
. By MARCY FLEISHER
The investigator whom the Michigan
Student Assembly hired last year to
evaluate military research projects at
the University said last night that he
found at least 12 contracts that are
directly related to weapons.
Speaking at a teach-in at the Union,
held in conjunction with the
Progressive Student Network's
takeover of an engineering college
laboratory, Roger Kerson told a crowd
of about 60 that University contracts
with defense agencies range from
studies of medical defenses against
chemical warfare to explorations of
~ f}el-air ex, osions .
AFTER OUTLINING A 20-year
history of defense research at the
University, in which Pentagon funding
has sharply risen, fallen, and is once
again on the rise, Kerson said the
current protest is necessary because of
the University's inability to establish
appropriate guidelines. After a two-
year fight in which students have sup-
ported the establishment of review
mechanisms for research with military
applications, the regents rejected
proposed guidelines in June.
"This is why (the Progressive
Student Network) must bear activity
directly... they have not been successful
within the system," Kerson said.
Earlier in the evening, the Michigan
Student Assembly passed by a 18-6 vote
a resolution supporting the student sit-
in and endorsing the group's demands.
"PSN's success is they have shut off
military research in one lab for two
days," said Bob Paley, an MSA
Kerson said Department of Defense
supplied University researchers with
from $5 million to $7 million in 1981 and
Total research allocations for this
period were close to $133 million, he
"Ten percent of the Department of
Defense's grants were for military
weapon projects," Kerson added.
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Citizens rally to bannukes
(Continued from Page 1)
To submit items for the Happenings Column, send them in care of
Happenings, The Michigan Daily, 420 Maynard St., Ann Arbor, MI 48109
of components which have nothing to do
with nuclear weapons but can be used
in support of nuclear systems and their
But Physics Professor Daniel
Axelrod, who supports the legislation,
- said the ban on nuclear weapons
research would free grant money for
"Every dollar spent by the Pentagon
on doomsday weapons research is a
dollar taken away from useful research
that could enhance human life. That is
not academic freedom," he said.
Vice President for Research
Rackham Graduate School Dean Alfred
Sussman cautioned voters against put-
ting undue limitations on academic
freedom. "We have to be very careful
that our restrictive covenants of this
kind are not one step away from book-
burning," he said.
LEGISLATION calling for a nuclear
free Ann Arbor is not new to the city.
Last February, Peterson sponsored an
ordinance prohibiting such research
within the city's jurisdiction, but it was
defeated by city council's seven
Council member James Blow (R-2nd
Ward) said he voted against Peterson's
ordinance not only because of its
possible negative effects on the Univer-
sity, but because it would place limits
on local businesses and the research
and development activities they could
Blow said he fears such a law would
drive businesses away from Ann Arbor.
But MAD organizer Janice Michael
said the legislation "is not intended to
try to drive any businesses out of the
"THERE IS NO business in Ann Ar-
bor that we know of for which the
majority of its work is composed of
nuclear weapons related contracts,"
Michael said the commission
established by the legislation would
provide information regarding alter-
native funding for businesses affected
by the ban.
THE DAY AFTER
Chris Hill was one of the protestors in
the East- Engineering Building
radiation laboratory. He was incorrec-
tly identified as Amos Cornfeld in a
photo in yesterday's Daily.
Also, the protestors' demands in-
cluded immunity from disciplinary or
An ABC docu-drama on TV Channel Seven to be aired Sunday,
November 20th at 8 p.m.
This two-and-a-half-hour, made-for-television drama describes the lives of
people in a mid-western community the day after a nuclear war.
Physicians for Social Responsibility, through its local Ann Arbor chapter,
will provide facilitators for groups who want to watch the program
together and then talk about The Day After.