Page 2 - The Michigan Daily - Tuesday, November 1, 1983
MANILA, Philippines (UPI) -
President Ferdinand Marcos, in an ap-r
: parent attempt to placate critics and
prevent a power struggle of his one-z
man ruleshould be cut short, yesterday
picked Prime Minister Cesar Virata as R
is successor. Opposition leaders reac-
ted to the surprise announcement with
septicism and outright disbelief.
- The, designation came as a shock to
many since Marcos' powerful wife,
,rnelda, has long been considered a
strong possibility to succeed her Homeless r
husband, who has ruled the Philippines
with an iron fist for 18 years.
THE OFFICIAL announcement,
-aired over government television, said
"all powers and duties" of the president
would be assumed by the prime ERZURUM, Turkey (A
minister in the event of Marcos' death thquake that killed at leas
or disability. in eastern Turkey Sund
It came amid growing speculation people homeless in th
over Marcos' health and moves by both mountain ranges border
government and opposition leaders to Union. Freezing tempe
restore the position of vice president to snow delayed rescue el
avert a power struggle and possible rmos
military takeover should the 66-year- survivors.
old president step down or die. An announcement by th
command said at least 53
Although the announcement did not seriously injured and 44
mention Virata specifically by name, it destroyed.
was the first time Marcos designated The heaviest damage a
the prime minister as his successor occurred in the townships
with full presidential powers in the ding villages of Horasan
event of death or disability. Pasinler in the eastern p
zurum and in Sarikamis i
'The softspoken, 54-year-old former of Kars. But the quake'
business professor has been a member other eastern provinces.
of Marcos' cabinet since being named Horasan had at least
finance minister in 1970. He was named Narman 147 were killed,
prime minister in July 1981 and still died, and in Sarikamis 5
holds the finance portfolio, authorities said. Officia
death toll would rise.
President Kenan Evre
Virata, whose strict fiscal policies the disaster area yester
have earned him the respect of the in- was unable to reach the
tprnational banking community, has because the path leadi
consistently denied he has any political blocked by huge rocks.
ambitions. Rescue teams said p
shelter after nightfall c
esidents of Horasan, Turkey stand amid the debris from Sunday's killer earthquake.
ke in Turkey ills 1,126
P) - The ear-
st 1,126 people
ay left 25,000
ing the Soviet
fforts in the
he martial law
34 people were
and loss of life
s and surroun-
, Norman and
rovince of Er-
n the province
was felt in six
756 dead; in
in Pasinler 23
54 were killed,
ls feared the
n, who flew to
e Koyuno run
ling to it was
ould freeze to
death and winter tents were required
The Turkish air force flew in relief
supplies frm the Red Crescent -
Turkey's equivalent of the Red Cross.,
Officials said they had sent in 3,100
tents, over 6,000 blankets and 800 bot-
tles of blood plasma so far.
Turks responding to repeated radio
broadcasts lined up in front of Red
Crescent center to donate blood.
When the quake hit the village of
Koyunorun, most adults were out ten-
ding to their fields and cattle. Mehmet
Ural, a 34-year-old farmer, lost his two
sons, ages 8 and 9. He was spared
because he had gone to feed his cattle.
"I rushed home thinking of my
children but it was too late. I saw my
house turned into a heap of stones," he
The quake also killed thousands of
heads of livestock, the main source of
income in the cattle and sheep farming
region, officials said.
Red Crescent workers did reach Azap
and distrubuted bread and tents, and
the villagers dug through the debris of
their homes to find more food, pillows
A planeload of red cross relief sup-
plies and a six-member team of rescue
workers reached the disaster area from
Switzerland and a second plane, with a
23-member medical team, was expec-
ted later, officials in Ankara said.
Saudi Arabia extended financial aid
of $10 million and Japan gave $21,000,
officials said. They said the United
States asked for a list of needed sup-
plies to contribute to relief work.
Turkey's Aegean and Mediterranean
coastal areas and the entire eastern
region sit atop an earth-quake prone
belt known as the Anatolian fault. In
this century quakes have claimed 70,000
lives in Turkey.
Robbery attempt foiled
A knife-wielding robber was turned
away from Ralph's Market early
yesterday morning by a quick-thinking
sales clerk. Police said a man
described as being in his 30s entered the
market, pulled a knife on a clerk at the
front counter, and demanded money.
The clerk, a 20-year-old Canton mar,
grabbed a club from behind the counter
and challenged the robber, who quickly
fled. Police said they have no suspects.
Four men in a car reportedly sprayed
a 20-year-old Ann Arbor man with a fire
extinguisher at about 11 p.m. Sunday
night, leaving the victim temporarily
blinded but unharmed. The victim
reported that a car carrying four males
pulled up to him while he was standing
at the corner of Church and Willard
streets and one of the occupants
sprayed him in the face with the first
extinguisher, police said.
"Devil's night" roundup
Ann Arbor police reported 11 inciden-
ts of malicious destruction of property
Sunday night - "Devil's night." This
included broken windows at three
houses and eight damaged vehicles.
- Matt Tucker
Compiled from Associated Press and
United Press International reports
U.S. may lift sanctions on Poland
WASHINGTON - The Reagan administration is expected to announce soon
the lifting of some economic sanctions imposed against Poland after martial
law was declared in late 1981, informed sources said yesterday.
the sanctions were imposed by President Reagan on Dec. 23, 1981, 10 days
after the military government of Poland imposed martial law. Other san-
ctions also were imposed, but they will not be lifted at this time, the sources
The sources said tha the sanctions to be lifted are the ban againt Polish
fishing in U.S. waters and the refusal by the United States and its allies to
discuss renegotiation of Poland's official debts to the West.
Poland's finance minister will be invited to a meeting in Paris where
Poland's debts will be discussed.
Radicals win Argentine election
BUENOS AIRES, Argentina - Raul Alfonsin and his left-of-center
Radical Civic Union yesterday won Argentina's first general elections in a
decade to replace the military government. It was a stunning defeat for the
Peronist Party which has dominated national politics for nearly 40 years.
The military government that has ruled since a 1976 coup said Alfonsin and
vice presidential running mate Victor Martinez, both attorneys, had
received 7.43 million of the more than 14 million ballots cast in Sunday's
elections - good for 318 votes in the electoral college. The college will meet
Nov. 30 to ratify election results.
The Peronist presidential candidates, former Sen. Italo Luder and his
running mate Deolindo Bittel, received 5.71 million votes - 258 electoral
college votes, the government said.
The victors will take control of a country reeling under an 800 percent in-
flation rate, a $40 billion foreign debt, bitterness over the military regime's
loss of the Falkland Island's war last year and its bloody crackdown on lef-
tists in the late 1970s.
Social Security tax to rise in 84
WASHINGTON - For workers paid $37,800 or more annually, the Social
Security tax wsill rise by $140.70 next year, and the bite on the self-employed
wil be much stiffer, the government announced yesterday.
The Social Security Administration said the amount of income subject to
the payroll tax bill will increase automatically under law from $35,700 to
$37,800 on Jan. 1.
That will make the maximum tax on an individual employee $2,532.60, up
from this year's top of $2,391.90.
Employers and the self-employed will face even stiffer increases at the top
with some self-employed forced to shell out $933.45 more in payroll taxes.
Congress' rationale was that the self-employed sh9uld have to pay just as
much as employers and employees do together for Social Security: 14 per-
cent in 1984. But the lawmakers cushioned the increasewith self-employed's
net tax at 11.3 percent in 1984.
Hustler publisher refuses
to produce De Lorean tape
LOS ANGELES - Hustler magazine publisher Larry Flynt was held in
contempt of court yesterday for failing to produce a purported surveillance
tape of a key government informan't threatening John De Lorean's life for
trying to back out of a cocaine deal.
U.S. District Judge Robert Takasugi signed a subpoena Friday for the
audio tape that Flint claims shows DeLorean being threatened by a gover-
nment informant. The order to deliver the tape today came just hours after
the flamboyant Flynt played it for reporters at a news conference at his
heavily guarded Bel-Air estate.
TakaSugi ordered Flynt arrested after he didn't appear in court yester-
day. But the judge suspended the warrant for 24 lours to give Flynt a chance
to surrendet voluntarily.
Flynt said later he would not appear but would appeal the subpeona to a
"The notion that Mr. Flynt should not appear in this court.. . is an insult
to equality before the law," Assistant U.S. Attorney James Walsh said.
Judge overturns anchorwoman's
sex discrimination ruling
KANSAS CITY, Mo. - A federal judge yesterday threw out a $500,000 ver-
dict won by former anchorwoman Christine Craft and ruled that her
demotion by a TV station was not the result of sex discrimination.
Craft had claimed she was subjected to more intense scrutiny of her
physical appearance and wardrobe than were her male colleagues.
U.S. District Judge Joseph Stevens Jr. said the jury verdict on Craft's
allegations of fraud against Metromedia Inc. was the iesult of "passion,
prejudice, confusion or mistake," and ordered a new trial.
The former anchorwoman in Milwaukee on a speaking tour, said she was
"appalled" by the decision and vowed to pursue the case "to its highest level
if I have to."
Craft had claimed that she was demoted from co-anchor of news broad-
casts to reporter because she wasn't attractive or deferential enough to men,
but Stevens wrote that the Kansas City television station had to contend with
Craft's "below-average aptitude in matters of clothing and makeup."
Tuesday, November 1, 1983
Vol. XCI V-NO. 48
The Michigan Daily is edited and managed by students at The University
of Michigan. Published daily Tuesday through Sunday mornings during the
University year at 420 Maynard Street, Ann Arbor, Michigan, 48109. Sub-
scription rates: $15.50 September through April (2 semesters); $19.50 by
mail outside Ann Arbor. Summer session published Tuesday through Satur-
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Cambridge to vote on nuclear ban
(Continued from page 1)
SINCE1980, hundreds of nuclear-free
zones have been declared in Europe
and in the Pacific. Garrett Park, Md.,
became the first U.S. city to go nuclear-
free, in May 1982, and more than two
dozen others have followed suit. More
U.S. cities are to vote on the issue in the
Various treaties signed in recent
decades also created nuclear-free zones
in Antarctica, South America, outer
space and the seabed.
Supporters see nuclear-free zones as
the logical extension of the nuclear
freeze movement - a legal, practical
way to change U.S. policy. Local
organizers say a nuclear free zone puts
teeth into efforts to stop the arms race,
which they say continues despite calls
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THE MEASURE would take effect
Oct. 1, 1985, and violators could be fined
$5,000 or jailed. The referendum would
also create a Cambridge Peace Com-
mission to plan for "economic conver-
sion" to peace.
Opponents of the referendum,
Citizens Against Research Bans, have
attacked the nuclear-free campaign on
consitututional and economic grounds.
Ernest May, a Harvard history
professor and chairman of CARB, war-
ns of a threat to academic freedom.
"My first concern is about any effort by
law to interfere with what people think
about," he said, adding that the clause
banning "research" could even stifle
efforts at Harvard and MIT to end the
HARVARD President Derek Bok
wrote, "It is a dangerous precedent for
a local community . .. to forbid par-
ticular kinds of research because they
might lead to dangerous or undesirable
consequences." And MIT President
Paul Gray, in an open letter to students
and faculty, said, "The fact is that the
language of the petition is so broad and
encompassing that I believe it could
pose dangers to the free exchange of
ideas and pursuit of knowledge which
are centrol to the university."
Opponents, including some who favor
a nuclear weapons freeze, argue that
attaching criminal penalties to
weapons work would violate the First
Amendment of the U.S. Constitution, as
well as the commerce clause, which
protects the contracts.
CARB members also maintain that
the referendum is misguided because it
would use a local ordinance to for-
mulate foreign policy, which is the
responsibility of the federal gover-
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