Pcage 2- The Michigan Doily - Wednesday, October 19, 1983
Lebanese factions to
begin peace talks
BEIRUT, Lebanon - Despite an
escalation of fighting in and around the
capital, the government said yesterday
Lebanon's warring parties would hold a
peace conference at Beirut Airport
behind the lines of the U.S. Marines.
The announcement on official Beirut
radio said Foreign Minister Elie Salem
asked the multinational peace-keeping
force - including troops from France,
Italy, Britain, and the Marines - to
provide security for the talks starting
WITHIN HOURS of the announ-
cement, the thud of shells could be
heard throughout the capital.
Beirut Radio said Lebanese troops
and anti-government rebels fought
rocket and mortar duels along a line ex-
tending as far away as Khalde, 9 miles
to the south.
A U.S. Marine spokesman, Maj.
Robert Jordan, said the fighting in
Beirut and the Shouf mountains
overlooking the capital was not close to
the Marines' positions.
"But we can see flashes and hear ex-
plosions in the ridge beyond Souk El
Gharb and Aley (in the Shouf moun-
tains)," Jordan said in a telephone in-
terview. "The explosions sound pretty
The conference delegates, including
leaders of Lebanon's main warring fac-
tions, are to discuss new power-sharing
arrangements to put an end to civil
strife that has flared over the past eight
The choice of Beirut Airport for the
meeting was a concession by the gover-
nment, which at one stage demanded
the talks take place in a building that
would symbolize President Amin
Gemayel's dominance of the meeting.
The airport is situated behind the
lines assigned to the 1,200-strong
multinational peace-keeping force sent
to Lebanon a year ago following
An investigator studies the scene yesterday of Monday night's fatal accident
at the Texas State Fair. One person died and seven were injured when a car
broke loose from the ride.
Compiled from Associated Press and
United Press International reports
European arms talks resume
GENEVA, Switzerland - American and Soviet negotiators resumed talks
yesterday to limit nuclear weapons under a new Soviet warning that basing
NATO missiles in Europe would be met by a fresh threat to the "United
Negotiators at the Intermediate Nuclear Forces talks to limit medium-
range missiles met at Soviet delegation offices in their %/296th session since
beginning discussions in November 1981.
Separate delegations to the parallel Strategic Arms Reductions Talks on
intercontinental weapons met at the U.S. office for their 58th session since
those negotiations began in June 1982.
There was no indication of any easing of the deadlock in both sets of talks.
The INF negotiations have taken the foreground as the December date
approaches for beginning deployment of NATO's planned 572 cruise and
Pershing-2 medium-range missiles in western Europe.
Senate stops Helms bid to
block King holiday legislation
WASHINGTON - The Senate, in a bitter revival of the civil rights debates
of the 1960s, crushed efforts yesterday by Republican Jesse Helms to block
establishment of a federal holiday honoring the late Dr. Martin Luther King
Leading a small group of conservatives, the North Carolina senator said
King's affiliations with "far left elements and elements of the Communist
Party USA" disqualified him for status as a national hero.
Supporters of a holiday to celebrate the civil rights leader's birthday
denounced Helms for running a "smear campaign."
Helms, convinced the black leader was a communist, asked U.S. District
Judge John Lewis Smith to release immediately records from FBI surveillan-
ce of King that were ordered sealed for 50 years in 1977, but the judge rejec-
ted his request yesterday afternoon. Senate leaders had said the debate
would proceed regardless of the court ruling.
On a key 76-12 vote, Helms failed in a bid to have the bill sent to the
Judiciary Committee for study. He argued the Senate should have hearings
on the measure, as did the House, which approved the hliday 338-90 Aug. 2.
The Senate was scheduled to vote today on the holiday legislation itself,
and Republican officials said it is expected to be approved by a wide margin.
Israeli elect new finance chief
JERUSALEM - The Israeli Parliament by a vote of 60-48 yesterday ap-
proved a political hawk and promoter of Jewish settlements in the West
Bank as the country's new finance minister.
Yigal Cohen-Organ replaces Yoram Aridor, who resigned Thursday in the
midst of one of the worst economic crises the Jewish state has known. The
annual inflation rate is 131 percent and a foreign debt totals $21.5 billion.
Cohen-Organ's appointment means the top posts in Israel will be held by
right-wingers who opposed the 1979 Egyptian-Israeli treaty - Cohen-Organ
Defense Minister Moshe Arens and Prime Minister Yitzhak Shamir, who
also holds the foreign Ministry portfolio.
Cohen-Organ, 46, is building a house in Ariel, a Jewish town in the heart of
the West Bank, and owns a firm that is trying to attract investments in high-
technology plants to be built in the West Bank and elsewhere.
In the debate before the Knesset approved Cohen-Organ, the Labor Party
said the government's policy of building settlements on the West Bank was
partly responsible for Israel's whopping deficits.
New food stamp 'reforms' costly
WASHINGTON - Some Reagan administration "reforms" intended to cut
waste and fraud in the food stamp program are costing more to administer
than they'save,state program administrators told Congress yesterday.
A panel of food stampofficials from eight states urged Congress tobserve
a moratorium on any further changes in the $12 billion program and to give
them breathing room to implement changes already ordered.
"In our judgment, what the food stamp program needs most of all now,
and deserves, is stability - a period of rest from legislative and regulatory
reform," said Donald Roark, Mississippi welfare commissioner and chair-
man of a national food stamp policy committee.
Congress, at the insistance of the administration, has ordered some 90.
changes in the government's primary food assistance program since 1981,
most of them aimed at cutting the estipated $1 billion in annual losses to.
waste and fraud.
New auto safety rules proposed
WASHINGTON - The Reagan administration proposed new auto safety
rules yesterday that eventually could make air bags or automatic seat belts
a standard feature in automobiles sold in the United States.
Transportation Secretary Elizabeth Dole outlined several options under
One option would require that all cars be equipped with automatic crash
restraints - air bags or passive seat belts.
Other possibilities could include requiring only air bags or only automatic
seat belts, or requiring such protection only for the driver, said a Transpor-
tation Department proposal.
The department also might seek federal legislation to require or encourage
states to adopt and enforce mandatory usage laws for existing manual seat
And manufacturers might be required to offer air bags or automatic belts
as an option.
Dole said if' a decision was made to go ahead with the devices, auto
manufacturers would need a two-year lead time to tool up for the project.
r 1 $Bidiigan WaiI
Wednesday, October 19.1983
Vol. XCIV-No. 37
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